سلطنة ورسنجلي

Warsangali Sultanate

Saldanadda Warsangeli
سلطنة الورسنجلي
1218–1886
موقع وامتداد سلطنة ورسنجلي، حوالي 1857.
موقع وامتداد سلطنة ورسنجلي، حوالي 1857.
المكانةSomali Sultanate
العاصمةلاسقوري
اللغات الشائعةصومالي • العربية
الدين الإسلام
الحكومةملكية مطلقة
سلطان 
• 1298–1311 (الأول)
Garaad Dhidhin
• 1897–1960 (الأخير)
Mohamoud Ali Shire
التاريخ 
• تأسست
1218
• Decline
1886
Succeeded by
أرض الصومال البريطانية
Today part of أرض الصومال
 الصومال

سلطنة ورسنجلي هي سلطنة حكمت الصومال وبالضبط شمال الصومال بين سنة 1218 و1886 تاريخ قدوم البريطانيين وعند قدوم البريطانيين أبقوا على السلطان يحكم ولكن تحت إمرتهم وآخر سلاطين هذه السلطنة هو محمد علي شير.

بعض أثار السلطنة


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Timeline of events in Somaliland


Rulers of the Warsangali Sultanate

Rulers of the Warsangali Sultanate up to and after Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire:[1]

# Sultan Reign Notes
1 Garaad Dhidhin 1298–1311 Established the Warsangali Sultanate in the late 13th century.
2 Garaad Hamar Gale 1311–1328 Son of Garaad Dhidhin. Expanded rule into the southern Somali Peninsula.
3 Garaad Ibrahim 1328–1340
4 Garaad Omer 1340–1355
5 Garaad Mohamud I 1355–1375
6 Garaad Ciise I 1375–1392
7 Garaad Siciid 1392–1409
8 Garaad Ahmed 1409–1430
9 Garaad Siciid II 1430–1450
10 Garaad Mohamud II 1450–1479
11 Garaad Ciise II 1479–1487 Father of Garaad Ali Dable.
12 Garaad Omar 1487–1495 Following Garaad Ciise II's death, various pretenders to the throne battled each other to succeed the ruler. Power was eventually transferred for a short period to Ciise II's brother, Garaad Omar.
13 Garaad Ali Dable 1491–1503 Exiled in Yemen after the death of his father, Garaad Ciise II. Returned with cannon fire and defeated the Garaad of Dhulbahante's troops in the Battle of Garadag.
14 Garaad Liban 1503–1525 Eldest son of Garaad Ali Dable.
15 Garaad Yuusuf 1525–1555
16 Garaad Mohamud III 1555–1585
17 Garaad Abdale 1585–1612
18 Garaad Ali 1612–1655
19 Garaad Mohamud IV 1655–1675
20 Garaad Naleye 1675–1705
21 Garaad Mohamed 1705–1750
22 Garaad Ali 1750–1789
23 Garaad Mohamud Ali 1789–1830
24 Garaad Aul 1830–1870
25 Garaad Ali Shire 1870–1897 Father of Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire, with whom he briefly engaged in a power struggle.
26 Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire 1897–1960 Led the Sultanate during some of its most turbulent years. Fought against and signed treaties with the British. Eventually exiled to the Seychelles for ignoring imperial entreaties.
27 Sultan Abdul Sallan 1960–1997
28 Sultan Siciid Sultan Abdisalaan 1997–present

See also

Notes

  1. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Warssult

References

  • Lewis. I. M. A Modern History of Somalia: Nation and State in Horn of Africa. Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1960.
  • Hess. Robert L. "The 'Mad Mullah' and Northern Somalia". The Journal of African History, vol 5, no. 3 p. 415–433. Cambridge: Ohio Cambridge University Press, 1964.
  • Speke. John Hanning. "Sultan/Garaad Mohamoud Ali—Hidden Treasure—Royal Reception—Sultan Tries my Abban". What Led to the Discovery of the Source of the Nile. Edinburgh: Edinburgh William Blackwood and Sons 1864.
  • British Empire. Protection treaties with Somaliland tribes. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and sons, 1887.
  • Lewis. I. M. Pastoral Democracy: A Study on Pastoralism and Politics among the Northern Somali Clans. Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1958.
  • Alinur, Said. "Abyssinian Invasion: Reminder of a Seven Century old Animosity". 17 January 2007. Source
  • Warsangeli Sultanate
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