محافظة گيفو

Gifu Prefecture

岐阜県
الترجمة اللفظية بالـ Japanese
 • Japanese岐阜県
 • RōmajiGifu-ken
علم Gifu Prefecture
Flag
الشعار الرسمي لـ Gifu Prefecture
Symbol
موقع Gifu Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
IslandHonshu
CapitalGifu
SubdivisionsDistricts: 9، Municipalities: 42
الحكومة
 • GovernorHajime Furuta
المساحة
 • الإجمالي10٬621٫29 كم² (4٬100٫90 ميل²)
ترتيب المساحة7th
التعداد
 (June 1, 2019)
 • الإجمالي1٬991٬390
 • الترتيب17th
 • الكثافة190/km2 (490/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-21
الموقع الإلكترونيpref.gifu.lg.jp/English
رموز
BirdRock ptarmigan
(Lagopus muta)
السمكةAyu
(Plecoglossus altivelis)
FlowerChinese milk vetch
(Astragalus sinicus)
TreeJapanese yew
(Taxus cuspidata)

Gifu Prefecture (岐阜県, Gifu-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu.[1] Gifu Prefecture has a population of 1,991,390 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 10,621 km² (4,100 sq mi). Gifu Prefecture borders Toyama Prefecture to the north; Ishikawa Prefecture to the northwest; Fukui Prefecture to the west; Shiga Prefecture to the southwest; Mie Prefecture and Aichi Prefecture to the south; and Nagano Prefecture to the east.

Gifu is the capital and largest city of Gifu Prefecture, with other major cities including Ōgaki, Kakamigahara, and Tajimi.[2]

Gifu Prefecture is located in the center of Japan, one of only eight landlocked prefectures, and features the country's center of population. Gifu Prefecture has served as the historic crossroads of Japan with routes connecting the east to the west, including the Nakasendō, one of the Five Routes of the Edo Period. Gifu Prefecture was a long-term residence of Oda Nobunaga and Saitō Dōsan, two influential figures of Japanese history in the Sengoku period, spawning the popular phrase of "control Gifu and you control Japan" in the late Medieval era.[3] Gifu Prefecture is known for its traditional Washi paper industry, including Gifu Lanterns and Gifu Umbrellas, and as a center for the Japanese swordsmithing and cutlery industries. Gifu Prefecture is home to Gifu Castle, the 1,300-year-old tradition of Cormorant fishing on the Nagara River, and the site of the Battle of Sekigahara.

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جغرافيا

المناخ

View from the top of a hill in Magome-juku, Nakatsugawa, Gifu Prefecture

Gifu's climate varies from humid subtropical climate in the south, eventually making the transition to humid continental climate in the north.

