كوتشي

(تم التحويل من كوچي)
كوتشي

കൊച്ചി

Kochi, كوتشين Cochin
من أعلى تجاه عقارب الساعة: Marine Drive Skyline, Chinese Fishing Nets at Fort Kochi, Cochin Shipyard, Queen's Way, Hill Palace، إنفوپارك.
من أعلى تجاه عقارب الساعة: Marine Drive Skyline, Chinese Fishing Nets at Fort Kochi, Cochin Shipyard, Queen's Way, Hill Palace، إنفوپارك.
Flag of كوتشي
Flag
Official seal of كوتشي
Seal
Nickname(s): 
ملكة بحر العرب[1][2]
كوتشي is located in كرلا
كوتشي
كوتشي
كوتشي is located in الهند
كوتشي
كوتشي
الإحداثيات: 9°58′N 76°17′E / 9.97°N 76.28°E / 9.97; 76.28Coordinates: 9°58′N 76°17′E / 9.97°N 76.28°E / 9.97; 76.28
البلد الهند
الولايةكرلا
الضلعإرناكولام
تأسست1 أبريل 1958[3]
الحكم
 • الهيئةمؤسسة كوتشي
 • العمدةتوني تشاماني (المؤتمر الوطني)
 • رئيس الشرطةم. ر. أجيت كومار
المساحة[4]
 • متروپوليس94٫88 كم² (36٫63 ميل²)
 • العمران732 كم² (282٫84 ميل²)
الارتفاع0 m (0 ft)
التعداد(2011)[5]
 • متروپوليس677٬381
 • الكثافة6٬340/km2 (16٬400/sq mi)
 • العمرانية[6]2٬117٬990
اللغات
 • الرسميةالمالايامية، الإنگليزية
منطقة التوقيتتوقيت الهند (التوقيت العالمي المنسق+5:30)
PIN682 XXX
Telephone code91-(0)484-XXX XXXX
تسجيل السيارةKL-7,KL-43,KL-42,KL-41,KL-63,KL-39
Coastline48 kiloمترs (30 ميل)
نسبة الجسين1.028 /
القراءة والكتابة97.5%
المسافة من نيو دلهي2594 (براً)
المسافة من مومباي1384 كم (براً)
المسافة من كولكتا2296 كم (براً)
اامسافة من تشناي684 كم (براً)
ClimateAm (Köppen)
Precipitation3,228.3 milliمترs (127.10 بوصة)
الموقع الإلكترونيcorporationofcochin.net

كوتشي (pronunciation ; بالمالايامية: കൊച്ചി أص‌د[koˈʧːi])، تعرف سابقا باسم كوتشن، هي مدينة في ولاية كيرالا الهندية. وتعتبر المدينة من أهم الموانئ البحرية في البلاد وتقع في مقاطعة إرناكولام، على بعد 229 كم شمال عاصمة الولاية ثيروڤاننثاپورام. ويقدر عدد سكانها بحوالي 600.00 نسمة.

Called the Queen of the Arabian Sea, Kochi was an important spice trading centre on the west coast of India from the 14th century onward, and maintained a trade network with Arab merchants from the pre-Islamic era. Occupied by the Portuguese in 1503, Kochi was the first of the European colonies in colonial India. It remained the main seat of Portuguese India until 1530, when Goa was chosen instead. The city was later occupied by the Dutch and the British, with the Kingdom of Cochin becoming a princely state. Kochi ranks first in the total number of international and domestic tourist arrivals in Kerala.[7][8] The city was ranked the sixth best tourist destination in India according to a survey conducted by the Nielsen Company on behalf of the Outlook Traveller magazine.[9] Kochi was one of the 28 Indian cities among the emerging 440 global cities that will contribute 50% of the world GDP by the year 2025, in a 2011 study done by the McKinsey Global Institute.[10] In July 2018, Kochi was ranked the topmost emerging future megacity in India by global professional services firm JLL.[11][12]

Kochi is known as the financial,[13][14] commercial[15][16] and industrial[17][18] capital of Kerala. It has the highest GDP as well as the highest GDP per capita in the state.[19][20] The city is home to the Southern Naval Command of the Indian Navy and is the state headquarters[21][22] of the Indian Coast Guard with an attached air squadron, named Air Squadron 747.[23] Commercial maritime facilities of the city include the Port of Kochi, an International Container Transshipment Terminal, the Cochin Shipyard, offshore SPM of the BPCL Kochi Refinery[24] and the Kochi Marina. Kochi is also home for the Cochin Stock Exchange, International Pepper Exchange, Marine Products Export Development Authority, Coconut Development Board, companies like HMT, Apollo Tyres and Synthite, petrochemical companies like the FACT, TCC, IREL, Petronet LNG, Merchem, HOCL[25] and Kochi Refineries, electrical companies like TELK,[26] and V-Guard and industrial parks like the Cochin Special Economic Zone, Smart City, Infopark and Kinfra Hi-Tech Park. Kochi is home for the High Court of Kerala and Lakshadweep, Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL), Indian Maritime University, Sree Sankaracharya Sanskrit University and the Cochin University of Science and Technology. Kochi is also home to Kerala's National Law School, the National University of Advanced Legal Studies. Kochi has been hosting India's first art biennale, the Kochi-Muziris Biennale, since 2012, which attracts international artists and tourists.[27]

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الأسماء

تشينا ڤالا (شبكات صيد صينية).

