|القرون:||القرن 19 - القرن 20 - القرن 21|
|العقود:||عقد 1930 عقد 1940 عقد 1950 - عقد 1960 - عقد 1970 عقد 1980 عقد 1990|
|السنوات:||1966 1967 1968 - 1969 - 1970 1971 1972|
|1969 حسب الموضوع:|
|تصنيفات المواليد والوفيات|
|تصنيفات تأسيسات وانحلالات|
|تصنيفات أعمال وأطروحات|
|آب أوربه كونديتا||2722|
|سنة العهد البريطاني||17 إليز. 2 – 18 إليز. 2|
|التقويم الصيني||戊申年 (التراب القرد)
4665 أو 4605
— إلى —
己酉年 (التراب الديك)
4666 أو 4606
|- ڤيكرام سامڤات||2025–2026|
|- شاكا سامڤات||1891–1892|
|- كالي يوگا||5070–5071|
|التقويم الياباني||Shōwa 44
|التقويم اليوليوسي||الگريگوري ناقص 13 يوم|
|تقويم مينگوو||جمهورية الصين 58
|التقويم الشمسي التايلندي||2512|
سنة 1969 (MCMLXIX) كانت سنة بسيطة تبدأ يوم الأربعاء (الرابط يعرض التقويم كاملاً) التقويم الگريگوري، السنة 1969th بعد الميلاد (م)، السنة 969th في الألفية 2، السنة 69th في القرن 20، والسنة 10th والأخيرة في عقد 1960. The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
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- January 2
- Australian media baron Rupert Murdoch purchases the largest-selling British Sunday newspaper, The News of the World.
- People's Democracy begins a march from Belfast to Derry City, Northern Ireland to gain publicity and to promote its cause.
- Ohio State defeats USC in the Rose Bowl to win the national title for the 1968 season.
- January 4 – The Government of Spain hands over Ifni to Morocco.
- January 5 – The Soviet Union launches Venera 5 toward Venus.
- January 6 – The final passenger train traverses the Waverley Line, which subsequently closes to passengers.
- January 10 – The Soviet Union launches Venera 6 toward Venus.
- January 12
- January 14
- January 15 – The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 5, which docks with Soyuz 4 for a transfer of crew.
- January 16 – Student Jan Palach sets himself on fire in Prague's Wenceslas Square to protest the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia; 3 days later he dies.
- January 18 – In Washington, D.C., the Smithsonian Institution displays the art of Winslow Homer for 6 weeks.
- January 20 – Richard Nixon is sworn in as the 37th President of the United States.
- January 22 – An assassination attempt is carried out on Leonid Brezhnev by deserter Viktor Ilyin. One person is killed, several are injured. Brezhnev escaped unharmed.
- January 26 – Elvis Presley steps into American Studios in Memphis, Tennessee, recording "Long Black Limousine", thus beginning the recording of what becomes his landmark comeback sessions for the albums From Elvis in Memphis and Back in Memphis. The sessions yield the popular and critically acclaimed singles "Suspicious Minds", "In the Ghetto", and "Kentucky Rain".
- January 27
- Fourteen men, 9 of them Jews, are executed in Baghdad for spying for Israel.
- Reverend Ian Paisley, Northern Irish Unionist leader and founder of the Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster is jailed for three months for illegal assembly.
- The modern-day powerhouse of the Hetch Hetchy Project at Moccasin, California, rated at 100,000 kVA, is completed and placed in operation. On February 7, the original is removed from service.
- January 28 – 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill: A blowout on Union Oil's Platform A spills 80,000 to 100,000 barrels of crude oil into a channel and onto the beaches of Santa Barbara County in Southern California; on February 5 the oil spill closes Santa Barbara's harbor. The incident inspires Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson to organize the first Earth Day in 1970.
- January 30 – The Beatles give their last public performance, of several tracks on the roof of Apple Records, London (featured in Let It Be (1970 film)).
- February 2
- Two cosmonauts transfer from Soyuz 5 to Soyuz 4 via a spacewalk while the two craft are docked together, the first time such a transfer takes place. The two spacecraft undock. Soyuz 4 will reenter Earth's atmosphere and land February 17 while Soyuz 5 will have a hard landing February 18.
- Ten paintings are defaced in New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- February 4 – In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is elected Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.
- February 8
- February 9 – The Boeing 747 makes its maiden flight at Everett, Washington.
- February 13 – Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) terrorists bomb the Montreal Stock Exchange.
