قائمة الدول الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة

خريطة سياسية للعالم توضح الأراضي المظللة بالأزرق هي دول أعضاء في الأمم المتحدة، عدا أنتاركتيكا، الأراضي الفلسطينية، الڤاتيكان، الصحراء العربية، وهي مظللة بالون الرمادي.
خريطة الدول الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة (تشمل الأراضي المستقلة) المعترف بها من قبل الأمم المتحدة باللون الأزرق[1]

يبلغ عدد الدول الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة 193 دولة، كل منهم عضو في الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة.[2]


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الأعضاء الأصليون

خريطة للدول الأعضاء الحاليون في الأمم المتحدة حسب تاريخ انضمامهم.[3] ██ 1945 (الأعضاء الأصليون) ██ 1946–1959 ██ 1960–1989 ██ 1990–الآن ██ دول مراقبة غير أعضاء



الأعضاء الحاليون


الأعضاء الأصليون في القائمة بخلفية زرقاء وبالخط العريض.

الدولة العضو تاريخ الانضمام انظر أيضاً
 أفغانستان 19 November 1946
 ألبانيا 14 December 1955
 الجزائر 8 October 1962
 أندورا 28 July 1993
 أنگولا 1 December 1976
 أنتيگا وبربودا 11 November 1981
 الأرجنتين 24 October 1945
 أرمنيا 2 March 1992 أعضاء سابقون في: اتحاد الجمهوريات الاشتراكية السوڤيتية
 أستراليا 1 November 1945 أستراليا والأمم المتحدة
 النمسا 14 December 1955
 أذربيجان 2 March 1992 أعضاء سابقون في: اتحاد الجمهوريات الاشتراكية السوڤيتية
 البهاما 18 September 1973
 البحرين 21 September 1971
 بنگلادش 17 September 1974
 بربادوس 9 December 1966
 بلاروس 24 October 1945 أعضاء سابقون في: اتحاد الجمهوريات الاشتراكية السوڤيتية
 بلجيكا 27 December 1945
 بليز 25 September 1981
 بنين [note 1] 20 September 1960
 بوتان 21 September 1971
 بوليڤيا [note 2] 14 November 1945
 البوسنة والهرسك 22 May 1992 عضو سابق في الاتحاد الجمهورية الاشتراكية السوڤيتية: يوغسلاڤيا
 بتسوانا 17 October 1966
 البرازيل 24 October 1945 البرازيل والأمم المتحدة
 بروناي 21 September 1984
 بلغاريا 14 December 1955
 بوركينا فاسو [note 3] 20 September 1960
 بوروندي 18 September 1962
 كمبوديا [note 4] 14 December 1955
 الكاميرون [note 5] 20 September 1960
 كندا 9 November 1945 كندا والأمم المتحدة
 الرأس الأخضر 16 September 1975
 جمهورية أفريقيا الوسطى [note 6] 20 September 1960
 تشاد 20 September 1960
 تشيلي 24 October 1945
 الصين 24 October 1945 Former members: Republic of China and China and the United Nations
 كولومبيا 5 November 1945
 جزر القمر 12 November 1975
 الكونغو [note 7] 20 September 1960
 الكونغو الديمقراطية [note 8] 20 September 1960
 كوستاريكا 2 November 1945
 ساحل العاج [note 9] 20 September 1960
 كرواتيا 22 May 1992 Former members: Yugoslavia
 كوبا 24 October 1945
 قبرص 20 September 1960
 التشيك 19 January 1993 Former members: Czechoslovakia
 الدنمارك 24 October 1945
 جيبوتي 20 September 1977
 دومنيكا 18 December 1978
 جمهورية الدومنيكان 24 October 1945
 الإكوادور 21 December 1945
 مصر 24 October 1945 Former members: United Arab Republic
 السلڤادور 24 October 1945
 غينيا الإستوائية 12 November 1968
 إرتريا 28 May 1993
 إستونيا 17 September 1991 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 إثيوپيا 13 November 1945
 فيجي 13 October 1970 فيجي والأمم المتحدة
 فنلندا 14 December 1955
 فرنسا 24 October 1945 فرنسا والأمم المتحدة
 الگابون 20 September 1960
 گامبيا [note 10] 21 September 1965
 جورجيا 31 July 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 ألمانيا 18 September 1973 Former members: Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic and Germany and the United Nations
 غانا 8 March 1957
 اليونان 25 October 1945
 گرينادا 17 September 1974
 گواتيمالا 21 November 1945
 غينيا 12 December 1958
 غينيا-بيساو 17 September 1974
 گويانا 20 September 1966
 هايتي 24 October 1945
 هندوراس 17 December 1945
 المجر 14 December 1955
 آيسلندا 19 November 1946
 الهند 30 October 1945 India and the United Nations
 إندونيسيا 28 September 1950 Withdrawal of Indonesia (1965–1966) and إندونسيا والأمم المتحدة
 إيران [note 11] 24 October 1945
 العراق 21 December 1945
 أيرلندا 14 December 1955
 إسرائيل 11 May 1949 Israel, Palestine, and the United Nations
 إيطاليا 14 December 1955
 جامايكا 18 September 1962
 اليابان 18 December 1956 Japan and the United Nations
 الأردن 14 December 1955
 قزخستان [note 12] 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 كنيا 16 December 1963
