قالب:Cite web

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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv preprint
{{Cite AV media}}audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}}audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite book}}books
{{Cite conference}}conference papers
{{Cite DVD notes}}DVD liner notes
{{Cite encyclopedia}}edited collections
{{Cite episode}}radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}}interviews
{{Cite journal}}magazines, journals, academic papers
{{Cite mailing list}}public mailing lists
{{Cite map}}maps
{{Cite news}}news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}}online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}}audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}}press releases
{{Cite report}}reports
{{Cite serial}}audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}}signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}}speeches
{{Cite techreport}}technical reports
{{Cite thesis}}theses
{{Cite web}}web sources

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for web sources that are not characterized by another CS1 template.

Usage

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format

For references with author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=}}

For references without author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=}}
Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |script-title= |trans-title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}
Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite web
| url           =
| title         =
| last1         =
| first1        =
| authorlink1   =
| last2         =
| first2        =
| authorlink2   =
| date          =
| year          =
| editor-last   =
| editor-first  =
| editor        =
| editor-link   =
| editor1-last  =
| editor1-first =
| editor1-link  =
| editor2-last  =
| editor2-first =
| editor2-link  =
| editors       =
| website       =
| series        =
| publisher     =
| location      =
| page          =
| pages         =
| at            =
| language      =
| script-title  =
| trans-title   =
| type          =
| format        =
| arxiv         =
| asin          =
| bibcode       =
| doi           =
| doi-brokendate=
| isbn          =
| issn          =
| jfm           =
| jstor         =
| lccn          =
| mr            =
| oclc          =
| ol            =
| osti          =
| pmc           =
| pmid          =
| rfc           =
| ssrn          =
| zbl           =
| id            =
| archive-url   =
| archive-date  =
| deadurl       =
| accessdate    =
| quote         =
| ref           =
| separator     =
| postscript    =
| subscription  =
| registration  =
}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
| url=
| archive-url=
| archive-url=
| url=
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column, it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.
Most commonly used parameters in vertical format
{{cite web
| url        =
| title      =
| last       =
| first      =
| date       =
| website    =
| publisher  =
| accessdate =
}}

Examples

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
Doe, John. "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
"My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
"Digest of Rules". National Football League. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
Using format
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.indiapost.gov.in/Pdf/Customs/List_of_Psychotropic_Substances.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
Foreign language and translated title
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022 |language=French |trans-title=Shame on those who think evil}}
Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honi soit qui mal y pense" [Shame on those who think evil] (in French). Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
Using authorlink
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022}}
"Index of Sharp Things". 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022 |language=Greek}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF) (in Greek). 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" (and optionally "deadurl") for webpages that have been archived
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022 |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20050907150136/http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=7 September 2005}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). 30 April 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 September 2005. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 |deadurl=no}}
"Interview with Maggie Downs". The Desert Sun. 31 March 2006. Archived from the original on 26 April 2006. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022 | archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archivedate=19 May 2011| deadurl=no}}
"London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport)". The Weather Underground, Inc. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help); Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
Using quote
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=5 ديسمبر 2022 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...'}}
"Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. Retrieved 5 ديسمبر 2022. ... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...' Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

Parameters

Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.).

COinS

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See: Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template, is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

Deprecated

The following parameters are deprecated. Their use will place the page into Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters:

  • month: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • coauthor · coauthors: Use last# / first# or author or authors
  • day: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • dateformat · doilabel: These parameters are no longer supported.