- February 14 – Pope Paul VI issues Mysterii Paschalis, a motu proprio, deleting many names from the Roman calendar of saints (including Valentine, who was celebrated on this day).
- February 17 – Aquanaut Berry L. Cannon dies of carbon dioxide poisoning while attempting to repair the SEALAB III habitat off San Clemente Island, California.
- 24 فبراير - نقل جثمان الملك سعود بن عبدالعزيز بالطائرة من أثينا ليتم دفنه في مقبرة العود بمدينة الرياض مساء هذا اليوم .
- 24 فبراير - قام ولي عهد البحرين حمد بن عيسى آل خليفة بزيارة رسمية للعراق
- March 2
- March 3
- In a Los Angeles court, Sirhan Sirhan admits that he killed presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy.
- Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 (James McDivitt, David Scott, Rusty Schweickart) to test the lunar module.
- The United States Navy establishes the Navy Fighter Weapons School (also known as Top Gun) at Naval Air Station Miramar.
- March 4 – Jim Morrison is arrested in Florida for indecent exposure during a Doors concert three days earlier.
- March 10
- March 13 – Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.
- March 17
- March 18 – Operation Breakfast, the covert bombing of Cambodia by U.S. planes, begins.
- March 19
- March 20 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono are married at Gibraltar, and proceed to their honeymoon "Bed-In" for peace in Amsterdam.
- March 22 – The landmark art exhibition When Attitudes become Form, curated by Harald Szeemann, opens at the Kunsthalle Bern in Bern, Switzerland.
- March 29 – The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 is held in Madrid, and results in four co-winners, with 18 votes each, from Spain, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and France.
- March 30 – The body of former United States General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower is brought by caisson to the United States Capitol to lie in state in the Capitol Rotunda; Eisenhower had died two days earlier, after a long illness, in the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.
- April 1 – The Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters service with the Royal Air Force.
- April 4 – Dr. Denton Cooley implants the first temporary artificial heart.
- April 9
- The Harvard University Administration Building is seized by close to 300 students, mostly members of the Students for a Democratic Society. Before the takeover ends, 45 will be injured and 184 arrested.
- Fermín Monasterio Pérez is murdered by the ETA in Biscay, Spain; the 4th victim in the name of Basque nationalism.
- April 13 – Queensland: The Brisbane Tramways end service after 84 years of operation.
- April 15 – The EC-121 shootdown incident: North Korea shoots down the aircraft over the Sea of Japan, killing all 31 on board.
- April 20
- April 22 – Robin Knox-Johnston becomes the first person to sail around the world solo without stopping.
- April 24 – Recently formed British Leyland launches their first new model, the Austin Maxi in Portugal.
- April 28 – Charles de Gaulle steps down as president of France after suffering defeat in a referendum the day before.
- May 10
- May 13 – May 13 Incident: Race riots occur in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
- May 14 – Colonel Muammar Gaddafi visits Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
- May 15 – An American teenager known as 'Robert R.' dies in St. Louis, Missouri, of a baffling medical condition. In 1984 it will be identified as the first confirmed case of HIV/AIDS in North America.
- May 16 – Venera program: Venera 5, a Soviet spaceprobe, lands on Venus.
- May 17 – Venera program: Soviet probe Venera 6 begins to descend into Venus' atmosphere, sending back atmospheric data before being crushed by pressure.
- May 18 – Apollo program: Apollo 10 (Tom Stafford, Gene Cernan, John Young) is launched, on the full dress-rehearsal for the Moon landing.
- May 20 – United States National Guard helicopters spray skin-stinging powder on anti-war protesters in California.
- May 21 – Rosariazo: Civil unrest breaks out in Rosario, Argentina, following the death of a 15-year-old student.
- May 22 – Apollo program: Apollo 10's lunar module flies to within 15,400 m of the Moon's surface.
- May 25 – Midnight Cowboy, an X-rated, Oscar-winning John Schlesinger film, is released.
- May 26
- May 26–June 2 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono conduct their second Bed-In. The follow-up to the Amsterdam event is held at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montreal, Quebec. Lennon composes and records the song Give Peace a Chance during the Bed-In.
- May 29
- May 30 – Riots in Curaçao mark the start of an Afro-Caribbean civil rights movement on the island.
- June 3 – While operating at sea on SEATO maneuvers, the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne accidentally rams and slices into the American destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in the South China Sea, killing 74 American seamen.
- June 5 – An international communist conference begins in Moscow.
- June 7 – The rock group Blind Faith plays its first gig in front of 100,000 people in London's Hyde Park.
