كيوشو

Kyushu
Native name: 九州
Terra Kyushu 20091028.jpg
Satellite picture of Kyushu
Japan kyushu map small.png
Kyushu region of Japan and the current prefectures on the island of Kyushu
الجغرافيا
الموقع East Asia
الأرخبيل Japanese Archipelago
المساحة 36,782 km2 (14,202 sq mi)
ترتيب المساحة 37th
خط الساحل 12٬221 km (7٬593٫8 mi)
أعلى منسوب 1٬791 m (5٬876 ft)
أعلى نقطة Mount Kujū[1]
الادارة
Prefectures قالب:Country data Fukuoka
قالب:Country data Kagoshima
قالب:Country data Kumamoto
قالب:Country data Miyazaki
قالب:Country data Nagasaki
قالب:Country data Oita
Flag of Okinawa Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture
قالب:Country data Saga
أكبر settlement Fukuoka
الديمغرافيا
التعداد 12,970,479 (2016)
الكثافة السكانية 307٫13 /km2 (795٫46 /sq mi)
الجماعات العرقية Japanese

Kyushu (九州 Kyūshū?, literally "Nine Provinces"; اليابانية: [kʲɯːꜜɕɯː]) هي ثالث أكبر جزيرة في اليابان، تقع في جنوب الغرب من البلاد. عدد سكانها 13.44 مليون (1995) ومساحتها 35640 كم².

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الجغرافيا

The island is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,591 metres (5,220 ft), is on Kyushu. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu, on the east shore, and around Mt. Aso, in central Kyushu. The island is separated from Honshu by the Kanmon Straits.

The name Kyūshū comes from the nine ancient provinces of Saikaidō situated on the island: Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hizen, Higo, Buzen, Bungo, Hyūga, Osumi, and Satsuma.

Today's Kyushu Region (九州地方 Kyūshū-chihō?) is a politically defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of Kyushu (which also includes the former Tsushima and Iki as part of Nagasaki), plus Okinawa Prefecture to the south:


الاقتصاد والبيئة

Map of Kyushu region with prefectures
JMSDF District Forces, including the Sasebo District Force

Parts of Kyushu have a subtropical climate, particularly Miyazaki prefecture and Kagoshima prefecture. Major agricultural products are rice, tea, tobacco, sweet potatoes, and soy; silk is also widely produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain, including Arita, Imari, Satsuma, and Karatsu. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles, semiconductors, and metal processing.

In 2010, the graduate employment rate in the region was the lowest nationwide, at 88.9%.[2]

Besides the volcanic area of the south, there are significant mud hot springs in the northern part of the island, around Beppu. These springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments.[3]


انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ قالب:Cite peakbagger
  2. ^ "Grads landing jobs near all-time low". The Japan Times. May 22, 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010. 
  3. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. Extremophile. eds. E.Monosson and C.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington DC

المراجع

الإحداثيات: 33°N 131°E / 33°N 131°E / 33; 131

خطأ لوا في وحدة:Authority_control على السطر 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).