القوات الجوية الأمريكية

هذا المقال يتضمن أسماءً أعجمية تتطلب حروفاً إضافية (پ چ ژ گ ڤ ڠ).
لمطالعة نسخة مبسطة، بدون حروف إضافية
القوات الجوية الأمريكية
United States Air Force
Mark of the United States Air Force.svg
Emblem of the United States Air Force[1]
تأسست18 September 1947
(خطأ: الوظيفة "age_ym" غير موجودة.
as an independent service)

1 August 1907
(خطأ: الوظيفة "age_ym" غير موجودة.
from first antecedent)
البلد الولايات المتحدة
النوعAir force[2]
الدورAerial warfare
الحجم320,812 active duty airmen
141,880 civilians[3]
69,200 reserve airmen[4]
105,700 air national guard airmen[5]
5,047 manned aircraft[6]
406 ICBMs[7]
جزء منSeal of the United States Department of the Air Force.svg Department of the Air Force
HeadquartersThe Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
الشعار اللفظي"Aim High ... Fly-Fight-Win"[8]
"Integrity first, Service before self, Excellence in all we do"[9]
ColorsUltramarine blue, Golden yellow[10]
         
المشية"The U.S. Air Force" Play 
تواريخ هامة18 September
المعداتList of U.S. Air Force equipment
الاشتباكات
الموقع الإلكترونيaf.mil
airforce.com
القادة
Commander-in-ChiefFlag of the President of the United States of America.svg President Donald Trump
Secretary of DefenseUSSecDefflag.svg Mark Esper
Secretary of the Air ForceFlag of the Secretary of the Air Force.svg Barbara Barrett
Chief of StaffFlag of the Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force.svg Gen Charles Q. Brown Jr.
Vice Chief of StaffFlag of the Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force.svg Gen Stephen W. Wilson
Chief Master Sergeant of the Air ForceFlag of the Chief Master Sergeant of the US Air Force.gif CMSAF JoAnne S. Bass
الشارات
FlagFlag of the United States Air Force.svg
RoundelRoundel of the USAF.svg
"Hap" Arnold SymbolUS Army Air Corps Hap Arnold Wings.svg
SymbolUS Air Force Logo Solid Colour.svg
الطائرات التابعة
طائرة هجوميةA-10, AC-130, MQ-9
قاذفة قنابلB-1B, B-2, B-52H
الحرب
الإلكترونية
E-3, E-4, E-8, EC-130
مقاتلةF-15C, F-15E, F-16, F-22, F-35A
مروحيةHH-60, UH-1N, MH-139
استطلاعMC-12, RC-135, RQ-4, RQ-170, U-2, U-28
طائرة تدريبT-1, T-6, T-38, T-41, T-51, T-53, TG-16
طائرة شحنC-5M, C-12, C-17, C-21, C-32, C-37, C-130, C-40, CV-22, VC-25
إمداد بالوقود جواًKC-10, KC-135, KC-46

القوات الجوية الأمريكية (USAF) هي أحد فروع القوات المسلحة الأمريكية المسؤولة عن القتال الجوي، وهي واحدة من ثمان خدمات نظامية بالولايات المتحدة. وقد تشكلت كجزء من الجيش الأمريكي في 1 أغسطس 1907، ثم انفصلت في 18 سبتمبر 1947 كفرع مستقل ضمن القوات المسلحة الأمريكية، بتمرير قانون الأمن القومي لعام 1947. It is the second youngest branch of the U.S. Armed Forces[أ] and the fourth in order of precedence. The U.S. Air Force articulates its core missions as air superiority, global integrated intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, and command and control.

The U.S. Air Force is a military service branch organized within the Department of the Air Force, one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense. The Air Force through the Department of the Air Force is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Air Force, who reports to the Secretary of Defense and is appointed by the President with Senate confirmation. The highest-ranking military officer in the Air Force is the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, who exercises supervision over Air Force units and serves as one of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Certain Air Force components are assigned, as directed by the Secretary of Defense and Secretary of the Air Force, to unified combatant commands. Combatant commanders are delegated operational authority of the forces assigned to them, while the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force retain administrative authority over their members.

