قبارصة أتراك

القبارصة الأتراك
Turkish Cypriots
Kıbrıs Türkleri
إجمالي التعداد
العدد الإجمالي غير معروف
(انظر أيضاً الشتات القبرصي التركي)
المناطق ذات التجمعات المعتبرة
Flag of قبرص الشمالية قبرص الشمالية150.000 (تقديرات)[1]
Flag of تركيا تركيا300.000 إلى أكثر من 650.000
(التقديرات الأعلى تشمل أحفاد المهاجرين من القرن العشرين)[2][3][4][5][6][7]
Flag of المملكة المتحدة المملكة المتحدة130.000 (مواطن من قبرص الشمالية فقط - باستثناء المولودين في بريطانيا والأطفال حاملي الجنسية المزدوجة)[8][9][10]
300.000 إلى 400.000 (يتضمن الأحفاد)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
Flag of أستراليا أستراليا30.000 (المهاجرون القبارصة الأتراك لعام 1993[2])
تقديرات من 40.000 إلى 120.000[6][7][15][17][18]
Flag of كندا كندا6.000 (القبارصة الاتراك المهاجرون في 1993[2])
Flag of الولايات المتحدة الولايات المتحدة6,000 (القبارصة الاتراك المهاجرون في 1993[2])
Flag of دولة فلسطين فلسطين4.000 (الأزواج القبارصة الأتراك فقط - باستثناء الأحفاد) b [19][20]
Flag of قبرص قبرص (الجنوب)1.128 (التقديرات القبرصية 2011[21])
2.000 (تقديرات)[22]
بلدان أخرى5,000 (تقديرات وزارة الخارجية بشمال قبرص 2001)،[6] خاصة في غرب أوروپا، نيوزيلندا، جنوب أفريقيا
اللغات
التركية القياسية والتركية القبرصية، الإنگليزية
الدين
الإسلام السني
الجماعات العرقية ذات الصلة
الشعوب التركية

a  هذه الأرقام لا تتضمن المستوطنين الأتراك من تركيا.
b  هذا الرقم لا يتضمن النساء القبارصة الأتراك اللاتي تم بيعهن للفلسطينيين في أوائل القرن 20. عدد أحفاد القبارصة الأتراك غير معروف.

القبارصة الأتراك أو الأتراك القبارصة (تركية: Kıbrıs Türkleri أو Kıbrıslı Türkler؛ باليونانية: Τουρκοκύπριοι)، هي جماعة عرقية توركية ترجع بأصولها إلى قبرص. في أعقاب الغزو العثماني للجزيرة عام 1571، تم منح قرابة 30.000 مستوطن تركي أراضي بمجرد وصولهم قبرص.[23][24] بالإضافة إلى ذلك، فقد دخل الكثير من سكان الجزيرة الإسلام خلال السنوات الاولى من الحكم العثماني.[25] ومع ذلك، فقد استمر تدفق المستوطنين المسلمين بشكل أساسي إلى قبرص بشكل متقطع حتى نهاية الفترة العثمانية.[26] اليم،، بينما تعتبر قبرص الشمالية موطناً لجزء كبير من القبارصة الأتراك، فإن غالبية القبارصة الأتراك يعيشون بالخارج، مشكلين الشتات القبرصي التركي. تشكل هذا الشتات بعد نقل الدولة العثمانية حكم الجزيرة إلى الامبراطورية البريطانية، حيث هاجر الكثير من القبارصة الأتراك إلى تركيا والمملكة المتحدة لأسباب سياسية واقتصادية. تزايدت وتيرة الهجرة مع العنف الطائفي في الخمسينيات والستينيات، حيث اضطر القبارصة الأتراك إلى العيش في الجيوب القبرصية.

العامية التركية التي يستخدمها القبارصة الأتراك هي التركية القبرصية بينما تعتبر التركية القياسية هي اللغة الرسمية والتي تأثرت بشكل كبير باليونانية القبرصية وكذلك الإنگليزية.

