قالب:Cite news

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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprint
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite DVD notes}} DVD liner notes
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} magazines, journals, academic papers
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite report}} reports
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} web sources

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for news articles in print, video, audio or web.

Usage

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page. قالب:Citation Style documentation/usage common

To cite a news article with a credited author

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |newspaper= |location= |accessdate= }}

To cite a news article with no credited author

{{cite news |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |newspaper= |location= |date= |accessdate= }}

To cite an online news article that has been archived

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |deadurl= |newspaper= |location= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= }}

To cite a news article written in a foreign language

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |newspaper= |location= |accessdate= }}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language news article re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription

{{cite news |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |deadurl= |format= |language= |newspaper= |location= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= |via= |subscription= |quote= }} |}


Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite news |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |lastauthoramp= |date= |year= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |deadurl= |format= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |department= |newspaper= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |agency= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= |via= |registration= |subscription= |layurl= |laysource= |laydate= |quote= |separator= |postscript= |ref= }}


Most commonly used parameters in vertical format
To cite a news article with a credited author
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| url          = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| accessdate   = 
}}
To cite a news article with no credited author
{{cite news
| author       =<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.-->
| title        = 
| url          = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| date         = 
| accessdate   =
}}
To cite an online news article that has been archived
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| url          = 
| deadurl      = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| archiveurl   = 
| archivedate  = 
| accessdate   = 
}}
To cite a news article written in a foreign language
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| trans-title  = 
| url          = 
| language     = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| accessdate   = 
}}
To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language news article re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription
{{cite news
| last1        = 
| first1       = 
| last2        = 
| first2       = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| trans-title  = 
| url          = 
| deadurl      = 
| format       = 
| language     = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| archiveurl   = 
| archivedate  = 
| accessdate   = 
| via          = 
| subscription = 
| quote        = 
}}


Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite news
| last1                 = 
| first1                = 
| author-link1          = 
| last2                 = 
| first2                = 
| author-link2          = 
| last3                 = 
| first3                = 
| author-link3          = 
| last4                 = 
| first4                = 
| author-link4          = 
| last5                 = 
| first5                = 
| author-link5          = 
| displayauthors        = 
| author-mask           = 
| author-name-separator = 
| author-separator      = 
| lastauthoramp         = 
| date                  = 
| year                  = 
| title                 =
| script-title          =
| trans-title           = 
| url                   = 
| deadurl               = 
| format                = 
| editor1-last          = 
| editor1-first         = 
| editor1-link          = 
| editor2-last          = 
| editor2-first         = 
| editor2-link          = 
| editor3-last          = 
| editor3-first         = 
| editor3-link          = 
| editor4-last          = 
| editor4-first         = 
| editor4-link          = 
| editor5-last          = 
| editor5-first         = 
| editor5-link          = 
| displayeditors        = 
| department            = 
| newspaper             = 
| type                  = 
| series                = 
| language              = 
| volume                = 
| issue                 = 
| others                = 
| edition               = 
| location              = 
| publisher             = 
| publication-date      = 
| agency                = 
| page                  = 
| pages                 = 
| at                    = 
| nopp                  =
| arxiv                 = 
| asin                  = 
| bibcode               = 
| doi                   = 
| doi-brokendate        = 
| isbn                  = 
| issn                  = 
| jfm                   = 
| jstor                 = 
| lccn                  = 
| mr                    = 
| oclc                  = 
| ol                    = 
| osti                  = 
| pmc                   = 
| pmid                  = 
| rfc                   = 
| ssrn                  = 
| zbl                   = 
| id                    = 
| archiveurl            = 
| archivedate           = 
| accessdate            = 
| via                   = 
| registration          = 
| subscription          = 
| layurl                = 
| laysource             = 
| laydate               = 
| quote                 = 
| separator             = 
| postscript            = 
| ref                   = 
}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column, it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples

A news article with a credited author

{{cite news |last=Wolford |first=Ben |date=2013-10-17 |title=Citrus Canker Lawsuit Headed Back to Trial |url=http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/palm-beach/fl-citrus-canker-ruling-20131016,0,7602285.story |newspaper=South Florida Sun-Sentinel |accessdate=2013-10-17}}

Displays as:
  • Wolford, Ben (2013-10-17). "Citrus Canker Lawsuit Headed Back to Trial". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2013-10-17.


