قائمة البلدان حسب حجم شبكة مواصلات السكك الحديدية

Map of countries' rail network
Rail network divided by area of country

هذا على قائمة البلدان حسب حجم شبكة النقل بالسكك الحديدية على أساس الاتحاد الدولي للسكك الحديدية البيانات صفوف البلدان طول خطوط السكك الحديدية ويعمل في نهاية العام. وتشمل هذه الأرقام أيضا الخطوط التي لا تستخدم لنقل الركاب. العلاقة المتبادلة بين الشبكة وطولها وعدد الركاب قد يكون ضعيفا.


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الترتيب

Rank Country Length
(km)
Electrified length
(km)
Historic peak length
(km)
Area (km2) per km track Population per km track Nationalised or Private Data year Notes
الاتحاد الأوروپي European Union[n 1] 217,630 118,929 151,797[n 2] 20٫57 2٬359 Both 2016-17 [2]
1 الولايات المتحدة United States 149,910 1600[3] 409,000[4] 65٫55 2٬060 Private 2017 [2]
2 الصين China 131,000 90,000[5] 75.6[5] 10,945[5] Nationalised 2017 [5]
3 روسيا Russia 85,500 43,700 199٫98 1٬678 Nationalised 2017 [6]
4 الهند India 67,368 25,367 48٫8 19٬656 Nationalised 2017 [7]
5 كندا Canada 49,452 129 214٫48 674 Private 2017 [8]
6 البرازيل Brazil 38,743 7,225 299.6 6,986 Private 2014
7 ألمانيا Germany 38,594 20,500 58,297 9٫26 2٬145 Both 2017 [2]
8 الأرجنتين Argentina 36,917 190 47,000 77.45 1,117 Nationalised 2014 [8]
9 أستراليا Australia 33,168 3,393 231٫91 742 Both 2017 [9]
10 فرنسا France 28,120 18,055 22٫78 2٬374 Nationalised 2017 [2]
11 اليابان Japan 27,311 20,534 16.10 5,451 Private 2015 [8]
12 جنوب أفريقيا South Africa 26,000 4,225 8٬105 58٫28 2٬577٫29 Nationalised 2017 [10]
13 أوكرانيا Ukraine 20,952 9,801 28٫81 2٬140 Nationalised 2016 [2]
14 پولندا Poland 19,209 11,874 24,000
(before 1989)[11]
16٫28 2٬001 Nationalised 2017 [2]
15 المكسيك Mexico 19,166 22 114٫43 6٬697 Private 2008 [8]
16 إيران Iran 16,998 2,200 148.41 6,816 Nationalised 2014 [12][13]
17 إيطاليا Italy 16,788 13,106 17٫95 3٬614 Both 2016 [2]
18 المملكة المتحدة United Kingdom 16,320 5,357 34,000
(before Beeching Axe)
14٫86 4٬047 Both (Franchised)[أ] 2017 [2]
19 إسپانيا Spain 15,949 9,699 31٫73 2٬920 Nationalised 2017 [2]
20 قزخستان Kazakhstan 15,530 4,200 175 1٬146 Nationalised 2016 [2]
21  ميانمار (Burma) 11,025 171.07 12,127 2006 [8]
22 السويد Sweden 10,874 8,976 16,900
(around 1938)[14]
41 919 Both 2017 [2]
23 رومانيا Romania 10,774 3,292 22٫13 1٬823 Both 2017 [2]
24  تركيا 10,204 3,137 76 7٬821 Nationalised 2017 [2][15]
25  التشيك 9,567 3,237[16] 8٫24 1٬106 Nationalised 2017 [2]
26  إندونيسيا 9,529 750 223.31 27853 Nationalised 2008 [8]
27  پاكستان 8,100 286
(currently inactive)
8,122 102.18 22759 Nationalised 2015 [17]
28  المجر 7,945 2,889 11٫71 1٬233 Nationalised 2017 [2]
29  مصر 7,024 62 144 13٬888 Nationalised 2017 [18]
30  تشيلي 6,634 128.2 2,931 2006
31  السودان 6,084 339.81 5,640 2006
32  فنلندا 5,926 3,270 57٫06 929 Nationalised 2017 [2]
