كارلسروه

Karlsruhe
Schloss Karlsruhe 2011.jpg
Schloss Karlsruhe und Fächerstadt 2.jpg
Karlsruhe, Schloßplatz - panoramio.jpg
Konzerthaus Karlsruhe bei Nacht.jpg
Badische Krone (1).JPG
Karlsruhe Palace, view over Karlsruhe, Schlossplatz, Konzerthaus, Crown of Baden
علم Karlsruhe
Flag
درع Karlsruhe
Coat of arms
Karlsruhe is located in ألمانيا
Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe is located in بادن-ڤورتمبرگ
Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
الإحداثيات: 49°00′33″N 8°24′14″E / 49.00920970°N 8.40395140°E / 49.00920970; 8.40395140Coordinates: 49°00′33″N 8°24′14″E / 49.00920970°N 8.40395140°E / 49.00920970; 8.40395140
البلدألمانيا
الولايةبادن-ڤورتمبرگ
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictUrban district
تأسس1715
التقسيمات27 quarters
الحكومة
 • Lord mayorFrank Mentrup (SPD)
المساحة
 • الإجمالي173٫46 كم² (66٫97 ميل²)
المنسوب
115 m (377 ft)
منطقة التوقيتCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
76131–76229
Dialling codes0721
لوحة السيارةKA
الموقع الإلكترونيwww.karlsruhe.de

كارلسروه ( /ˈkɑːrlzrə/, also الأمريكي /ˈkɑːrlsʔ/,[1][2][3] ألمانية: [ˈkaʁlsˌʁuːə]  (Speaker Icon.svg listen); formerly spelled Carlsruhe)[1] هي مدينة تقع ببادن-ڤورتمبرگ Baden-Württemberg في جنوب ألمانيا. يبلغ عدد سكانها حوالي its 313,092 inhabitants make it the 21st largest city of Germany. On the right bank of the Rhine, the city lies near the French-German border, between the Mannheim/Ludwigshafen conurbation to the north, and the Strasbourg/Kehl conurbation to the south. It is the largest city of Baden, a historic region named after Hohenbaden Castle in the city of Baden-Baden. Karlsruhe is also the largest city in the South Franconian dialect area (transitional dialects between Central and Upper German), the only other larger city in that area being Heilbronn. The city is the seat of the Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht), as well as of the Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof) and the Public Prosecutor General of the Federal Court of Justice (Generalbundesanwalt beim Bundesgerichtshof).

Karlsruhe was the capital of the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach (Durlach: 1565–1718; Karlsruhe: 1718–1771), the Margraviate of Baden (1771–1803), the Electorate of Baden (1803–1806), the Grand Duchy of Baden (1806–1918), and the Republic of Baden (1918–1945). Its most remarkable building is Karlsruhe Palace, which was built in 1715. There are nine institutions of higher education in the city, most notably the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie). Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden Airport (Flughafen Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden) is the second-busiest airport of Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart Airport, and the 17th-busiest airport of Germany.

In 2019 the UNESCO announced that Karlsruhe will join its network of "Creative Cities" as "City of Media Arts".[4][5]


بها مقر جامعة، أكاديمية للفنون التشكيلية، معهد عالي للموسيقى و التمثيل و معاهد تقنية عدة.

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الجغرافيا

The 49th parallel north in the Karlsruhe Stadtgarten

Karlsruhe lies completely to the east of the Rhine, and almost completely on the Upper Rhine Plain. It contains the Turmberg in the east, and also lies on the borders of the Kraichgau leading to the Northern Black Forest.

The Rhine, one of the world's most important shipping routes, forms the western limits of the city, beyond which lie the towns of Maximiliansau and Wörth am Rhein in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The city centre is about 7.5 kم (25,000 قدم) from the river, as measured from the Marktplatz (Market Square). Two tributaries of the Rhine, the Alb and the Pfinz, flow through the city from the Kraichgau to eventually join the Rhine.

The city lies at an altitude between 100 and 322 m (near the communications tower in the suburb of Grünwettersbach). Its geographical coordinates are 49°00′N 8°24′E / 49.000°N 8.400°E / 49.000; 8.400; the 49th parallel runs through the city centre, which puts it at the same latitude as much of the Canada–United States border, the cities Vancouver (Canada), Paris (France), Regensburg (Germany), and Hulunbuir (China). Its course is marked by a stone and painted line in the Stadtgarten (municipal park). The total area of the city is 173.46 kم2 (1.8671×109 قدم2), hence it is the 30th largest city in Germany measured by land area. The longest north-south distance is 16.8 kم (55,000 قدم) and 19.3 kم (63,000 قدم) in the east-west direction.