 كيريباس 14 September 1999
 كوريا الشمالية 17 September 1991
 كوريا الجنوبية 17 September 1991
 الكويت 14 May 1963
 قيرغيزستان 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 لاوس [note 13] 14 December 1955
 لاتڤيا 17 September 1991 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 لبنان 24 October 1945
 لسوتو 17 October 1966
 ليبريا 2 November 1945
 ليبيا[4][note 14] 14 December 1955
 ليختنشتاين 18 September 1990
 لتوانيا 17 September 1991 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 لوكسمبورگ 24 October 1945
 مقدونيا 8 April 1993 Former members: Yugoslavia
 مدغشقر [note 15] 20 September 1960
 ملاوي 1 December 1964
 ماليزيا [note 16] 17 September 1957 Former members: Federation of Malaya
 المالديڤ [note 17] 21 September 1965
 مالي 28 September 1960
 مالطا 1 December 1964
 جزر مارشال 17 September 1991 Marshall Islands and the United Nations
 موريتانيا 27 October 1961
 موريشيوس 24 April 1968
 المكسيك 7 November 1945
 ميكرونزيا 17 September 1991 Federated States of Micronesia and the United Nations
 مولدوڤا [note 18] 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 موناكو 28 May 1993
 منغوليا 27 October 1961
 الجبل الأسود 28 June 2006 Former members: Yugoslavia
 المغرب 12 November 1956
 موزمبيق 16 September 1975
 ميانمار [note 19] 19 April 1948
 ناميبيا 23 April 1990
 ناورو 14 September 1999
 نيپال 14 December 1955
 هولندا 10 December 1945
 نيوزيلندا 24 October 1945 New Zealand and the United Nations
 نيكاراگوا 24 October 1945
 النيجر 20 September 1960
 نيجريا 7 October 1960
 النرويج 27 November 1945
 عُمان 7 October 1971
 پاكستان 30 September 1947 Pakistan and the United Nations
 پالاو 15 December 1994
 پنما 13 November 1945
 پاپوا غينيا الجديدة 10 October 1975
 پاراگواي 24 October 1945
 پيرو 31 October 1945
 الفلپين [note 20] 24 October 1945
 پولندا 24 October 1945
 الپرتغال 14 December 1955
 قطر 21 September 1971
 رومانيا 14 December 1955
 روسيا 24 October 1945 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Soviet Union and the United Nations and Russia and the United Nations
 رواندا 18 September 1962
 سانت كيتس ونڤيس [note 21] 23 September 1983
 سانت لوشيا 18 September 1979
 سانت ڤنسنت والگرنادينز 16 September 1980
 ساموا 15 December 1976
 سان مارينو 2 March 1992
 ساو تومه وپرنسيپه [note 22] 16 September 1975
 السعودية 24 October 1945
 السنغال 28 September 1960
 صربيا 1 November 2000 Former members: Yugoslavia
 سيشل 21 September 1976
 سيراليون 27 September 1961
 سنغافورة 21 September 1965 Former members: Malaysia
 سلوڤاكيا 19 January 1993 Former members: Czechoslovakia
 سلوڤنيا 22 May 1992 Former members: Yugoslavia
 جزر سولومون 19 September 1978
 الصومال 20 September 1960
 جنوب أفريقيا [note 23] 7 November 1945
 جنوب السودان 14 July 2011
 إسپانيا 14 December 1955
 سريلانكا [note 24] 14 December 1955
 السودان 12 November 1956
 سورينام [note 25] 4 December 1975
 سوازيلاند 24 September 1968
 السويد 19 November 1946
  سويسرا 10 September 2002
 سوريا 24 October 1945 Former members: United Arab Republic
 طاجيكستان 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 تنزانيا 14 December 1961 Former members: Tanganyika and Zanzibar
 تايلند [note 26] 16 December 1946
 تيمور الشرقية 27 September 2002
 توگو 20 September 1960
 تونگا 14 September 1999
 ترنيداد وتوباگو 18 September 1962 Trinidad and Tobago and the United Nations
 تونس 12 November 1956
 تركيا 24 October 1945
 تركمنستان 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 توڤالو 5 September 2000 Tuvalu and the United Nations
 أوغندا 25 October 1962
 أوكرانيا 24 October 1945 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 الإمارات العربية المتحدة 9 December 1971
 المملكة المتحدة 24 October 1945 United Kingdom and the United Nations
 الولايات المتحدة 24 October 1945 United States and the United Nations
 أوروگواي 18 December 1945
 اوزبكستان 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 ڤانواتو 15 September 1981 Vanuatu and the United Nations
 ڤنزويلا [note 27] 15 November 1945
 ڤيتنام 20 September 1977
 اليمن 30 September 1947 Former members: Yemen and Democratic Yemen
 زامبيا 1 December 1964
 زيمبابوي 25 August 1980
Notes on name changes and variations[5]
