ديجون

ديجون
Top: Dijon City Hall, Bottom: Saint Benigne Cathedral, Statue of Jean-Philippe Rameau, Statue of Francois Rude, Saint Michel Church
Top: Dijon City Hall, Bottom: Saint Benigne Cathedral, Statue of Jean-Philippe Rameau, Statue of Francois Rude, Saint Michel Church
درع ديجون
Coat of arms
ديجون is located in فرنسا
ديجون
ديجون
ديجون is located in بورگون-فرانش-كومتيه
ديجون
ديجون
الإحداثيات: 47°17′26″N 5°02′34″E / 47.2906°N 5.0428°E / 47.2906; 5.0428
البلدفرنسا
المنطقةبورگون-فرانش-كومتيه
الإقليمCôte-d'Or
ArrondissementDijon
CantonDijon-1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6
IntercommunalityDijon Métropole
الحكومة
 • Mayor (2015–2020) François Rebsamen (SP)
المساحة
1
40٫41 كم² (15٫60 ميل²)
التعداد
 (2012)2
152٬071
 • الكثافة3٬800/km2 (9٬700/sq mi)
منطقة التوقيتUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • الصيف (التوقيت الصيفي)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
21231 /21000
Elevation220–410 م (720–1,350 قدم)
(avg. 245 م or 804 قدم)
الموقع الإلكترونيhttp://www.dijon.fr/
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Dijon (النطق الفرنسي: [diʒɔ̃]  (Speaker Icon.svg استمع))[أ] is a city in eastern France, capital of the Côte-d'Or département and of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.[1]

The earliest archaeological finds within the city limits of Dijon date to the Neolithic period. Dijon later became a Roman settlement named Divio, located on the road from Lyon to Paris. The province was home to the Dukes of Burgundy from the early 11th until the late 15th centuries and Dijon was a place of tremendous wealth and power, one of the great European centres of art, learning and science.[2] Population (2008): 151,576 within the city limits; 250,516 (2007) for the greater Dijon area.

The city has retained varied architectural styles from many of the main periods of the past millennium, including Capetian, Gothic and Renaissance. Many still-inhabited town houses in the city's central district date from the 18th century and earlier. Dijon architecture is distinguished by, among other things, toits bourguignons (Burgundian polychrome roofs) made of tiles glazed in terracotta, green, yellow and black and arranged in geometric patterns.

Dijon holds an International and Gastronomic Fair every year in autumn. With over 500 exhibitors and 200,000 visitors every year, it is one of the ten most important fairs in France. Dijon is also home, every three years, to the international flower show Florissimo. Dijon is famous for Dijon mustard which originated in 1856, when Jean Naigeon of Dijon substituted verjuice, the acidic "green" juice of not-quite-ripe grapes, for vinegar in the traditional mustard recipe.

The historical centre of the city has been registered since July 4, 2015 as a UNESCO World Heritage site.[3]

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الجغرافيا

مدينة ديجون الفرنسية.jpg دجون Dijon هي مدينة فرنسية وهي عاصمة بورغونيا. تعد ديجون إحدى أشهر المدن في العالم في صناعة الخردل.


المناخ

بيانات مناخ ديجون (متوسطات 1981–2010)
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °س (°ف) 16.5
(61.7)
19.9
(67.8)
23.5
(74.3)
29.0
(84.2)
34.4
(93.9)
36.0
(96.8)
38.6
(101.5)
39.3
(102.7)
34.2
(93.6)
28.3
(82.9)
21.6
(70.9)
17.5
(63.5)
39٫3
(102٫7)
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 4.8
(40.6)
7.0
(44.6)
11.8
(53.2)
15.2
(59.4)
19.5
(67.1)
23.2
(73.8)
26.1
(79)
25.6
(78.1)
21.2
(70.2)
15.7
(60.3)
9.2
(48.6)
5.6
(42.1)
15٫4
(59٫7)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) 2.0
(35.6)
3.3
(37.9)
7.1
(44.8)
10.1
(50.2)
14.3
(57.7)
17.8
(64)
20.3
(68.5)
19.9
(67.8)
16.0
(60.8)
11.6
(52.9)
6.0
(42.8)
2.9
(37.2)
10٫9
(51٫6)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) -0.8
(30.6)
-0.4
(31.3)
2.4
(36.3)
4.9
(40.8)
9.1
(48.4)
12.3
(54.1)
14.5
(58.1)
14.3
(57.7)
10.9
(51.6)
7.4
(45.3)
2.8
(37)
0.3
(32.5)
6٫5
(43٫7)
الصغرى القياسية °س (°ف) -20.5
(-4.9)
-22.0
(-7.6)
-15.3
(4.5)
-5.3
(22.5)
-3.3
(26.1)
0.8
(33.4)
2.8
(37)
4.3
(39.7)
-1.6
(29.1)
-4.9
(23.2)
-10.6
(12.9)
-20.8
(-5.4)
−22٫0
(−7٫6)
هطول mm (inches) 57.4
(2.26)
43.8
(1.724)
48.3
(1.902)
58.2
(2.291)
86.6
(3.409)
68.1
(2.681)
66.0
(2.598)
60.1
(2.366)
64.5
(2.539)
70.9
(2.791)
73.2
(2.882)
63.4
(2.496)
760٫5
(29٫941)
Humidity 88 82 76 71 74 72 68 71 78 85 87 89 78٫4
Avg. precipitation days 10.9 8.5 9.7 9.7 11.3 9.2 8.2 7.7 7.9 10.1 11.0 11.0 115٫3
Sunshine hours 63.9 94.4 151.3 185.4 212.3 239.1 248.3 233.6 181.3 117.2 67.8 54.2 1٬848٫8
Source #1: Météo France[4][5]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, 1961–1990)[6]

