جيش الولايات المتحدة

(تم التحويل من الجيش الأمريكي)
جيش الولايات المتحدة
United States Department of the Army Seal1.svg
نشطة 14 يونيو, 1775 - today
البلد الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية
النوع جيش
الحجم تقريبا. 1,055,000
جزء من وزارة الدفاع
Department of the Army
الشعار اللفظي This We'll Defend
Colors Black & Gold         
المشية The Army Goes Rolling Along
الاشتباكات Revolutionary War
Northwest Indian War
Tecumseh's War
Creek War
Peoria War
War of 1812
Seminole Wars
Black Hawk War
الحرب الأمريكية المكسيكية
Utah War
American Civil War
Spanish-American War
الجرب الأمريكية الفلبينية
Banana Wars
Boxer Rebellion
The Banana Wars
الحرب العالمية الأولى
الحرب العالمية الثانية
الحرب الكورية
Vietnam War
حرب الخليج
حرب كوسوفو
Operation Enduring Freedom
حرب تحرير العراق
القادة
Chief of Staff GEN George W. Casey, Jr.
Vice Chief of Staff GEN Richard A. Cody
Sergeant Major SMA Kenneth O. Preston

جيش الولايات المتحدة ، هو قوة عسكرية منظمة في الولايات المتحدة مهمتها الاولى هي تقديم الإمدادات والتجهيزات الضرورية لتدعيم إستراتيجيات الدفاع والأمن القومي.[1]

ويعتبر جيش الولايات المتحدة هو القطاع الأكبر من القطاع القديم للقوات المسلحة في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية وهو واحد من سبع قوات نظامية في الولايات المتحدة. والجيش الأمريكي مثله مثل معظم الجيوش مهمته الأولى تكون في تنفيذ العمليات العسكرية الأرضية.

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التركيب

HHC, U.S. Army Shoulder Sleeve Insignia


عناصر الجيش

U.S. Generals, World War II, Europe:
back row (left to right): Stearley, Vandenberg, Smith, Weyland, Nugent;
front row: Simpson, Patton, Spaatz, Eisenhower, Bradley, Hodges, Gerow.

Combat maneuver organizations

التاريخ

المقالة الرئيسية: تاريخ جيش الولايات المتحدة

1700

1800

1900

Korea. Soldiers of the 2nd Infantry Division man a machine gun.
Dak To, South Vietnam. An infantry patrol moves up to assault the last Viet Cong position after an attempted overrun of the artillery position by the Viet Cong during Operation Hawthorne.

القرن 21

U.S. soldiers take cover during a firefight with insurgents in the Al Doura section of Baghdad March 7, 2007

التركيب الهيكلي

US DoD Pay Grade التخصص1 O-10 O-9 O-8 O-7 O-6 O-5 O-4 O-3 O-2 O-1
الشارة US-O11 insignia.svg US-O10 insignia.svg US-O9 insignia.svg US-O8 insignia.svg US-O7 insignia.svg Rfd.svg US-O5 insignia.svg US-O4 insignia.svg US-O3 insignia.svg US-OF1A.svg US-OF1B.svg
اللقب General of the Army General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant
Abbreviation GA GEN LTG MG BG COL LTC MAJ CPT 1LT 2LT
كود الناتو OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
1 Awarded only in times of Congressionally declared war.

Warrant Officers[2]:

Warrant Officers are single track, specialty officers with subject matter expertise in a particular area. They are initially appointed as warrant officers (in the rank of WO1) by the Secretary of the Army, but receive their commission upon promotion to Chief Warrant Officer Two (CW2).

Technically, warrant officers are to be addressed as "Mr. (last name)" or "Ms. (last name)." However, many personnel do not use those terms, but instead say "Sir", "Ma'am", or most commonly, "Chief".

US DoD Pay Grade W-5 W-4 W-3 W-2 W-1
الشارة USA CWO 5.gif USA CWO 4.png USA CWO 3.png USA CWO 2.png USA WO 1.png
اللقب Chief Warrant Officer 5 Chief Warrant Officer 4 Chief Warrant Officer 3 Chief Warrant Officer 2 Warrant Officer 1
Abbreviation CW5 CW4 CW3 CW2 WO1
كود الناتو WO-5 WO-4 WO-3 WO-2 WO-1

Enlisted Personnel[2]:

Sergeants are referred to as NCOs, short for noncommissioned officers. Corporals are also called "hard stripes", in recognition of their leadership position. This distinguishes them from specialists who might have the same pay grade, but not the leadership responsibilities.