33  كوريا الشمالية 5,735 ~3,500 23.03 4,595 Nationalised 2006 [8]
34  النمسا 5,527 3,826 15٫18 1٬587 Both 2017 [2]
35  كوبا 5,476 21.84 2,215 2007
36  بلاروس 5,459 874 38٫03 1٬741 2016 [2]
37   سويسرا 5,196 5,196 5,632 7٫95 1٬585 Mainly privately operated
but thoroughly subsidised (~25%)
by taxes and by federal, cantonal,
and municipal subsidies.
2015 [2]
38  تركمنستان 5,080 153.44 1,585 2014
39  السعودية 4,900 1,522.44 19,219 2007
39  تايلند 4,900 107 126.04 16,084 2017 [8]
41  اوزبكستان 4,580 105.77 6,488 2011
42  الجزائر 4,440 283 536٫43 9٬306 2016 [18]
43  كوريا الجنوبية 4,165 2,522 19.08 9348 Nationalised 2009 [8]
44  نيوزيلندا 4,128 506 5,689 64.64 1,070 2018 [8]
45  الكونغو الديمقراطية 4,096 585.19 16,463 2008
46  بلغاريا 4,030 2,880 27٫54 1٬762 2017 [2]
47  النرويج 3,895 2,622 83٫12 1٬350 Nationalised 2017 [2]
48  صربيا 3,764 1,279 23٫48 1٬866 Nationalised 2017 [2]
49  سلوڤاكيا 3,626 1,587 13٫52 1٬499 2017 [2]
50  بلجيكا 3,602 2,960 5,000
(10,000 including regional tramways)
8٫48 3٬140 Nationalised 2016 [8][19]
51  نيجريا 3,600 261.84 44,904 2006
52  ڤيتنام 3,364 141.12 27,765 2007
53  موزمبيق 3,249 256.54 6,604 2008
54  زيمبابوي 3,136 313 130.25 4,190 Nationalised 2010
55  هولندا 3,055 2,314 13٫59 5٬591 Semi privatised 2017 [2]
56  أوروگواي 2,993 58.88 1,121 2006
57  بوليڤيا 2,866 383.32 3,638 2007
58  بنگلادش 2,835 50.79 53,392 2008
59  أنگولا 2,761 2,764 451.54 6,911 2006 [8]
60  تنزانيا 2,722 348.02 15,866 2006
61  كرواتيا 2,604 985 21٫71 1٬595 2017 [2]
62  الپرتغال 2,546 1,633 36٫13 4٬049 Nationalised 2017 [2]
63  كنيا 2,541 228٫4 17٬643 2013 [20]
64  ناميبيا 2,382 346.05 877 2006 [8]
65  اليونان 2,240 764 58٫91 4٬808 2017 [2]
66  تونس 2,165 75٫57 5٬326 2018 [18]
67  سوريا 2,139 86.57 11,078 2008
68  المغرب 2,109 1,022 211٫74 16٬946 2017 [18]
69  أذربيجان 2,068 1,278 41٫88 4٬666 2015 [2]
70  العراق 2,032 215.71 15,587 2006
71  پيرو 2,020 636.25 14,585 2008
72  الدنمارك 1,987 640 21٫69 2٬893 Nationalised 2017 [2]
73  أيرلندا 1,931 53 5,600 36٫39 2٬477 Nationalised 2017 [2]
74  لتوانيا 1,911 122 33٫8 1٬490 2017 [2]
75  لاتڤيا 1,860 35٫11 1٬048 2017 [2]
76  ماليزيا 1,849 207 178.40 15,324 2010 [8]
77  منغوليا 1,810 864.15 1,560 2008
78  تايوان 1,703 1,300 5,000 21.25 13638 Both 2012 [21]
79  كولومبيا 1,663 648.85 27,770 2007
80  جورجيا 1,576 1,288 44٫23 2٬360 2016 [2]
81  سريلانكا 1,508 43.51 13,696 2010
82  إسرائيل 1,384 0قالب:Update needed 15.01 6355 Nationalised 2017 [18][22]
83  أوغندا 1,244 930.65 122,780 2002
84  زامبيا 1,237 608.42 10,547 2006
85  سلوڤنيا 1,209 503 16٫75 1٬709 2017 [2]
86  إستونيا 1,161 132 3,000 38٫96 1٬134 Both 2017 [2]
87  مولدوڤا 1,151 29٫4 3٬084 2017 [2]
88  البوسنة والهرسك 1,018 565 50٫29 3٬445 2017 [2]
89  الكاميرون 977 1,104 486٫63 23٬367 2015 [23]
90  الإكوادور 966 293.54 14,810 2006 [8]
91  غانا 953 250.30 25,429 2006
92  السنغال 906 217٫12 16٬534 2015 [20]