المعالم

Porte Guillaume (Guillaume Gate), Place Darcy (Darcy Square), in the center of Dijon.

التعداد

التعداد التاريخي
السنةتعداد±%
1793 20٬760—    
1800 18٬888−9.0%
1806 22٬026+16.6%
1821 22٬397+1.7%
1831 25٬352+13.2%
1836 24٬817−2.1%
1841 26٬184+5.5%
1846 27٬543+5.2%
1851 32٬253+17.1%
1856 33٬493+3.8%
1861 37٬074+10.7%
1866 39٬193+5.7%
1872 42٬573+8.6%
1876 47٬939+12.6%
1881 55٬453+15.7%
1886 60٬855+9.7%
1891 65٬428+7.5%
1896 67٬736+3.5%
1901 71٬326+5.3%
1906 74٬113+3.9%
1911 76٬847+3.7%
1921 78٬578+2.3%
1926 83٬815+6.7%
1931 90٬869+8.4%
1936 96٬257+5.9%
1946 100٬664+4.6%
1954 112٬844+12.1%
1962 135٬694+20.2%
1968 145٬357+7.1%
1975 151٬705+4.4%
1982 140٬942−7.1%
1990 146٬703+4.1%
1999 150٬138+2.3%
2006 151٬504+0.9%
2009 152٬110+0.4%


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البلدات التوأم والمدن الشقيقة

Dijon is twinned with:[7][8]

انظر أيضاً

ملاحظات

  1. ^ Translated in other notable and relevant languages:
    بالألمانية: Dision (dated) تـُنطق [ˈdɪzi̯oːn]
    بالايطالية: Digione النطق بالإيطالية: [diˈd͡ʒoːne]
    باللاتينية: Divio, Diviodunum اللاتينية الفصحى: [dɪwiːˈɔdʊnũ]
    Lombard: Digion تُنطق [diˈd͡ʒon]

الهامش

  1. ^ "Destination Dijon and Burgundy - Palais des Congrès". www.dijon-congrexpo.com. Retrieved 2017-06-19.
  2. ^ "Dukes of Burgundy, the History of Burgundy, France - burgundytoday". www.burgundytoday.com. Retrieved 2017-06-19.
  3. ^ Climates of Burgundy.
  4. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Dijon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  5. ^ "Climat Bourgogne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  6. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Dijon-Longvic (21) - altitude 219m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved December 30, 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  7. ^ "Ville de Dijon – Dijon, une politique renouvelée à l'international". Dijon.fr. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Ville de Dijon – Jumelages". Dijon.fr. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Sister Cities". Dallas-ecodev.org. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
  10. ^ "Opole Official Website – Twin Towns". Flag of the United Kingdom.svgFlag of Poland.svg (in English and Polish)2007–2009 Urząd Miasta Opola. Retrieved 18 June 2009.
  11. ^ "Skopje – Twin towns & Sister cities". Official portal of City of Skopje. Grad Skopje – 2006 – 2013, www.skopje.gov.mk. Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  12. ^ Friendly relationship at Official website of Volgograd
  13. ^ "Vennskapsbyer". www.visitvolgograd.info. Retrieved 5 January 2010.
  14. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  15. ^ "Toluca twinned with Dijon". SINTESIS INFORMATICA MUNICIPAL. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  16. ^ Korolczuk, Dariusz (12 January 2010). "Foreign cooperation – Partner Cities". Białystok City Council. City Office in Białystok. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  17. ^ "Nanchang City and Sister Cities Intercommunion". Nanchang Municipal Party Committee of the CPC and Nanchang Municipal Government. Nanchang Economic Information Center. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013.

للاستزادة

See also: Bibliography of the history of Dijon


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وصلات خارجية

  • Dijon travel guide from Wikivoyage
  •  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dijon" . دائرة المعارف البريطانية. 8 (eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help); More than one of |encyclopedia= and |encyclopedia= specified (help)
  • خطأ لوا في وحدة:Official_website على السطر 90: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). (بالفرنسية)
  • Dijon tourist office
الكلمات الدالة: