جامعة ستانفورد

Leland Stanford Junior University
Stanford University seal 2003.svg
الشعاربالألمانية: Die Luft der Freiheit weht[1]
الشعار بالعربية"The wind of freedom blows"[1]
النوعPrivate research university
تأسست1891; 129 years ago (1891[2][3]
المؤسسLeland and Jane Stanford
الوقف$27.7 billion (2019)[4]
الميزانية$6.5 billion (2018–19)[5]
الرئيسMarc Tessier-Lavigne
ProvostPersis Drell
الطاقم الأكاديمي2,240[6]
الطاقم الاداري12,508[7] excluding SHC
الطلبة17,249 (Fall 2019)[8]
طلاب نحو البكالوريوس6,996 (Fall 2019)[8]
دارسون بعد التخرج10,253 (Fall 2019)[8]
الموقعStanford، California، United States
37°25′42″N 122°10′08″W / 37.4282293°N 122.1688576°W / 37.4282293; -122.1688576[9]Coordinates: 37°25′42″N 122°10′08″W / 37.4282293°N 122.1688576°W / 37.4282293; -122.1688576[9]
الحرمSuburban, 8,180 أكرs (12.8 ميل2; 33.1 kم2)[6]
Academic termQuarter
الألوانCardinal and white[10]
         
الكنيةCardinal
جالب الحظNone[11]
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division I FBS
الموقع الإلكترونيstanford.edu
Stanford wordmark (2012).svg

جامعة ليلند ستانفورد جونيور، اشتهرت بجامعة ستانفورد هي جامعة أمريكية تم افتتاحها في 1 أكتوبر1891، جامعة خاصة تقع في جنوب شرق سان فرانسيسكو بحوالي 37 ميلاً وشمال غرب سان خوسيه بحوالي 20 ميلاً في ولاية كاليفورنيا بالقرب من مدينة بالو ألتو.

ليلند ستانفورد مؤسس الجامعة

من أفضل الجامعات بالعالم ـ توازي شهرتها جامعات معهد ماساتشوستس للتقنية و جامعة كمبريدج و جامعة هارفارد. وقد بدأ وادي السيلكون منها بالستينات.

ويسجل بالجامعة حوالي 6,700 طالب لدارسي الباكلوريوس و 8,000 طالب للدراسات العليا كل سنة من الولايات المتحدة وجميع أنحاء العالم

وهي جامعة كبرى بها أقسام متميزة بالفيزياء والأحياء والهندسة والطب والقانون والسياسة وعلم النفس...


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السمعة والترتيب


Discoveries and innovation

Natural sciences

Computer and applied sciences

Businesses and entrepreneurship

Stanford is one of the most successful universities in creating companies and licensing its inventions to existing companies; it is often held up as a model for technology transfer.[35][36] Stanford's Office of Technology Licensing is responsible for commercializing university research, intellectual property, and university-developed projects.

The university is described as having a strong venture culture in which students are encouraged, and often funded, to launch their own companies.[37]

Companies founded by Stanford alumni generate more than $2.7 trillion in annual revenue, equivalent to the 10th-largest economy in the world.[38]

Some companies closely associated with Stanford and their connections include:


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أشهر خريجيها

People

As of late 2016, Stanford had 2,153 tenure-line faculty, senior fellows, center fellows, and medical center faculty.[40]

Award laureates and scholars

Stanford's current community of scholars includes:

Stanford's faculty and former faculty includes 46 Nobel laureates,[40] 5 Fields Medalists, as well as 16 winners of the Turing Award, the so-called "Nobel Prize in computer science", comprising one third of the awards given in its 44-year history. The university has 27 ACM fellows. It is also affiliated with 4 Gödel Prize winners, 4 Knuth Prize recipients, 10 IJCAI Computers and Thought Award winners, and about 15 Grace Murray Hopper Award winners for their work in the foundations of computer science. Stanford alumni have started many companies and, according to Forbes, has produced the second highest number of billionaires of all universities.[45][46][47]

13 Stanford alumni have won the Nobel Prize.[48][49][50][51][52] As of 2019, 122 Stanford students or alumni have been named Rhodes Scholars.[53]

See also

Notes


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References

  1. ^ أ ب Casper, Gerhard. "Die Luft der Freiheit weht—On and Off" (October 5, 1995). Retrieved on April 26, 2017.
  2. ^ "History: Stanford University". Stanford University. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  3. ^ "Chapter 1: The University and the Faculty". Faculty Handbook. Stanford University. September 7, 2016. Archived from the original on May 25, 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  4. ^ As of August 31, 2019. "Stanford University Annual Financial Report, August 31, 2019 and 2018" (PDF). Stanford University. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  5. ^ "Finances - Facts 2019". May 6, 2019. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  6. ^ أ ب Communications, Stanford Office of University. "Introduction: Stanford University Facts". Stanford Facts at a Glance (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  7. ^ "Stanford Facts: Administration & Finances". Stanford University. May 2, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  8. ^ أ ب ت "Stanford Common Data Set 2019-2020". Stanford University. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  9. ^ "Stanford University". نظام معلومات الأسماء الجغرافية، المسح الجيولوجي الأمريكي. January 19, 1981. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  10. ^ "Color". Stanford Identity Toolkit. Stanford University. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  11. ^ The Stanford Tree is the mascot of the band but not the university.
  12. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019: USA". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  13. ^ "America's Top Colleges 2019". Forbes. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  14. ^ "U.S. College Rankings 2020". Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education. Retrieved September 26, 2019.
  15. ^ "Best Colleges 2020: National University Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  16. ^ "2019 National University Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  17. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015-United States". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  18. ^ "University Rankings". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  19. ^ "World University Rankings". THE Education Ltd. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  20. ^ "Stanford University – U.S. News Best Grad School Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  21. ^ "Stanford University – U.S. News Best Global University Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  22. ^ Yount, Lisa (2003). A to Z of biologists. New York: Facts on File. pp. 47–49. ISBN 978-0-8160-4541-9. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  23. ^ Cohen, S. N. (September 16, 2013). "DNA cloning: A personal view after 40 years". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110 (39): 15521–15529. Bibcode:2013PNAS..11015521C. doi:10.1073/pnas.1313397110. PMC 3785787. PMID 24043817.
  24. ^ "Arthur L. Schawlow". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  25. ^ Hänsch, Theodor W. (December 1999). "Obituary: Arthur Leonard Schawlow". Physics Today. 52 (12): 75–76. Bibcode:1999PhT....52l..75H. doi:10.1063/1.2802854.
  26. ^ Alvarez, Luis W.; Bloch, F. (1940). "A Quantitative Determination of the Neutron Moment in Absolute Nuclear Magnetons". Physical Review. 57 (2): 111–122. Bibcode:1940PhRv...57..111A. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.57.111.
  27. ^ Bloch, F.; Hansen, W. W.; Packard, Martin (February 1, 1946). "Nuclear Induction". Physical Review. 69 (3–4): 127. Bibcode:1946PhRv...69..127B. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.69.127.
  28. ^ "Network (SUNet — The Stanford University Network)". Stanford University Information Technology Services. July 16, 2010. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  29. ^ "Stanford University". University Discoveries. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  30. ^ "Google Milestones". Google, Inc. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
  31. ^ The Stanford Integrated Digital Library Project, Award Abstract #9411306, September 1, 1994 through August 31, 1999 (Estimated), award amount $521,111,001
  32. ^ Varian, Dorothy. "The Inventor and the Pilot". Pacific Books, 1983 p. 187
  33. ^ Reilly, Edwin D. (2003). Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology. p. 50. ISBN 1-57356-521-0.
  34. ^ Andreas Bechtolsheim; Forest Baskett; Vaughan Pratt (March 1982). "The SUN Workstation Architecture". Stanford University Computer systems Laboratory Technical Report No. 229. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  35. ^ Nigel Page. The Making of a Licensing Legend: Stanford University’s Office of Technology Licensing. Chapter 17.13 in Sharing the Art of IP Management. Globe White Page Ltd, London, U.K. 2007
  36. ^ Timothy Lenoir. Inventing the entrepreneurial university: Stanford and the co-evolution of Silicon Valley pp. 88-128 in Building Technology Transfer within Research Universities: An Entrepreneurial Approach Edited by Thomas J. Allen and Rory P. O'Shea. Cambridge University Press, 2014. ISBN 9781139046930
  37. ^ McBride, Sarah (December 12, 2014). "Special Report: At Stanford, venture capital reaches into the dorm". Reuters. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  38. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة EcImpact
  39. ^ Duffy, Jim. "Critical milestones in Cisco history". Network World (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  40. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح خ د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض "Stanford Facts: The Stanford Faculty". Stanford University. 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
  41. ^ "APS Fellows Archive". Retrieved February 9, 2011.
  42. ^ "ACL Lifetime Achievement Award Recipients". Retrieved February 9, 2011.
  43. ^ "Elected AAAI Fellows". Retrieved February 9, 2011.
  44. ^ Levy, Dawn (July 22, 2003). "Edward Teller wins Presidential Medal of Freedom". Retrieved November 17, 2008. Teller, 95, is the third Stanford scholar to be awarded a Presidential Medal of Freedom. The others are Nobel Prize-winning economist Milton Friedman (1988) and former Secretary of State George Shultz (1989).
  45. ^ Thibault, Marie (August 5, 2009). "Billionaire University". Forbes. Retrieved April 15, 2011.
  46. ^ Pfeiffer, Eric W. (August 25, 1997). "What MIT Learned from Stanford". Forbes. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  47. ^ "Stanford Entrepreneurs". Stanford University. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
  48. ^ "Alumni: Stanford University Facts". Stanford University. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  49. ^ "Stanford Nobel Laureates". Stanford University. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  50. ^ "Alvin E. Roth – Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  51. ^ "Richard E. Taylor – Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  52. ^ "Press Release (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2006)". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  53. ^ "Undergraduate Profile: Stanford University Facts". Stanford Facts at a Glance (in الإنجليزية). Stanford Office of University Communications. Retrieved October 17, 2019.

Further reading

External links

قالب:Stanford University