|القرون:||القرن 19th - القرن 20th - القرن 21st|
|العقود:||1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s|
|السنوات:||1985 1986 1987 - 1988 - 1989 1990 1991|
|1988 حسب الموضوع:|
|تصنيفات المواليد والوفيات|
|تصنيفات تأسيسات وانحلالات|
|تصنيفات أعمال وأطروحات|
|آب أوربه كونديتا||2741|
|سنة العهد البريطاني||36 إليز. 2 – 37 إليز. 2|
|التقويم الصيني||丁卯年 (النار الأرنب)
4684 أو 4624
— إلى —
戊辰年 (التراب التنين)
4685 أو 4625
|- ڤيكرام سامڤات||2044–2045|
|- شاكا سامڤات||1910–1911|
|- كالي يوگا||5089–5090|
|التقويم الياباني||Shōwa 63
|التقويم اليوليوسي||الگريگوري ناقص 13 يوم|
|تقويم مينگوو||جمهورية الصين 77
|التقويم الشمسي التايلندي||2531|
سنة 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) كانت سنة كبيسة تبدأ يوم الجمعة (الرابط يعرض التقويم كاملاً) التقويم الگريگوري، السنة 1988th بعد الميلاد (م)، السنة 988th في الألفية 2nd، السنة 88th في القرن 20th، والسنة 9th في 1980s.
1988 كانت سنة هامة في التاريخ المبكر للإنترنت—it was the year of the first well-known computer virus, the 1988 Internet worm. The first permanent intercontinental Internet link was made between the United States (NSFNET) and Europe (Nordunet) as well as the first Internet-based chat protocol, Internet Relay Chat. The concept of the World Wide Web was first discussed at CERN in 1988.
الاتحاد السوڤيتي بدأ إعادة هيكلة كبرة باتجاه اقتصاد مختلط في بداية 1988 وبدأ الانهيار التدريجي. The Iron Curtain began to disintegrate in 1988 as Hungary began allowing freer travel to the West. The first extrasolar planet, Gamma Cephei Ab (confirmed in 2002) رُصِد هذا العام ومنظمة الصحة الدولية بدأت مهمتها للقضاء على شلل الأطفال.
- 1 أحداث
- 2 المواليد
- 3 الوفيات
- 4 جوائز نوبل
- 5 Right Livelihood Award
- 6 الهامش
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
- يناير – سفينة الشحن بحر خيان deposits 4,000 tons of toxic waste في هايتي after wandering around the Atlantic for sixteen months.
- 1 يناير – The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America is established, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.
- 2 يناير
- 7 يناير–8 – In the Afghan War, 39 men of the Soviet Airborne Troops from the 345th Independent Guards Airborne Regiment fight off an attack by 200 to 250 Mujahideen in the Battle for Hill 3234, later dramatized in the Russian film The 9th Company
- January 13 – Taiwan President Chiang Ching-kuo dies in Taipei; Vice-President Lee Teng-hui becomes president.
- 15 يناير – في القدس, Israeli police and Palestinian protestors clash at the Dome of the Rock; several police and at least 70 Palestinians are injured.
- 25 يناير – نائب الرئيس الأمريكي جورج هـ. و. بوش والمعلق التلفزيوني في سي بي إس نيوز دان راذر يشتبكان حول دور بوش في قضية إيران-كونترا أثناء مقابلة تلفزيونية حادة.
- January 26 – The Phantom of the Opera, the longest running Broadway play ever, opens.
- January 29 – The Midwest Classic Conference, a U.S. college athletic conference, is formed.
- 3 فبراير – The Democratic-controlled United States House of Representatives rejects President Ronald Reagan's request for $36.25 million to support the Nicaraguan Contras.
- 12 فبراير
- 13 فبراير - أولمبياد 1988 الشتوية افتتحت في كالگاري، ألبرتا، في كندا.
- 17 فبراير
- 20 فبراير – ناگورنو قرةباخ، الأوبلاست الذاتي يصوت بالانفصال عن أذربيجان ج.ا.س. وينضم إلى أرمنيا ج.ا.س.، مما أشعل حرب ناگورنو قرةباخ.
- 25 فبراير – The constitution of the Sixth Republic of Korea comes into effect.
- 24 فبراير – Hustler Magazine v. Falwell: The Supreme Court of the United States sides with Hustler magazine by overturning a lower court decision to award جري فالوِل $200,000 for defamation.
- February 27 – February 29 – – Collapse of the Soviet Union – The Sumgait pogrom of Armenians occurs in Sumqayit.
- 28 فبراير - أولمبياد 1988 الشتوية اختتمت
- February 29 – A Nazi document implicates Kurt Waldheim in World War II deportations.
- March 3 – A new British political party, the Liberal Democrats, is formed.
- March 6 – Operation Flavius: A Special Air Service team of the British Army shoots dead 3 unarmed members of a Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) Active service unit in Gibraltar.
- 8 مارس
- Two United States Army helicopters collide in Fort Campbell, Kentucky, killing 17 servicemen.
- U.S. presidential candidate George H. W. Bush defeats Bob Dole in numerous Republican primaries and caucuses on "Super Tuesday". The bipartisan primary/caucus calendar, designed by Democrats to help solidify their own nominee early, backfires when none of the 6 competing candidates are able to break out of the pack in the day's Democratic contests. Jesse Jackson, however, wins several Southern state primaries.
- 13 مارس
- افتتاح خط السكة الحديدية عير نفق سـِيْكان تحت مضيق تسوگارو الذي يريط الجزيرتين اليابانيتين هونشو و هوكايدو (53.85 كم)، أطول (حتى 2016) وأعمق نفق في العالم.
- Gallaudet University, a university for the deaf in Washington, D.C., elects Dr. I. King Jordan as the first deaf president in its history. This conclusion of the Deaf President Now campaign is a turning point in the deaf civil rights movement.
- March 16
- The Halabja chemical attack is carried out by Iraqi government forces.
