الأعشاب الصينية

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Dried herbs and plant portions for Chinese herbology at a Xi'an market

الأعشاب الصينية

الاستخدام الطبي

ملف:Gingembre.jpg
Ginger is consumed in China as food and as medicine.

تاريخ

ملف:Zh pharmacopoeia 1.JPG
Chinese pharmacopoeia

تصنيف الاعشاب الصيني

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A Chinese herb shop in Vancouver, Canada

Chinese physicians used several different methods to classify traditional Chinese herbs:

  • The Four Natures (pinyin: sìqì; simplified Chinese: 四气; traditional Chinese: 四氣; or 四性)
  • The Five Tastes (五味; pinyin: wǔwèi)
  • The meridians (pinyin: jīngluò; simplified Chinese: 经络; traditional Chinese: 經絡; )

The earlier (Han through Tang eras) Ben Cao (Materia Medicae) began with a three-level categorization:

  • Low level -- drastic acting, toxic substances;
  • Middle level -- medicinal physiological effects;
  • High level -- health and spirit enhancement

أعشاب صينية أخرى

  1. Citrus reticulata (橘皮)
  2. Curcumae (郁金)
  3. Dalbergia odorifera (降香)
  4. Hirudo medicinalis (水蛭)
  5. Myrrh (没药)
  6. Olibanum (乳香)
  7. Persicaria (桃仁)
  8. Polygonium (虎杖)
  9. Sparganium (三棱)
  10. Zedoary (莪朮)
  11. Clematis (威灵仙)

المصادر

مصادر عامة

  • Wong, Ming (1976). La Médecine chinoise par les plantes. Le Corps a Vivre series. Éditions Tchou.

أنظر أيضاً

وصلات خارجية

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الموارد التعليمية

ملف:ChinesePatent-PlumFlower.png
Characteristic little black pills of Chinese patent medicine
Chinese red ginseng roots

50من الأعساب الأساسية

In Chinese herbology, there are 50 "fundamental" herbs, as given in the reference text [1], although these herbs are not universally recognized as such in other texts. The herbs are:

  1. Agastache rugosa[2] - huò xiāng ()[3]
  2. Alangium chinense[4] - bā jiǎo fēng ()[5]
  3. Anemone chinensis (syn. Pulsatilla chinensis)[6] - bái tóu weng ()[5][7]
  4. Anisodus tanguticus - shān làng dàng ()[8]
  5. Ardisia japonica - zǐ jīn niú ()[9]
  6. Aster tataricus - zǐ wǎn ()
  7. Astragalus propinquus (syn. Astragalus membranaceus)[10] - huáng qí ()[11] or běi qí ()[11]
  8. Camellia sinensis - chá shù () or chá yè ()
  9. Cannabis sativa - dà má ()
  10. Carthamus tinctorius - hóng huā ()
  11. Cinnamomum cassia - ròu gùi ()
  12. Cissampelos pareira - xí shēng téng () or ()
  13. Coptis chinensis - duǎn è huáng lián ()
  14. Corydalis ambigua - yán hú suǒ ()
  15. Croton tiglium - bā dòu ()
  16. Daphne genkwa - yuán huā ()
  17. Datura metel - yáng jīn huā ()
  18. Datura stramonium (syn. Datura tatula)[12] - zǐ huā màn tuó luó ()
  19. Dendrobium nobile - shí hú () or shí hú lán ()
  20. Dichroa febrifuga[13] - cháng shān ()
  21. Ephedra sinica - cǎo má huáng ()
  22. Eucommia ulmoides - dù zhòng ()
  23. Euphorbia pekinensis[14] - dà jǐ ()
  24. Flueggea suffruticosa (formerly Securinega suffruticosa) - yī yè qiū ()[15]
  25. Forsythia suspensa - liánqiào ()
  26. Gentiana loureiroi - dì dīng ()
  27. Gleditsia sinensis - zào jiá ()
  28. Glycyrrhiza uralensis - gān cǎo ()[16]
  29. Hydnocarpus anthelminticus (syn. H. anthelminthica) - dà fēng zǐ ()
  30. Ilex purpurea - dōngqīng ()
  31. Leonurus japonicus - yì mǔ cǎo ()
  32. Ligusticum wallichii[17] - chuān xiōng ()
  33. Lobelia chinensis - bàn biān lián ()
  34. Phellodendron amurense - huáng bǎi ()
  35. Platycladus orientalis (formerly Thuja orientalis) - cèbǎi ()
  36. Pseudolarix amabilis - jīn qián sōng ()
  37. Psilopeganum sinense - shān má huáng ()
  38. Pueraria lobata - gé gēn ()
  39. Rauwolfia serpentina - shégēnmù (), cóng shégēnmù (), or yìndù shé mù ()
  40. Rehmannia glutinosa - dìhuáng () or gān dìhuáng ()[18]
  41. Rheum officinale - yào yòng dà huáng ()
  42. Rhododendron tsinghaiense - Qīng hǎi dù juān ()
  43. Saussurea costus - yún mù xiāng ()
  44. Schisandra chinensis - wǔ wèi zi ()
  45. Scutellaria baicalensis - huáng qín ()
  46. Stemona tuberosa - bǎi bù ()
  47. Stephania tetrandra - fáng jǐ ()
  48. Styphnolobium japonicum (formerly Sophora japonica) - huái (), huái shù (), or huái huā ()
  49. Trichosanthes kirilowii - guā lóu ()
  50. Wikstroemia indica - liǎo gē wáng ()