قائمة حائزي جائزة نوبل في الاقتصاد

الإعلان عن جائزة نوبل في الاقتصاد لعام 2008

جائزة نوبل التذكارية في العلوم الاقتصادية أو رسمياً جائزة سڤريگس ريكسبانكس في العلوم الاقتصادية على ذكرى ألفرد نوبل (بالسويدية:Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne) هي جائزة تمنح للإنجازات المتميزة في حقل العلوم اقتصاد، وتعتبر الجائزة الأكثر مستوى في هذا المجال. تعرف بشكل مختصر باسم جائزة نوبل في الاقتصاد، وهي ليست رسميا واحدة من الخمس جوائز المسماةجوائز نوبل (في مجالات الفيزياء، الكيمياء، الطب، الأدب، والسلام) والتي قام ألفرد نوبل بتأسيسها في عام 1895.

تم البدء بالعمل بجائزة نوبل للاقتصاد في عام 1968 في الذكرى 300 لتأسيس بنك السويد المركزي وهي ممولة من هذا البنك.

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الفائزون

السنة الفائز البلد السبب الجامعة الأم المؤسسة الإسهامات الرئيسية
1969 Uio frisch 2006 0025.jpg رينجر فريستش  النرويج           "لتطوير وتطبيق نماذج ديناميكية لتحليل العمليات الاقتصادية"/> جامعة أوسلو جامعة أوسلو Frisch–Waugh–Lovell theorem, Conjectural variation
Jan Tinbergen 1982.jpg جان تنبرجن  هولندا جامعة لايدن جامعة إرازموس Econometrics, Policy instruments
1970 Paul Samuelson.gif پول صمويلسون  الولايات المتحدة "for the scientific work through which he has developed static and dynamic economic theory and actively contributed to raising the level of analysis in economic science"[1] Harvard University Massachusetts Institute of Technology Revealed preference, Samuelson condition, Social Welfare Function, Efficient-market hypothesis, Turnpike theory, Balassa–Samuelson effect, Stolper–Samuelson theorem, Overlapping generations model
1971  Simon Kuznets 1971b.jpg سيمون كوزنتس  الولايات المتحدة "for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development"[2] Columbia University Harvard University Gross domestic product, Capital formation, Kuznets cycle, Kuznets curve
1972 John Hicks 1972.jpg جون هيكس  المملكة المتحدة   "for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory."[3] University of Oxford University of Oxford IS–LM model, Hicksian demand function, substitution effect, income effect, Kaldor–Hicks efficiency
Kenneth Arrow, Stanford University.jpg كينيث أرو  الولايات المتحدة Columbia University Harvard University Fundamental theorems of welfare economics, Arrow's impossibility theorem, Arrow–Debreu model, Endogenous growth theory,
1973  Wassily Leontief 1973.jpg فاسيلي ليونتييف Soviet Union
 الولايات المتحدة
"for the development of the input-output method and for its application to important economic problems"[4] University of Berlin Harvard University Input–output model, Leontief paradox
 1974 Gunnar Myrdal - Sveriges styresmän.jpg گونار ميردال  السويد  "for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena."[5] Stockholm University Stockholm University Circular cumulative causation
Friedrich Hayek portrait.jpg فريدريك هايك  النمسا
 المملكة المتحدة
University of Vienna London School of Economics, University of Chicago Austrian business cycle theory, Economic calculation problem, Spontaneous order, Information economics
1975 Leonid Kantorovich 1975.jpg ليونيد كاتروڤتش Soviet Union "for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"[6] Leningrad State University Novosibirsk State University Linear programming, Kantorovich theorem, Kantorovich inequality, Kantorovich metric
TjallingKoopmans1967.jpg تيالنگ كوپمانز  هولندا
 الولايات المتحدة
University of Leiden University of Chicago, Yale University Linear programming
1976 Portrait of Milton Friedman.jpg ميلتون فريدمان  الولايات المتحدة "for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilisation policy"[7] Columbia University University of Chicago Monetarism, Permanent income hypothesis, Natural rate of unemployment, Sequential analysis, Helicopter money, Great Contraction, Friedman rule, Friedman–Savage utility function, Friedman test
1977 Bertil Ohlin.jpg برتيل اولن  السويد "for their pathbreaking contribution to the theory of international trade and international capital movements"[8] Stockholm University Stockholm School of Economics Heckscher–Ohlin model
James Meade Nobel.jpg جيمس ميد  المملكة المتحدة University of Cambridge University of Cambridge Nominal income target
1978 Herbert simon red complete.jpg هيربرت سيمون  الولايات المتحدة "for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations"[9] University of Chicago Carnegie Mellon University Bounded rationality, satisficing, preferential attachment
 1979 Theodore W. Schultz.jpg ثيودور سكلتز  الولايات المتحدة  "for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries."[10] University of Wisconsin-Madison University of Chicago Human Capital Theory
آرثر لويس  سانت لوشيا
 المملكة المتحدة
London School of Economics Princeton University Lewis model, Lewis turning point
1980 لورنس كلين  الولايات المتحدة "for the creation of econometric models and the application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies"[11] Massachusetts Institute of Technology University of Pennsylvania Macroeconomics forecasting
1981 James Tobin.png جيمس توبن  الولايات المتحدة "for his analysis of financial markets and their relations to expenditure decisions, employment, production and prices"[12] Harvard University Yale University Tobin tax, Tobit model, Tobin's q, Baumol–Tobin model
1982 جورج ستيگلر  الولايات المتحدة "for his seminal studies of industrial structures, functioning of markets and causes and effects of public regulation"[13] University of Chicago University of Chicago Regulatory capture
1983 Debreu, Gérard (1921-2004).jpeg جيرار دوبرو  فرنسا "for having incorporated new analytical methods into economic theory and for his rigorous reformulation of the theory of general equilibrium"[14] École Normale Supérieure
University of Paris
University of California, Berkeley Arrow–Debreu model, Sonnenschein–Mantel–Debreu theorem
1984 ريتشارد ستون  المملكة المتحدة "for having made fundamental contributions to the development of systems of national accounts and hence greatly improved the basis for empirical economic analysis"[15] University of Cambridge University of Cambridge National accounts
1985 Franco Modigliani.jpg فرانكو موديلياني  إيطاليا "for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets"[16] The New School for Social Research Massachusetts Institute of Technology Modigliani–Miller theorem, Life-cycle hypothesis
1986 James Buchanan by Atlas network.jpg جيمس بيوكانن  الولايات المتحدة "for his development of the contractual and constitutional bases for the theory of economic and political decision-making"[17] University of Chicago George Mason University Constitutional economics
1987 Robert Solow by Olaf Storbeck.jpg روبرت سولو  الولايات المتحدة "for his contributions to the theory of economic growth"[18] Harvard University Massachusetts Institute of Technology Solow–Swan model
1988 ALLAIS PN Maurice-24x30-2001b.jpg موريس آليه  فرنسا "for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources"[19] École Polytechnique École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, Paris Nanterre University OLG model, Allais paradox, Golden Rule savings rate
1989 Trygve Haavelmo.jpg تريگڤه هاڤلمو  النرويج "for his clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures"[20] University of Oslo University of Oslo Balanced budget multiplier
1990 هاري مركويتس  الولايات المتحدة "for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics"[21] University of Chicago City University of New York Modern portfolio theory, Markowitz model, Efficient frontier
مرتون ميلر Johns Hopkins University Carnegie Mellon University, University of Chicago Modigliani–Miller theorem
William sharpe 2007.jpg وليام شارپ University of California, Los Angeles Stanford University Sharpe Ratio, Binomial options pricing model, Returns-based style analysis
1991 Coase scan 10 edited.jpg رونالد كوس  المملكة المتحدة "for his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy"[22] London School of Economics University of Chicago, London School of Economics Transaction costs, Coase theorem, Coase conjecture
1992 GaryBecker-May24-2008.jpg گاري بكر  الولايات المتحدة "for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including non-market behaviour"[23] University of Chicago University of Chicago Human Capital Theory
1993 Robert William Fogel.jpg روبرت فوگل  الولايات المتحدة "for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"[24] Johns Hopkins University University of Chicago Cliometrics
Douglass North.jpg دوگلاس نورث University of California, Berkeley Washington University in St Louis
 1994 جون هارساني  المجر
 الولايات المتحدة
"for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games."[25] Stanford University University of California, Berkeley Bayesian game, Preference utilitarianism, Equilibrium selection
John f nash 20061102 3.jpg جون فوربس ناش  الولايات المتحدة Princeton University Princeton University Nash equilibrium, Nash embedding theorem, Nash functions, Nash–Moser theorem
Reinhard Selten2.jpg راينهارد سلتن  ألمانيا Goethe University Frankfurt University of Bonn Experimental economics
1995 روبرت لوكاس  الولايات المتحدة "for having developed and applied the hypothesis of rational expectations, and thereby having transformed macroeconomic analysis and deepened our understanding of economic policy"[26] University of Chicago University of Chicago Rational expectations, Lucas critique, Lucas paradox, Lucas aggregate supply function, Uzawa–Lucas model
1996 جيمس ميرليس  المملكة المتحدة "for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"[27] University of Cambridge University of Oxford, University of Cambridge Optimal labor income taxation
وليام ڤيكري  كندا
 الولايات المتحدة
Columbia University Columbia University Vickrey auction, Revenue equivalence, Congestion pricing
1997 Robert C. Merton.jpg روبرت مرتون  الولايات المتحدة "for a new method to determine the value of derivatives."[28] Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology Black–Scholes–Merton model, ICAPM, Merton's portfolio problem