A news article released by a news agency and having no credited author

{{cite news |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title=Bellingham Police Arrest WWU Student in Melee |url=http://blogs.seattletimes.com/today/2013/10/bellingham-police-arrest-wwu-student-in-melee/ |newspaper=The Seattle Times |agency=Associated Press |date=2013-10-17 |accessdate=2013-10-17}}

Displays as:


A news article that has been archived

{{cite news |last=Pank |first=Philip |date=2013-10-18 |title=Families Accuse Network Rail of Cover-Up |url=http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/business/industries/transport/article3897709.ece |deadurl=no |newspaper=The Times |location=London |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/6KS5scqfE |archivedate=2013-10-18 |accessdate=2013-10-18}}

Displays as:


A news article written in a foreign language

{{cite news |last=Bourmaud |first=François-Xavier |date=2013-10-17 |title=Hollande dans le Bourbier de L'affaire Leonarda |trans-title=Holland in the Quagmire of the Leonarda Case |url=http://www.lefigaro.fr/politique/2013/10/17/01002-20131017ARTFIG00575-hollande-dans-le-bourbier-de-l-affaire-leonarda.php |language=French |newspaper=Le Figaro |location=Paris |accessdate=2013-10-17}}

Displays as:


A two author news article that you quote and archive, is written in a foreign language and has been re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription

{{cite news |last1=Sueiro |first1=Marcos |last2=Guzman |first2=Lucia |date=2012-05-12 |title=El Crimen de Lucia Barranta Será Juzgado por un Jurado Popular |trans-title=Lucia Barranta's Crime Will Be Judged by a Jury |url=http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2013/10/17/espana/6845003888.html |deadurl=yes |format=PDF |language=Spanish |newspaper=El Mundo |location=Madrid, Spain |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/6KS7JR04T |archivedate=2012-06-22 |accessdate=2012-06-22 |via=Highbeam Research |subscription=yes |quote=Los comparecientes lo harán en calidad de imputados por un delito de homicidio.}}

Displays as:
  • Sueiro, Marcos; Guzman, Lucia (2012-05-12). "El Crimen de Lucia Barranta Será Juzgado por un Jurado Popular" [Lucia Barranta's Crime Will Be Judged by a Jury] (PDF). El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. Archived from the original on 2012-06-22. Retrieved 2012-06-22 – via Highbeam Research. (Subscription required (help)). Los comparecientes lo harán en calidad de imputados por un delito de homicidio. Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)

Parameters

Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.).

COinS

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See: Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template, is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

Deprecated

The following parameters are deprecated. Their use will place the page into Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters:


Description

Authors

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, surname, surname1, author, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: first1, given, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn.
  • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: authorlink1 through authorlinkn, or author1-link through authorn-link, or author1link through authornlink.
  • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s)
  • vauthors: comma separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
  • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; not an alias of last
  • قالب:Xtd: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
When using shortened footnotes or قالب:Paren styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc); not italicized, follows italicized transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ]
space &#91; &#93; &#124;
{{bracket|text}} {{pipe}} – see also: rendering vertical bars in tables
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink. Alias: titlelink.

قالب:Citation Style documentation/language

Periodical

  • work: Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked if relevant. Displays in italics. Aliases: journal, newspaper, magazine, periodical.
    • issue: When the publication is one of a series that is published periodically. Alias: number. When the issue has a special title of its own, this may be given, in italics, along with the issue number, e.g. |issue=2, ''Modern Canadian Literature''.
    • department: Title of a regular department, column, or section within the periodical or journal. Examples include "Communication", "Editorial", "Letter to the Editor", and "Review". Displays after title and is in plain text.
When set, work changes the formatting of other parameters:
title is not italicized and is enclosed in quotes.
chapter does not display in this citation template (and will produce an error message).
location and publisher are enclosed in parentheses.
page and pages do not show p. or pp.
edition does not display.