- قضية إيران-كونترا: الرائد أوليڤر نورث ونائب الأميرال جون پويندكستر are indicted on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States.
- Milltown Cemetery attack: Three men are killed and 70 wounded in a gun and grenade attack by loyalist paramilitary Michael Stone on mourners at Milltown Cemetery in Belfast, Northern Ireland, during the funerals of the 3 IRA members killed in Gibraltar.
- First Republic Bank of Texas fails and enters FDIC receivership, the largest FDIC assisted bank failure in history.
- Tshering Dorji was born in small village of Sonam Lhamo, Wamrong, Trashigang, Bhutan.He currently serves as humanities teacher in Nangkor Central school after qualifying from Sherubtse College with political science and sociology degree
- March 17
- A Colombian Boeing 727 jetliner, Avianca Flight 410, crashes into the side of the mountains near the Venezuelan border, killing 143.
- Eritrean War of Independence – Battle of Afabet: The Nadew Command, an Ethiopian army corps in Eritrea, is attacked on 3 sides by military units of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF).
- March 18 – Tokyo Dome, as well known for sport venues and beseball-park in Japan, officially opened.
- March 19 – Corporals killings in Belfast: Two British Army corporals are abducted, beaten and shot dead by Irish republicans after driving into the funeral cortege of IRA members killed in the Milltown Cemetery attack.
- 20 مارس – حرب الاستقلال الإرترية: Having defeated the Nadew Command, the EPLF enters the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet.
- March 24
- محكمة إسرائيلية تحكم على موردخاي ڤعنونو بالسجن 18 سنة لكشفه البرنامج النووي الإسرائيلي لصحيفة الصنداي تايمز.
- The first McDonald's restaurant in a country run by a Communist party opens in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In 1989 it will be followed by one in Budapest, and in 1990 in Moscow and Shenzhen, China.
- March 25 – The Candle demonstration in Bratislava, Slovakia is the first mass demonstration of the 1980s against the socialist government in Czechoslovakia.
- 26 مارس – U.S. presidential candidate جسي جاكسون يهزم مايكل دوكاكيس في the Michigan Democratic caucuses, becoming the temporary front-runner for the party's nomination. Dick Gephardt withdraws his candidacy after his campaign speeches against imported automobiles fail to earn him much support in Detroit.
- March 29 – African National Congress representative Dulcie September is assassinated in Paris.
- 4 أبريل – Governor Evan Mecham of Arizona is convicted in his impeachment trial and removed from office.
- 5 أبريل
- Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis wins the Wisconsin Democratic presidential primary.
- Kuwait Airways Flight 422 is hijacked while en route from Bangkok, Thailand إلى الكويت. The hijackers demand the release of 17 Shiite Muslim prisoners held by Kuwait. Kuwait refuses to release the prisoners, leading to a 16-day siege across 3 continents. Two passengers are killed before the siege ends.
- 10 أبريل
- April 11 – The Last Emperor (directed by Bernardo Bertolucci) wins nine Oscars.
- April 12 – Former pop singer Sonny Bono is elected mayor of Palm Springs, California.
- 14 أبريل
- April 16
- April 18 – The United States Navy retaliates for the يوإسإس Samuel B. Roberts mining with Operation Praying Mantis, in a day of strikes against Iranian oil platforms and naval vessels.
- April 20 – The world's longest skyjacking comes to an end when the remaining passengers of Kuwait Airways Flight 422 are released by their captors.
- April 22 – The Ouvéa cave hostage taking begins in Ouvéa, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia.
- April 25 – In Israel, Ivan Demjanjuk is sentenced to death for war crimes committed in World War II. He is accused by survivors of being the notorious guard at the Treblinka extermination camp known as "Ivan the Terrible". The conviction is later overturned by the Israeli Supreme Court.
- April 28 – Aloha Airlines Flight 243 loses several yards of its upper fuselage while in flight, killing 1 person.
- April 29 – Boeing 747-400's first flight
- April 30
- May 4 – PEPCON disaster in Henderson, Nevada: A major explosion at an industrial solid-fuel rocket plant causes damage extending up to 10 miles (16 km) away, including Las Vegas' McCarran International Airport.
- May 5 – The Ouvéa cave hostage taking ends in Ouvéa, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia.
- May 8 – Re-election of François Mitterrand, for 7 years, in France.
- May 14 – Bus collision near Carrollton, Kentucky: A drunk driver going the wrong way on Interstate 71, hits a converted school bus carrying a church youth group from Radcliff, Kentucky. The resulting fire kills 27, making it tied for 1st in the U.S. for most fatalities involving 2 vehicles to the present day. Coincidentally, the other 2-vehicle accident involving a bus that also killed 27 occurred in Prestonburg, Kentucky on February 28, 1958.
- May 15 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: After more than 8 years of fighting, the Soviet Army begins withdrawing from Afghanistan.
- May 16
- May 24 – Section 28 (outlawing promotion of homosexuality in schools) is passed as law by Parliament in the United Kingdom.
- May 27 – Microsoft releases Windows 2.1.
- May 31 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan addresses 600 Moscow State University students, during his visit to the Soviet Union.
- June – US congress approved expansion of Medicare benefits to protect against "catastrophic" medical costs; the act was repealed in November 1989.
- June 5 – The first National Cancer Survivors Day is held.
- June 6 – Elizabeth II strips jockey Lester Piggott of his OBE, following his jailing for tax irregularities.
- June 10–14 – Spontaneous 100,000 strong mass night-singing demonstrations in Estonian SSR eventually give name to the Singing Revolution.
- June 11
- June 14 – A small wildfire starts in Montana just north of the boundary for Yellowstone National Park. The Storm Creek fire expands into the park, then merges with dozens of other drought-inspired fires. Eventually, over 750,000 acres (3,000 km2) of Yellowstone – 36% of the park's area – burns before firefighters gain control in late September.
- June 23 – NASA scientist James Hansen testifies to the Senate that man-made global warming has begun.