Myron Scholes 2008 in Lindau.png مايرون شولز  كندا
 الولايات المتحدة
University of Chicago Massachusetts Institute of Technology Black–Scholes–Merton model
1998 Amartya Sen 20071128 cologne.jpg أمارتيا سن  الهند "for his contributions to welfare economics"[29] University of Cambridge Harvard University, University of Cambridge Human development theory, Capability approach
1999 Rmundell.jpg روبرت مندل  كندا "for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas"[30] Massachusetts Institute of Technology Columbia University Optimum currency area, Supply-side economics, Mundell–Fleming model, Mundell–Tobin effect
2000 James Heckman.jpg جيمس هكمان  الولايات المتحدة "for his development of theory and methods for analyzing selective samples"[31] Princeton University University of Chicago Heckman correction
McFadden.jpg دانيال مكفادن  الولايات المتحدة "for his development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice"[31] University of Minnesota University of California Berkeley, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Discrete choice models
2001 George Akerlof.jpg جورج أكرلوف  الولايات المتحدة "for their analyses of markets with information asymmetry"[32] Massachusetts Institute of Technology Georgetown University, University of California Berkeley Adverse selection (The Market for Lemons), Efficiency wage, Identity economics
A Michael Spence.jpg مايكل سپنس Harvard University Harvard University Signalling theory
Joseph Stiglitz.jpg جوسف ستيگليتس Massachusetts Institute of Technology Princeton University, Columbia University Screening theory, Henry George theorem, Shapiro–Stiglitz theory
2002 Daniel KAHNEMAN.jpg دانيال كانمان  إسرائيل
 الولايات المتحدة
"for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty"[33] University of California, Berkeley Princeton University, University of British Columbia Behavioral economics, Prospect theory, loss aversion, cognitive biases
Vernon L. Smith 2011.jpg ڤرنون سميث  الولايات المتحدة "for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms"[33] Harvard University University of Arizona Experimental economics, Combinatorial auction
2003 Robert F. Engle.jpg روبرت إنگل  الولايات المتحدة "for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)"[34] Cornell University University of California, San Diego ARCH
Clive Granger by Olaf Storbeck.jpg كلايڤ گرينجر  المملكة المتحدة "for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)"[34] University of Nottingham University of California, San Diego Cointegration, Granger causality
2004 Kydland.jpg فين كيدلاند  النرويج "for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles."[35] Carnegie Mellon University Carnegie Mellon University RBC theory, Dynamic inconsistency in monetary policy
Edward C. Prescott.jpg إدوارد پرسكوت  الولايات المتحدة Carnegie Mellon University Carnegie Mellon University, Arizona State University, University of Minnesota Hodrick-Prescott filter
2005 Robert Aumann 2010.jpg روبرت أومان  الولايات المتحدة
 إسرائيل
"for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis."[36] Massachusetts Institute of Technology Hebrew University of Jerusalem Correlated equilibrium, Aumann's agreement theorem
Thomas Schelling.jpg توماس شلنگ  الولايات المتحدة Harvard University Yale University, Harvard University Schelling point, Egonomics
2006 Edmund Phelps 2008-01-23.jpg إدموند فلپس  الولايات المتحدة "for his analysis of intertemporal tradeoffs in macroeconomic policy"[37] Yale University Columbia University Golden Rule savings rate, Natural rate of unemployment, Statistical discrimination
2007 Leonid Hurwicz.jpg ليونيد هورويتس  پولندا
 الولايات المتحدة
"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"[38] London School of Economics University of Minnesota, Iowa State University Mechanism design
Eric Maskin at UCI.jpg إريك مسكين  الولايات المتحدة Harvard University Harvard University
Myerson roger b print.jpg روجر مايرسون Harvard University Northwestern University
2008 Paul Krugman-press conference Dec 07th, 2008-8.jpg پول كروگمان  الولايات المتحدة "for his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity"[39] Massachusetts Institute of Technology Princeton University New trade theory, New Economic Geography, Home market effect
2009 Nobel Prize 2009-Press Conference KVA-30.jpg إلينور اوستروم  الولايات المتحدة "for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"[40] University of California, Los Angeles Indiana University Institutional Analysis and Development framework
Nobel Prize 2009-Press Conference KVA-42.jpg اوليڤر وليامسون "for his analysis of economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm"[40] Carnegie Mellon University University of Pennsylvania, University of California Berkeley New institutional economics