Description

Authors

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, surname, surname1, author, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: first1, given, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn.
  • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: authorlink1 through authorlinkn, or author1-link through authorn-link, or author1link through authornlink.
  • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s)
  • vauthors: comma separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
  • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; not an alias of last
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, including illustrators and translators. For the parameter value, write Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title

قالب:Citation Style documentation/web

  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source. May alternatively be used to identify the type of manuscript linked to in the title, if this is not the final version of a manuscript (e.g. if a preprint of a manuscript is freely available, but the version of record is behind a paywall). Format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, Accepted manuscript, CD liner, Press release. Alias: medium.
  • اللغة: The language (or a comma-separated list of the languages) in which the source is written, as either the ISO 639 language code (preferred) or the full language name. Examples: |language=ru;, |lang=fr, pt-br; |lang=Russian; |language=French, Portuguese. See the list of supported codes and names. Do not use templates or wikilinks. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. When the only source language is English, no language is displayed in the citation. The use of languages recognized by the citation module adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of تصنيف:CS1 foreign language sources. Because cs1|2 templates are often copied from en.wiki to other wikis, use of language codes is preferred so that language names render in the correct language and form: espagnol at a French-language wiki instead of the English word "Spanish". Aliases: language, in, لغة

Date

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date 1] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more]  Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1#Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", add as |date=n.d.
  • year: Year of source being referenced. Use of |date= is recommended unless all of the following conditions are met:
  1. The template uses |ref=harv, or the template is {{citation}}, or |mode=cs2
  2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD.
  3. The citation requires a CITEREF disambiguator.
  • orig-year: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-year=First published 1859 or |orig-year=Composed 1904.
  1. ^ Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g. a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.
  • via: Name of the content deliverer (if different from publisher). via is not a replacement for publisher, but provides additional detail. It may be used when the content deliverer presents the source in a format other than the original (e.g. NewsBank), when the URL provided does not make clear the identity of the deliverer, where no URL or DOI is available (EBSCO), if the deliverer requests attribution, or as requested in WP:The Wikipedia Library (e.g. Credo, HighBeam). See also registration and subscription.

Series

  • سلسلة أو نسخة: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted. Alias: agency.

In-source locations

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y. Hyphens are automatically converted to en dashes; if hyphens are appropriate, for example: pp. 3-1–3-15, use |at=.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • access-date: Full date when the content pointed to by url was last verified to support the text in the article; do not wikilink; requires url; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[date 1] Not required for linked documents that do not change. For example, access-date is not required for links to copies of published research papers accessed via DOI or a published book, but should be used for links to news articles on commercial websites (these can change from time to time, even if they are also published in a physical medium). Note that access-date is the date that the URL was checked to not just be working, but to support the assertion being cited (which the current version of the page may not do). Can be hidden or styled by registered editors. Alias: accessdate.
    • archive-url: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archive-date and url. Alias: archiveurl.
      • archive-date: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[date 1] Do not wikilink. Alias: archivedate.
      • dead-url: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |dead-url=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end. Alias: deadurl.
    • template-doc-demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into one of the subcategories of Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template-doc-demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Automatically added when a PDF icon is displayed. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported معرف الموارد الموحد. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: may require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. آي بي في6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in المعرفة:قوالب الاستشهاد contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be ترميز النسبة المئوية. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7b %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ^ أ ب Access-date and archive-date in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor

Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. |rfc=822 or |pmc=345678.

When an URL is equivalent to the link produced by the corresponding identifier (such as a DOI), don't add it to any URL parameter but use the appropriate identifier parameter, which is more stable and may allow to specify the access status. The |url= parameter or title link can then be used for its prime purpose of providing a convenience link to a free-to-read copy of the source that would not otherwise be obviously accessible.[1]