- 25 يونيو - منتخب هولندا هزم الاتحاد السوفياتي 2-0 ليفوز بكأس أمم أوروبا 88
- June 26 – Air France Flight 296 crashes into the tops of trees beyond the runway on a demonstration flight at Habsheim, France; 3 passengers are killed.
- June 27 – The Gare de Lyon rail accident occurs in Paris, France as a commuter train headed inbound to the terminal crashes into a stationary outbound train, killing 56 and injuring 57.
- June 28 – Four workers are exposed to poisonous gas at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana, in the worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history (a fifth victim dies two days later).
- June 29 – Morrison v. Olson: The United States Supreme Court upholds the law allowing special prosecutors to investigate suspected crimes by executive branch officials.
- June 30 – Roman Catholic Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre consecrates four bishops at Écône, Switzerland for his apostolate, along with Bishop Antonio de Castro Mayer, without a papal mandate.
- July 1 – The Soviet Union votes to end the CPSU's monopoly on economic and other non-political power and to further economic changes towards a less rigidly Marxist-Leninist economy.
- July 3
- July 6
- The Piper Alpha production platform in the North Sea is destroyed by explosions and fires, killing 165 oil workers and 2 rescue mariners. 61 workers survive.
- Syringe Tide: the first reported medical waste on beaches in the Greater New York area (including hypodermic needles and syringes possibly infected with the AIDS virus) washes ashore on Long Island. Subsequent medical waste discoveries on beaches in Coney Island, Brooklyn and in Monmouth County, New Jersey force the closure of numerous New York–area beaches in the middle of one of the hottest summers on record in the American Northeast.
- 11 يوليو - الفنان علي حميدة يصدر شريط لولاكي.
- July 14 – Volkswagen closes its Westmoreland Assembly Plant after 10 years of operation (the first factory built by a non-American automaker in the U.S.).
- 16 يوليو – Paddy Ashdown becomes the leader of the Liberal Democrats in the UK.
- July 20 – The Democratic National Convention in Atlanta nominates Michael Dukakis and Lloyd Bentsen as its Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates.
- July 31 – Thirty-two people are killed and 1,674 injured when a bridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim Ferry terminal collapses in Butterworth, Malaysia.
- 5 أغسطس
- August 6 – 7 – Tompkins Square Park Police Riot in New York City: A riot erupts in Tompkins Square Park when police attempt to enforce a newly passed curfew for the park. Bystanders, artists, residents, homeless people and political activists are caught up in the police action that takes place during the night of August 6 and early into August 7.
- August 8 – 8888 Uprising: Thousands of protesters in Burma, now known as Myanmar, are killed during anti-government demonstrations.
- August 11 – Al-Qaeda is formed by Osama bin Laden.
- August 14 – Enzo Ferrari, founder of the Italian automobile manufacturer Ferrari, dies at the age of 90, after a long illness.
- August 17 – Pakistani President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and the U.S. ambassador to Pakistan, Arnold Lewis Raphel, are killed in a plane crash near Bahawalpur.
- August 18 – The Republican National Convention in New Orleans, Louisiana nominates George H. W. Bush for President and Dan Quayle for Vice President of the United States of America.
- August 19 – A truce begins in the Iran–Iraq War.
- 20 أغسطس - انتهت الحرب الإيرانية العراقية، بعد مقتل نحو مليون شخص.
- August 21 – The 6.9 Mw Nepal earthquake shakes the Nepal–India border with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), leaving 709–1,450 people killed and thousands injured.
- August 25 – A fire destroys part of Chiado quarter, in Lisbon's historical center.
- August 26 – Mehran Karimi Nasseri, "The terminal man", decides to stay at the De Gaulle Airport in Paris, where he will continue to reside until August 1, 2006.
- August 28 – Seventy-five people are killed and 346 injured in one of the worst air show disasters in history at Germany's Ramstein Air Base, when three jets from the Italian air demonstration team, Frecce Tricolori, collide, sending one of the aircraft crashing into the crowd of spectators.
- 5 سبتمبر – With US$2 billion in federal aid, the Robert M. Bass Group agrees to buy the United States' largest thrift, American Savings and Loan Association.
- 11 سبتمبر – الثورة الغنائية: في Estonian SSR, 300,000 demonstrate for independence.
- 12 سبتمبر – Hurricane Gilbert devastates جاميكا; it turns towards Mexico's شبه جزيرة يوكاتان 2 days later, causing an estimated $5 billion in damage.
- 16 سبتمبر – Tom Browning of the Cincinnati Reds pitches the 12th perfect game in baseball history against the Los Angeles Dodgers at Riverfront Stadium.
- 17 سبتمبر - الألعاب الأولمبية الصيفية افتتحت في سيول، كوريا الجنوبية
- 22 سبتمبر – The Ocean Odyssey drilling rig suffers a blowout and fire في بحر الشمال (انظر أيضاً 6 يوليو).
- 29 سبتمبر – STS-26: NASA resumes Space Shuttle flights, grounded after the Challenger disaster, with Space Shuttle Discovery.
- 5 أكتوبر - أعمال شغب كثيرة في الجزائر ضد حكومة جبهة التحرير الوطنية - حتى 10 أكتوبر الجيش قتل أو عذب حوالي 500 شخص من القائمين على أعمال الشغب
- Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet loses a national plebiscite on his rule; he relinquishes power in 1990.
- In Omaha, Nebraska, in the only vice presidential debate of the 1988 U.S. presidential election, the Republican vice presidential nominee, Senator Dan Quayle of Indiana, insists he has as much experience in government as John F. Kennedy did when he sought the presidency in 1960. His Democratic opponent, Senator Lloyd Bentsen of Texas, replies, "Senator, I served with Jack Kennedy. I knew Jack Kennedy. Jack Kennedy was a friend of mine. Senator, you're no Jack Kennedy."
- October 7 – War of the Worlds premieres in syndication.