2010 Peter Diamond cropped.jpg پيتر دايموند  الولايات المتحدة "for their analysis of markets with search frictions"[41] Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology Diamond–Mirrlees efficiency theorem, Diamond coconut model
Dale Mortensen.jpg ديل مورتنسن Carnegie Mellon University Northwestern University Matching theory
Christopher Pissarides.jpg كريستوفر پيساريدس  قبرص
 المملكة المتحدة
London School of Economics London School of Economics Matching theory
2011 Nobel Prize 2011-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7770.jpg توماس سارجنت  الولايات المتحدة "for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"[42] Harvard University Hoover Institution, University of Minnesota Policy-ineffectiveness proposition
Nobel Prize 2011-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7720.jpg كريستوفر سيمز Harvard University University of Minnesota Vector Autoregression in macroeconomics, Fiscal theory of the price level, Rational inattention
2012 Al Roth, Sydney Ideas lecture 2012d.jpg ألڤين روث  الولايات المتحدة "for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design."[43] Stanford University Stanford University, Harvard University Stable marriage problem, Repugnancy costs
Shapley, Lloyd (1980) crop.jpg لويد شاپلي Princeton University University of California, Los Angeles Shapley value, stochastic game, Potential game, Shapley–Shubik power index, Bondareva–Shapley theorem, Gale–Shapley algorithm, Shapley–Folkman lemma
2013 Eugene Fama at Nobel Prize, 2013.jpg اوجين فاما  الولايات المتحدة "for their empirical analysis of asset prices."[44] University of Chicago University of Chicago Fama–French three-factor model, Weak, semi-strong, and strong efficient-market hypothesis
Lars Peter Hansen photo in 2007.jpg لارس پيتر هانسن University of Minnesota University of Chicago Generalized method of moments
Robert J. Shiller 2017.jpg روبرت ج. شيلر Massachusetts Institute of Technology Yale University Case–Shiller index, CAPE Index
2014 Jean Tirole (cropped).jpg جان تيرول  فرنسا "for his analysis of market power and regulation".[45] Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Toulouse School of Economics
École des hautes études en sciences sociales
Markov perfect equilibrium, Two-sided market
2015 Angus Deaton 0182.jpg أنگوس ديتون  المملكة المتحدة
 الولايات المتحدة
"for his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare".[46] University of Cambridge University of Bristol, Princeton University Almost ideal demand system, Pseudo panels, Household surveys in developing countries
2016 Nobel Laureates 0983 (31117127490).jpg اوليڤر هارت  المملكة المتحدة
 الولايات المتحدة
"for their contributions to contract theory".[47] Princeton University Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard University Moral Hazard, Incomplete contracts
Bengt Holmström.jpg بنگت هولمستروم  فنلندا Stanford University Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale University Informativeness Principle
2017 Richard Thaler Chatham.jpg  ريتشارد ثلر  الولايات المتحدة "for his contributions to behavioural economics".[48] University of Rochester Cornell University, University of Chicago Nudge Theory, Mental Accounting, Choice Architecture
2018 William Nordhaus EM1B6005 (46234137031).jpg وليام نوردهاوس  الولايات المتحدة         "for integrating climate change into long-run macroeconomic analysis"[49] Massachusetts Institute of Technology Yale University DICE model
Paul Romer in 2005.jpg پول رومر "for integrating technological innovations into long-run macroeconomic analysis" University of Chicago New York University Incorporation of R&D to the Endogenous growth theory
2019 FT Goldman Sachs Business Book of the Year Award 2011 (6310827426) (cropped).jpg أبهيجيت بانرجي  الهند
 الولايات المتحدة
"for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty"[50] Harvard University Massachusetts Institute of Technology Use of RCTs in development economics
Esther Duflo - Pop!Tech 2009 - 001 (cropped (2)).jpg إستر دوفلو  فرنسا
 الولايات المتحدة
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Michael-Kremer.gif مايكل كرمر  الولايات المتحدة Harvard University Harvard University
2020 Paul Milgrom Headshot.jpg پول ميلگروم  الولايات المتحدة "من أجل إسهاماتهما في تحسين نظرية المزاد، واختراع تنسيقات جديدة للمزادات" جامعة ستانفورد جامعة ستانفورد نظرية المزاد
روبرت ويلسون  الولايات المتحدة جامعة هارڤرد جامعة ستانفورد
2021 David Card.jpg ديڤد كارد  الولايات المتحدة
 كندا
"لمساهماته التجريبية في اقتصاديات العمل"[51] جامعة پرنستون بركلي اقتصاد العمل
Angrist, Josh Fall2015.jpg جوشوا أنگرست  الولايات المتحدة
 إسرائيل
"لمساهماتهما المنهجية في تحليل العلاقات السببية"[51] جامعة پرنستون معهد مساتشوستس للتكنولوجيا التجارب الطبيعية لتقدير الروابط السببية
Guido W. Imbens.jpg گويدو إمبنز  الولايات المتحدة
 هولندا
جامعة براون جامعة ستانفورد


انظر أيضاً

المصادر

عامة
  • "All Laureates in Economics". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
متخصصة
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