  • arxiv: arXiv identifier; for example: |arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or |arxiv=0706.0001 (April 2007 – December 2014) or |arxiv=1501.00001 (since January 2015). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html". Aliases: eprint.
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn. Because this link favours one specific distributor, include it only if standard identifiers are not available. Example |asin=B00005N5PF. Aliases: ASIN.
    • ASIN-TLD: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: au, br, ca, cn, co.jp, co.uk, de, es, fr, it, mx. Aliases: asin-tld.
  • bibcode: bibcode; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H. Aliases: none.
  • biorxiv: bioRxiv id, a 6-digit number at the end of the biorXiv URL (e.g. 078733 for http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/10/01/078733 or https://dx.doi.org/10.1101/078733). Aliases: none.
  • citeseerx: CiteSeerX id, a string of digits and dots found in a CiteSeerX URL (e.g. 10.1.1.176.341 for http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.176.341). Aliases: none.
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.). Aliases: DOI.
    • doi-broken: Date the DOI was found to be non-working at https://dx.doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article. Aliases: doi-broken-date, doi-inactive-date, doi_brokendate, doi_inactivedate.
  • eissn: International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space; example |eissn=1557-2986. Aliases: EISSN.
  • hdl: Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet; example |hdl=20.1000/100. Aliases: HDL.
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9.
  • ismn: International Standard Music Number; for example: 979-0-9016791-7-7. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional. Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. This parameter should hold only the ISMN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens – and the proper check digit. Aliases: ISMN.
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space; example |issn=2049-3630. Aliases: ISSN.
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik; example |jfm=53.0144.01. Aliases: JFM.
  • jstor: JSTOR reference number; for example: |jstor=3793107. Aliases: JSTOR.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case; example |lccn=2004042477. Aliases: LCCN.
  • mr: Mathematical Reviews; example |mr=630583. Aliases: MR.
  • oclc: OCLC; WorldCat's Online Computer Library Center; example |oclc=9355469. Aliases: OCLC.
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value; example |ol=7030731M. Aliases: OL.
  • osti: Office of Scientific and Technical Information; example |osti=4367507. Aliases: OSTI.
  • pmc: PubMed Central; use article number for open repository full-text of a journal article, e.g. |pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value.
  • pmid: PubMed; use unique identifier; example |pmid=17322060
  • rfc: Request for Comments; example |rfc=3143. Aliases: RFC.
  • sbn: Standard Book Number; example |sbn=356-02201-3. Aliases: SBN.
  • ssrn: Social Science Research Network; example |ssrn=1900856. Aliases: SSRN.
  • s2cid: Semantic Scholar corpus ID; example |s2cid=37220927. Aliases: S2CID.
  • zbl: Zentralblatt MATH; example |zbl=0472.53010 For zbMATH search results like JFM 35.0387.02 use |jfm=35.0387.02. Aliases: ZBL.

Quote

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Editors

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last1, editor-surname, editor-surname1, editor, editor1.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first1, editor-given, editor-given1.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-last1, editor-first1 through editor-lastn, editor-firstn. Aliases: editor-surname1, editor-given1 through editor-surnamen, editor-givenn or editor1 through editorn.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link1.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-link1 through editor-linkn.
  • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s)
  • veditors: comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses:
    |veditors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
  • editor-linkn and editor-maskn may be used for the individual names in |veditors= as described above
  • editors: Free-form list of editor names; not an alias of editor-last
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; exactly four editors will show three editors followed by "et al., eds." unless display-editors is used.

Laysummary

  • lay-url: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: lay-summary, laysummary.
    • lay-source: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash. Alias: laysource.
    • lay-date: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses. Alias: laydate.

Display options

  • mode: Sets element separator, default terminal punctuation, and certain capitalization according to the value provided. For |mode=cs1, element separator is a semicolon (;); terminal punctuation is a period (.); where appropriate, initial letters of certain words are capitalized ('Retrieved...'). For |mode=cs2, element separator is a comma (,); terminal punctuation is omitted; where appropriate, initial letters of certain words are not capitalized ('retrieved...'). To override default terminal punctuation use postscript.
  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliographies or bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially such as Shortened footnotes. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: (deprecated) Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;. Use name-list-format.
  • author-separator: (deprecated) Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;. Use name-list-format.
  • author-format: (deprecated) Use name-list-format.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, all authors are displayed. |display-authors=etal displays all authors in the list followed by et al. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed except when there are four editors, then the editor list in the citation is truncated to three editors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains four editor names and one wishes all four editor names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-editors=4. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • last-author-amp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |last-author-amp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty is the same as omitting it, but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: (deprecated) Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;. Use mode.