- October 9 – The 1985–1988 Rugby League World Cup culminates in Australia's 25–12 victory over New Zealand at Auckland's Eden Park before 47,363 spectators.
- October 12
- 13 أكتوبر - الكاتب المصري نجيب محفوظ يحصل على جائزة نوبل للآداب
- October 13 – In the second U.S. presidential debate, held by U.C.L.A., the Democratic party nominee, Michael Dukakis, is asked by journalist Bernard Shaw of CNN if he would support the death penalty if his wife, Kitty, were to be raped and murdered. Gov. Dukakis' reply, voicing his opposition to capital punishment in any and all circumstances, is later said to have been a major reason for the eventual failure of his campaign for the White House.
- October 15 – Kirk Gibson hits a dramatic home run to win Game 1 of the World Series for the Los Angeles Dodgers, over the Oakland Athletics, by a score of 5–4.
- October 19 – The United Kingdom bans broadcast interviews with IRA members. The BBC gets around this stricture through the use of professional actors.
- October 27 – Ronald Reagan decides to tear down the new U.S. Embassy in Moscow because of Soviet listening devices in the building structure.
- October 28 – Abortion: 48 hours after announcing it was abandoning RU-486, French manufacturer Roussel Uclaf states that it will resume distribution of the drug.
- October 29 – Pakistan's General Rahimuddin Khan resigns from his post as the governor of Sindh, following attempts by the President of Pakistan, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, to limit the vast powers Gen. Rahimuddin had accumulated.
- October 30
- Jericho bus firebombing: 5 Israelis are killed and 5 wounded in a Palestinian attack in the West Bank.
- Ayrton Senna became Formula 1 champion for the first time by winning 1988 Japanese Grand Prix.
- Philip Morris buys Kraft Foods for US$13.1 billion.
- Expo '88 in Brisbane, Australia draws to a close.
- November 1 – In the Israeli election, Likud wins 47 seats, Labour wins 49, but Likud Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir remains in office.
- November 2 – The Morris worm, the first computer worm distributed via the Internet, written by Robert Tappan Morris, is launched from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the U.S.
- November 3 – 5 – Thousands of South Korean students demonstrate against former president Chun Doo-hwan.
- November 3 – Sri Lankan Tamil mercenaries try to overthrow the Maldivian government. At President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom's request, the Indian military suppresses the coup attempt within 24 hours.
- November 8 – United States presidential election, 1988: George H. W. Bush is elected over Michael Dukakis, becoming the first sitting Vice President of the United States in 152 years to be elected as President of the United States.
- November 10 – The United States Air Force acknowledges the existence of the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk in a Pentagon press conference.
- November 11 – In Sacramento, California, police find a body buried in the lawn of 60-year-old boardinghouse landlady Dorothea Puente (7 bodies are eventually found and Puente is convicted of 3 murders and sentenced to life in prison).
- November 13 – Mulugeta Seraw, an Ethiopian law student in Portland, Oregon, is beaten to death by members of the Neo-Nazi group East Side White Pride.
- 15 نوفمبر - الصراع الإسرائيلي الفلسطيني: المجلس الوطني الفلسطيني يعلن قيام دولة فلسطين في اجتماع له في الجزائر. أصدر القرار بغالبية 253 صوت مقابل 46
- November 15
- In the Soviet Union, the unmanned Shuttle Buran is launched by an Energia rocket on its maiden orbital spaceflight (the first and last space flight for the shuttle).
- The very first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched by Nico Roozen, Frans van der Hoff and ecumenical development agency Solidaridad in the Netherlands.
- November 16
- Singing Revolution: The Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR adopts the Estonian Sovereignty Declaration in which the laws of the Estonian SSR are declared supreme over those of the Soviet Union. The USSR declares it unconstitutional on 26 November. It is the first declaration of sovereignty from Moscow of any Soviet or Eastern Block entity.
- In the first open election in more than a decade, voters in Pakistan choose populist candidate Benazir Bhutto to be Prime Minister. Elections are held as planned despite head of state Zia-ul-Haq's death earlier in August.
- November 18 – War on Drugs: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill providing the death penalty for murderous drug traffickers.
- November 21
- November 22 – In Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed.
- November 23 – Former Korean president Chun Doo Hwan publicly apologizes for corruption during his presidency, announcing he will go into exile.
- November 24 – The popular American cult television comedy Mystery Science Theater 3000 makes its debut on KTMA.
- November 30 – Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. buys RJR Nabisco for US$25.07 billion in the biggest leveraged buyout deal of all time.
- 1 ديسمبر
- December 2
- December 6
- The Australian Capital Territory is granted self-government by the Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988.
- Famous American vocalist Roy Orbison dies of a heart attack in Hendersonville, Tennessee aged 52.
- December 7
- December 9 – The last Dodge Aries and Plymouth Reliant roll off the assembly line in a Chrysler factory in the U.S.
- December 12 – The Clapham Junction rail crash in London kills 35 and injures 132.
- December 16 – Perennial U.S. presidential candidate Lyndon LaRouche is convicted of mail fraud.
- December 20 – The United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances is signed at Vienna.
- December 21
- December 22 – Brazilian union and environmental activist Chico Mendes is assassinated.
- TAT-8, the first transatlantic telephone cable to use optical fibers, is completed. This led to more robust connections between the American and European Internet.
- Near the end of the year, the first proper and official Internet connection to Europe was made between Princeton, New Jersey and Stockholm, Sweden.
- Zebra mussels are found in the Great Lakes.
- Tim Berners-Lee begins to openly discuss his plans for what would become the World Wide Web at CERN.
- The U.S. Drought of 1988 causes big crop damage in many states, impacts many portions of the United States and causes around $60 billion in damage. Multiple regions suffer in the conditions. Heat waves cause 4,800 to 17,000 excess deaths while scorching many areas of the United States during 1988.
- The Russian Mafia begins to expand with the decay of the Soviet Union.