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التاريخ

قبرص قبل العثمانية

خريطة من أوائل القرن السادس عشر (ح. 1521-25) لرسام الخرائط العثماني پيري ريس.



قبرص العثمانية

رسم عثماني يصور إبرار الجنود العثمانيون عند قلعة ليماسول أثناء الغزو العثماني لقبرص (1570-71).
قام الأتراك العثمانيون ببناء بويوك هان عام 1572. أصبحت اليوم مركزاً للثقافة القبرصية التركية.
قناة بكر پاشا، بناها الحاكم العثماني أبو بكر پاشا عام 1747. وتعتبر من أهم القنوات المائية التي تم بناؤها في قبرص.



قبرص البريطانية

امرأة قبرصية، 1878.
محمد رمزي أوكان وزوجته وأطفالهما عام 1919 أثناء حرب الاستقلال التركية. كانت عائلة قبرصية تركية تملك صحيفة "Söz Gazetesi".


جمهورية قبرص

An old Turkish Cypriot "mahalle" (quarter) in پافوس (1969).


جمهورية قبرص الشمالية التركية

المناطق الشمالية من جزيرة قبرص الواقعة تحت ادارة القبارصة الأتراك.


الثقافة


الديانات

تكية حلا سلطان، بناها العثمانيون في القرن 18.


اللغات


الموسيقى والرقص



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الديموغرافيا

تعداد 2006

مكان الميلاد السكان
القبارصة الأتراك
الذكور الإناث
قبرص الشمالية 112,534 56,332 56,202
Lefkoşa 54,077 27,043 27,034
Gazimağusa 32,264 16,151 16,113
Girne 10,178 5,168 5,010
Güzelyurt 10,241 5,013 5,228
İskele 4,617 2,356 2,261
لم يشر للمنطقة 1,157 601 556
قبرص الجنوبية 32,538 15,411 17 127
نيقوسيا (Lefkoşa) 3,544 1,646 1,898
فاماگوستا (Gazimağusa) 1,307 598 709
لارناكا (لارناكا) 6,492 3,031 3,461
ليماسول (ليماسول) 9,067 4,314 4,753
Paphos (Baf) 11,955 5,750 6,205
District not Indicated 173 72 101
Cyprus - North or South region not Indicated 371 178 193
Total 145,443 71,921 73,522


تعداد 2011

مكان الميلاد السكان
القبارصة الأتراك[27]
ذكور إناث
قبرصا لشمالية 131,423 65,880 65,543
Lefkoşa 66,833 33,306 33,527
Gazimağusa 37,027 18,634 18,393
Girne 12,719 6,477 6,242
Güzelyurt 10,457 5,158 5,299
İskele 4,387 2,305 2,082
قبرص الجنوبية 28,784 13,615 15,169
نيقوسيا (Lefkoşa) 2,958 1,412 1,546
فاماگوستا (Gazimağusa) 237 104 133
لارناكا (لارناكا) 5,872 2,760 3,112
ليماسول (ليماسول) 8,579 4,031 4,548
پافوس (باف) 11,138 5,308 5,830
الإجمالي 160,207 79,495 80,712

الشتات

تركيا

عائلة قبرصية رتكية هاجرت إلى تركيا عام 1935.



فلسطين

المملكة المتحدة

توجد جالية قبرصية تركية كبيرة في لندن.



