سالت ليك سيتي

(تم التحويل من Salt Lake City)
هذا المقال هو عن the capital of Utah. إذا كنت تريد الاستخدامات الأخرى، انظر سالت ليك سيتي (توضيح).
Salt Lake City, Utah
State capital
Clockwise from top: The skyline in July 2011, Utah State Capitol, TRAX, Union Pacific Depot, the Block U, the City and County Building, and the Salt Lake Temple
Clockwise from top: The skyline in July 2011, Utah State Capitol, TRAX, Union Pacific Depot, the Block U, the City and County Building, and the Salt Lake Temple
Flag of Salt Lake City, Utah
Flag
Official seal of Salt Lake City, Utah
Seal
الكنية: "The Crossroads of the West"
Location in Salt Lake County and the state of Utah
Location in Salt Lake County and the state of Utah
Salt Lake City is located in الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Location in the United States
الإحداثيات: خطأ: الوظيفة "الإحداثيات" غير موجودة.
Country United States
State Utah
County Salt Lake
الحكم
 • Mayor Jackie Biskupski (D)
المساحة
 • City 110٫4 ميل² (285٫9 كم²)
 • البر 109٫1 ميل² (282٫5 كم²)
 • الماء 1٫3 ميل² (3٫3 كم²)
الارتفاع 4٬226 ft (1٬288 m)
التعداد(2010)[1]
 • City 186٬440
 • تقدير (2013)[2] 191٬180
 • الترتيب US: 124th
 • الكثافة 1٬666/sq mi (643٫3/km2)
 • الحضر 1٬021٬243 (US: 42nd)
 • العمرانية 1٬153٬340 (US: 48th)
 • CSA 2٬467٬709 (US: 23rd)
صفة المواطن Salt Laker[3]
منطقة التوقيت Mountain (التوقيت العالمي المنسق-7)
 • Summer (التوقيت الصيفي) Mountain (UTC-6)
ZIP Codes
مفتاح الهاتف 385, 801
FIPS code 49-67000[5]
GNIS feature ID 1454997[6]
الموقع الإلكتروني Salt Lake City
Capital and most populous city of the State of Utah

Salt Lake City, often shortened to Salt Lake or SLC, is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah. With an estimated population of 190,884 in 2014,[7] the city lies at the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which has a total population of 1,153,340 (2014 estimate). Salt Lake City is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City-Ogden-Provo Combined Statistical Area. This region is a corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along an approximately 120-mile (190 km) segment of the Wasatch Front, comprising a total population of 2,423,912 اعتبارا من 2014.[8] It is one of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin (the other is Reno, Nevada), and the largest in the Intermountain West.

The city was founded in 1847 by Brigham Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and numerous other Mormon followers, who extensively irrigated and cultivated the arid valley. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake, the city was originally named "Great Salt Lake City"—the word "great" was dropped from the official name in 1868 by the 17th Utah Territorial Legislature.[9] Home to the headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and Temple Square, Salt Lake City was historically considered a holy city by members of the LDS church; Brigham Young called it a "Kingdom of Heaven on Earth".[10] Today, however, less than half the population of Salt Lake City proper are members of the LDS Church.[11]

Immigration of international LDS members, mining booms, and the construction of the first transcontinental railroad initially brought economic growth, and the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West. It was traversed by the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, in 1913, and presently two major cross-country freeways, I-15 and I-80, intersect in the city. Salt Lake City has since developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based primarily on skiing, and hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics. It is the industrial banking center of the United States.[12]


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

المدن الشقيقة

Salt Lake City has several sister cities/towns,[13][14] including:

العلم البلد المدينة
بوليڤيا بوليڤيا Oruro
البوسنة والهرسك البوسنة والهرسك سراييڤو
البرازيل البرازيل مناؤس
جمهورية أيرلندا أيرلندا Thurles
روسيا روسيا إژيڤسك
إيران إيران تبريز
إيطاليا إيطاليا تورينو[15]
اليابان اليابان Matsumoto
الفلپين الفلپين كويزون سيتي
أوكرانيا أوكرانيا Chernivtsi
پيرو پيرو Trujillo[16]
تايوان جمهورية الصين كيلونگ


الجغرافيا

ملف:Salt Lake City Utah.jpg
Astronaut photography of Salt Lake City west of downtown, taken from the International Space Station (ISS). North is at bottom.
ملف:Salt Lake City 2013-06-08.jpg
Salt Lake City and adjacent suburbs, facing south
A panoramic view of Salt Lake City, June 2009

نظام المدينة

ملف:Platslc.jpg
Plat of Salt Lake City, circa 1870s

الديمغرافيا

التعداد التاريخي
التعداد Pop.
1850 6٬157
1860 8٬236 33٫8%
1870 12٬854 56٫1%
1880 20٬768 61٫6%
1890 44٬843 115٫9%
1900 53٬531 19٫4%
1910 92٬777 73٫3%
1920 116٬110 25٫1%
1930 140٬267 20٫8%
1940 149٬934 6٫9%
1950 182٬121 21٫5%
1960 189٬454 4�0%
1970 175٬885 −7٫2%
1980 163٬034 −7٫3%
1990 159٬936 −1٫9%
2000 181٬743 13٫6%
2010 186٬440 2٫6%
تقدير 2015 192٬672 [17] 3٫3%
Source:[18]
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
Racial composition 2010[20] 1990[21] 1970[21] 1950[21]
White 75.1% 87.0% 96.8% 98.3%
—Non-Hispanic 65.6% 82.6% 90.6%[22] n/a
Black or African American 2.7% 1.7% 1.2% 0.6%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 22.3% 9.7% 6.4%[22] n/a
Asian 4.4% 4.7% 1.1% 1.0%

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Definition for "Salt Laker"". Merriam-Webster. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Zip Code Lookup". USPS. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  7. ^ Division, US Census Bureau, Data Integration. "Population Estimates". www.census.gov (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 8 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States - Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  9. ^ Van Cott, John W. (1990). Utah place names: a comprehensive guide to the origins of geographic names : a compilation. University of Utah Press. p. 327. ISBN 978-0-87480-345-7. Accessed 25 July 2011. 
  10. ^ "Mormon Pioneers". BBC Religion. BBC. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  11. ^ "PBS American Experience. "The Mormons"". pbs.org. 30 April 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  12. ^ "FDIC Industrial Banks". Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. 25 June 2004. Retrieved 6 March 2007. 
  13. ^ Sister Cities International (SCI). Sister Cities International.
  14. ^ "Our Sister Cities". Saltlakesistercities.com. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  15. ^ Pessotto, Lorenzo. "International Affairs - Twinnings and Agreements". International Affairs Service in cooperation with Servizio Telematico Pubblico. City of Torino. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "Sister cities, Trujillo, Salt Lake City". Archived from the original on 12 March 2012. 
  17. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  18. ^ Moffatt, Riley (1996). Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow. p. 310. 
  19. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "State & County QuickFacts: Salt Lake City (city), Utah". U.S. Census Bureau. 8 July 2014. 
  21. ^ أ ب ت خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة pop
  22. ^ أ ب From 15% sample

Literature

External links

خطأ لوا في وحدة:Authority_control على السطر 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).