- The Communist Party of Britain is founded by a Marxist–Leninist faction of the Communist Party of Great Britain, after its leadership embraces Eurocommunism.
- محمود الخطيب، لاعب كرة القدم في النادي الأهلي المصري يعتزل.
|يناير · فبراير · مارس · أبريل · مايو · يونيو · يوليو · أغسطس · سبتمبر · أكتوبر · نوفمبر · ديسمبر · تاريخ مجهول|
- 1 يناير – Nelufar Hedayat, British television personality
- 3 يناير
- January 5
- January 7
- January 8
- January 9
- Marc Crosas, Spanish footballer
- January 12
- January 14
- 15 يناير
- January 16 – Nicklas Bendtner, Danish footballer
- January 17 – Will Genia, Australian professional rugby union
- January 18
- January 19
- January 20
- January 21
- January 22
- January 24 – Jade Ewen, English singer, songwriter, actress and former member of the Sugababes
- January 25 – Tatiana Golovin, French tennis player
- January 26
- January 27
- January 28 – Alexandra Krosney, American film and television actress
- January 29
- January 30 – Rob Pinkston, American actor
- February 2
- February 3
- February 4 – Carly Patterson, American gymnast
- February 6 – Bailey Hanks, American singer, actress and dancer
- February 5 – Karin Ontiveros, Mexican beauty queen
- February 7
- February 8 – Ryan Pinkston, American actor
- February 9 – Lotte Friis, Danish swimmer
- February 10
- February 11 – Li Chun, Chinese singer
- February 12
- February 13 – Aston Merrygold, English singer (JLS)
- February 14
- February 15
- February 16
- February 17
- February 18
- February 20
- February 21 – Matthias de Zordo, German javelin thrower
- February 22
- February 24 – Rodrigue Beaubois, French basketball player
- February 28 – Markéta Irglová, Czech songwriter
- February 29 – Lena Gercke, German fashion model
- March 1
- March 2
- March 3
- March 4
- March 6
- March 8
- March 10 – Ivan Rakitić, Croatian and Swiss footballer
- March 11
- March 12 – Elly Jackson, English singer-songwriter (La Roux)
- March 13 – Tiffany Two, World's oldest cat (d. 2015)
- March 14
- March 15 – James Reimer, Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender
- March 16 – Jhené Aiko, American singer-songwriter
- March 17 – Grimes, Canadian artist musician and music video director
- March 18 – Soukaina Boukries, Moroccan singer
- March 19 – Clayton Kershaw, American baseball player
- March 21 – Lee Cattermole, English footballer
- March 22 – Tania Raymonde, American actress
- March 23 – Jason Kenny, British cyclist
- March 24 – Finn Jones, English actor
- March 25
- March 26 – Suvi Koponen, Finnish fashion model
- March 27
- March 28
- March 29 – Kelly Sweet, American singer
- March 30 – Richard Sherman, American football player
- March 31
- April 1
- April 2
- April 3
- April 5 – Daniela Luján, Mexican pop singer and actress
- April 6
- April 7 – Ed Speleers, British actor
- April 8 – Saqib Saleem, Indian model and actor
- April 9 – Uee, South Korean idol singer and actress
- April 10 – Haley Joel Osment, American actor
- April 11
- April 12
- April 13
- April 14
- April 15 – Eliza Sophie Caird, English singer–songwriter
- April 19 – Haruna Kojima, Japanese singer, actress, and idol (AKB48)
- April 21
- April 23 – Carla Quevedo, Argentine actress
- April 25
- April 26
- April 27 – Semyon Varlamov, Russian ice hockey player
- April 28 – Juan Mata, Spanish footballer
- April 29
- April 30 – Ana de Armas, Cuban actress
- May 1
- May 4 – Kellie Loder, Canadian singer-songwriter
- May 5
- May 6 – Ryan Anderson, American basketball player
- May 7 – Brandon Jones, American actor
- May 11
- May 12
- May 13 – Matt McLean, American Olympic swimmer
- May 15 – Marcus Collins, English singer
- May 17
- May 18
- May 19 – Lily Cole, English supermodel
- May 21 – Park Gyu-ri, South Korean idol singer
- May 23
- May 24
- May 25
- May 26
- May 27
- May 28
- May 29 – Tobin Heath, FIFA Women's World Cup silver medal winning soccer player for the United States
- May 31
- June 1
- June 2
- June 4 – Li Man, Chinese actress
- June 5
- June 6 – Arianna Errigo, Italian fencer
- June 7
- June 8 – Reinaldo Zavarce, award-winning Venezuelan actor and singer
- June 9
- June 11
- June 12
- June 13
- June 14 – Kevin McHale, American actor, dancer and singer
- June 15 – Cristopher Toselli, Chilean footballer
- June 16 – Keshia Chanté, Canadian singer-songwriter, model and actress
- June 17 – Stephanie Rice, Australian swimmer
- June 18 – Josh Dun, American drummer
- June 20 – Shefali Chowdhury, British actress
- June 21 – Alejandro Ramírez, Costa Rican chess Grandmaster
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28 – Kanon Wakeshima, Japanese singer and cellist
- June 29 – Éver Banega, Argentine footballer
- June 30
- July 2 – Lee Chung-yong, Korean footballer
- July 4
- July 7
- July 8
- July 10
- July 11 – Joan Smalls, Puerto Rican model
- July 12 – LeSean McCoy, American football player
- July 13
- July 14
- July 15 – Aimee Carrero, American actress
- July 16 – Sergio Busquets, Spanish footballer
- July 17 – Summer Bishil, American actress
- July 18 – Ambyr Childers, American actress
- July 19
- July 20
- July 21 – DeAndre Jordan, American basketball player
- July 23 – Paul Anderson, English footballer
- July 24 – Han Seung-yeon, South Korean idol singer dancer and actress
- July 25
- July 26
- July 28
- July 30 – Alexander Vlahos, Welsh actor
- July 31
- August 1
- August 2
- August 4 – Jen Lilley, American actress
- August 5
- August 6 – Aleska Diamond, Hungarian porn actress
- August 7
- August 8
- August 12
- August 13 – MØ, Danish singer
- August 15- Zaira Nara, Argentine model
- August 16
- August 17
- August 18
- August 19
- August 21
- August 22
- August 23
- August 24 – Rupert Grint, English actor
- August 25
- August 26
- August 27 – Alexa Vega, American actress; wife of Big Time Rush singer and actor Carlos Pena Jr.