مشاهير القبارصة الأتراك

الفنون، الحياة الأكاديمية، الصحافة

الأعمال

السياسة

الرياضة


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انظر أيضاً

المصادر

  1. ^ Hatay, Mete (2017). "Population and Politics in north Cyprus: An overview of the ethno-demography of north Cyprus in the light of the 2011 census". PRIO Cyprus Centre. p. 48. Retrieved 20 April 2018. Taking the estimate of a current ‘TRNC’ citizen population at around 215,000, then, and subtracting the approximately 6,000 persons born in third countries whose heritage is not known, we may assume that there are around 150,000 persons of native Cypriot heritage, including 12,000-15,000 of mixed parentage (one Cypriot parent).
  2. ^ أ ب ت ث European Population Conference: Proceedings, Geneva, 2, Council of Europe, 1993, https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=grk3AQAAMAAJ&q=number+of+Turkish+Cypriots+now+living+in+Turkey+is+about+300+000+while+the+number+of+those+who+have+settled+in+England+is+100+000.+There+are+also+approximately+30+000+Turkish+Cypriots+living+in+Australia+and+about+6+000+in+Canada+and+the&dq=number+of+Turkish+Cypriots+now+living+in+Turkey+is+about+300+000+while+the+number+of+those+who+have+settled+in+England+is+100+000.+There+are+also+approximately+30+000+Turkish+Cypriots+living+in+Australia+and+about+6+000+in+Canada+and+the&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx-ub3hqzaAhWDmbQKHe6DD60Q6AEIKzAB, "The number of Turkish Cypriots now living in Turkey is about 300 000 while the number of those who have settled in England is 100 000. There are also approximately 30 000 Turkish Cypriots living in Australia and about 6 000 in Canada and the U.S.A." 
  3. ^ Kanlı, Yusuf (2017). "Migration is a killer of Turkish Cyprus". Hurriyet Daily News. Retrieved 8 April 2018. ...Turkish Cypriot backgrounds living in Turkey. There are many figures. Some say it is around 300,000, some claim it is well over 650,000.
  4. ^ Kanlı, Yusuf (2018). "Bridging the population gap in Cyprus". Hurriyet Daily News. Retrieved 8 April 2018. It is often said that if the descendants of those who migrated from Cyprus to Turkey back in 1931 are included, the number of Turkish Cypriots living in the “motherland” might exceed 600,000.
  5. ^ Country Report: Cyprus, Malta, Economist Intelligence Unit, 1997, https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=LewzAQAAIAAJ&q=the+original+called+for+Turkey+to+grant+dual+citizenship+to+Turkish+Cypriots+%E2%80%94+some+500,000+Turkish+Cypriots+living+in+Turkey+would+be+considered+citizens+of+the+TRNC,+and+the+approximately+200,000+persons+living+in+the+TRNC+would+be+given+Turkish+citizenship&dq=the+original+called+for+Turkey+to+grant+dual+citizenship+to+Turkish+Cypriots+%E2%80%94+some+500,000+Turkish+Cypriots+living+in+Turkey+would+be+considered+citizens+of+the+TRNC,+and+the+approximately+200,000+persons+living+in+the+TRNC+would+be+given+Turkish+citizenship&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjMr8y5x6vaAhVPKVAKHffNDTgQ6AEIJzAA, "...the original called for Turkey to grant dual citizenship to Turkish Cypriots — some 500,000 Turkish Cypriots living in Turkey would be considered citizens of the TRNC, and the approximately 200,000 persons living in the TRNC would be given Turkish citizenship" 
  6. ^ أ ب ت "Briefing Notes on the Cyprus Issue". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Defence, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. May 2001. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2010. there are currently about 500,000 Turkish Cypriots living in Turkey; 200,000 in Great Britain; 40,000 in Australia and some 10,000 in North America and 5,000 in other countries. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  7. ^ أ ب Star Kıbrıs (2012). "'Sözünüzü Tutun'". Retrieved 10 September 2012. Tarihsel süreç içerisinde yaşanan bazı olaylar nedeniyle Kıbrıs’tan göç etmek zorunda kalan Türklerin, bugün dünyanın farklı bölgelerinde yaşam sürdüklerine dikkat çeken Kasapoğlu, “Kıbrıslı Türklerin 300 bin kadarı İngiltere’de, 500 bini Türkiye’de, 120 bini Avustralya’da, 5 bini ABD’de, bin 800’ü Kanada’da, çok az bir popülasyon Güney Afrika Cumhuriyeti’nde, bin 600’ü Yeni Zellanda’da, 2 bin kadarının da Almanya’da olduğu tahmin ediliyor” ifadelerini kullandı.