- June 8 – U.S. President Richard Nixon and South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu meet at Midway Island. Nixon announces that 25,000 U.S. troops will be withdrawn by September.
- June 17 – After a 23-game match, Boris Spassky defeats Tigran Petrosian to become the World Chess Champion in Moscow.
- June 18–June 22 – The National Convention of the Students for a Democratic Society, held in Chicago, collapses, and the Weatherman faction seizes control of the SDS National Office. Thereafter, any activity run from the National Office or bearing the name of SDS is Weatherman-controlled.
- June 20 – Georges Pompidou is elected President of France.
- June 22
- June 23 – Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren.
- June 24 – The United Kingdom and Rhodesia sever diplomatic ties.
- June 28 – The Stonewall riots in New York City mark the start of the modern gay rights movement in the U.S.
- July 1 – Charles, Prince of Wales, is invested with his title at Caernarfon.
- July 3 – Brian Jones, musician and founder of The Rolling Stones, drowns in his swimming pool at his home in Sussex, England.
- July 4 – Michael Mageau and Darlene Ferrin are shot at Blue Rock Springs in California. They are the second (known) victims of the Zodiac Killer. Mageau survives the attack while Ferrin is pronounced dead-on-arrival at Kaiser Foundation Hospital - Richmond.
- July 5 – Tom Mboya, Kenyan Minister of Development, is assassinated.
- July 6 – Francisco Franco orders the closing of the border and communications between Gibraltar and Spain in response to the 1967 Gibraltar sovereignty referendum.
- July 7 – French is made equal to English throughout the Canadian national government.
- July 8 – Vietnam War: The very first U.S. troop withdrawals are made.
- July 10 – Donald Crowhurst's trimaran Teignmouth Electron is found drifting and unoccupied. It is assumed that Crowhurst might have committed suicide.
- July 14
- Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer game against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers. Of the 300,000 Salvadoran workers in Honduras, tens of thousands are expelled, prompting a brief Salvadoran invasion of Honduras. The OAS works out a cease-fire on July 18, which takes effect on July 20.
- The Act of Free Choice commences in Merauke, West Irian.
- The United States' $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
- July 16 – Apollo program: Apollo 11 (Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins) lifts off toward the first landing on the Moon.
- July 18 – Chappaquiddick incident – Edward M. Kennedy drives off a bridge on his way home from a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts. Mary Jo Kopechne, a former campaign aide to his brother, dies in the early morning hours of July 19 in the submerged car.
- July 19
- July 20 – Apollo program: The lunar module Eagle/Apollo 11 lands on the lunar surface. An estimated 500 million people worldwide watch in awe as Neil Armstrong takes his historic first steps on the Moon at 10:56 pm ET (02:56 UTC July 21), the largest television audience for a live broadcast at that time.
- July 22 – Spanish dictator and head of state Francisco Franco appoints Prince Juan Carlos his successor.
- July 24
- The Apollo 11 astronauts return from the first successful Moon landing, and are placed in biological isolation for several days, on the chance they may have brought back lunar germs. The airless lunar environment is later determined to preclude microscopic life.
- The Soviet Union returns Gerald Brooke to the United Kingdom in exchange for spies Peter and Helen Kroger (Morris and Lona Cohen).
- July 25 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This starts the "Vietnamization" of the war.
- July 26 – The New York Chapter of the Young Lords is founded.
- July 30 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam, meeting with President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu and U.S. military commanders.
- July 31
- August 4 – Vietnam War: At the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, U.S. representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuan Thuy begin secret peace negotiations. They eventually fail since both sides cannot agree to any terms.
- August 5 – Mariner program: Mariner 7 makes its closest fly-by of Mars (3,524 kilometers) and proto-punk band The Stooges releases their homonym debut album.
- August 8
- August 9
- The Haunted Mansion attraction opens at Disneyland California. Later versions open in Florida, Tokyo and Paris.
- Followers of Charles Manson murder Sharon Tate, (who was 8 months pregnant), and her friends: Folgers coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Wojciech Frykowski, and Hollywood hairstylist Jay Sebring at the home of Tate and her husband, Roman Polanski, in Los Angeles. Also killed is Steven Parent, leaving from a visit to the Polanski's caretaker. More than 100 stab wounds are found on the victims, except for Parent, who had been shot almost as soon as the Manson Family entered the property.
- August 10 – The Manson Family kills Leno and Rosemary LaBianca, wealthy Los Angeles businessman and his wife.
- August 12 – Violence erupts after the Apprentice Boys of Derry march in Derry, Northern Ireland, resulting in a three-day communal riot known as the Battle of the Bogside.
