محافظة أويتا

(تم التحويل من محافظة أوئيتا)
Ōita Prefecture

大分県
الترجمة اللفظية بالـ Japanese
 • Japanese大分県
 • RōmajiŌita-ken
علم Ōita Prefecture
Flag
الشعار الرسمي لـ Ōita Prefecture
Symbol
موقع Ōita Prefecture
الإحداثيات: 33°14′17.47″N 131°36′45.38″E / 33.2381861°N 131.6126056°E / 33.2381861; 131.6126056Coordinates: 33°14′17.47″N 131°36′45.38″E / 33.2381861°N 131.6126056°E / 33.2381861; 131.6126056
Country اليابان
RegionKyushu
IslandKyushu
CapitalŌita
SubdivisionsDistricts: 3، Municipalities: 18
الحكومة
 • GovernorKatsusada Hirose
المساحة
 • الإجمالي6٬340٫73 كم² (2٬448٫17 ميل²)
ترتيب المساحة22nd
التعداد
 (June 1, 2019)
 • الإجمالي1٬136٬245
 • الترتيب33rd
 • الكثافة180/km2 (460/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-44
الموقع الإلكترونيpref.oita.jp
رموز
BirdJapanese white-eye (Zosterops japonica)
FlowerBungo-ume blossom (Prunus mume var. bungo)
TreeBungo-ume tree (Prunus mume var. bungo)

محافظة أويتا (大分県, Ōita-ken) محافظة أوئيتا هي إحدى محافظات اليابان، تقع جنوبي البلاد في جزيرة كيوشو.[1] Ōita Prefecture has a population of 1,136,245 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 6,340 km2 (2,448 sq mi). Ōita Prefecture borders Fukuoka Prefecture to the northwest, Kumamoto Prefecture to the southwest, and Miyazaki Prefecture to the south.

مدينة أويتا هي عاصمة المحافظة، , with other major cities including Beppu, Nakatsu, and Saiki.[2] Ōita Prefecture is located in the northeast of Kyūshū on the Bungo Channel, connecting the Pacific Ocean and Seto Inland Sea, across from Ehime Prefecture on the island of Shikoku. Ōita Prefecture is famous for its hot springs and is a popular tourist destination in Japan for its onsens and ryokans, particularly in and around the city of Beppu.

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التاريخ

Around the 6th century Kyushu consisted of four regions: Tsukushi Province, Hi Province, Kumaso Province and Toyo Province.

Toyo Province was later divided into two regions, upper and lower Toyo Province, called Bungo Province and Buzen Province.

After the Meiji Restoration, districts from Bungo and Buzen provinces were combined to form Ōita Prefecture.[3] These provinces were divided among many local daimyōs and thus a large castle town never formed in Ōita. From this time that whole area became known as "Toyo-no-kuni", which means "Land of Abundance".

The origins of the name Ōita are documented in a report from the early 8th century called the Chronicles of Bungo (豊後国風土記, bungonokuni-fudoki) .[4] According to the document, when Emperor Keikō visited the Kyushu region, stopping first in Toyo-no-kuni, he exclaimed that 'This is a vast land, indeed. It shall be known as Okita-Kuni!' Okita-Kuni, meaning "Land of the Great Fields", later came to be written as "Ōita". Present day interpretations based on Ōita's topography state that Oita's name comes from "Okita", meaning "many fields", rather than "vast" or "great" field, because of Ōita's complex terrain.[4]

In the Edo period (1603–1867) the town of Hita was the government seat for the entire domain of Kyushu, which was directly controlled by the national government or shōgun at that time. The region became well known for the money-lending industry based out of Hita. Merchants in Hita's Mameda and Kuma districts worked with the national government to create this money-lending industry known as Hita-kin.


Current municipalities

Oita City
Hita
Beppu
Yufu
Saiki

Currently, the prefecture has 14 cities, 3 districts, 3 towns, and one village. From 2005 to 2006, all municipalities but Beppu, Tsukumi, Himeshima, Hiji, and all towns in Kusu District, were merged, and the total municipalities went down from 58 on December 31, 2004, to 18 after the creation of the city of Kunisaki by merging with 4 towns from Higashikunisaki District on March 31, 2006. As a result, the prefecture became the one with the fewest municipalities within Kyūshū, and the fourth fewest in Japan. However, Ōita Prefecture now has the fewest towns (3) and fewest towns and villages combined (4) in all of Japan.

محافظة أويتا is located in Oita Prefecture
Beppu別府市
Beppu別府市
Bungo-Ōno豊後大野市
Bungo-Ōno豊後大野市
Bungotakada豊後高田市
Bungotakada豊後高田市
Hita日田市
Hita日田市
Kitsuki杵築市
Kitsuki杵築市
Kunisaki国東市
Kunisaki国東市
Nakatsu中津市
Nakatsu中津市
Ōita (capital)大分市
Ōita (capital)大分市
Saiki佐伯市
Saiki佐伯市
Taketa竹田市
Taketa竹田市
Tsukumi津久見市
Tsukumi津久見市
Usa宇佐市
Usa宇佐市
Usuki臼杵市
Usuki臼杵市
Yufu由布市
Yufu由布市
Hiji日出町
Hiji日出町
Himeshima姫島村
Himeshima姫島村
Kokonoe九重町
Kokonoe九重町
Kusu玖珠町
Kusu玖珠町
Municipalities in Ōita Prefecture      City      Town


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Mergers and dissolutions

If the district dissolved, then the link will be in place.

الاقتصاد

Ōita Prefecture's industrial activity is centered on agricultural products. Fishery products and manufactured goods rank second and third respectively in terms of Ōita's industrial activity.

Ōita is Japan's number one producer of the following products:[5]

النقل

المطارات

Ports

ملاحظات

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ōita-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 742, p. 742, في كتب گوگل.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Ōita" in p. 742, p. 742, في كتب گوگل.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, في كتب گوگل.
  4. ^ أ ب Ōita Prefectural Government. (2006). Guide-O Ōita Prefecture Guide Book, p. 20.
  5. ^ Ōita Prefectural Government, Guide-O Oita Prefecture Guide Book, p. 40-41.

المراجع

وصلات خارجية

https://www.discover-oita.com

قالب:Oita

الكلمات الدالة: