هنري پولسون

هنري پولسون Henry M. Paulson
Henry Paulson official Treasury photo, 2006.jpg
74th وزير الخزانة الأمريكية
الحالي
تولى المنصب
3 يوليو, 2006
الرئيس جورج بوش
سبقه جون سنو
تفاصيل شخصية
وُلِد (1946-03-28) مارس 28, 1946 (age 74)
بالم بيتش, فلوريدا
الحزب Republican (United States)
الجامعة الأم دارتماوث, جامعة هارفارد
المهنة مصرفي إستثماري
الدين Christian Science

هنري ميريت "هانك" پولسون جي آر (و. 28 مارس 1946) ، هو وزير الخزانة الأمريكية وعضو في مجلس محافظين صندوق النقد الدولي. وكان سابقا الرئيس والمسئول التنفيذي الأول لگولدمان ساكس.

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النشأة والعائلة

ولد في بالم بيتش, فلوريدا لوالدته ماريانا جاليور وهنري ميريت پولسون الذي يعمل تاجر مجوهرات بالجملة,[1] ونشأ في بارنجتون هيلز, الينوي.He was raised as a Christian Scientist.[2] Paulson attained the rank of Eagle Scout in theBoy Scouts of America.[3][4]


الحياة المهنية

الحيازة في وقت لاحق والعلاقة مع گولدمان ساكس

الترشيح لمنصب وزير الخزانة

پولسون (على اليمين) مع الرئيس جورج بوش قبل ترشيحه ليصبح وزير الخزانة.


العمل كوزير للخزانة

آراء أعرب عنها پولسون كوزير للخزانة

قائد الحكومة في خطة الإنقاذ

Paulson was the designated leader of the Bush administration's efforts in 2008 to nationalize the cost of bad loans made by financial institutions.

Through unprecedented intervention by the U.S. Treasury, Paulson led government efforts to avoid a severe economic slowdown. He pushed through the conservatorship of government agency mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Working with Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke, he influenced the decision to create a credit facility (bridge loan & warrants) of US$85 billion to American International Group so it would avoid filing bankruptcy.

In late September 2008, Paulson, along with Ben Bernanke and Christopher Cox, led the effort to help financial firms by agreeing to use US$700 billion dollars to purchase bad debt they had incurred.[5] He incurred criticism from economists for initially refusing to consider injecting large amounts of cash into financial institutions directly by purchasing stock, an option which other countries in similar circumstances have pursued.[6] This was the option favored by Federal Reserve Chairman Bernanke, and the one many economists expect will eventually be followed.

On September 19, 2008, Paulson called for the U.S. government to use hundreds of billions of Treasury dollars to help financial firms cleanup nonperforming mortgages that threaten the liquidity of those firms.[7] Due to his leadership and public appearances on this issue, the press labeled these measures the "Paulson financial rescue plan" or simply the Paulson Plan.[8]

With the passage of H.R. 1424, he became the manager of the United States Emergency Economic Stabilization fund.


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تضارب في متطلبات المصالح

Some have suggested Paulson's plan may potentially have some conflicts of interest, since Paulson is the former CEO of Goldman Sachs, a firm that may benefit from the plan.[9] Paulson has no direct financial interest in Goldman, however, since he sold his entire stake in the firm prior to becoming Treasury Secretary, pursuant to ethics law.[10] The proposed bill would give the United States Treasury Secretary unprecedented powers over the economic and financial life of the U.S.. Section 8 of Paulson’s plan states: “Decisions by the Secretary pursuant to the authority of this Act are non-reviewable and committed to agency discretion, and may not be reviewed by any court of law or any administrative agency.”[11]

أنشطة مدنية

المصادر

  1. ^ Battle, Robert (2006-08-23). "untitled". Ancestries of Miscellaneous "Celebrities". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  2. ^ Patricia Sellers, Hank Paulson's secret life, The CEO of Goldman Sachs is passionate about banking. But he's also obsessed with snakes, tarantulas, and coral reefs., Public Broadcasting Service, "Wall Street Week with Fortune" feature, December 29, 2003.
  3. ^ Townley, Alvin. Legacy of Honor: The Values and Influence of America's Eagle Scouts. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. pp. 178–188, 196. ISBN 0-312-36653-1. Retrieved 2006-12-29. Unknown parameter |origdate= ignored (|orig-year= suggested) (help)CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  4. ^ Ray, Mark (2007). "What It Means to Be an Eagle Scout". Scouting Magazine. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved 2007-01-05.
  5. ^ Joelle Tessler, Paulson oversees historic government intervention, Associated Press, 2008-09-19
  6. ^ Krugman, Paul, 'Gordon Does Good', New York Times, Oct 12, 2008
  7. ^ Sahadi, Jeanne (2008-09-19). "Rescue cost: Hundreds of billions". CNNMoney.com.
  8. ^ ""Paulson plan"". Google News search.
  9. ^ Herbert, Bob (2008-09-22). "A Second Opinion?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-10. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)
  10. ^ White, Ben (2008-09-19). "Details of a Rescue Plan Are Unclear, but Some Already Benefit". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-10. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ Beck, Rachel (2008-09-23). "Transparency key to bailout success". Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-09-23.

قراءات إضافية

وصلات خارجية

مناصب في قطاع الأعمال
سبقه
Jon Corzine
Chairman and CEO, گولدمان ساكس
يونيو 1998 -3 يوليو, 2006
تبعه
Lloyd Blankfein
مناصب سياسية
سبقه
John W. Snow
وزير الاخزانة بالولايات المتحدة
خدم في عهد: جورج بوش

10 يوليو, 2006 – الحاضر
تبعه
شاغر
ترتيب الأولوية
سبقه
كوندوليزا رايس
Secretary of State
United States Presidential Line of Succession
5th in line
تبعه
روبت جيتس
وزير الدفاع
ترتيب الأولوية في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية
سبقه
Sandra Day O'Connor
Retired Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
United States order of precedence
وزير الخزانة الأمريكي
تبعه
روبرت جتيس
وزير الدفاع الأمريكي