Address privates (E1 and E2) and privates first class (E3) as "Private (last name)." Address specialists as "Specialist (last name)." Address sergeants, staff sergeants, sergeants first class, and master sergeants as "Sergeant (last name)." Address higher ranking sergeants by their full ranks in conjunction with their names.

U.S. DoD Pay Grade E-9 E-8 E-7 E-6 E-5 E-4 E-3 E-2 E-1
الشارة US Army E-9 SMA.svg USAr.insignia.e9comm.wag22.png US Army E-9 SGM.svg US Army E-8 1SG.svg US Army E-8 MSG.svg US Army E-7.svg US Army E-6.svg US Army E-5.svg Sadf.svg US Army E-4 SPC.svg US Army E-3.svg US Army E-2.svg No Insignia
اللقب Sergeant Major of the Army Command Sergeant Major Sergeant Major First Sergeant Master Sergeant Sergeant First Class Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private First Class Private Second Class Private
Abbreviation SMA CSM SGM 1SG MSG SFC SSG SGT CPL SPC ² PFC PV2 ¹ PV1 ¹
NATO Code OR-9 OR-9 OR-9 OR-8 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
¹ PVT is also used as an abbreviation for both Private ranks when pay grade need not be distinguished
² SP4 is sometimes encountered as an abbreviation for Specialist. This is a holdover from when there were additional specialist ranks at higher pay grades.

الزي الرسمي

Capt. J. Dow Covey and Staff Sgt. Justin Evaristo, both assigned to 4th Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division, move around the corner of a building to secure its perimeter for the Mobile Civil Military Operations Center in Mushahidah, Iraq

التجهيزات

الأسلحة الفردية

U.S. Army soldier with M249 SAW Para

الأسلحة الجماعية

M120 120 mm mortar

المركبات

A U.S. Army M1A2 Abrams in Iraq
M2A3 Bradley IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle)

و

المدفعية

الطائرات

AH-64 Apache helicopter

التدريب

القيم

القيادات العسكرية

[3]

القيادة العسكرية القائد الحالي الموقع في المقرات
Forces Command (FORSCOM) GEN Charles C. Cambell Fort McPherson, Georgia
Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) GEN William S. Wallace Fort Monroe, ڤرجينيا
Army Materiel Command (AMC) GEN Benjamin S. Griffin Fort Belvoir, ڤرجينيا
القيادة العسكرية القائد الحالي الموقع في المقرات
United States Army Africa (ARAFRICA) tbd Stuttgart, ألمانيا
United States Army Central (USARCENT) LTG Jim Lovelace[4] Fort McPherson, Georgia
United States Army North (USANORTH) LTG Thomas R. Turner II Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas
United States Army South (USARSO) MG Keith M. Huber Fort Sam Houston, Texas
United States Army Europe (USAREUR) LTG Gary D. Speer (Acting)[5] Campbell Barracks, Heidelberg, ألمانيا
United States Army Pacific(USARPAC) LTG Benjamin R. Mixon[6] Fort Shafter, هاوائي
United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) LTG Robert W. Wagner Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) BG James L. Hodge[7] Fort Eustis, ڤرجينيا
Army Space and Missile Defense Command/Army Strategic Command (USASMDC/ARSTRAT) LTG Kevin T. Campbell Redstone Arsenal, Alabama

Non-ASCC Field Army

Eighth Army (EUSA) | LTG Joseph F. Fil, Jr. | Yongsan Army Garrison, Seoul


Direct Reporting Units

  • U.S. Army Network Enterprise Technology Command (NETCOM), BG Susan Lawrence, Fort Huachuca, Arizona

انظر أيضا

المصادر

  1. ^ http://www.army.mil/APS/05/index.html
  2. ^ أ ب خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة futuresoldiers
  3. ^ The United States Army | Organization
  4. ^ "United States Army Central, CG's Bio". United States Army Central. 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  5. ^ "United States Army, Seventh Army, Leaders". United States Army, Seventh Army. 2008-06-25. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  6. ^ "Commanding General". United States Army, Pacific. 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  7. ^ "Commanding General". United States Army, Surface Deployment and Distribution Command. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 

وصلات خارجية