- August 28 – Rosannagh MacLennan, Canadian trampoline gymnast
- August 29 – Bartosz Kurek, Polish volleyball player
- August 30 – Ernests Gulbis, Latvian tennis player
- August 31 – Tanaya Henry, American model and actress
- September 1
- September 2
- September 3 – Jérôme Boateng, German footballer
- September 4 – Anna Li, American artistic gymnast
- September 5
- September 6
- September 7
- September 8 – Chantal Jones, American fashion model and actress
- September 9
- September 10
- September 11 – Lee Yong-dae, South Korean male badminton player
- September 12
- September 13 – John Park, American singer
- September 14
- Martin Fourcade, French biathlete
- September 15
- September 16 – Teddy Geiger, American singer-songwriter
- September 17 – Pavel Mamayev, Russian footballer
- September 18
- September 19
- Katrina Bowden, American actress
- September 21
- September 22 – Bethany Dillon, contemporary Christian music artist
- September 23 – Juan Martín del Potro, Argentine tennis player
- September 24 – Kyle Sullivan, American actor
- September 25 – Ragasya, Indian actress and model
- September 26
- September 28
- September 29
- October 1 – Cariba Heine, Australian actress and performer
- October 2 – Andreas Moe, Swedish singer-songwriter, producer, and multi-instrumentalist
- October 3
- October 4
- October 5
- October 6 – Maki Horikita, Japanese actress
- October 7 – Diego Costa, Spanish footballer
- October 8 – Hanne Gaby Odiele, Belgian model
- October 10 – Rose McIver, New Zealand actress
- October 11 – Rika Izumi, Japanese actress
- October 14
- October 15 – Mesut Özil, German football player
- October 16 – Brock Dewar, Brother of Australian Legend; Trent Dewar (b1990)
- October 17 – Yuko Oshima, Japanese idol, singer and actress (AKB48)
- October 19 – Markiyan Kamysh, Ukrainian writer
- October 20
- October 21
- October 22
- October 26 – Ma Long, Chinese table tennis player
- October 27 – Evan Turner, American basketball player
- October 28
- October 30 – Janel Parrish, American actress and singer-songwriter
- October 31 – Sébastien Buemi, Swiss racing driver
- November 1
- November 2
- November 3 – Angus McLaren, Australian actor
- November 4 – Dez Bryant, American football player
- November 5
- 6 نوفمبر
- November 7
- November 8
- November 9
- November 12 – Russell Westbrook, American basketball player
- November 15 – B.o.B, American rapper, singer, record producer, and conspiracy theorist
- November 18 – Xander Corvus, American porn actor
- November 19 – Patrick Kane, American hockey player
- November 20
- November 21 – Len Väljas, Canadian cross-country skier
- November 22 – Jamie Campbell Bower, English actor
- November 24 – Sabi, American pop singer-songwriter, dancer and actress
- November 25
- November 26 – Tasmin Egerton, English actress and model
- November 28 – Scarlett Pomers, American actress
- November 29 – Russell Wilson, American football player
- November 30
- December 1
- December 2
- December 4
- December 5 – Miralem Sulejmani, Serbian football player
- December 6 – Sandra Nurmsalu, Estonian musician
- December 7
- December 12
- December 13
- December 14
- December 16
- December 17 – David Rudisha, Kenyan middle-distance runner
- December 19 – Alexis Sánchez, Chilean footballer
- December 23
- December 25
- December 27 – Hayley Williams, American singer (Paramore)
- December 28
- December 29
- December 30
- Victoria Alonsoperez, Uruguayan electronics and telecommunication engineer and entrepreneur
- Benjamin Fodor alias Phoenix Jones, American superhero/vigilante
- Ricky Norwood, English actor
- Amna Suleiman, teacher and advocate for women's cycling in Gaza
- Jeronimo Yanez, Mexican-American police officer responsible for fatally shooting Philando Castile in St. Anthony, Minnesota
- 1 يناير – Margot Bryant, British actress (b. 1897)
- 2 يناير – E. B. Ford, British geneticist (b. 1901)
- 3 يناير – William Cagney, American actor (b. 1905)
- January 5 – Pete Maravich, American basketball player (b. 1947)
- January 6 – L. P. Davies, British novelist (b. 1914)
- January 7 – Trevor Howard, British actor (b. 1913)
- January 11 – Gregory "Pappy" Boyington, American pilot, United States Marine Corps fighter ace (b. 1912)
- January 12 – Hiram Bingham IV, American diplomat (b. 1903)
- January 13 – Chiang Ching-kuo, Chinese politician, 3rd President of the Republic of China (b. 1910)
- January 14 – Georgy Malenkov, Soviet politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (b. 1902)
- January 15 – Seán MacBride, Irish Republican Army leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1904)
- January 16 – Ballard Berkeley, British actor (b. 1904)
- January 20 – Philippe de Rothschild, French vineyard owner (b. 1902)
- January 21 – Vincent Lingiari, Australian Aboriginal rights activist (b. 1908)
- January 22 – Parker Fennelly, American comedian and actor (b. 1891)
- January 25 – Colleen Moore, American actress (b. 1899)
- January 28 – Klaus Fuchs, German-British physicist and spy (b. 1911)
- 1 فبراير – Heather O'Rourke, American child actress (b. 1975)
- February 3 – Robert Duncan, American poet (b. 1919)
- February 5 – Emeric Pressburger, Hungarian-British film producer (b. 1902)
- February 11 – Marion Crawford, Scottish nanny of Elizabeth II (b. 1909)
- February 12 – S. Nadarajah, Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer and politician
- February 13
- February 14 – Frederick Loewe, Austrian-American composer (b. 1901)
- February 15 – Richard Feynman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
- February 16 – Karp Osipovich Lykov, Russian Old Believer and survivalist
- February 16 – Vijaya Kumaranatunga, Sri Lankan actor, politician
- February 19
- February 25 – Kurt Mahler, German-Australian mathematician (b. 1903)
- March 1 – Joe Besser, American actor and comedian (b. 1907)
- March 3 – Lois Wilson, American actress (b. 1894)
- March 5 – Alberto Olmedo, Argentine comedian and actor (b. 1933)
- March 7
- March 8
- March 9 – Kurt Georg Kiesinger, German politician, 3rd Chancellor of Germany (b. 1904)