  8. ^ Edwards, Viv. "Turkish today". Your Voice. BBC. Retrieved 7 December 2008. 130,000 nationals of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus currently live in the UK. These figures, however, do not include the much larger numbers of Turkish speakers who have been born or have obtained British nationality.
  9. ^ "Turkish community in the UK". Consulate General for the Republic of Turkey in London. Archived from the original on 4 March 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2010. Please note that approximately 130,000 nationals of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, whose mother tongue is Turkish, are living in the UK as well. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  10. ^ "The Turkish and Turkish Cypriot Muslim Community in England" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. Retrieved 26 March 2018. In addition, there are estimated to be 130,000 Turkish Cypriots in the UK. It is unlikely that any of the official figures available provide a true indication of the size of the Turkish speaking population in the country as much of the official data is only available by country of birth and excludes British born and dual heritage children
  11. ^ "Implications for the Justice and Home Affairs area of the accession of Turkey to the European Union" (PDF). The Stationery Office. 2011. p. Ev 34. There are approximately 150,000 Turkish nationals in the UK at present, of a total of about 500,000 people of Turkish origin in the UK, including Cypriot Turks (about 300,000) and Turks with Bulgarian or Romanian citizenship
  12. ^ "Network Radio BBC Week 39: Wednesday 28 September 2011: Turkish Delight?". BBC. Retrieved 14 September 2011. Turkish influence on the UK began with the arrival of coffee houses in the 17th century. There are now estimated to be 150,000 immigrants from mainland Turkey as well as 300,000 Turkish Cypriots, many leaving Cyprus during the Fifties and Sixties during the internal war.
  13. ^ Implications for the Justice and Home Affairs area of the accession of Turkey to the European Union, The Conversation, 2016, https://theconversation.com/turks-living-in-britain-see-it-as-their-duty-to-integrate-60465, retrieved on 8 April 2016, "Today, the 300,000 Turkish Cypriots make up the largest part of Britain’s Turkish-speaking community." 
  14. ^ Turkish people and British politics: Where are the other 499,997?, Operation Black Vote, 2012, http://www.obv.org.uk/news-blogs/turkish-people-and-british-politics-where-are-other-499997, retrieved on 8 April 2016, "At present, there are an estimated 300,000 Turkish Cypriots living in the UK which is even more compared to Turkish Cypriots in North Cyprus as estimates shows that there are between 150,000 - 200,000." 
  15. ^ أ ب Akben, Gözde (11 February 2010). "OLMALI MI, OLMAMALI MI?". Star Kibris. Retrieved 21 January 2011.
  16. ^ Cemal, Akay (2 June 2011). "Dıştaki gençlerin askerlik sorunu çözülmedikçe…". Kıbrıs Gazetesi. Archived from the original on 1 August 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  17. ^ Kibris Gazetesi. "Avustralya'daki Kıbrıslı Türkler ve Temsilcilik..." Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  18. ^ BRT. "AVUSTURALYA'DA KIBRS TÜRKÜNÜN SESİ". Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  19. ^ Cahit 2014, 11.
  20. ^ Sabah. "Küçük adanın talihsiz kızları". Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Population - Country of Birth, Citizenship Category, Country of Citizenship, Language, Religion, Ethnic/Religious Group, 2011". Statistical Service of the Republic of Cyprus. Retrieved 2016-04-26.
  22. ^ Hatay 2007, 40.
  23. ^ Welin & Ekelund 2004, 2.
  24. ^ Hüssein 2007, 14.
  25. ^ Jennings 1993, 137-38.
  26. ^ Çevikel 2000, 178.
  27. ^ TRNC General Population and Housing Unit Census, TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organization, 2006, p. 38, http://www.devplan.org/nufus-2011/nufus%20ikinci_.pdf, retrieved on 11 April 2018 

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