1902

تحويل 1-1-1902م الى هجري  (وصلة خارجية)  | تحويل 31-12-1902م الى هجري  (وصلة خارجية)  | ابحث في الموسوعة عن مواضيع متعلقة بسنة 1902

الألفية: الألفية 2
القرون: القرن 19 - القرن 20 - القرن 21
العقود: عقد 1870  عقد 1880  عقد 1890  - عقد 1900 -  عقد 1910  عقد 1920  عقد 1930
السنوات: 1899 1900 1901 - 1902 - 1903 1904 1905
1902 حسب الموضوع:
الموضوع
حسب البلد
القادة
تصنيفات المواليد والوفيات
تصنيفات تأسيسات وانحلالات
تصنيفات أعمال وأطروحات
1902 في التقاويم الأخرى
التقويم الگريگوري1902
MCMII
آب أوربه كونديتا2655
التقويم الأرمني1351
ԹՎ ՌՅԾԱ
التقويم الآشوري6652
التقويم البهائي58–59
التقويم البنغالي1309
التقويم الأمازيغي2852
سنة العهد البريطانيإد 7 – 2 إد 7
التقويم البوذي2446
التقويم البورمي1264
التقويم البيزنطي7410–7411
التقويم الصيني辛丑(المعدن الثور)
4598 أو 4538
    — إلى —
壬寅年 (الماء النمر)
4599 أو 4539
التقويم القبطي1618–1619
التقويم الديسكوردي3068
التقويم الإثيوپي1894–1895
التقويم العبري5662–5663
التقاويم الهندوسية
 - ڤيكرام سامڤات1958–1959
 - شاكا سامڤات1824–1825
 - كالي يوگا5003–5004
تقويم الهولوسين11902
تقويم الإگبو902–903
التقويم الإيراني1280–1281
التقويم الهجري1319–1320
التقويم اليابانيMeiji 35
(明治35年)
تقويم جوچىN/A
التقويم اليوليوسيالگريگوري ناقص 13 يوم
التقويم الكوري4235
تقويم مينگوو10 قبل جمهورية الصين
民前10年
التقويم الشمسي التايلندي2445

سنة 1902 (MCMII) كانت سنة بسيطة تبدأ يوم الأربعاء (الرابط يعرض التقويم كاملاً) التقويم الگريگوري، السنة 1902nd بعد الميلاد (م)، السنة 902nd في الألفية 2، السنة 2nd في القرن 20، والسنة 3rd في عقد 1900 بين 1583 و 1929 ومع فارق 1902 is 13 يوم عن التقويم اليوليوسي، والذين ظلوا مستخدمين حتى التحول الكامل إلى التقويم الگريگوري في 1929.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

أحداث

يناير

فبراير

مارس

April

مايو


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June

July

August

September

October

November


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December

مجهولة التاريخ

أفريقيا

A corporal and three soldiers of the KAR (1902)

أستراليا

أحداث عالمية أخرى

الاقتصاد

العلوم والتكنولوجيا

إجراءات صناعية

  • January 26: The Catholic Union Federation of Italy is founded in Milan .
  • February 5 French miners' strikes demanding an eight-hour workday result in a 9-hour workday rule. As the unions are not satisfied with this result, industrial action resumes after a break of several weeks.
  • February 16: The general strike for Catalonia is called in Barcelona , ​​in which more than 100,000 workers take part. A state of war is declared in Zaragoza after bloody clashes with the military.
  • March 22: In Batumi, a protest demonstration by striking workers is bloodily crushed by military and police units. 15 workers are killed, 54 injured and around 500 arrested.
  • March 23: Child labor is banned in Italy. The age limit for boys is now 12 years and for girls the age limit has been set at 15 years.
  • 12 مايو - Anthracite strike begins in US; it is ended after several months through the mediation of President Theodore Roosevelt on October 23.

حرب الشمبانيا

  • 25 فبراير - The christening of the Meteor III solves the two-year-long so-called Champagne War between the French sparkling wine manufacturer Moët & Chandon and its German competitor Söhnlein & Co., Rheingauer Schaumweinkellerei Act. total off.