Gifu City (Mino Region)
بيانات مناخ Gifu, Gifu (1981–2010)
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °س (°ف) 20.4
(68.7)
22.2
(72)
25.8
(78.4)
30.8
(87.4)
33.5
(92.3)
36.2
(97.2)
39.0
(102.2)
39.8
(103.6)
37.7
(99.9)
31.0
(87.8)
26.7
(80.1)
21.1
(70)
39٫8
(103٫6)
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 8.8
(47.8)
10.0
(50)
13.7
(56.7)
19.8
(67.6)
24.2
(75.6)
27.4
(81.3)
31.0
(87.8)
33.0
(91.4)
28.8
(83.8)
23.1
(73.6)
17.2
(63)
11.6
(52.9)
20٫7
(69٫3)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 0.5
(32.9)
0.9
(33.6)
3.9
(39)
9.3
(48.7)
14.2
(57.6)
19.0
(66.2)
23.0
(73.4)
24.3
(75.7)
20.4
(68.7)
13.8
(56.8)
7.7
(45.9)
2.7
(36.9)
11٫6
(52٫9)
الصغرى القياسية °س (°ف) −14.3
(6.3)
−13.7
(7.3)
−6.7
(19.9)
−2.8
(27)
1.7
(35.1)
6.8
(44.2)
12.8
(55)
14.0
(57.2)
8.3
(46.9)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
−8.7
(16.3)
−14٫3
(6٫3)
هطول mm (inches) 67.0
(2.638)
82.1
(3.232)
143.0
(5.63)
161.2
(6.346)
204.7
(8.059)
245.3
(9.657)
261.6
(10.299)
148.9
(5.862)
237.3
(9.343)
125.5
(4.941)
93.0
(3.661)
58.0
(2.283)
1٬827٫6
(71٫953)
سقوط الثلج cm (inches) 19
(7.5)
17
(6.7)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
9
(3.5)
46
(18٫1)
Humidity 67 63 60 60 65 71 74 70 71 67 67 68 66٫9
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 9.5 9.7 10.7 10.7 11.6 12.7 13.7 9.7 12.5 9.3 8.1 9.3 127٫5
Avg. snowy days 9.4 8.2 2.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 3.7 24٫5
Sunshine hours 160.3 163.6 188.3 196.0 199.0 159.4 167.0 202.2 157.8 174.2 157.3 160.2 2٬085٫3
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[4]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[5]
Hida Takayama (Hida Region)
بيانات مناخ Central Takayama, Gifu (1971–2000)
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °س (°ف) 16.7
(62.1)
18.5
(65.3)
23.4
(74.1)
30.6
(87.1)
32.1
(89.8)
34.7
(94.5)
36.1
(97)
37.3
(99.1)
35.4
(95.7)
29.4
(84.9)
23.9
(75)
21.7
(71.1)
37٫3
(99٫1)
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 2.9
(37.2)
3.6
(38.5)
8.5
(47.3)
16.5
(61.7)
21.9
(71.4)
25.2
(77.4)
28.7
(83.7)
30.1
(86.2)
24.9
(76.8)
18.8
(65.8)
12.3
(54.1)
5.9
(42.6)
16٫6
(61٫9)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) -2.1
(28.2)
-1.1
(30)
2.9
(37.2)
9.7
(49.5)
15.2
(59.4)
19.8
(67.6)
23.6
(74.5)
24.7
(76.5)
20.1
(68.2)
13.4
(56.1)
7.2
(45)
1.6
(34.9)
11٫2
(52٫2)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) -7.1
(19.2)
-5.7
(21.7)
-2.5
(27.5)
2.9
(37.2)
8.4
(47.1)
14.3
(57.7)
18.5
(65.3)
19.3
(66.7)
15.1
(59.2)
7.9
(46.2)
2.0
(35.6)
-2.7
(27.1)
6٫0
(42٫8)
الصغرى القياسية °س (°ف) -23.5
(-10.3)
-25.5
(-13.9)
-21.2
(-6.2)
-7.6
(18.3)
-3.1
(26.4)
1.8
(35.2)
8.1
(46.6)
9.4
(48.9)
3.8
(38.8)
-3.5
(25.7)
-10.7
(12.7)
-19.5
(-3.1)
−25٫5
(−13٫9)
هطول mm (inches) 88.9
(3.5)
99.7
(3.925)
120.5
(4.744)
139.1
(5.476)
134.8
(5.307)
193.1
(7.602)
226.2
(8.906)
169.1
(6.657)
257.8
(10.15)
126.7
(4.988)
98.5
(3.878)
79.3
(3.122)
1٬733٫5
(68٫248)
سقوط الثلج cm (inches) 166
(65.4)
155
(61)
66
(26)
7
(2.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
15
(5.9)
98
(38.6)
511
(201٫2)
Sunshine hours 95.6 112.6 150.9 174.6 181.3 143.0 146.5 180.5 124.1 125.8 98.9 89.0 1٬623٫7
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[6][7]
Source #2: All Met Sat[8]
Shōkawa, Takayama (Hida Region)
بيانات مناخ Shōkawa, Takayama, Gifu (1971–2000)
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) -0.2
(31.6)
0.7
(33.3)
4.6
(40.3)
12.1
(53.8)
17.8
(64)
21.2
(70.2)
24.7
(76.5)
26.1
(79)
21.6
(70.9)
15.6
(60.1)
9.5
(49.1)
3.0
(37.4)
13٫0
(55٫4)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) -5.1
(22.8)
-4.9
(23.2)
-1.1
(30)
5.2
(41.4)
10.9
(51.6)
15.4
(59.7)
19.4
(66.9)
20.3
(68.5)
16.1
(61)
9.2
(48.6)
3.1
(37.6)
-2.3
(27.9)
7٫2
(45)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) -11.7
(10.9)
-12.3
(9.9)
-7.5
(18.5)
-1.8
(28.8)
3.5
(38.3)
9.6
(49.3)
14.7
(58.5)
15.5
(59.9)
11.3
(52.3)
3.4
(38.1)
-2.6
(27.3)
-8.0
(17.6)
1٫2
(34٫2)
هطول mm (inches) 152.0
(5.984)
135.4
(5.331)
173.4
(6.827)
175.9
(6.925)
221.2
(8.709)
262.4
(10.331)
331.8
(13.063)
233.6
(9.197)
324.6
(12.78)
165.4
(6.512)
143.8
(5.661)
137.1
(5.398)
2٬439٫3
(96٫035)
Sunshine hours 75.8 103.3 149.6 181.6 185.1 143.2 138.2 155.6 117.0 128.3 102.3 81.7 1٬563٫7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[9]


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Municipalities

Map of Gifu Prefecture
     City      Town      Village

All of the cities, towns, villages and districts of Gifu Prefecture are listed below.

Cities

Twenty-one cities are located in Gifu Prefecture:

Minokamo
Ōgaki
Takayama
  • Gifu – (the capital city of the prefecture)

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Gifu-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 246, p. 246, في كتب گوگل; "Chūbu" in p. 126, p. 126, في كتب گوگل
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Gifu" in p. 246, p. 246, في كتب گوگل
  3. ^ Instant Gifu. Gifu International Center, 1995.
  4. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-18.
  5. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  6. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  7. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  8. ^ "AllMetSat Takayama". All Met Sat. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
  9. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2012-05-06.

References

External links

قالب:Gifu

Coordinates: 35°29′N 136°54′E / 35.483°N 136.900°E / 35.483; 136.900