رمات گان

(تم التحويل من رامات گان)
رمات گان

  • רָמַת גַּן
Ranat gan.jpg
الشعار الرسمي لـ رمات گان
رمات گان is located in إسرائيل
رمات گان
رمات گان
الإحداثيات: 32°05′N 34°49′E / 32.083°N 34.817°E / 32.083; 34.817
المنطقةتل أبيب
تأسست1921
الحكومة
 • النوع(من 1950)
 • رأس البلديةZvi Bar
المساحة
 • الإجمالي12٫214 كم² (4٫716 ميل²)
التعداد
 (2009)[1]
 • الإجمالي145٬000
معنى الاسممرتفات الجولان

رمات گان Ramat Gan (بالعبرية: רָמַת גַּן(audio) )، هي مدينة تقع في قلب إسرائيل، في ما يسمى بقضاء تل أبيب، تحدها من الشمال والغرب مدينة تل أبيب، من الجنوب مدينة جفعتايم ومن الشرق مدينة بني براك.

المدينة تحتوي على مراكز ومرافق هامة، مثل جامعة بار إيلان وحديقة حيوان مفتوحة (سفاري)، والمتنزه الوطني، والملعب الدولي. كما ويقع في رمات گان، برج موشي أبيب وهو أعلى مبنى في إسرائيل حتى اليوم. وتقع في مدينة رمات گان بورصة الماس عند حدودها مع مدينة تل أبيب.


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

التاريخ

رمات گان من برج موشيه أبيب

Ramat Gan was established by the Ir Ganim[2] association in 1921 as a satellite town of Tel Aviv. The first plots of land were purchased between 1914–1918.[3] It stood just south of the Arab village of Jarisha.[بحاجة لمصدر] The settlement was initially a moshava, a Zionist agricultural colony that grew wheat, barley and watermelons.[4] The name of the settlement was changed to Ramat Gan (lit: Garden Height) in 1923. The settlement continued to operate as a moshava until 1933, although it achieved local council status in 1926. At this time it had 450 residents. In the 1940s, Ramat Gan became a battleground in the country's language war: A Yiddish language printing press in Ramat Gan was blown up by Hebrew-language extremists.[5]

Ramat Gan in 1948

Over the years, the economy shifted from agriculture to commerce and industry. By 1946, the population had grown to 12,000.[3] In 1950, Ramat Gan was recognized as a city. The city's population was greatly boosted by an influx of Iraqi Jews into Israel during Operation Ezra and Nehemiah. So many Iraqi immigrants settled in Ramat Gan that it became known as "Little Baghdad."[6] In 1955, it had a population of 55,000. The first mayor was Avraham Krinitzi who remained in office for 43 years. In 1961, the municipal area of Ramat Gan expanded eastward, to encompass the area that includes the Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer and Bar Ilan University. In 1968, the world's largest diamond exchange opened in Ramat Gan.[3] The Sheba Medical Center and the Israel Diamond Exchange are located in Ramat Gan.

الجغرافيا والمناخ

منتزه في رمات گان

Ramat Gan is located in the Gush Dan metropolitan area east of Tel Aviv. It is bounded in the north by the Yarkon River and in the east by Bnei Brak. Giv'atayim lies to the southwest.[4]

Ramat Gan experiences an average of 500 mم (2 قدم) of rainfall per year and is located, on average 80 م (260 قدم) above sea level.[4] It is built on limestone hills.[7] Ramat Gan parks include The National Park which covers some 1,900 dunams, and David Park in the Merom Naveh neighborhood.[8] 25% of Ramat Gan is covered by public parkland.

Ramat Gan neighborhoods include: Shchunat Hageffen, City Center, Nachalat Ganim, Kiryat Krinitzi, Ramat Shikma, Ramat Yitzhak, Shchunat Rishonim, Tel Yehuda, Givat Geula, Neve Yehoshua, Kiryat Borochov, Merom Naveh, Ramat Amidar, Ramat Chen, Shikun Vatikim, Shchunat Hillel, Elite and Diamond Exchange District and Tel Binyamin.[3]

التعداد السكاني

مدينة رمات گان
السكان حسب السنة
[9]
1948 17,200
1955 58,500
1961 90,800
1972 118,000
1983 117,100
1995 128,700
2005 128,400
2006 129,700