براءات الاختراع والملكية الفكرية

تأسيس الشركات

  • June 17: The first Chinese - language newspaper Ta Kung Pao ( Big General Newspaper ) is established in Tianjin .
  • August 22: Henry M. Leland founds the Cadillac Automobile Company in Detroit .
  • August Thyssen and Hugo Stinnes acquire a majority stake in RWE through a consortium they lead, including Deutsche Bank, Dresdner Bank and Disconto-Gesellschaft .
  • Established Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. (known as 3M ) in St. Paul, Minnesota

العلوم والتكنولوجيا

أبحاث أنتارتيكا

تجريدة گاوس، محصورة في الجليد لمدة 14 شهرا، تكتشف أرض القيصر ڤلهلم الثاني في أنتارتيكا.
  • January 30: The British Discovery Expedition under Robert Falcon Scott discovers the Edward VII Peninsula in Antarctica .
  • February 22: The German Gauss expedition , led by polar explorer Erich von Drygalski , discovers an unknown part of the mainland in Antarctica , which is named Kaiser Wilhelm II Land in honor of the donor .
  • March 29: During the German South Pole expedition , Erich von Drygalski becomes the first person to sight the extinct volcano Gaussberg in Antarctica in a captive balloon .
  • November 2: The Scottish National Antarctic Expedition begins.

العلوم الطبيعية

  • Ernest Rutherford and Frederick Soddy develop the theory of atomic decay emitting alpha and beta rays .

Léon-Philippe Teisserenc de Bort discovers the stratosphere and the tropopause . Discovery of the Boy's surface

التعليم والبحث

  • January 13: The first adult education center in the German Reich is built in the Rotes Rathaus in Berlin .
  • January 28: Andrew Carnegie donates $ 10 million to science. This creates the Carnegie Institution of Washington .
  • Ferdinando Bocconi founds the private business university Luigi Bocconi in Milan in memory of his deceased son.

التطورات التقنية

  • April 9: Charles Stewart Rolls sets the first speed record for petrol vehicles with a Mors at 101.547 km/h in Achères near Paris .
  • May 31: While attempting to set a new land speed record on Staten Island , the Baker Torpedo , built by Baker Motor Vehicle Company , with Walter C. Baker at the controls, crashes into a crowd of spectators. Two people are killed in the accident.

19 September: Airship designer and aeronaut Stanley Spencer is the first to fly over London.

سد أسوان أثناء الإنشاء.
  • 10 December: The Aswan High Dam, the oldest dam on the Nile after the Barrages on the Nile Delta , is put into operation.

متفرقات

  • Otto Schulze receives a patent for the speedometer from the German Patent Office .

According to current model calculations , 1902 is the earliest possible year in which the HI virus could have infected a person for the first time.

الثقافة

الأفلام

الرحلة إلى القمر
  • September 1: The science fiction film Journey to the Moon by Georges Méliès has its world premiere at the Paris Olympia .