Date

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date 1] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more]  Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1#Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", add as |date=n.d.
  • year: Year of source being referenced. Use of |date= is recommended unless all of the following conditions are met:
  1. The template uses |ref=harv, or the template is {{citation}}, or |mode=cs2
  2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD.
  3. The citation requires a CITEREF disambiguator.
  • orig-year: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-year=First published 1859 or |orig-year=Composed 1904.
  1. ^ Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g. a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.
  • via: Name of the content deliverer (if different from publisher). via is not a replacement for publisher, but provides additional detail. It may be used when the content deliverer presents the source in a format other than the original (e.g. NewsBank), when the URL provided does not make clear the identity of the deliverer, where no URL or DOI is available (EBSCO), if the deliverer requests attribution, or as requested in WP:The Wikipedia Library (e.g. Credo, HighBeam). See also registration and subscription.

قالب:Citation Style documentation/agency

Edition, volume

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.

قالب:Citation Style documentation/volume

In-source locations

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y. Hyphens are automatically converted to en dashes; if hyphens are appropriate, for example: pp. 3-1–3-15, use |at=.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • access-date: Full date when the content pointed to by url was last verified to support the text in the article; do not wikilink; requires url; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[date 1] Not required for linked documents that do not change. For example, access-date is not required for links to copies of published research papers accessed via DOI or a published book, but should be used for links to news articles on commercial websites (these can change from time to time, even if they are also published in a physical medium). Note that access-date is the date that the URL was checked to not just be working, but to support the assertion being cited (which the current version of the page may not do). Can be hidden or styled by registered editors. Alias: accessdate.
    • archive-url: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archive-date and url. Alias: archiveurl.
      • archive-date: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[date 1] Do not wikilink. Alias: archivedate.
      • dead-url: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |dead-url=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end. Alias: deadurl.
    • template-doc-demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into one of the subcategories of Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template-doc-demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Automatically added when a PDF icon is displayed. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.

قالب:MediaWiki URL rules

  1. ^ أ ب Access-date and archive-date in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor

Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

قالب:Citation Style documentation/id2

Quote

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Editors

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last1, editor-surname, editor-surname1, editor, editor1.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first1, editor-given, editor-given1.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-last1, editor-first1 through editor-lastn, editor-firstn. Aliases: editor-surname1, editor-given1 through editor-surnamen, editor-givenn or editor1 through editorn.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link1.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-link1 through editor-linkn.
  • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s)
  • veditors: comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses:
    |veditors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
  • editor-linkn and editor-maskn may be used for the individual names in |veditors= as described above
  • editors: Free-form list of editor names; not an alias of editor-last
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; exactly four editors will show three editors followed by "et al., eds." unless display-editors is used.

Laysummary

  • lay-url: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: lay-summary, laysummary.
    • lay-source: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash. Alias: laysource.
    • lay-date: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses. Alias: laydate.

Display options

  • mode: Sets element separator, default terminal punctuation, and certain capitalization according to the value provided. For |mode=cs1, element separator is a semicolon (;); terminal punctuation is a period (.); where appropriate, initial letters of certain words are capitalized ('Retrieved...'). For |mode=cs2, element separator is a comma (,); terminal punctuation is omitted; where appropriate, initial letters of certain words are not capitalized ('retrieved...'). To override default terminal punctuation use postscript.
  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliographies or bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially such as Shortened footnotes. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • قالب:Xtd: (deprecated) Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;. Use name-list-format.
  • قالب:Xtd: (deprecated) Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;. Use name-list-format.
  • قالب:Xtd: (deprecated) Use name-list-format.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, all authors are displayed. |display-authors=etal displays all authors in the list followed by et al. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed except when there are four editors, then the editor list in the citation is truncated to three editors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains four editor names and one wishes all four editor names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-editors=4. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • last-author-amp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |last-author-amp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty is the same as omitting it, but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • قالب:Xtd: (deprecated) Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;. Use mode.

Subscription or registration required

--تغريد (نقاش) 15:13، 13 أغسطس 2015 (EDT)

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes; superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes; supersedes registration if both are set.

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

Cite news

This template formats a citation to a news article in print, video, audio or web using the provided source information (e.g. author, publication, date) and various formatting options.

وسائط القالب

وسيطوصفنوعحالة
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

سلسلةمقترح
Source titletitle

The title of the source page on the website; displays in quotes

سلسلةمطلوب
Last namelast author author1 authors last1

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

غير معروفمقترح
First namefirst first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

غير معروفمقترح
Source datedate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

سلسلةمقترح
Workwork

Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked; displays in italics; alias of 'newspaper', 'journal', 'magazine', 'periodical'

سلسلةمقترح
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

سلسلةاختياري
Author linkauthorlink author-link author1-link authorlink1

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

صفحةاختياري
Last namelast2 author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

غير معروفاختياري
First namefirst2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

غير معروفاختياري
Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list)

صفحةاختياري
Newspapernewspaper

Name of the newspaper; displays after title

سلسلةاختياري
URL access dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

سلسلةمقترح
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

سلسلةاختياري
Month of publicationmonth

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

سلسلةاختياري
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

سلسلةاختياري
Original yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

سلسلةاختياري
Editor last nameeditor-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

غير معروفاختياري
Editor first nameeditor-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

غير معروفاختياري
Editor linkeditor-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

صفحةاختياري
Issueissue

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

سلسلةاختياري
Departmentdepartment

Department within the periodical

سلسلةاختياري
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

سلسلةاختياري
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

سلسلةاختياري
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

سلسلةاختياري
Agencyagency

The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse

سلسلةاختياري
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

سلسلةاختياري
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

سلسلةاختياري
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

سلسلةاختياري
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

سلسلةاختياري
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

سلسلةاختياري
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

سلسلةاختياري
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

سلسلةاختياري
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

سلسلةاختياري
Translated titletrans-title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

سلسلةاختياري
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

سلسلةاختياري
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

سلسلةاختياري
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

سلسلةاختياري
AZINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

سلسلةاختياري
AZIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

سلسلةاختياري
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

سلسلةاختياري
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

سلسلةاختياري
DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

سلسلةاختياري
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

سلسلةاختياري
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

سلسلةاختياري
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

سلسلةاختياري
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

سلسلةاختياري
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

سلسلةاختياري
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

سلسلةاختياري
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

سلسلةاختياري
OLol

Open Library identifier

سلسلةاختياري
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

سلسلةاختياري
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

سلسلةاختياري
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

سلسلةاختياري
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

سلسلةاختياري
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

سلسلةاختياري
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

سلسلةاختياري
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

سلسلةاختياري
Archive URLarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

سلسلةاختياري
Archive datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

سلسلةاختياري
Dead URLdeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

سلسلةاختياري
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

سلسلةاختياري
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

سلسلةاختياري
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

غيابي
.
سلسلةاختياري
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

غيابي
.
سلسلةاختياري
Lay URLlayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

سلسلةاختياري
Lay sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

سلسلةاختياري
Lay datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

سلسلةاختياري
Last namelast3 author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

غير معروفاختياري
First namefirst3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

غير معروفاختياري
Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

صفحةاختياري
Last namelast4 author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

غير معروفاختياري
First namefirst4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

غير معروفاختياري
Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

صفحةاختياري
Last namelast5 author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

غير معروفاختياري
First namefirst5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

غير معروفاختياري
Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

صفحةاختياري
Last namelast6 author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

غير معروفاختياري
First namefirst6 author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

غير معروفاختياري
Author linkauthorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

صفحةاختياري
Last namelast7 author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

غير معروفاختياري
First namefirst7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

غير معروفاختياري
Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

صفحةاختياري
Last namelast8 author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

غير معروفاختياري
First namefirst8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

غير معروفاختياري
Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

صفحةاختياري
Last namelast9 author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

غير معروفاختياري
First namefirst9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

غير معروفاختياري
Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

صفحةاختياري
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

سلسلةاختياري
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

غيابي
,
سلسلةاختياري
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

غيابي
;
سلسلةاختياري
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed; alias of 'displayauthors'

غيابي
8
رقماختياري
Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

سلسلةاختياري

See also

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.