Ancient travellers and tradesmen referred to Kochi, variously alluding to it as Cocym, Cochym, Cochin, and Kochi.[28] The Cochin Jewish community called Cochin "Kogin" (بالعبرية: קוגין‎), which is seen in the seal of the synagogue owned by the community[29]. The origin of the name "Kochi" is thought to be from the Malayalam word kochu azhi, meaning 'small lagoon'. Yet another theory is that Kochi is derived from the word Kaci, meaning "harbour".[30] Accounts by Italian explorers Nicolo Conti (15th century), and Fra Paoline in the 17th century say that it was called Kochchi, named after the river connecting the backwaters to the sea.[31] After the arrival of the Portuguese, and later the British, the name Cochin stuck as the official appellation. The city reverted to a closer transliteration of its original Malayalam name, Kochi, in 1996. This change in name was challenged by the city municipal corporation but court later dismissed the plea.[32]


التاريخ

المقبرة الهولندية القديمة في كوتشي
A painting depicting the city of Kochi (circa.1682)
The establishment of several IT and port-based infrastructure led to large scale construction activity in and around the city.


الجغرافيا والمناخ

منظر ثغر مرفأ كوتشي من جزيرة ولنگدون


الحكومة

مسؤولو مدينة كوشين
العمدة
مرسي وليامز
نائب العمدة
   C. K. Manisankar    
مفوض الشرطة
Manoj Abraham



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الاقتصاد

السياحة هي قطاع هام في اقتصاد كوتشي.
مبنى تجومايا في InfoPark, Kochi
Residential Areain Kochi


المواصلات

NH 47 connects Kochi with Trivandrum
مطار كوتشين الدولي


الديموغرافيا

antique shop showcasing Jewish remnants of Kochi


الثقافة

Pedestrians can stroll along the Marine Drive, a waterfront promenade of Kochi.


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التعليم

الاعلام

The Shenoys, one of the popular Cineplexs in the city.

ملاحظات

يمكنك أن تجد معلومات أكثر عن Kochi عن طريق البحث في مشاريع المعرفة:

Wiktionary-logo-en.png تعريفات قاموسية في ويكاموس
Wikibooks-logo1.svg كتب من معرفة الكتب
Wikiquote-logo.svg اقتباسات من معرفة الاقتباس
Wikisource-logo.svg نصوص مصدرية من معرفة المصادر
Commons-logo.svg صور و ملفات صوتية من كومونز
Wikinews-logo.png أخبار من معرفة الأخبار.

The temple adjoining the Mattancherry Palace
The Jain temple at Mattancherry
St.Francis Asissi Cathedral in Kochi
  1. ^ K. C. Sivaramakrishnan (2006). People's Participation in Urban Governance. Concept Publishing Company. p. 156. ISBN 81-8069-326-0.
  2. ^ Ganesh Kumar. Modern General Knowledge. Upkar Prakashan. p. 194. ISBN 81-7482-180-5.
  3. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة ernakulam.nic.in
  4. ^ "GCDA - Greater Cochin Development Authority". Gcdaonline.com. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
  5. ^ "Provisional Figures, Kerala" (PDF). Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 11 March 2011.
  7. ^ "Destnation [sic] Wide Number of Foreign Tourists Visited Kerala During 2010" (PDF). Kerala Tourism Development Corporation. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ "Tourist statistics – 2008" (PDF). Kerala Tourism Development Corporation. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ "Nielsen retains top tourism destination grade for Kerala". Business Line. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  10. ^ "Urban world: Mapping the economic power of cities 2011". McKinsey Global Institute. Archived from the original on 29 March 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ "Kochi rated as future mega city in India by JLL". The Economic Times. 1 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Kochi ranked topmost emerging city in country". The New Indian Express. 2 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Setting a scorching pace: the metro saga". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ "Check out the 10 novelties onboard Kochi Metro". Malayala Manorama. Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  15. ^ "Cochin Chronicle -- Introduction". Kerala Tourism Development Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 October 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  16. ^ "Kochi emerging as tier-2 destination for corporates". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  17. ^ "Industrial areas in Kochi". Kerala Tourism Development Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 October 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  18. ^ "LNG the answer?". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  19. ^ "National and State Income". Kerala State Planning Board. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  20. ^ "Top 5 districts of Kerala on the basis of GDP at current price from 2004-05 to 2012-13". Government of India. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  21. ^ "Indian Coast Guard. Regions. Western Region". Indiancoastguard.nic.in. Archived from the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  22. ^ "Indian Coast Guard. Organization Structure". Indiancoastguard.nic.in. Archived from the original on 31 October 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  23. ^ "Indian Coast Guard. Aviation". Indiancoastguard.nic.in. Archived from the original on 31 October 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  24. ^ "BPCL rides high on superior returns, earnings prospects". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 12 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  25. ^ "HOCL official web site. Phenol Complex at Kochi in Kerala". Hocl.gov.in. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  26. ^ "TELK official website". Telk.com. Archived from the original on 7 June 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  27. ^ "Facts about Kochi Biennale Foundation". Kochi Biennale Foundation. Archived from the original on 31 October 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  28. ^ "Facts about India" (PDF). Kochi Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 December 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  29. ^ "Fort And Harbour". Cghearth.com. Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  30. ^ C. M. Dinesh Mani, Mayor(2000–2005). "Cochin" (PDF). Cochin (A Monograph). Corporation of Kochi. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  31. ^ Academy, Students. Kochi-The Small Lagoon. Lulu Press, Inc. p. 30.
  32. ^ "C.Ramachandra Menon vs State Of Kerala on 7 February, 1990". indiankanoon.org. Archived from the original on 21 July 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

المصادر

وصلات خارجية

Example.of.complex.text.rendering.svg هذه المقالة تحتوي نص هندي.
بدون دعم الإظهار لتلك الأبجديات، فقد ترى علامات استفهام أو مربعات أو رموز أخرى بدلاً من الحروف الهندية؛ أو وضع غير منتظم للحروف المتحركة وفقدان لعلامات الوصل.


قالب:Kochi (India) topics قالب:Ernakulam district