- August 13 – Serious border clashes occur between the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China.
- August 14 – British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland following the three-day Battle of the Bogside.
- August 15 – Captain D's is founded as "Mr. D’s Seafood and Hamburgers" by Ray Danner with its first location opening in Donelson, Tennessee.
- August 15–August 18 – The Woodstock Festival is held in upstate New York, featuring some of the top rock musicians of the era.
- August 17 – Category 5 Hurricane Camille, the most powerful tropical cyclonic system at landfall in history, hits the Mississippi coast, killing 248 people and causing US$1.5 billion in damage (1969 dollars).
- August 20 – Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument is established in Florissant, CO, USA
- August 21
- August 29 – A Trans World Airlines flight from Rome to Tel Aviv is hijacked and diverted to Syria.
- September 1 – 1969 Libyan coup d'état: A bloodless coup in Libya ousts King Idris, and brings Colonel Muammar Gaddafi to power.
- September 2
- September 5 – Lieutenant William Calley is charged with 6 counts of premeditated murder, for the 1968 My Lai Massacre deaths of 109 Vietnamese civilians in My Lai, Vietnam.
- September 9 – Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9 collides in flight with a Piper PA-28, and crashes near Fairland, Indiana, killing all 83 persons in both aircraft.
- September 13 – Scooby-Doo airs its first episode on the CBS network in the United States.
- 22 سبتمبر - 25 سبتمبر أفتتح بمدينة الرباط المغربية في الساعة السابعة من المساء مؤتمر القمة الإسلامي الذي دعا إليه الحسن الثاني ملك المغرب لبحث الآثار المترتبة على حريق المسجد الأقصى، و يعتبر هذا المؤتمر أول تجمع إسلامي على مستوى رؤساء الدول في العصر الحديث، و بلغ عدد الدول المشتركة في المؤتمر 27 دولة هي : المغرب، الجزائر، تونس، ليبيا، مصر، السودان، الصومال، موريتانيا، مالي، غينيا، السنغال، غامبيا، النيجر، تشاد، السعودية، الأردن، لبنان، تركيا، الكويت، اليمن، اليمن الجنوبي، أفغانستان، إيران، باكستان، ماليزيا، أندونيسيا، إضافة إلي منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية، كما إشترك في المؤتمر أمين عام جامعة الدول العربية بصفته مراقب، وتخلفت عن الحضور العراق و سوريا.
- September 23
- September 24 – The Chicago Eight trial begins in Chicago, Illinois.
- September 25 – The Organisation of the Islamic Conference is founded.
- September 26
- September 28 – The Social Democrats and the Free Democrats receive a majority of votes in the German parliamentary elections, and decide to form a common government.
- October 1
- October 2 – A 1.2 megaton thermonuclear device is tested at Amchitka Island, Alaska. This test is code-named Project Milrow, the 11th test of the Operation Mandrel 1969–1970 underground nuclear test series. This test is known as a "calibration shot" to test if the island is fit for larger underground nuclear detonations.
- October 5
- October 9–October 12 – Days of Rage: In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in to control demonstrations involving the radical Weathermen, in connection with the "Chicago Eight" Trial.
- October 11–October 16 – The New York Mets defeat the Baltimore Orioles four games to one in one of the greatest World Series upsets in baseball history.
- October 13
- An unofficial strike amongst British mineworkers begins over the working hours of surface workers.
- October 15
- October 17
- October 21
- October 22 – Led Zeppelin release Led Zeppelin II to critical acclaim and commercial success.
- October 25 – Pink Floyd release their Ummagumma album.
- October 29 – The first message is sent over ARPANET, the forerunner of the internet.
- October 31
- Wal-Mart incorporates as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
- The disappearance of Patricia Spencer and Pamela Hobley occurs.
- November 3
- Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon addresses the nation on television and radio, asking the "silent majority" to join him in solidarity with the Vietnam War effort, and to support his policies. Vice President Spiro Agnew denounces the President's critics as 'an effete corps of impudent snobs' and 'nattering nabobs of negativism'.
- Süleyman Demirel of AP forms the new government of Turkey (31st government).
- November 9 – A group of American Indians, led by Richard Oakes, seizes Alcatraz Island for 19 months, inspiring a wave of renewed Indian pride and government reform.
- November 10 – Sesame Street aired its first episode on the NET network.
- November 12 – Vietnam War – My Lai Massacre: Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story.
- November 14
- November 15
- Cold War: The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.
- Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 250,000–500,000 protesters stage a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic "March Against Death".
- Regular colour television broadcasts begin on BBC1 and ITV in the United Kingdom.
- Dave Thomas opens his first restaurant in a former steakhouse in downtown Columbus, Ohio. He names the chain Wendy's after his 8-year-old daughter, Melinda Lou (nicknamed "Wendy" by her siblings).
- November 17 – Cold War: Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States meet in Helsinki, to begin the SALT I negotiations aimed at limiting the number of strategic weapons on both sides.
- November 19
- November 20
- November 21
- U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Satō agree in Washington, D.C. to the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under the terms of the agreement, the U.S. retains rights to military bases on the island, but they must be nuclear-free.
- The first ARPANET link is established (the progenitor of the global Internet).
- The United States Senate votes down the Supreme Court nomination of Clement Haynsworth, the first such rejection since 1930.
- November 24 – Apollo program: The Apollo 12 spacecraft splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to the Moon.
- November 25 – John Lennon returns his MBE medal to protest the British government's involvement in the Nigerian Civil War.
- December 1 – Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II (on January 4, 1970, The New York Times will run a long article, "Statisticians Charge Draft Lottery Was Not Random").
- December 2 – The Boeing 747 jumbo jet makes its first passenger flight. It carries 191 people, most of them reporters and photographers, from Seattle, to New York City.
- December 4 – Black Panther Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot dead in their sleep during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.
- December 5 – The Rolling Stones release Let it Bleed.
- December 6 – The Altamont Free Concert is held at the Altamont Speedway in northern California. Hosted by The Rolling Stones, it is an attempt at a "Woodstock West" and is best known for the uproar of violence that occurred. It is viewed by many as the "end of the sixties."
- December 12 – The Piazza Fontana bombing in Italy (Strage di Piazza Fontana) takes place.
- December 14 – The murder of Diane Maxwell takes place, when the 25-year-old phone operator is found sexually assaulted and killed (the case remains unsolved until 2003).
- December 24
- December 27 – The Liberal Democratic Party wins 47.6% of the votes in the Japanese general election, 1969. Future prime ministers Yoshirō Mori and Tsutomu Hata and future kingmaker Ichirō Ozawa are elected for the first time.
- December 28 – The Young Lords take over the First Spanish Methodist Church in East Harlem.
- December 30 – The Linwood bank robbery leaves two police officers dead.
- Summer – Invention of Unix under the potential name "Unics" (after Multics).
- Fall – Second-generation Dodge Challenger automobile introduced in the United States.
- Common African, Malagasy and Mauritian Organization (OCAMM) (Organisation Commune Africaine Malgache et Mauricienne).
- International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, a maritime treaty, is adopted.
- The first strain of the AIDS virus (HIV) migrates to the United States via Haiti.
- Women are allowed membership in the Future Farmers of America (the later National FFA Organization).
- Long John Silver's restaurant chain opens its first store in Lexington, Kentucky.
- Arthur Treacher's Fish and Chips is founded by S. Robert Davis and Dave Thomas and its first location in Columbus, Ohio opens for business.
- The Montreal Expos debut as Major League Baseball's first team outside the United States.
- January 2
- 3 يناير - مايكل شوماخر سائق سيارات تسابق ألماني.
- 1 فبراير - جابرييل باتيستوتا لاعب كرة قدم أرجنتيني.
- 23 فبراير - وفاة الملك سعود بن عبدالعزيز ملك المملكة العربية السعودية ( 11 مايو1953 - 2 نوفمبر1964 ) في مدينة أثينا التي كان يستشفى بها.
- 26 فبراير - وفاة ليفي أشكول.
- 9 مارس - استشهد الفريق عبد المنعم رياض على جبهة القتال في السويس.
- ^ "Orkney remembers Longhope disaster", STV News, 17 March 2009. Accessed 27 June 2013
- ^ "Manned Space Chronology: Apollo_11". spaceline.org. Archived from the original on February 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- ^ "Apollo Anniversary: Moon Landing "Inspired World"". nationalgeographic.com. Archived from the original on February 9, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- ^ "Pope Paul VI's Apostolic Pilgrimage to Uganda, 31st July - 2nd August 1969". Retrieved 2016-10-29.
- ^ Dennis M. Ritchie, "The Evolution of the Unix Time-sharing System", Lucent Technologies, 1996 Archived April 8, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.; accessed 27 June 2013.
- ^ "AIDS Virus Came to US Via Haiti". Voanews.com. Retrieved 2014-05-05.