According to the 1931 census, Ramat Gan had 975 inhabitants, in 253 houses.[10] اعتبارا من 2006, Ramat Gan had 129,700 residents, on an area of 12,000 dunams (12 km²).[11] The population was growing at a rate of 1.0% per annum with 90% of this growth coming through natural increase.[11] The population density of the city is 9,822.6 per square kilometer, one of the highest in Israel.[9] In terms of the origin of Ramat Gan's residents, 42,900 originate from Europe and America, 10,200 from Africa, 29,200 from Asia, and 40,600 from Israel.[12] 86,200 of the residents of Ramat Gan were born in Israel, whilst 36,600 were born abroad.[12]

According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, as of 2001, Ramat Gan's socioeconomic ranking stood at 8 out of 10. 70.9% of twelfth grade students received a matriculation certificate in 2000. That year, the average wages in Ramat Gan were 6,995 NIS. اعتبارا من 2006, 32,100 of the city's households had people who were not in the labour force, with 23,300 of these retired.[13] 1,900 of the households had unemployed within them.[13] 43,000 households were fully employed.[13] The largest sectors of jobs for those in employment in Ramat Gan were business activities accounting for 18.1% of jobs, education, 15.1%, wholesale and retail trade, and repairs, 14.2%, manufacturing 10.8%, and health, welfare and social work services, 10.0%.[14]

الإقتصاد

Tuval Street
Elite Junction

Ramat Gan's economy is dominated by the Diamond Exchange District in the northwest of the city, home to a large concentration of skyscrapers, including Moshe Aviv Tower (City Gate), Israel's second tallest at over 240 مترs (790 قدم), the Israel Diamond Exchange (a world leader in diamonds), a large Sheraton hotel, and many high-tech businesses, among them Check Point Software Technologies and ArticlesBase.

Also located in the Diamond Exchange District is the State Bank of India's Israeli headquarters and the headquarters of Bank Mizrachi, whilst the embassies of Ghana, Kenya, Ivory Coast, Jordan, Eritrea, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, and the European Economic Community, are located in the area.[15] A number of other international embassies are also located in the city, as is the British Council. Also headquartered in the city is the Histadrut trade union. Located to the south of Ramat Gan is Hiriya, the largest waste transfer site in the Middle East.

Ramat Gan is also an important center for industry and manufacturing with major fruit and vegetable canning plants, textile mills, metal production plants, electrical manufacturers, furniture makers, and food producers based here.[16] Currently, the Elite Tower, set to exceed the Moshe Aviv Tower in height, is being built on the site of the historic Elite Candy factory. As a tribute to the history of the site, the lower floors of the tower will house a chocolate museum.[17] The tower is set to contain luxury apartments, with an average price tag of $1 million each. At the end of 2006, Ramat Gan had three hotels, with a total of 408 rooms with 150,000 person-nights over the year representing 64% room occupancy.[18]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الحكومة المحلية

The mayor of Ramat Gan is Carmel Shama.

Below is a complete list of mayors:

Mayors of Ramat Gan
Avraham Krinitzi General Zionists 1926–1969
Yisrael Peled General Zionists 1969–1983
Uri Amit Labor 1983–1989
Zvi Bar Ramat Gan BaRosh, Likud 1989–2013
Yisrael Zinger Zinger LeRamat Gan 2013–2018
Carmel Shama Likud 2018–

التعليم

Ramat Gan is home to Israel's second largest university, Bar-Ilan University, with 24,000 students. The city is also the location of the Shenkar College of Engineering and Design, Ramat Gan College, the College of Law and Business, Beit Zvi acting college.[19][20]

الدين

Shivtei Yisrael synagogue

تضم رمات گان 112 كنيس ويشيڤاين،[21][22] ومركز قبالة. تضم رمات گان أيضًا معبد بوذي ومركز سينتولوجيا

الرعاية الصحية

يقع مركز شبا الطبي في جنوب شرق رمات گان وتل هشومير، وهو من أكبر مستشفيات إسرائيل.[23] تضم أيضًا مستشفى سافرة للأطفال ومركز (باده) لإعادة تأهيل المسنين. تضم المدينة 23 مركز طبي تديره السلطات الطبية 10 عيادات للأطفال تديرهم البلدية.[24]

الآثار

Northwest of the city is the archaeological site of Tel Gerisa, with its main occupation phases dating back to the Middle and Late Bronze Ages and declining through Iron Age I and II.[25]

الثقافة

Diamond Theater

Cultural venues in Ramat Gan include the Ramat Gan Theater, the Diamond Theater and the Russell Cultural Center. The Beit Zvi School of Performing Arts is based in Ramat Gan. Ramat Gan operates two cinemas complexes: the Lev-Elram Cinema and the "Yes Planet" megaplex. Ramat Gan also has a safari park. The 250-acre site consists of both a drive-through African safari area and a modern outdoor zoo. [26]


