توكلاو

(تم التحويل من Tokelau)

Coordinates: 09°10′S 171°50′W / 9.167°S 171.833°W / -9.167; -171.833

توكلاو
Tokelau
Motto
"Tokelau mo te Atua"  (Tokelau)
("Tokelau for the Almighty")
النشيد الوطني: "Te Atua o Tokelau"[1]
موقع توكلاو
Map of all Tokelau Islands, including Swains Island to the south
Map of all Tokelau Islands. Swains Island is shown to the south.
Sovereign stateNew Zealand
Protectorate createdJune 1889
British colony29 February 1916
Assigned to New Zealand11 February 1926
New Zealand sovereignty1 January 1949
العاصمةNone[note 1]
أكبر مدينةAtafu
اللغات الرسمية
صفة المواطنTokelauan
الحكومةDevolved parliamentary dependency under a constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
قالب:Monarch of New Zealand, current
Don Higgins[3]
Kerisiano Kalolo
LegislatureGeneral Fono
المساحة
• Total
10 kم2 (3.9 ميل2)
• Water (%)
negligible
أعلى منسوب
5 m (16 ft)
التعداد
• 2016 census
1,499[4] (237th)
• Density
115/كم2 (297.8/ميل2) (86th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
US$10 million[5]
• Per capita
US$6,275 (not ranked)
GDP (nominal)estimate
• Total
US$9,406,225[5]
العملةNew Zealand dollar (NZ$) (NZD)
Time zoneUTC+13:00
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+690
ISO 3166 codeTK
Internet TLD.tk

Tokelau ( /ˈtkəl/; حرفياً 'north-northeast' or 'north wind';[6][7] known previously as the Union Islands, and, until 1976, known officially as the Tokelau Islands[8]) is a dependent territory of New Zealand in the southern Pacific Ocean. It consists of three tropical coral atolls: Atafu, Nukunonu, and Fakaofo. They have a combined land area of 10 kم2 (107,639,104 قدم2). The capital rotates yearly among the three atolls.[9] In addition to these three, Swains Island, which forms part of the same archipelago, is the subject of an ongoing territorial dispute; it is currently administered by the United States as part of American Samoa. Tokelau lies north of the Samoan Islands, east of Tuvalu, south of the Phoenix Islands, southwest of the more distant Line Islands, and northwest of the Cook Islands.

Tokelau has a population of approximately 1,500 people; it has the fourth-smallest population of any sovereign state or dependency in the world. As of the 2016 census, around 45% of its residents had been born overseas, mostly in Samoa or New Zealand.[10] The populace has a life expectancy of 69, which is comparable to that of other Oceanian island nations. Approximately 94% of the population speak Tokelauan as their first language. Tokelau has the smallest economy of any sovereign nation, although it is a leader in renewable energy, being the first 100% solar powered nation in the world.[11]

Tokelau is officially referred to as a nation by both the New Zealand government and the Tokelauan government.[11][12][13] It is a free and democratic nation with elections every three years. However, in 2007, the United Nations General Assembly included Tokelau on its list of non-self-governing territories.[14] Its inclusion on this list is controversial, as Tokelauans have twice narrowly voted against further self-determination, and the islands' small population makes the viability of self-government challenging. The basis of Tokelau's legislative, administrative and judicial systems is the Tokelau Islands Act 1948, which has been amended on a number of occasions. Since 1993, the territory has annually elected its own head of government, the Ulu-o-Tokelau. Before 1993, the administrator of Tokelau was the highest official in the government and the territory was directly administered by a New Zealand government department.

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التسمية

التاريخ

ما قبل التاريخ

التواصل مع الثقافات الأخرى

Fakaofo islanders, drawn in 1841 by the United States Exploring Expedition
The square in the centre of the village of Fakaofo


الأعاصير الإستوائية

المنطقة الزمنية


الحكومة


السياسة


الجغرافيا

Atafu atoll
Nukunonu atoll
Fakaofo atoll



الموقع الجغرافيا لجزر توكلاو المرجانية
الجزيرة الإحداثيات
Atafu 8°33′6″S 172°30′3″W / 8.55167°S 172.50083°W / -8.55167; -172.50083 (Atafu)
Nukunonu 9°10′6″S 171°48′35″W / 9.16833°S 171.80972°W / -9.16833; -171.80972 (Nukunonu)
Fakaofo 9°21′55″S 171°12′54″W / 9.36528°S 171.21500°W / -9.36528; -171.21500 (Fakaofo)


البيئة


الاقتصاد

A proportional representation of Tokelau exports, 2019



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الطاقة الشمسية


اسم نطاق الإنترنت

الولوج إلى الإنترنت في توكلاو، 2011



الديموغرافيا

Language statistics in Tokelau, 2006 and 2011


الديانات

Catholic Church on Nukunonu in Tokelau


الثقافة

الرعاية الصحية والتعليم

Literacy by age in Tokelau, 2011 census



الرياضة

Cricket in Tokelau, 1966




الاتصالات والنقل

A barge leaves the landing ramp in Nukunonu to collect cargo and passengers from the MV Tokelau



انظر أيضاً


الهوامش

  1. ^ Each atoll has its own administrative centre.

المصادر

  1. ^ "Government of Tokelau". www.tokelau.org.nz (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Tokelau Info". Tokelau-info.tk. Archived from the original on 26 October 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  3. ^ "New Administrator of Tokelau announced".
  4. ^ Final population counts: 2016 Tokelau Census. Statistics New Zealand. November 2016. p. 3. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. https://www.tokelau.org.nz/site/tokelau/files/TokelauNSO/2016Census/TokelauCensusTechnicalRelease1E.pdf. 
  5. ^ أ ب "Tokelau's Gross Domestic Product determined for first time this century". www.tokelau.org.nz.
  6. ^ "Culture of Tokelau - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, family, social". www.everyculture.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2017-02-28. Tokelau" means "north-northeast.
  7. ^ "Tokelau". OCHA (in الإنجليزية). 2018-02-20. Retrieved 2022-02-05.
  8. ^ Tokelau Amendment Act 1976
  9. ^ "Welcome to sunny Tokelau, an untouched Pacific Paradise". Archived from the original on 11 January 2010.
  10. ^ "Profile of Tokelau" (PDF). Tokelau National Statistics Office. April 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  11. ^ أ ب "Tokelau, world first solar power nation | New Zealand Trade and Enterprise". Nzte.govt.nz. 12 July 2012. Archived from the original on 21 May 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Government of Tokelau". Tokelau.org.nz. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  13. ^ "Tokelauans – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand". Teara.govt.nz. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  14. ^ "Official site for the Tokelau Council of Ongoing Government". Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2007.

قراءات إضافية

  • Heller, Maxwell H. (2005). Where on Earth Is Tokelau?: A Doctor's Experiences in the South Seas. ISBN 978-0-901100-58-0.
  • Huntsman, Judith; Hooper, Antony (1996). Tokelau: A Historical Ethnography. ISBN 978-1-86940-153-5.
  • Huntsman, Judith; Kalolo, Kelihiano (2007). The Future of Tokelau Decolonising Agendas, 1975–2006. ISBN 978-1-86940-398-0.


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وصلات خارجية

شعار قاموس المعرفة.png

الحكم

الجزر المرجانية