Along with conducting independent air operations, the U.S. Air Force provides air support for land and naval forces and aids in the recovery of troops in the field. اعتبارا من 2017, the service operates more than 5,369 military aircraft [12] and 406 ICBMs.[13] It has a $156.3 billion budget[14] and is the second largest service branch, with 320,812 active duty airmen,[15] 145,789 civilian personnel,[16] 69,200 reserve airmen,[17] and 105,700 Air National Guard airmen.[18]


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المهمة والرؤية والوظائف

المهام

حسب قانون الأمن القومي لسنة 1947 (61 Stat. 502), which created the USAF:

In general, the United States Air Force shall include aviation forces both combat and service not otherwise assigned. It shall be organized, trained, and equipped primarily for prompt and sustained offensive and defensive air operations. The Air Force shall be responsible for the preparation of the air forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war except as otherwise assigned and, in accordance with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion of the peacetime components of the Air Force to meet the needs of war.

Section 8062 of Title 10 US Code defines the purpose of the USAF as:[19]

  • to preserve the peace and security, and provide for the defense, of the United States, the Territories, Commonwealths, and possessions, and any areas occupied by the United States;
  • to support national policy;
  • to implement national objectives;
  • to overcome any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United States.

المهام الأساسية

The five core missions of the Air Force have not changed dramatically since the Air Force became independent in 1947, but they have evolved and are now articulated as air superiority, global integrated intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, and command and control. The purpose of all of these core missions is to provide what the Air Force states as global vigilance, global reach, and global power.[20]

السيادة الجوية

الحرب الغير نظامية

الجسور الجوية

التاريخ

Roundels which have appeared on US aircraft
1. 5/17-2/18 2. 2/18-8/19 3. 8/19-5/42
4. 5/42-6/43 5. 6/43-9/43 6. 9/43-1/47
7. 1/47-

The predecessor organizations of today's USAF are:


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التاريخ المعاصر

صراعات

The F-117 Nighthawk was a stealth attack aircraft (retired from service on 22 April 2008).


عمليات إنسانية


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التنظيم

القادة

Seal of the US Air Force.svg Headquarters, United States Air Force, The Pentagon, Arlington, ڤرجينيا

Several aircraft in a squadron at Hurlburt Field

The permanent establishment of the USAF, as of 30 September 2006,[22] consisted of:

  • Active duty forces:
    • 57 flying wings, 8 space wings, and 55 non-flying wings
    • 9 flying groups, 8 non-flying groups
      • 134 flying squadrons, 43 space squadrons
  • Air Force Reserve
    • 35 flying wings, 1 space wing
    • 4 flying groups
      • 67 flying squadrons, 6 space squadrons
  • Air National Guard
    • 87 flying wings
      • 101 flying squadrons, 4 space squadrons

The USAF, including its air reserve components, field a total of 302 flying squadrons.[23]


الأفراد

الضباط

Pay grade O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 Special1
الشارة US-OF1B.svg US-OF1A.svg US-O3 insignia.svg US-O4 insignia.svg US-O5 insignia.svg US-O6 insignia.svg US-O7 insignia.svg US-O8 insignia.svg US-O9 insignia.svg US-O10 insignia.svg US-O11 insignia.svg
الرتبة Second
Lieutenant
First
Lieutenant
Captain Major Lieutenant
Colonel
Colonel Brigadier
General
Major
General
Lieutenant
General
General General
of the Air Force
Abbreviation2 2d Lt 1st Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Gen Maj Gen Lt Gen Gen GOAF
NATO Code OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9 OF-10

1 Awarded as an honorary rank or during periods of a declared war.
2 No periods are used in actual grade abbreviation.

Enlisted airmen

USAF enlisted members in the foreground
US DoD Pay grade E-1 E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9
Insignia No Insignia E2 USAF AM.svg E3 USAF AM1.svg E4 USAF SAM.svg E5 USAF SSGT.svg E6 USAF TSGT.svg E7a USAF MSGT.svg E7b USAF 1STSGT1.svg E8a USAF SMSGT.svg E8b USAF 1STSGT2.svg E9a USAF CMSGT.svg E9b USAF 1STSGT3.svg E9c USAF CCMS.svg E9d USAF CMSAF new.svg
Title Airman
Basic
Airman Airman First
Class
Senior
Airman
Staff
Sergeant
Technical
Sergeant
Master
Sergeant
¹
Senior Master
Sergeant
¹
Chief Master
Sergeant
¹
Command Chief
Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant
of the Air Force
Abbrevi- ation AB Amn A1C SrA SSgt TSgt MSgt SMSgt CMSgt CCM CMSAF
NATO Code OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-9 OR-9 OR-9

¹ The USAF does not have a separate First Sergeant rank; it is instead a duty denoted by a diamond within the upper field.

الزي الموحد


الجوائز


التدريب

اختبار اللياقة في سلاح الجو الأمريكي

USAF members training at Lackland AFB


مخزون الطائرات


A - Ground attack


B - Bombers

B-1 Lancer supersonic strategic bomber.


C - Cargo transport

C-17 Globemaster III, the USAF's newest and most versatile transport plane.


E - Special electronic missions


F - Fighters


H - Search and rescue, Medevac (Help)

K - Tanker


L - Laser-equipped

Boeing YAL-1 Airborne Laser.


M - Multi-mission

Multi-mission UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles)


O - Observation

R - Reconnaissance

RQ-4 Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicle reconnaissance aircraft.


T - Trainer

U - Utility

V - VIP staff transport


W - Weather reconnaissance

Undesignated foreign aircraft used by Special Operations Squadrons

Culture

Slogans and creeds

انظر أيضا

المصادر

  1. ^ "AF Branding & Trademark Licensing". www.trademark.af.mil. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Air Force Personnel Demographics". Air Force Personnel Center. af.mil. Archived from the original on 9 October 2016.
  4. ^ "Department of Defense (DoD) Releases Fiscal Year 2017 President's Budget Proposal". U.S. Department of Defense. 9 February 2016. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  5. ^ "Air Force Magazine" (PDF). Air Force Magazine. May 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 September 2012.
  6. ^ "World Air Forces 2018". Flightglobal: 17. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Air Force Arsenal of Land-Based Nukes Shrinking as Planned". Associated Press. 20 March 2017. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  8. ^ "Aim High ... Fly-Fight-Win to be Air Force motto USAF". United States Air Force. 7 October 2010. Archived from the original on 9 January 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
  9. ^ "Ventura" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  10. ^ "The Air Force Flag" (PDF). Air Force Historical Research Agency. United States Air Force. 24 March 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 September 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "The Case for Fifth-Generation and NGAD Airpower". Air Force Magazine (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2020-05-13.
  13. ^ "How many nuclear weapons does the US have?". ABC News (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2020-05-13.
  14. ^ "Air Force President's Budget FY19". www.saffm.hq.af.mil. Retrieved 2020-05-13.
  15. ^ "Military Demographics Jan. 2020" (PDF). Air Force's Personnel Center. 2020-01-01. Retrieved 2020-05-13.
  16. ^ "Civilian Demographics Jan. 2020" (PDF). Air Force Personnel Center. 2020-01-01. Retrieved 2020-05-13.
  17. ^ "Air Force Reserve". afreserve.com. Retrieved 2020-05-13.
  18. ^ "ANG's Outstanding NCO of the Year: Tech. Sgt. Jason D. Selberg". Air National Guard (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2020-05-13.
  19. ^ "10 USC 8062". Law.cornell.edu. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  20. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 April 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ أ ب "Air Force Pamphlet 36-2241". USAF, 1 July 2007.
  22. ^ "2007 USAF Almanac: Major Commands" (PDF). AIR FORCE Magazine. Retrieved 9 February 2008. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help); Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  23. ^ "2007 USAF Almanac: USAF Squadrons By Mission Type" (PDF). AIR FORCE Magazine. Retrieved 9 February 2008. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help); Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)

References to U.S. Army predecessors of today's U.S. Air Force are cited under their respective articles.

ملاحظات

  1. ^ After the U.S. Space Force, founded in 2019

وصلات خارجية

يمكنك أن تجد معلومات أكثر عن United States Air Force عن طريق البحث في مشاريع المعرفة:

Wiktionary-logo-en.png تعريفات قاموسية في ويكاموس
Wikibooks-logo1.svg كتب من معرفة الكتب
Wikiquote-logo.svg اقتباسات من معرفة الاقتباس
Wikisource-logo.svg نصوص مصدرية من معرفة المصادر
Commons-logo.svg صور و ملفات صوتية من كومونز
Wikinews-logo.png أخبار من معرفة الأخبار.

سبقه
United States Army Air Forces
United States Air Force
1947 – present
تبعه
Current