  1. ^ بنين: تغير اسمها من داهومي في 1 ديسمبر 1975.
  2. ^ Bolivia (Plurinational State of): Previously referred to as Bolivia.
  3. ^ بوركينا فاسو: تغير اسمها من ڤولتا العليا في 6 أغسطس 1984.
  4. ^ كمبوديا: تغير إلى جمهورية الخمير في 7 أكتوبر 1970، ثم أعيد اسمها لكمبوديا مرة أخرى في 30 أبريل 1975. وتغير اسمها مرة أخرى إلى جمهورية كامپوچيا في 6 أبريل 1976، ثم إلى كمبوديا مرة أخرى في 3 فبراير 1990.
  5. ^ Cameroon: Previously referred to as Cameroun (before merging with Southern Cameroons in 1961). By a letter of 4 January 1974, the Secretary-General was informed that Cameroon had changed its name to the United Republic of Cameroon. Name was changed back to Cameroon on 4 February 1984.
  6. ^ Central African Republic: By a letter of 20 December 1976, the Central African Republic advised that it had changed its name to the Central African Empire. Name was changed back to the Central African Republic on 20 September 1979.
  7. ^ Congo: Previously referred to as Congo (Brazzaville) (to differentiate it from Congo (Leopoldville)) and the People's Republic of the Congo. Name was changed to Congo on 15 November 1971 (after the Democratic Republic of the Congo changed its name to Zaire). Also referred to as Congo (Republic of the).
  8. ^ Democratic Republic of the Congo: Previously referred to as Congo (Leopoldville) (to differentiate it from Congo (Brazzaville)). Name was changed from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to Zaire on 27 October 1971, and back to the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 17 May 1997.
  9. ^ Côte d'Ivoire: Previously referred to as Ivory Coast. On 6 November 1985, Côte d’Ivoire requested that its name no longer be translated into different languages; this became fully effective on 1 January 1986.
  10. ^ Gambia: Previously referred to as The Gambia.
  11. ^ Iran (Islamic Republic of): Previously referred to as Iran. By a communication of 5 March 1981, Iran informed the Secretary-General that it should be referred to by its complete name of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
  12. ^ Kazakhstan: Spelling was changed from Kazakstan [ك‍] on 20 June 1997.
  13. ^ Lao People's Democratic Republic: Name was changed from Laos on 2 December 1975.
  14. ^ Libya: Formerly recognised as the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 after originally being admitted as Libya. By notes verbales of 1 and 21 April 1977, the Libyan Arab Republic advised that it had changed its name to the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. On 16 September 2011, the UN General Assembly awarded the UN seat to the National Transitional Council, thereby restoring the original name of Libya.
  15. ^ Madagascar: Previously referred to as the Malagasy Republic.
  16. ^ Malaysia: Previously referred to as the Federation of Malaya before the admission of Singapore, Sabah (formerly North Borneo), and Sarawak to the federation on 16 September 1963. Singapore became an independent state on 9 August 1965 and a UN member on 21 September 1965.
  17. ^ Maldives: Previously referred to as the Maldive Islands.
  18. ^ Republic of Moldova: Previously referred to as Moldova.
  19. ^ Myanmar: Name was changed from Burma on 18 June 1989.
  20. ^ Philippines: Previously referred to as the Philippine Commonwealth (before becoming a republic in 1946) and as the Philippine Republic.
  21. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis: Name was changed officially from Saint Christopher and Nevis on 26 November 1986; the UN, however, continued to use the former name throughout the year.
  22. ^ Sao Tome and Principe: The official UN designation lacks accents; however, the name is constitutionally defined as São Tomé and Príncipe, with accents.
  23. ^ South Africa: Previously referred to as the Union of South Africa (before becoming a republic in 1961).
  24. ^ Sri Lanka: Name was changed from Ceylon on 22 May 1972.
  25. ^ Suriname: Name was changed from Surinam on 23 January 1978.
  26. ^ Thailand: Previously referred to as Siam.
  27. ^ Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of): Previously referred to as Venezuela.