- March 10
- March 13
- March 16 – Erich Probst, Austrian football player (b. 1927)
- March 18 – Joan Field, American violinist (b. 1915)
- March 20
- March 21 – Edd Roush, American baseball player (Cincinnati Reds) and member of the MLB Hall of Fame, (b. 1893)
- March 22 – Lester Rawlins, American stage and screen director (b. 1924)
- March 25 – Robert Joffrey, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1930)
- March 31 – William McMahon, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1908)
- April 1 – Jim Jordan, American actor (b. 1896)
- April 3 – Milton Caniff, American cartoonist (b. 1907)
- April 6 – John Clements, British actor (b. 1910)
- April 11
- April 12
- April 15 – Kenneth Williams, British actor and raconteur (b. 1926)
- April 17
- April 18 – Pierre Desproges, French humorist (b. 1939)
- April 21 – I. A. L. Diamond, American screenwriter (b. 1920)
- April 22 – Irene Rich, American actress (b. 1891)
- April 23 – Michael Ramsey, British bishop, 100th Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1904)
- April 26
- April 27 – David Scarboro, British actor (b. 1968)
- May 3 – Lev Pontryagin, Russian mathematician (b. 1908)
- May 5 – George Rose, English actor (b. 1920)
- May 8 – Robert A. Heinlein, American science fiction author (b. 1907)
- May 10
- May 11 – Kim Philby, British spy (b. 1912)
- May 12 – Chet Baker, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1929)
- May 14 – Willem Drees, Dutch politician and historian, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1948–1958) (b. 1886)
- May 15
- May 16 – Charles Keeping, British illustrator (b. 1924)
- May 18 – Daws Butler, voice actor (b. 1916)
- May 21
- May 23 – Aya Kitō, Japanese Writer (b. 1962)
- May 25 – Ernst Ruska, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
- May 27 – Florida Friebus, American actor (b. 1909)
- May 29 – Vladimír Menšík, Czech actor (b. 1929)
- May 30 – Ella Raines, American actress (b. 1920)
- May 31 – Arthur Olliver, Australian footballer (b. 1916)
- June 2 – Raj Kapoor, Indian actor, producer and director (b. 1924)
- June 8 – Eli Mintz, American actor (b. 1904)
- June 10 – Louis L'Amour, American writer (b. 1908)
- June 11 – Giuseppe Saragat, Italian politician and 5th President of Italy (b. 1898)
- June 16 – Kim Milford, American actor and singer (b. 1951)
- June 18 – Wilford Leach, American theater director (b. 1929)
- June 22 – Dennis Day, Irish-American singer and radio and television personality (b. 1916)
- June 25 – Hillel Slovak, Israeli-American guitarist (Red Hot Chili Peppers) (b. 1962)
- July 3 – Gabriel Dell, American actor (b. 1919)
- July 4 – Adrian Adonis, American wrestler (b. 1954)
- July 8 – Ray Barbuti, American athlete (b. 1905)
- July 12 – Joshua Logan, American stage and film director (b. 1908)
- July 17 – Bruiser Brody, American professional wrestler (b. 1946)
- July 18 – Nico, singer-songwriter, fashion model, actress and Warhol socialite (b. 1938)
- July 21 – Jack Clark, American television personality and game show host (b. 1921)
- July 25
- 26 يوليو - فضل الرحمن مالك، مفكر إسلامي باكستاني (و. 1919)
- July 27 – Frank Zamboni, American inventor (b. 1901)
- July 31 – Trinidad Silva, American actor (b. 1950)
- 1 أغسطس – Florence Eldridge, American actress (b. 1901)
- 2 أغسطس – Raymond Carver, American short-story writer and poet (b. 1938)
- August 5
- August 8
- August 9
- August 10
- August 11 – Anne Ramsey, American actress (b. 1929)
- August 12 – Jean-Michel Basquiat, American musician/graffiti painter (b. 1960)
- August 14
- August 17
- August 21 – Ray Eames, American artist, designer, and filmmaker (b. 1912)
- August 24 – Leonard Frey, American actor (b. 1938)
- August 27
- August 28
- August 29 – David A. Hargrave, American role-playing game designer (b. 1946)
- September 1 – Luis Walter Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
- September 5 – Gert Fröbe, German actor (b. 1913)
- September 6 – Harold Rosson, American cinematographer (b. 1895)
- September 11 – John Sylvester White, American actor (b. 1919)
- September 12 – Roger Hargreaves, English author (b. 1935)
- September 16 – Dick Pym, English footballer (b. 1893)
- September 18
- September 20 – Roy Kinnear, British actor (b. 1934)
- September 21
- September 28
- September 30 – Trường Chinh, former President of Vietnam (b. 1907)
- October 1
- October 2 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-British engineer (b. 1906)
- October 3 – Franz Josef Strauss, German politician (b. 1915)
- October 7 – Billy Daniels, American singer (b. 1915)
- October 9
- October 11
- October 12
- October 13 – Melvin Frank, American screenwriter and director (b. 1913)
- October 15 – Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, English composer, music critic, pianist, and writer (b. 1892)
- October 18 – Frederick Ashton, English dancer and choreographer (b. 1904)
- October 19 – Son House, American musician (b. 1902)
- October 22 – Henry Armstrong, American boxer (b. 1912)
- October 23 – Asashio Tarō III, Sumo wrestler (b. 1929)
- October 27 – Charles Hawtrey, English actor (b. 1914)
- October 31 – John Houseman, Romanian-American actor and producer (b. 1902)
- November 1 – George J. Folsey, American cinematographer (b. 1898)
- November 7
- November 9
- November 11 – William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (b. 1900)
- November 12
- November 13 – Antal Doráti, Hungarian conductor (b. 1906)
- November 14 – Takeo Miki, Japanese politician, 41st Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1907)
- November 15 – Mona Washbourne, British actress (b. 1903)
- November 17 – Sheilah Graham, English-born gossip columnist (b. 1904)
- November 19 – Christina Onassis, American shipping magnate (b. 1950)
- November 21 – Carl Hubbell, American baseball player (New York Giants) and member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1903)
- November 22
- November 27 – John Carradine, American actor (b. 1906)
- November 29 – Donald Keyhoe, American ufologist (b. 1897)
- 30 نوفمبر - القارئ الشيخ عبد الباسط عبد الصمد.