93  بتسوانا 888 655٫1 2٬488 2014
94  گواتيمالا 885 123.04 16,228 Private 2004 Operations Halted since 2006
95  مدغشقر 848 692٫27 28٬573 2015 [20]
96  غينيا 837 293.74 11,926 2006 [8]
97  الگابون 810 330.45 1,858 2007
98  ملاوي 797 148.66 18,696 2007
99  الكونغو 795 430.19 5086 2006
100  بنين 758 148.58 11,581 2006
101  مالي 729 1٬701٫22 22٬606 2013
102  موريتانيا 728 1,415.80 4,753 2008
103  أرمنيا 703 703 42٫31 4٬168 2016 [2]
104  هندوراس 699 160.36 11,753 2006 [8]
105  شمال مقدونيا 683 313 37٫65 3٬037 2017 [2]
106  إثيوپيا 659 659 784 1,675.72 150,935 2016 [24]
107  كمبوديا 650 278٫52 24٬994 2018 [25]
108  ساحل العاج 639 504.64 30,889 2007
109  بوركينا فاسو 622 440.84 25,291 2006
109  الأردن 622 143٫64 15٬598 2017 [18]
111  طاجيكستان 616 232.31 11,167 2007
112  فيجي 597 30.61 1,442 2006 [8]
113  توگو 568 99.97 10,613 2006 [8]
114  السلڤادور 562 37.44 10,221 2007
115  جمهورية الدومنيكان 517 94.14 18,141 2006 [8]
116  ليبريا 490 227.28 8,151 2006 [8]
117  قيرغيزستان 417 479٫38 13٬446 2012 [2]
118  لبنان 401 25.94 10,544 2006 [8]
119  پنما 355 212.45 9,594 2006 [8]
120  ڤنزويلا 336 2,714.43 87,458 2006
121  ألبانيا 334 86٫07 8٬602 2016 [2]
122  إرتريا 306 384.31 17,170 2006 [8]
123  سوازيلاند 301 57.69 3,940 2008
124  كوستاريكا 278 183.81 16,416 2007 [8]
125  لوكسمبورگ 275 275 9٫4 2٬148 Nationalised 2017 [2]
126  الإمارات العربية المتحدة 264 316 21,893 Private 2013
127  الجبل الأسود 250 55٫25 2٬490 2017 [2]
128  هونگ كونگ 218 5٫08 33٬165 Private 2014 [26]
129  سورينام 166 986.87 3,163 2001 [8]
130  سنغافورة 161 3.94 28,682 2012 [27]
131  گويانا 127 1,149.57 4,197 2001 est. [8]
132  جيبوتي 92 80 252.17 9,203 2016 [28]
133  سيراليون 84 854.05 69,857 2001 [8]
134  الفلپين 76 47 1,100[29] 626.30 196,270 Both 2019
135  أفغانستان 75 8,696.40 418,827 2011 [30]
136  جامايكا 65 40.41 9,948 2003 [8]
137  سانت كيتس ونڤيس 58 5.22 1,040 2006 [8]
138  نيپال 57 2٬582٫12 514٬035 2017 [31]
139  پاراگواي 38 11,298.67 173,056 2006 [8]
140  پورتو ريكو (US) 17 370 143.65 38,810 2006 [8]
141  بروناي 13 443.46 30,692 2001 est. [8]
142  ليختنشتاين 9.5 17.78 4,017 2017 [8]
143 Western Sahara 5 53,200.00 106,200 2008 see Mauritania Railway
144  ناورو 3.9 4.20 2,000 2001 [8]
145  لاوس 3.5 59,200.00 1,557,550 2005 see Friendship Bridge
146  موناكو 1.7 1.7 1.18 20,588 2019 [8]
147  لسوتو 1.6 10,118.33 723,667 1995 [8]
148  الڤاتيكان 0.3 0 0.3 1.47 3,333 2019
العالم 1,370,782 372.12 4,814 2006 [8]
  1. ^ In 2014, Network Rail, which owns the railway infrastructure in Great Britain, was reclassified as a "public sector body" and its financial liabilities are now formally included as part of the national debt.[32] Much debate continues if this constitutes as the "nationalisation" of Network Rail.[بحاجة لمصدر] Private firms continue to operate the majority of train services under government franchises or concessions.


