فترة كوپريلي

The Ottoman Empire reached its greatest territorial extent in Europe under the Köprülü grand viziers.
جزء من سلسلة عن
تاريخ الدولة العثمانية
درع الدولة العثمانية
البزوغ (1299–1453)
ما بين السلاطين (1402–1413)
النمو (1453–1606)
الركود (1606–1699)
سلطنة الحريم
فترة كوپريلي (1656–1703)
الاضمحلال (1699–1792)
فترة التيوليپ (1718–1730)
الانحلال (1792–1923)
فترة التنظيمات (1839–1876)
فترة المشروطية الأولى
فترة المشروطية الثانية
التقسيم
Osmanli-nisani.svg بوابة الدولة العثمانية


The Köprülü era (بالتركية: Köprülüler Devri) (c. 1656–1703) was a period in which the Ottoman Empire's politics were frequently dominated by a series of grand viziers from the Köprülü family. The Köprülü era is sometimes more narrowly defined as the period from 1656-1683, as it was during those years that members of the family held the office of grand vizier uninterruptedly, while for the remainder of the period they occupied it only sporadically.[1] The Köprülüs were generally skilled administrators, and are credited with reviving the empire's fortunes after a period of military defeat and economic instability. Numerous reforms were instituted under their rule, which enabled the empire to resolve its budget crisis and stamp out factional conflict in the empire.[2]

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Köprülü Mehmed Pasha

See also

References

  1. ^ Caroline Finkel, Osman's Dream, 253.
  2. ^ Finkel, Osman's Dream, 281.

Bibliography

  • Ágoston, Gábor (2005). Guns for the Sultan: Military Power and the Weapons Industry in the Ottoman Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Aksan, Virginia (2007). Ottoman Wars, 1700-1860: An Empire Besieged. Pearson Education Limited. 
  • Baer, Marc David (2008). Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-979783-7. 
  • Darling, Linda (1996). Revenue-Raising and Legitimacy, Tax Collection and Finance Administration in the Ottoman Empire, 1560-1660. Leiden: E.J. Brill. 
  • Finkel, Caroline (2005). Osman's Dream: The Story of the Ottoman Empire, 1300-1923. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-02396-7. 
  • Hathaway, Jane (2008). The Arab Lands under Ottoman Rule, 1516-1800. Pearson Education Ltd. ISBN 978-0-582-41899-8. 
  • Peirce, Leslie (1993). The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-508677-5. 
  • Rhoads, Murphey (1993). "Continuity and Discontinuity in Ottoman Administrative Theory and Practice during the Late Seventeenth Century". Poetics Today. 14: 419–443. 
  • Rhoads, Murphey (1999). Ottoman Warfare, 1500-1700. Rutgers University Press. 
  • Tezcan, Baki (2010). The Second Ottoman Empire: Political and Social Transformation in the Early Modern World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-41144-9. 
  • Thomas, Lewis V. (1972). Norman Itzkowitz, ed. A Study of Naima. New York: New York University Press. 
  • Woodhead, Christine (2011). The Ottoman World. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-44492-7. 


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Further reading

General histories

  • Finkel, Caroline (2005). Osman's Dream: The Story of the Ottoman Empire, 1300-1923. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-02396-7. 
  • İnalcık, Halil (1994). İnalcık, Halil; Donald Quataert, eds. An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300-1914. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-57456-0. 

Monographs

  • Abou-El-Haj, Rifa'at Ali (1984). The 1703 Rebellion and the Structure of Ottoman Politics. Istanbul: Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut te İstanbul. 
  • Baer, Marc David (2008). Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-979783-7.