الكرج

هذا المقال يتضمن أسماءً أعجمية تتطلب حروفاً إضافية (پ چ ژ گ ڤ ڠ).
لمطالعة نسخة مبسطة، بدون حروف إضافية
الكرج
ქართველები
كرتڤلبي
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إجمالي التعداد
حوالي 4 مليون[a]
المناطق ذات التجمعات المعتبرة
 جورجيا حوالي 3,223,600[1][أ]
Flag of تركيا تركيا~158,000[2]
Flag of روسيا روسيا~157,803[3]
 إيران~100,000[4]
Flag of أوكرانيا أوكرانيا~34,199[5]
Flag of اليونان اليونان~27,400[6][7]
Flag of إيطاليا إيطاليا~14,045[8]
Flag of كندا كندا~3,155[9]
اللغات
Georgian and other Kartvelian languages
الدين
Predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christian (Georgian Orthodox Church)[10]
Minority: Catholicism, Islam, Judaism

a. ^ The total figure is merely an estimation; sum of all the referenced populations.

الكرج (في الاستخدام العربي القديم) أو الجورجيون (بالجورجية: ქართველები) هم شعب تركز جنوب القوقاز وتحديدا في جورجيا. كما يعيشون في تركيا، وروسيا، والولايات المتحدة، وإيران، وغيرها من البلدان.

غالبية الجورجيين ومعظمهم من المسيحيين والذين بنتمون الى الكنيسة الوطنية الكنيسة الأرثوذكسية الجورجية، والتي نشأت في القرن الرابع عشر. الجورجيون المسلمون مقيمون في تركيا وإيران وأذربيجان وجورجيا وجمهورية اجاريا ذاتية الحكم.

جورجيون بالزي التقليدي


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التقسيمات الجغرافية والجماعية العرقية الفرعية

التقسيمات الجغرافية

The Georgians have historically been classified into various subgroups based on the geographic region which their ancestors traditionally inhabited.

Even if a member of any of these subgroups moves to a different region, they will still be known by the name of their ancestral region. For example, if a Gurian moves to Tbilisi (part of the Kartli region) he will not automatically identify himself as Kartlian despite actually living in Kartli. This may, however, change if substantial amount of time passes. For example, there are some Mingrelians who have lived in the Imereti region for centuries and are now identified as Imeretian or Imeretian-Mingrelians.

Last names from mountainous eastern Georgian provinces (such as Kakheti, etc.) can be distinguished by the suffix –uri (ური), or –uli (ული). Most Svan last names typically end in –ani (ანი), Mingrelian in –ia (ია), -ua (უა), or -ava (ავა), and Laz in –shi (ში).

الاسم الاسم بالجورجية المنطقة الجغرافية اللهجة أو اللغة
Adjarians აჭარელი achareli Adjara Adjarian dialect
Gurians გურული guruli Guria Gurian dialect
Imeretians იმერელი imereli Imereti Imeretian dialect
Javakhians ჯავახი javakhi Javakheti Javakhian dialect
كاختي კახელი kakheli كاختي Kakhetian dialect
Kartlians ქართლელი kartleli كرتلي Kartlian dialect
Khevsurians ხევსური khevsuri Khevsureti Khevsurian dialect
Lechkhumians ლეჩხუმელი lechkhumeli Lechkhumi Lechkhumian dialect
Megrelians მეგრელი megreli Samegrelo Megrelian language
Meskhetians მესხი meskhi Meskheti (Samtskhe) Meskhian dialect
Mokhevians მოხევე mokheve Khevi Mokhevian dialect
Pshavians ფშაველი pshaveli Pshavi Pshavian dialect
Rachians რაჭველი rachveli Racha Rachian dialect
Svans სვანი svani Svaneti Svan language
Tushs (Chagma) თუში tushi Tusheti Tushetian dialect

التعداد الروسي 1897 (which accounted people by language), had Imeretian, Svan and Mingrelian languages separate from Georgian.[11] During the 1926 Soviet census, Svans and Mingrelians were accounted separately from Georgian.[12] Svan and Mingrelian languages are both Kartvelian languages ويرتبطوا بوثوق بـاللغة الجورجية الوطنية.

خارج جورجيا الحالية

Laz people also may be considered Georgian based on their geographic location and religion. According to the London School of Economics' anthropologist Mathijs Pelkmans,[13] Lazs residing in Georgia frequently identify themselves as "first-class Georgians" to show pride, while considering their Muslim counterparts in Turkey as "Turkified Lazs".[14]

الجماعات العرقية الفرعية الاسم الجورجي منطقة الاستقرار اللغة
(اللهجة)
Number Difference(s) from mainstream Georgians
(other than location)
لاظ (شعب) ლაზი lazi Chaneti (تركيا) Laz language 1.6 million Religion: Muslim majority, Orthodox Minority
Fereydani ფერეიდანი Pereidani Fereydan (Iran) Pereidnuli dialect 100,000 + [15] الديانة: مسلمون[15]
Chveneburi ჩვენებური chveneburi Black Sea Region (Turkey) Georgian language 91,000[16]–1,000,000[17] Religion: Muslim[16]
Ingiloy people ინგილო ingilo Saingilo Hereti Zaqatala District (Azerbaijan) Ingiloan dialect 12,000 Religion: Muslim majority,[18]
Orthodox minority[19]
Shavshians შავში shavshi Shavsheti (Turkey) Imerkhevian dialect
Klarjians კლარჯი klarji Klarjeti (Turkey) Imerkhevian dialect

جماعات منقرضة من الكرج

Through out history Georgia also has extinct Georgian subdivisions

Name Name in Georgian Geographical location Dialect or Language
Dvals დვალები dvalebi Russian Federation North Ossetia Dval dialect Ossetian dialect


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انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ Ethnic Georgians form about 86.8 percent of Georgia's current population of 3,713,804 (2014 census). Data without occupied territories — Abkhazia and Tskhinvali region.
  1. ^ Total population by regions and ethnicity
  2. ^ "Georgian in Turkey". Joshua Project. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года в отношении демографических и социально-экономических характеристик отдельных национальностей". Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  4. ^ Jump up to: a b Rezvani, Babak (Winter 2009). "The Fereydani Georgian Representation". Anthropology of the Middle East 4 (2): 52–74. doi:10.3167/ame.2009.040205.
  5. ^ "Всеукраїнський перепис населення 2001 - English version - Results - Nationality and citizenship - The distribution of the population by nationality and mother tongue - Selection:". Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2014-06-03. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ ქართველები საბერძნეთში State Ministry on Diaspora Issues of Georgia
  8. ^ [1] ISTAT
  9. ^ Statistics Canada. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  10. ^ "საქართველოს მოსახლეობის საყოველთაო აღწერის საბოლოო შედეგები" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  11. ^ (بالروسية) Первая всеобщая перепись населения Российской Империи 1897 г.
  12. ^ (بالروسية) ССР ГРУЗИЯ (1926 г.)
  13. ^ "Dr Mathijs Pelkmans". Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  14. ^ Pelkmans,Mathijs. Defending the border: identity, religion, and modernity in the Republic of Georgia. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2006, pg. 80
  15. ^ أ ب Rezvani, Babak (Winter 2009). "The Fereydani Georgian Representation". Anthropology of the Middle East. 4 (2): 52–74. doi:10.3167/ame.2009.040205.
  16. ^ أ ب "The Other Languages of Europe". Guus Extra & Durk Gorter. Google Books. Retrieved 26 May 2014. About 91,000 Muslim Georgians living in Turkey. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |1= (help)
  17. ^ "Türkiye'deki Yaşayan Etnik Gruplar Araştırıldı". Milliyet (in Turkish). 2008-06-06. Retrieved 2008-06-07.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  18. ^ Ramet, Sabrina P. (1989). Religion and Nationalism in Soviet and East European Politics. Durham: Duke University Press. p. 187. ISBN 9780822308911.
  19. ^ Friedrich, Paul (1994). Encyclopedia of World Cultures: Russia and Eurasia, China (1. publ. ed.). Boston, Massachusetts: G.K. Hall. p. 150. ISBN 9780816118106. A part of the Ingilo population still retains the (Orthodox) Christian faith, but another, larger segment adheres to the Sunni sect of Islam.

قالب:Ethnic groups in Georgia