بدون سكك حديدية

انظر ايضا

ملاحظات

  1. ^ The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of قالب:EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included as a separate entity because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur.[1] Transport and trans-European networks are among shared competence between EU and member states. As the EU is not a country, the United States is the first ranked country on these lists.
  2. ^ The sum of all countries of the European Union appearing in this article, but missing figures from some countries. Real quantitation is or was much higher.


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المصادر

Primary source: UIC data

  1. ^ CIA (2014). "The World Factbook". Retrieved 15 March 2015. Although the EU is not a federation in the strict sense, it is far more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur, and it has certain attributes associated with independent nations: its own flag, currency (for some members), and law-making abilities, as well as diplomatic representation and a common foreign and security policy in its dealings with external partners. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a new, separate entity in The World Factbook.
  2. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح خ د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق ك ل م ن هـ و ي أأ أب أت أث أج أح أخ أد أذ أر أز أس أش أص أض "Country Profiles". United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. Retrieved 2019-06-06.
  3. ^ http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/Articles%202005/SuperiorRail.pdf
  4. ^ "The Geography of Transport Systems". New York Routledge. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  5. ^ أ ب ت ث "中国铁路的"成绩单"". 中国铁路的“成绩单”. Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  6. ^ "Russian Raiways".
  7. ^ "Indian Railways Statistical Publications 2016-17: The Network" (PDF). Ministry of Railways (India). Retrieved 2017-04-01.
  8. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح خ د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق ك ل م ن هـ و ي أأ أب أت أث أج أح أخ أد أذ أر "The World Bank". data.worldbank.org. The World Bank. 2014. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  9. ^ "Trainline 5" (PDF). Canberra: Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics. November 2017. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-925531-80-0. Retrieved 2019-06-07.
  10. ^ "South Africa: Transnet Freight rail 2017" (PDF). Transnet. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  11. ^ "Zamkną 2 tys. km torów w Polsce" (in البولندية). February 15, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-12.
  12. ^ "Islamic Republic Of Iran Railways :: راه آهن جمهوري اسلامي ايران". Rai.ir. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  13. ^ The figure includes passenger, commercial and industrial railroads; More information can be found at Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
  14. ^ "Banguiden. Kort svensk järnvägshistoria" (in السويدية). Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  15. ^ "TCDD Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  16. ^ https://www.sydos.cz/cs/rocenka-2017/rocenka/htm_cz/cz17_382000.html
  17. ^ http://www.pakrail.com/ybbt.pdf
  18. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح "Rail infrastructure: length of network". Eurostat. 2019-02-06. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  19. ^ "Infrabel Key Figures 2016" (PDF). Infrabel. p. 6.
  20. ^ أ ب ت "Rail Infrastructure in Africa: Financing Policy Options" (PDF). African Development Bank Group. 2015. Retrieved 2019-06-14.
  21. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Transportation & Communications – Mileage of Railways in Taiwan Area". MOTC, ROC(Taiwan). Retrieved 2013-09-21.
  22. ^ Weissman, Shahar. "Annual Report, 2017" (PDF) (in العبرية). Israel Railways. p. 24. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  23. ^ "Case Sudy: Camrail" (PDF). The World Bank. Retrieved 2019-06-14.
  24. ^ "Chinese, Ethiopian firms sign railway project deal|Africa|chinadaily.com.cn". usa.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  25. ^ "Railway Services". 2018-11-03. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  26. ^ https://www.thb.gov.hk/eng/psp/publications/transport/publications/rds2014.pdf
  27. ^ "Ministry of Transport, Singapore – Gain new perspectives on land, sea and air transport issues in Singapore". Archived from the original on 2014-04-06. Retrieved 2014-11-04. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  28. ^ Mahdi Miad. "Ethiopia-Djibouti Railway Line to Start Early 2016 | DP World – Doraleh Website". dpworld-doraleh.com. Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-05-07. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  29. ^ Inquirer, Philippine Daily. "Sad saga of PNR". opinion.inquirer.net (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  30. ^ "Afghanistan opens first ever train route". Telegraph.co.uk. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 2014-11-04.
  31. ^ Poonam Neupane (2017-12-28). "Railways in Nepal with History, Research, Present Condition & Future Plan". imnepal.com. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  32. ^ Budget (19 March 2014). "Budget 2014: fears of more austerity in spite of growth". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  33. ^ "澳門日報電子版". www.macaodaily.com. Archived from the original on 2017-01-18. Retrieved 2017-01-14. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)