Karlsruhe is part of the urban area of Karlsruhe/Pforzheim, to which certain other towns in the district of Karlsruhe such as Bruchsal, Ettlingen, Stutensee, and Rheinstetten, as well as the city of Pforzheim, belong.

مصفاة النفط ميرو
بيانات مناخ Rheinstetten, elevation: 112 m, 1981–2010 normals.[أ] extremes 1948-2013
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °س (°ف) 17.5
(63.5)
22.0
(71.6)
26.7
(80.1)
29.2
(84.6)
33.3
(91.9)
37.2
(99)
38.5
(101.3)
40.2
(104.4)
32.8
(91)
29.5
(85.1)
21.8
(71.2)
19.2
(66.6)
40٫2
(104٫4)
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 4.7
(40.5)
6.8
(44.2)
11.7
(53.1)
16.4
(61.5)
20.9
(69.6)
24.0
(75.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.5
(79.7)
21.6
(70.9)
15.8
(60.4)
9.1
(48.4)
5.5
(41.9)
15٫8
(60٫4)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) 2.0
(35.6)
3.0
(37.4)
6.9
(44.4)
10.7
(51.3)
15.2
(59.4)
18.3
(64.9)
20.6
(69.1)
20.1
(68.2)
15.6
(60.1)
10.9
(51.6)
5.8
(42.4)
2.9
(37.2)
11٫0
(51٫8)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) -0.7
(30.7)
-0.3
(31.5)
2.7
(36.9)
5.3
(41.5)
9.6
(49.3)
12.8
(55)
14.9
(58.8)
14.6
(58.3)
10.9
(51.6)
7.2
(45)
2.9
(37.2)
0.4
(32.7)
6٫7
(44٫1)
الصغرى القياسية °س (°ف) -20.0
(-4)
-15.0
(5)
-14.6
(5.7)
-5.3
(22.5)
-0.3
(31.5)
3.6
(38.5)
6.9
(44.4)
6.3
(43.3)
2.5
(36.5)
-2.8
(27)
-9.3
(15.3)
-18.7
(-1.7)
-20٫0
(-4)
هطول mm (inches) 58.0
(2.283)
55.8
(2.197)
59.0
(2.323)
52.7
(2.075)
77.6
(3.055)
76.4
(3.008)
75.3
(2.965)
58.7
(2.311)
57.9
(2.28)
73.5
(2.894)
63.3
(2.492)
75.2
(2.961)
783٫4
(30٫843)
Avg. precipitation days 15.4 12.2 14.3 12.9 13.5 14.6 12.1 10.3 10.7 13.5 14.0 15.6 159٫1
Sunshine hours 56.7 87.8 131.2 182.7 218.4 232.1 253.9 237.3 174.4 110.9 65.5 45.6 1٬796٫4
Source #1: DWD[7]
Source #2: Climatebase.ru[6]


تطور تعداد السكان

Year Inhabitants
1790 4,500
1820 16,200
1850 25,400
1880 49,300
1900 97,400
1925 145,700
2003 282,595
2007 282,700 (approx.)

(source unknown, figures unconfirmed)

Memorial for Baden troops in several wars, 1803-1918


الثقافة

Nancy fountain

المدن الشقيقة

The town is twinned with:

Gottesau Palace (now music college)


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المصادر

  1. ^ أ ب قالب:Cite American Heritage Dictionary
  2. ^ "Karlsruhe" (US) and قالب:Cite Oxford Dictionaries
  3. ^ قالب:Cite Merriam-Webster
  4. ^ "Karlsruhe | Creative Cities Network". en.unesco.org. Retrieved 2020-01-08.
  5. ^ "Zwei deutsche Städte ins Netzwerk der UNESCO-Creative Cities aufgenommen | Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission". unesco.de (in الألمانية). Retrieved 2020-01-08.
  6. ^ أ ب "Карлсруэ, Баден-Вюртемберг, Германия #10727". climatebase.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-06.
  7. ^ "Ausgabe der Klimadaten: Monatswerte".

وصلات خارجية


قالب:Germany districts baden-württemberg


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