پعخت

هذا المقال يتضمن أسماءً أعجمية تتطلب حروفاً إضافية (پ چ ژ گ ڤ ڠ).
لمطالعة نسخة مبسطة، بدون حروف إضافية
بعخت أو باخت
معبد منحوت في الصخر لپعخت أنشأته حتشپسوت في سپيوس أرتميدوس
إلهة مصب الوادي
الاسم بالهيروغليفية
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مركز العبادة الرئيسياسطبل عنتر بأبي قرقاص
الرمزلبؤة


پعخت أو باخت Pakhet، Pachet، Pehkhet، Phastet، هي إحدى الإلهات المصرية القديمة، إلهة على هيئة امرأة برأس لبؤة يعلوه قرص الشمس .[1]

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المنشأ والأساطير

Pakhet is likely to be a more ancient regional lioness deity, Goddess of the Mouth of the Wadi, related to those that hunted in the wadi, near water at the boundary of the desert. Another title is She Who Opens the Ways of the Stormy Rains, which probably relates to the flash floods in the narrow valley, that occur from storms in the area. By the time Pakhet appeared in the Egyptian pantheon, during the Middle Kingdom, Bast came to be considered less as a fierce lioness, becoming more gentle, as a domesticated cat could be. Consequently, Pakhet's character lay somewhere between the later gentleness of Bast and the ferocity of Sekhmet. Her strength was considered an inner, rather than outer, quality, while retaining all the potential capabilities of the war goddess, if needed. As with Bast and Sekhmet, she also is associated with Hathor and thereby, is a sun deity as well, wearing the solar disk as part of her crown.

It became said that rather than a simple domestic protector against vermin and venomous creatures, or a fierce warrior, she was a huntress, perhaps as a caracal, who wandered the desert alone at night looking for prey, gaining the title, Night huntress with sharp eye and pointed claw. While this desert aspect led to her being associated with desert storms, as was Sekhmet. She also was said to be a protector of motherhood, as was Bast.

In art, she was depicted as a feline-headed woman, or as a feline, often depicted killing snakes with her sharp claws. The exact nature of the feline varied between a desert wildcat, which was more similar to Bast, or a caracal, resembling Sekhmet.


المعابد قرب المنيا

كان مركز عبادة پعخت في اسطبل عنتر "سبيوس أرتميدوس" Speos Artemidos بأبي قرقاص وبها معبد پعخت (كهف أرتميس) وكان المعبد مكونا من رواق يقوم سقفه على صفين من أربعة أعمدة ويمثل هذا الرواق سقيفة تتقدم المقصورة.[2]

المصادر

روابط خارجية