رودي جولياني

رودي جولياني
Rudy Giuliani
Giuliani closeup.jpg
عمدة مدينة نيويورك رقم 107
في المنصب
1 يناير 1994 – 31 ديسمبر 2001
سبقه ديڤد دنكنز
خلفه مايكل بلومبرگ
مدعي الولايات المتحدة في المنطقة الجنوبية من نيويورك
في المنصب
3 يونيو 1983 – 1 يناير 1989
الرئيس رونالد ريگان
سبقه جون مارتن، الابن
خلفه بنيتو رومانو (قائم بالأعمال)
مرافق المدعي العام للولايات المتحدة
في المنصب
20 فبراير 1981 – 3 يونيو 1983
الرئيس رونالد ريگان
سبقه John Shenefield
خلفه D. Lowell Jensen
تفاصيل شخصية
وُلِد Rudolph William Louis Giuliani
(1944-05-28) مايو 28, 1944 (age 75)
Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.
الحزب جمهوري (1980–present)
انتماءات سياسية
أخرى
مستقل (1975–1980)
ديمقراطي (قبل 1975)
الزوج Regina Peruggi (ز. 1968; ط. 1982)
Donna Hanover (ز. 1984; ط. 2002)
Judith Nathan (ز. 2003) (طلاق 2018)
الأنجال 2 (منهم أندرو)
التعليم Manhattan College (BA)
New York University (JD)
التوقيع

قالب:Rudy Giuliani series

رودلف وليام لويس جولياني (Rudolph William Louis Giuliani ؛ /ˌliˈɑːni/؛ النطق بالإيطالية: [dʒuˈljaːni]؛ وُلِد 28 مايو 1944) هو سياسي ومحامي ورجل أعمال وخطيب عام أمريكي عمل the 107th Mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2001. He currently acts as an attorney to President Donald Trump.[1] Politically a Democrat, then an Independent in the 1970s, and a Republican since the 1980s, Giuliani served as United States Associate Attorney General from 1981 to 1983. That year he became the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, holding the position until 1989.[2] He prosecuted cases against the American Mafia and against corrupt corporate financiers.

When Giuliani took office as Mayor of New York City, he appointed a new police commissioner, William Bratton, who applied the broken windows theory of urban decay, which holds that minor disorders and violations create a permissive atmosphere that leads to further and more serious crimes that can threaten the safety of a city; to prevent major crime, the theory holds, the police should enforce seemingly minor "quality-of-life" laws such as those outlawing public drinking, littering, and jay-walking.[3] Within several years, Giuliani was widely credited for making major improvements in the city's quality of life and lowering the rate of violent crimes.[3] While Giuliani was still Mayor, he ran for the United States Senate in 2000; however, he withdrew from the race upon learning of his prostate cancer diagnosis.[4] Giuliani was named Time magazine's Person of the Year for 2001,[5] and was given an honorary knighthood in 2002 by Queen Elizabeth II[6] for his leadership in the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001.

In 2002, Giuliani founded Giuliani Partners (consulting), acquired and later sold Giuliani Capital Advisors (investment banking), and joined a Texas firm while opening a Manhattan office for the firm renamed Bracewell & Giuliani (legal services). Giuliani sought the Republican Party's 2008 presidential nomination, and was considered the early front runner in the race,[7] before withdrawing from the race to endorse the eventual nominee, John McCain. Giuliani was considered a potential candidate for New York Governor in 2010[8][9] and for the Republican presidential nomination in 2012.[10] Giuliani declined all races, and instead remained in the business sector.[11][12][13] في أبريل 2018، Giuliani became one of President Trump's personal lawyers.[14] ومنذ ذلك الحين، فقد ظهر في الإعلام دفاعاً عن الرئيس ترمپ.

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الحياة الشخصية

الزيجات والعلاقات

جولياني مع النائب بالكونگرس ڤيتو فوسلا والسيدة الأولى نانسي ريگان، 2002

في 26 أكتوبر 1968، بـُعـَيـْد تخرجه من كلية الحقوق، تزوج جولياني من ابنه عمه، رجينا پرودجي، التي كان يعرفها جولياني من الطفولة. In the mid-70s the marriage was in trouble and in 1975 they agreed to a trial separation.[15] Peruggi did not accompany him to Washington when he accepted the job in the Attorney General's Office.[16]

By March 2007, The New York Times and the Daily News reported that Giuliani had become estranged from both his son Andrew and his daughter Caroline.[17][18] In 2014, he said his relationship with his children was better than ever, and was spotted eating and playing golf with Andrew.[19]

See also


الهامش

  1. ^ Phillip, Abby (January 12, 2017). "Trump names Rudy Giuliani as cybersecurity adviser". The Washington Post PowerPost blog. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  2. ^ Nomination of Rudolph W. Giuliani To Be an Associate Attorney General
  3. ^ أ ب Gina M Robertiello, "Giuliani, Rudolph", pp. 687–99, in Wilbur R. Miller, ed, The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America: An Encyclopedia (Thousand Oaks CA, New Delhi, London: Sage Publications, 2012).
  4. ^ Elisabeth Bumiller (May 20, 2000). "The Mayor's decision: The overview; cancer is concern". The New York Times.
  5. ^ "Person Of The Year 2001". Time.
  6. ^ Stephen M. Silverman, "Queen Elizabeth knights Rudy Giuliani – Queen Elizabeth II", People, February 13, 2002.
  7. ^ Cohen et al., "The Party Decides: Presidential Nominations Before and After Reform," Chicago: 2008, p 338.
  8. ^ "Rudy Giuliani: Governor of New York in 2010?" Archived December 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Right Pundits, December 22, 2009.
  9. ^ "Giuliani says decision on governor's race unlikely before summer". CNN. January 13, 2009.
  10. ^ Walshe, Shushannah (March 17, 2011). "Rudy Giuliani Plays 2012 Flirt". Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  11. ^ "Rudy Giuliani 2010: Ex-Mayor announces that he won't run for office". The Huffington Post. December 22, 2009.
  12. ^ Maggie Haberman, "Rudy Giuliani: I'm not running in 2012", Politico.com; accessed May 17, 2017.
  13. ^ Juliet Eilperin (February 8, 2012). "Rudy Giuliani doesn't regret sitting out 2012 race". The Washington Post.
  14. ^ Costa, Robert; Dawsey, Josh (April 19, 2018). "Giuliani says he is joining Trump's legal team to 'negotiate an end' to Mueller probe". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  15. ^ "The Smoking Gun: Public Documents, Mug Shots". June 12, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  16. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Raceforcityhall
  17. ^ Russ Buettner/Richard Perez-Pena, "Noticeably Absent From the Giuliani Campaign: His Children", The New York Times. Retrieved June 12, 2007.
  18. ^ Daniel Saltonstall, "Wife Makes Strive: Judi cause of tension with Dad – Rudy's son", Daily News, March 3, 2007
  19. ^ Smith, Emily (December 22, 2014). "Giuliani and formerly estranged son now on 'great terms'". Page Six. New York Post. NYP Holdings. Retrieved December 2, 2015.

للاستزادة


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وصلات خارجية

يمكنك أن تجد معلومات أكثر عن رودي جولياني عن طريق البحث في مشاريع المعرفة:

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Wikinews-logo.png أخبار من معرفة الأخبار.

مناصب قانونية
سبقه
John Shenefield
United States Associate Attorney General
1981–1983
تبعه
Lowell Jensen
سبقه
John Martin
United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York
1983–1989
تبعه
Benito Romano
Acting
مناصب حزبية
سبقه
Diane McGrath
Republican nominee for Mayor of New York City
1989, 1993, 1997
تبعه
مايكل بلومبرگ
سبقه
زل ملر
Keynote Speaker of the Republican National Convention
2008
تبعه
كريس كريستي
مناصب سياسية
سبقه
ديڤد دنكنز
عمدة مدينة نيويورك
1994–2001
تبعه
مايكل بلومبرگ
جوائز وانجازات
سبقه
بيلي گرام
الحائز على جائزة رونالد ريگان للحرية
2002
تبعه
جورج هـ.و. بوش

قالب:Rudy Giuliani قالب:2008 United States presidential election

قالب:Republican NYC mayoral nominees قالب:ISG

خطأ لوا في وحدة:Authority_control على السطر 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).