- December 2 – Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer and lyricist (Quartetto Cetra) (b. 1922)
- December 4 – Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (b. 1899)
- December 6
- December 10 – Richard S. Castellano, American actor (b. 1933)
- December 13 – Roy Urquhart, British general (b. 1901)
- December 16 – Sylvester James, American R&B singer, disco performer (b. 1948)
- December 17 – Jerry Hopper, American film and television director (b. 1907)
- December 20 – Max Robinson, American broadcast journalist, and ABC News World News Tonight co-anchor (b. 1939)
- December 21
- December 22 – Francisco Alves Mendes Filho, Brazilian environmental activist (murdered) (b. 1944)
- December 23 – Carlo Scorza, Italian Fascist politician (b. 1897)
- December 26
- December 27
- December 30 – Isamu Noguchi, Japanese-American artist (b. 1904)
- أناتولي ماسليونكن
- أندريه كورنان
- أنيس عبيد
- أودا شيفر
- أوليفر هاسنكامب
- أيزيدور اسحق رابي
- إرنست روسكا
- عبد الباسط عبد العليم حجاب
- الفرجاني بالحاج عمار
- الملكة فريدة
- اينزو فيراري
- برانكو زيبيتش
- بيار بوشارل
- بييترو أركاري
- تاكيو ميكي
- تشيت بيكر
- تقي الدين الصلح
- توفيق يوسف عواد
- جابر رزق الفولي
- جاكي ميلبورن
- جورج حاتم
- حبيب علي الراوي
- حسن الإمام
- حسن الصوفي
- خليل الوزير
- دون ريفي
- رشاد الشوا
- روزا أوسليندر
- ريتشارد فاينمان
- شون ماكبرايد
- صلاح مخيمر
- طلعت يعقوب
- عامر السيد عثمان
- عبد السلام هارون
- عبد المحسن فائق
- عزيز سوريال عطية
- عمار فرحات
- جرهارد مينين ويليامز
- فتحي رضوان
- فريال كريم
- فرنون والاس طومسون
- فيكتور هيربيرت تايت
- فيلي كولو
- كريستينا أوناسيس
- كورت غورغ كيزنغر
- لويس ألفاريز
- لويس براغان
- محمد القبانجي
- محمود حماد
- مصطفى عبد الله بعيو
- ملدريد جيلرز
- مناحيم سفيدور
- ميخائيل نعيمة
- هيلموت رايمان
- محمد خليفة التونسي
- Physics – ليون لدرمان, Melvin Schwartz, Jack Steinberger
- Chemistry – Johann Deisenhofer, Robert Huber, Hartmut Michel
- Medicine – Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion, George H. Hitchings
- Literature – نجيب محفوظ
- Peace – The United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces.
- The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel – Maurice Allais
Right Livelihood Award
- International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims / Inge Kemp Genefke M.D.
- José Lutzenberger
- John F. Charlewood Turner
- Sahabat Alam Malaysia / محمد إدريس، Harrison Ngau Laing, the Penan people.
- ^ "History of IRC (Internet Relay Chat)".
- ^ The Christian Science Monitor (March 24, 1988). "Look out, Yugoslavia, there's a Big Mac attack coming on! First McDonald's opens in a communist country, and the fans are lining up". The Christian Science Monitor.
- ^ THE WORLD - Visit From Grosz - Hungary and the U.S., Finally Face to Face - NYTimes.com
- ^ "IRA gang shot dead in Gibraltar". On This Day. BBC. 7 March 1988. Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
- ^ Morse, D. (May 1988). "Japan Tunnels Under the Ocean". Civil Engineering. 58 (5): 50–53.
- ^ "Three shot dead at Milltown Cemetery". BBC News. 16 March 1988. Archived from the original on January 2, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- ^ Graczyk, Wayne (2012-03-18). "Tokyo Dome turns 25". The Japan Times Online (in الإنجليزية). ISSN 0447-5763. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- ^ "Judges free man jailed over IRA funeral murders". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on September 6, 2004. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- ^ "Yugoslavs Relish Opening of McDonald's in Belgrade". Los Angeles Times. March 24, 1988.
- ^ "Soviet Party Votes End to Monopoly on Power : Communist Delegates OK Gorbachev Reforms, Approve Revision of Country's Political System". latimes.
- ^ Accepts $13B Buyout by Philip Morris The Boston Globe. Accessed 2009-03-17. Archived 2009-05-08.
- ^ nordunet_alkusivut_nettiversio.indd
- ^ "Obituary: Diplomat, author and athlete: Sir Alan Stewart Watt". The Canberra Times. 20 September 1988. p. 8. Archived from the original on February 16, 2014.