Subscription or registration required

--تغريد (نقاش) 15:13، 13 أغسطس 2015 (EDT)

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes; superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes; supersedes registration if both are set.

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

Cite web

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

وسائط القالب

وسيطوصفنوعحالة
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

نصمطلوب
Source titletitle

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

نصمطلوب
Source datedate

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

نصمقترح
URL access dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

نصمقترح
Website titlewebsite work

Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

نصمقترح
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; may be wikilinked

نصمقترح
Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

سطرمقترح
First namefirst first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

سطرمقترح
Author linkauthorlink authorlink1 author-link author1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

اسم الصفحةاختياري
Last namelast2 author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

سطراختياري
First namefirst2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

سطراختياري
Author linkauthorlink2 author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

اسم الصفحةاختياري
Othersothers

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

نصاختياري
Month of publicationmonth

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

نصاختياري
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

نصاختياري
Original yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

نصاختياري
Editor last nameeditor-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

سطراختياري
Editor first nameeditor-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

سطراختياري
Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

اسم الصفحةاختياري
Series identifierseries

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

نصاختياري
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

نصاختياري
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

نصاختياري
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

نصاختياري
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

نصاختياري
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

نصاختياري
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

نصاختياري
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

نصاختياري
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

نصاختياري
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

نصاختياري
Translated titletrans-title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

نصاختياري
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

نصاختياري
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

نصاختياري
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

نصاختياري
AZINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

نصاختياري
AZIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

نصاختياري
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

نصاختياري
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

نصاختياري
DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

نصاختياري
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

نصاختياري
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

نصاختياري
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

نصاختياري
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

نصاختياري
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

نصاختياري
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

نصاختياري
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

نصاختياري
OLol

Open Library identifier

نصاختياري
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

نصاختياري
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

نصاختياري
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

نصاختياري
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

نصاختياري
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

نصاختياري
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

نصاختياري
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

نصاختياري
Archive URLarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

نصاختياري
Archive datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

نصاختياري
Dead URLdeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

نصاختياري
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

نصاختياري
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

نصاختياري
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

غيابي
.
نصاختياري
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

غيابي
.
نصاختياري
Lay URLlayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

نصاختياري
Lay sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

نصاختياري
Lay datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

نصاختياري
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

نصاختياري
Last namelast3 author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

سطراختياري
First namefirst3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

سطراختياري
Author linkauthorlink3 author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

اسم الصفحةاختياري
Last namelast4 author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

سطراختياري
First namefirst4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

سطراختياري
Author linkauthorlink4 author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

اسم الصفحةاختياري
Last namelast5 author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

سطراختياري
First namefirst5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

سطراختياري
Author linkauthorlink5 author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

اسم الصفحةاختياري
Last namelast6 author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

سطراختياري
First namefirst6 author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

سطراختياري
Author linkauthorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

اسم الصفحةاختياري
Last namelast7 author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

سطراختياري
First namefirst7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

سطراختياري
Author linkauthorlink7 author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

اسم الصفحةاختياري
Last namelast8 author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

سطراختياري
First namefirst8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

سطراختياري
Author linkauthorlink8 author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

اسم الصفحةاختياري
Last namelast9 author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

سطراختياري
First namefirst9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

سطراختياري
Author linkauthorlink9 author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

اسم الصفحةاختياري
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

غيابي
,
نصاختياري
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

غيابي
;
نصاختياري
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

غيابي
8
رقماختياري
Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

نصاختياري
Subscription requiredsubscription

When set to yes, displays “(subscription required)” to indicate an online source that requires subscription

نصاختياري
Registration requiredregistration

When set to yes, displays “(registration required)” to indicate an online source that requires registration

نصاختياري
Editionedition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

نصاختياري

See also

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

  1. ^ This guidance does not restrict linking to websites that are being used as sources to provide content in articles.