مواليد

يناير

February

مارس

أبريل

مايو

يونيو

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

وفيات

January-June

July-December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

المراجع

  1. ^ Jones, Stephen F. (2005), Socialism in Georgian Colors: The European Road to Social Democracy, 1883-1917, p. 102. Harvard University Press، ISBN 0-674-01902-4
  2. ^ "Continued Legal Battles". Thomas A. Edison Papers. Rutgers School of Arts and Sciences. 2016-10-28. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
  3. ^ "3M Birthplace Museum". Two Harbors: Lake County Historical Society. Retrieved 2020-11-28.
  4. ^ "3M". Company Profiles for Students. Gale. 1999. Archived from the original on 2013-05-18. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
  5. ^ Hammond, Paul (1974), Marvellous Méliès, London: Gordon Fraser, p. 141, ISBN 0-900406-38-0 
  6. ^ "About Us". Potawatomi Zoo. Archived from the original on May 3, 2019. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
  7. ^ ADM (2021-07-21). "History". ADM (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-07-21.
  8. ^ Ebrecht, Ronald (2002). Maurice Duruflé, 1902-1986: the last impressionist. Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press. p. 3. ISBN 9781461669630.
  9. ^ قالب:Cite ODNB
  10. ^ Schumach, Murray (December 13, 1969). "Tallulah Bankhead Dead at 65; Vibrant Stage and Screen Star" (PDF). The New York Times. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
  11. ^ Davis, Lucile (1999). Charles Lindbergh: a photo-illustrated biography. Mankato, Minn: Bridgestone Books. p. 22. ISBN 9780736802048.
  12. ^ Motion Picture, volume 41. Macfadden-Bartell. 1931. p. 86.
  13. ^ "Thelma Ritter, Versatile Actress With the Raspy Voice, Dies at 63". The New York Times. February 5, 1969. p. 45. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  14. ^ Harris M. Lentz (1994). Obituaries in the Performing Arts. McFarland & Company. p. 149.
  15. ^ Ward, Jack (1993). Television guest stars : an illustrated career chronicle for 678 performers of the sixties and seventies. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland & Co. p. 201. ISBN 9780899508078.
  16. ^ "Thomas E. Dewey Is Dead at 68". The New York Times. March 17, 1971. p. 1. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  17. ^ Christopher Lloyd (1994). Marcel Aymé: Uranus, La Tête Des Autres. University of Glasgow French and German Publications. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-85261-445-7.
  18. ^ Tschichold, Jan (1982). Jan Tschichold, typographer and type designer, 1902-1974. Edinburgh: National Library of Scotland. pp. 8–9. ISBN 9780902220539.
  19. ^ Peter Hallberg (1971). Halldor Laxness. Ardent Media. p. 27.
  20. ^ Theodore W. Schultz on Nobelprize.org
  21. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1965". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  22. ^ "Richard Rodgers | American composer | Britannica". www.britannica.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 9 April 2022.
  23. ^ Cleveland Amory (1959). International Celebrity Register. Celebrity Register. p. 543.
  24. ^ Newton, Michael (March 23, 2020). Boss of Murder, Inc.: The Criminal Life of Albert Anastasia. pp. 3–4.
  25. ^ Simon Kuper (2012). Ajax, the Dutch, the War; The Strange Tale of Soccer During Europe's Darkest Hour
  26. ^ "Margaret Hamilton, 82, Dies; Played Wicked Witch In 'Oz'". The New York Times. May 17, 1985. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
  27. ^ "Frances Bavier Dead; TV Performer Was 86". The New York Times. 1989-12-08. Retrieved 2009-05-14.
  28. ^ Pratibedak, Nijaswa (4 October 2016). ওলিয়ে কামেল হযরত মাওলানা হারুন বাবুনগরী রহ.. Daily Inqilab (in Bengali). Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  29. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bierstadt, Albert" . دائرة المعارف البريطانية. 3 (eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help); More than one of |encyclopedia= and |encyclopedia= specified (help)
  30. ^ "Wade Hampton | Family & Term of Office | Britannica". www.britannica.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  31. ^ Desmond, Michael (1992). European and American paintings and sculptures 1870-1970 in the Australian National Gallery. Canberra: Australian National Gallery. p. 48. ISBN 9780642130266.
  32. ^ "Bret Harte Dead". Newburgh Daily Journal. May 6, 1902. Retrieved January 28, 2022.
  33. ^ Baedeker's Barcelona. New York: Prentice Hall Travel. 1992. p. 43. ISBN 9780130635617.
  34. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 8. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 216. ISBN 0-19-861359-8.Article by Elinor Shaffer.
  35. ^ قالب:Cite ODNB
  36. ^ Wolf, Hugo (2003). Letters to Melanie Köchert. Madison, Wis: University of Wisconsin Press. p. xxxvii. ISBN 9780299194444.
  37. ^ قالب:Cite ODNB
  38. ^ "Frank Norris, the novelist, died to-day as the result of an operation for appendicitis performed three days ago" (PDF). The New York Times. October 26, 1902. Retrieved January 28, 2022.
  39. ^ Bryant, Edward. "Nast, Thomas". In Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Retrieved October 7, 2012.

للاستزادة وكتب السنين

  • Colby, Frank Moore ed. he International Yearbook A Compendium Of The Worlds Progress During The Year 1902 (1903) coverage of each state online
  • 1902 Annual Cyclopedia (1903) online; highly detailed coverage of "Political, Military, and Ecclesiastical Affairs; Public Documents; Biography, Statistics, Commerce, Finance, Literature, Science, Agriculture, and Mechanical Industry" for 1902; massive compilation of facts and primary documents; worldwide coverage; 865pp
  • Wall, Edgar G. ed. The British Empire yearbook (1903), 1276pp; covers 1902 online
  • Gilbert, Martin. A History of the Twentieth Century: vol. 1 1900-1933 (1997) pp 55–68; global coverage of politics, diplomacy and warfare.