قوة سيبيريا

خط أنابيب ياقوتيا-خبروڤسك-ڤلاديڤوستك
Ceremony to mark the joining of the Power of Siberia gas pipeline’s first section
Ceremony to mark the joining of the Power of Siberia gas pipeline’s first section
الموقع
البلد الشرق الأقصى، روسيا
الاتجاه العام غرب-شرق-جنوب
من ياقوتيا
يمر عبر ڤلاديڤوستك
إلى ڤلاديڤوستك
يمر بجوار خط أنابيب نفط شرق سيبريا-المحيط الهادي
معلومات عامة
النوع غاز طبيعي
الشركاء گازپروم
المتوقع 2019
معلومات تقنية
الطول 4,000 km (2,500 mi)
الحد الأقصى للتفريغ 61 billion cubic metres per annum (2.2×10^12 cu ft/a)
القطر 1,420 mm (56 in)

خط أنابيب قوة سيبيريا (بالروسية: Сила Сибири؛ بالإنگليزية: Power of Siberia) (وكان يُسمى سابقاً خط أنابيب ياقوتيا-خبروڤسك-ڤلاديڤوستك) هو خط أنابيب للغاز الطبيعي، قيد الإنشاء، في شرق سيبيريا لنقل غاز ياقوتيا إلى كراي پريمورسكي وبلدان الشرق الأقصى.

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التاريخ

On 29 October 2012 president Vladimir Putin instructed the general manager of Gazprom to start the construction of the pipeline.[1] On 21 May 2014, Russia and China signed a 30-year gas deal worth $400 billion which was needed to make the project feasible. Construction was launched on 1 September 2014 in Yakutsk by president Putin and Chinese deputy premier minister Zhang Gaoli.[2][3] Construction of the pipeline from Vladivostok to China started on 29 June 2015.[4]

  • 4 September 2016: Gazprom's Chairman Alexey Miller and China National Petroleum Corporation's Chairman Wang Yilin signed an agreement to build a crossing under the Amur River for the pipeline.[5]
  • April 2017: The pipeline's construction had crossed the Chinese border.[6]
  • May 2017: A temporary checkpoint was built along the Russian-Chinese border.[7]
Map of the Power of Siberia pipeline

The goal was to complete 1,300 kilometers of the pipeline before the end of 2017.[8] Construction was ahead of schedule, thanks to a warmer-than-expected 2016 winter.[9]

As of 2019 the pipeline is not operational but "on track" for start by the end of the year.[10]


وصف تقني

The pipeline is expected to cost 770 billion roubles and the investment in the gas production is 430 billion roubles.[1] It is expected to be operational by 2019.[11] Capacity of the 56-inch (1,400 mm) pipeline would be up to 61 billion cubic metres per annum (2.2×10^12 cu ft/a) of natural gas.[12] 38 billion cubic metres per annum (1.3×10^12 cu ft/a) would be supplied to China.[11][13] The pipeline's working pressure is 9.8 megapascals (1,421 psi).[14]

The pipeline will be able to withstand temperatures as low as -62 °C (-79.6 °F).[6] Nanocomposite coatings manufactured and engineered by JSC Metaclay will be used to increase the lifetime of the pipeline.[15] Furthermore, the pipeline will be able to withstand earthquakes by incorporating materials that will deform under seismic activity.[6] Internal coatings ensure energy efficiency by reducing the friction of the pipeline's inner surfaces.[6] The mass of all the pipes used to construct the pipeline is greater than 2.5 megatons.[16]

المسار

A 3,200-kilometre (2,000 mi) section of the pipeline will start from the Chayanda oil and gas field in Yakutia. It will partly run within an integrated corridor with the second stage of Eastern Siberia-Pacific Ocean oil pipeline. In Khabarovsk, it will be connected with the خط أنابيب سخالين-خبروڤسك-ڤلاديڤوستك. Together, these pipelines will feed a planned LNG plant, which will produce liquefied natural gas for export to Japan, and a planned petrochemical complex في كراي پريمورسكي.[17][18] Branches toward Northern China are envisaged.

In addition, the project includes 800-kilometre (500 mi) pipeline from Irkutsk to Yakutia.

مصدر الغاز

The pipeline will be fed from the Chayanda oil and gas field in Yakutia.[19] The gas field is expected to be launched in 2019.[11] Later the Kovykta field, which would come operational by 2021, will be connected to the pipeline.[11][20] Independent producers may supply up to 25 billion cubic metres per annum (880×10^9 cu ft/a) of natural gas.[21]

انظر أيضاً


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المراجع

  1. ^ أ ب "Газпром" получил импульс для освоения Чаянды [Gazprom received an impulse for conquest of Chayanda] (in Russian). Interfax. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 2014-04-11.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  2. ^ "Putin In Yakutsk To Inaugurate Construction Of Pipeline To China". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 1 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-02.
  3. ^ "Putin gives start to Power of Siberia gas pipeline construction". ITAR-TASS. 1 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-02.
  4. ^ "China begins construction of Power of Siberia pipeline for gas delivered from Russia". RT International (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  5. ^ "Gazprom and CNPC sign EPC contract to construct underwater crossing of Power of Siberia". www.gazprom.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  6. ^ أ ب ت ث "Power of Siberia". www.gazprom.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  7. ^ "Power of Siberia reaches construction milestone". World Pipelines (in الإنجليزية). 2017-05-12. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  8. ^ "Gazprom accelerates plans for Power of Siberia construction". Interfax Global Energy. 2017-08-03.
  9. ^ "Power of Siberia targets 1,100 km this year". Interfax Global Energy. 2017-06-08.
  10. ^ "Russia-China Power of Siberia gas pipeline on track for Dec startup: PetroChina | S&P Global Platts". www.spglobal.com. 2019-03-22. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  11. ^ أ ب ت ث Khodyakova, Yelena (4 March 2014). «Газпром» отложил запуск газопровода «Сила Сибири» до 2019 г. [Gazprom postponed start of the Power of Siberia pipeline until 2019]. Vedomosti (in Russian). Retrieved 2014-04-11.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  12. ^ "Putting the Power into Siberia". siberiantimes.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  13. ^ Soldatkin, Vladimir; Pinchuk, Denis (7 March 2014). "Rosneft challenges Gazprom monopoly to export Russian pipeline gas". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
  14. ^ "Gazprom project ahead of schedule". Pipelines International. 2017-06-15. Retrieved 2017-09-07.
  15. ^ Fostering A New Industry: Nanomaterials (PDF). Rusnano.
  16. ^ "Power of Siberia Pipeline". www.pipeintech.com.
  17. ^ "Gas Will Be Delivered to Japan through Vladivostok". Vladivostok Times. 2008-06-24. Archived from the original on 2009-08-05. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
  18. ^ Gazprom map of gas pipelines in Siberia, planned and projected retrieved 2012-11-26
  19. ^ "Gazprom Eying Chayandinskoye, Sakhalin-3 Licenses". Rigzone. 2008-06-15. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
  20. ^ "Gazprom, CNPC sign memorandum on eastern route pipeline gas supplies to China (Part 2)". Interfax. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-10.
  21. ^ "Сила Сибири" положит начало освоению новых месторождений . Sakha News (in Russian). ITAR-TASS. 9 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-11.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)

وصلات خارجية