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أعضاء سابقون

Ma Ying-jeou stands behind a podium decked with flowers
The presidency of Ma Ying-jeou saw the first participation of the Republic of China on a United Nations body in almost 40 years.


Egyptian president Gamal Nasser (seated right) and Syrian president Shukri al-Quwatli sign the accord to form the United Arab Republic in 1958. The short-lived political union briefly represented both states and was used as the name of Egypt following Syria's withdrawal in 1961.


The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia disintegrated into several states starting in the early 1990s. By 2006, six UN member states existed in its former territory. The 2008 declaration of independence by the Republic of Kosovo has not been accepted by the United Nations.


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ايقاف، تجميد العضوية، والانسحاب

A black-and-white three-quarters view of Sukarno's face
Indonesian president Sukarno's decision to withdraw from the United Nations in 1965 is the only instance of a withdrawal of membership in UN history. Indonesia rejoined the UN a year later.


المراقبون والدول غير الأعضاء

Switzerland has been neutral in international conflicts since the early 19th century and joined the UN as a full member only in 2002. Despite this, the Palace of Nations in Geneva has hosted the United Nations Office at Geneva since 1946 and also previously served as the headquarters of the League of Nations.
  • Flag of Palestine.svg فلسطين
  • Flag of the Vatican City.png فاتيكان
  • كردستان(كردستان العراق-كردستان تركيا - كردستان إيران - كردستان سوريا)




انظر أيضاً

المصادر

  1. ^ "The World" (PDF). United Nations. The following territories are excluded as the UN does not consider them as part of any member state: Vatican City (the Holy See is a UN non-member observer state), the Palestinian territories (Palestine, represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, is a UN observer), Western Sahara (status in dispute between Morocco and the Polisario Front), and Antarctica (regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System). Territories of states not recognized by the UN are not excluded due to the UN's position that they are part of some UN member state, including, for example, the territories governed by the Republic of China (Taiwan and other smaller islands), as the UN members voted to consider the People's Republic of China as the only lawful representative of China at the UN and the UN chooses not to question its claim that Taiwan is part of China.
  2. ^ "What are Member States?". United Nations.
  3. ^ "Growth in United Nations membership, 1945–present". United Nations.
  4. ^ Lederer, Edith M. (16 September 2011). "UN approves Libya seat for former rebels". Google News. Associated Press. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Yearbook of the United Nations". United Nations.

وصلات خارجية