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

المتاحف

Beit Avraham Krinitzi, home of the first mayor, is now a museum of the history of Ramat Gan. The Harry Oppenheimer Diamond Museum tells the story of the Israeli diamond industry.[بحاجة لمصدر] Man and the Living World Museum is a natural history museum and the Maccabi Museum focuses on the history of Jewish sports since 1898.[27] The Ramat Gan Safari, a 250-أكر (1.0 kم2) zoo housing 1,600 animals, is the largest animal collection in the Middle East.[8][محل شك] Other museums in the city include the Museum of Israeli Art, Kiryat Omanut which houses sculpture galleries and a ceramics studio, the Museum of Russian Art, the Museum of Jewish Art, and the Yehiel Nahari Museum of Far Eastern Art.[بحاجة لمصدر]

الرياضة

ملعب رمات گان

The Maccabiah Games are held in Ramat Gan every four years. Ramat Gan Stadium is Israel's national football stadium until 2014. Seating 41,583 (13,370 is a permitted seats). Hakoah Amidar Ramat Gan and Hapoel Ramat Gan who both play at the Winter Stadium, are the city's main football clubs, both having won the championship at some point in their history. Beitar Ramat Gan plays in the South A Division of Liga Bet, the fourth tier, whilst F.C. Mahanaim Ramat Gan, Maccabi Hashikma Hen, Maccabi Spartak Ramat Gan and Shikun Vatikim Ramat Gan are all playing in the Tel Aviv Division of Liga Gimel, the fifth tier. The now-defunct clubs Maccabi Ramat Gan and Maccabi Ramat Amidar were both involved in mergers which formed Hakoah Amidar. In basketball, Ironi Ramat Gan plays in Ligat HaAl, the top division.

مشاهير رمات گان

المدن الشقيقة

رمات گان على علاقة توأمة مع المدن التاليةwith:[28]

المصادر

  1. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة cbs populations
  2. ^ "Ramat Gan (Israel)". Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  3. ^ أ ب ت ث "Ramat Gan". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  4. ^ أ ب ت "General Information". Ramat Gan Municipality. Archived from the original on March 27, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  5. ^ Pilowsky, A: "Yiddish Alongside The Revival of Hebrew Public Polemics on the Status of Yiddish in Eretz Israel, 1907–1929", Readings in the Sociology of Jewish Languages, page 123. Joshua Fishman ed, Leiden – E.J. Brill, 1985.
  6. ^ Benjamin, Marina (June 24, 2008). Last Days in Babylon: The Exile of Iraq's Jews, the Story of My Family. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781416572046 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Ramat Gan". Archived from the original on July 4, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  8. ^ أ ب "Parks & Safari". Archived from the original on March 17, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  9. ^ أ ب "Population Densities". Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 15
  11. ^ أ ب "Sources of Population Growth". Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  12. ^ أ ب "Origins". Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  13. ^ أ ب ت "Labour Force Characteristics". Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  14. ^ "Industry of employment". Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  15. ^ "Diamond Exchange Area turns into luxury residential spot". Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  16. ^ Ramat Gan. Encarta. Archived from the original on December 2, 2007. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  17. ^ "Trump to build projects in Israel – Israel Money, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. June 20, 1995. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
  18. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics. "Statistical Abstract of Israel 2007 – No. 58 Subject 23 – Table No. 11". Retrieved 6 April 2008.
  19. ^ "Academic Institutes". Archived from the original on March 17, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  20. ^ המרכז האקדמי למשפט ולעסקים ברמת גן [The Academic Center for Law and Business in Ramat Gan].
  21. ^ "Synagogues in Ramat Gan".
  22. ^ "Our Faith". Archived from the original on July 21, 2009. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
  23. ^ Ayala Hurwicz (May 7, 2007). "Sheba – Largest Hospital in Israel" (in العبرية). Retrieved September 14, 2007.
  24. ^ "Medical Services". Archived from the original on March 17, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  25. ^ Negev, Avraham; Gibson, Shimon (2001). Gerisa (Tel);Jerishe (Tell). Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land. New York and London: Continuum. pp. 194–5. ISBN 0-8264-1316-1. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  26. ^ "Theatre & Cinema". Archived from the original on March 17, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  27. ^ "Museums & Fine Art". Archived from the original on March 17, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  28. ^ "Ramat Gan Sister Cities". Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008.

وصلات خارجية