مقاطعات كرواتيا

(تم التحويل من Counties of Croatia)
مقاطعات كرواتيا
Hrvatske županije (الكرواتية)
مقاطعة ڤوكوڤار-سرييمOsijek-Baranja CountyBrod-Posavina CountyPožega-Slavonia Countyمقاطعة ڤيروڤيتيتسا-پودراڤيناBjelovar-Bilogora CountyKoprivnica-Križevci CountyMeđimurje CountyVaraždin CountyKrapina-Zagorje Countyمقاطعة زغربمدينة زغربمقاطعة سيساك-موسلاڤينامقاطعة كارلوڤاتسمقاطعة إسترياPrimorje-Gorski Kotar Countyمقاطعة ليكا-سنيمقاطعة زادارŠibenik-Knin Countyمقاطعة سپليت-دلماتيامقاطعة دوبروڤنيك-نرتڤاMap of present-day counties of Croatia
مقاطعات كرواتيا:   Bjelovar-Bilogora   Brod-Posavina   دوبروڤنيك-نرتڤا   إستريا   كارلوڤاتس   Koprivnica-Križevci   Krapina-Zagorje   ليكا-سني   Međimurje   Osijek-Baranja   Požega-Slavonia   Primorje-Gorski Kotar   Šibenik-Knin   سيساك-موسلاڤينا   سپليت-دلماتيا   Varaždin   ڤيروڤيتيتسا-پودراڤينا   ڤوكوڤار-سرييم   زادار   مدينة زغرب   مقاطعة زغرب
التصنيفUnitary state
الموقعجمهورية كرواتيا
العدد20 مقاطعة + مدينة زغرب
عدد السكان50,927 (ليكا-سني) – 790,017 (زغرب)
المساحة640 كم² (زغرب) – 5,350 كم² (ليكا-سني)
الحكومةحكومة المقاطعة، الحكومة الوطنية
التقسيماتبلدية و مدينة
Coat of arms
هذه المقالة هي جزء من سلسلة عن
سياسة وحكومة
كرواتيا
الدستور

مقاطعات كرواتيا (بالكرواتية: županije؛ بالإنگليزية: counties of Croatia) هي the primary administrative subdivisions of the جمهورية كرواتيا.[1] Since they were re-established in 1992, Croatia has been divided into 20 counties والعاصمة زغرب, which has the authority and legal status of both a county and a city (separate from the surrounding مقاطعة زغرب).[2][3] As of 2015, the counties are subdivided into 128 cities and 428 (mostly rural) municipalities.[4][5]

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الحكم

مجلس المقاطعة (بالكرواتية: županijska skupština) هو الكيان التمثيلي والمتداوِل في كل مقاطعة. Assembly members are elected for a four-year term by popular vote (proportional system with closed lists and d'Hondt method) in local elections.[6]

The executive branch of each county's government is headed by a county prefect (county president) (بالكرواتية: župan), except that a العمدة heads the city of Zagreb's executive branch. Croatia's county prefects (with two deputy prefects)، عمدة زغرب (with two deputy mayors)[أ] are elected for a four-year term by a majority of votes cast within applicable local government units, with a runoff election if no candidate achieves a majority in the first round of voting (majoritarian vote, two-round system).[6] County prefects (with deputy prefects and mayor of Zagreb with his/her deputies) can be recalled by a referendum. County administrative bodies are administrative departments and services which are established for the performance of works in the self-governing domain of the county, as well as for the performance of works of state administration transferred to the county. Administrative departments and services are managed by heads (principals) nominated by the county prefect on the basis of a public competition.[7]

In each county exists a State Administration Office (بالكرواتية: Ured državne uprave) which performs the tasks of the central government (under Ministry of Public Administration). Head of State Administration Office (predstojnik Ureda državne uprave), who is a university graduate in law, is appointed by the Croatian Government (في مدينة زغرب the mayor is responsible for the state administration).These offices ("administrations") are not subordinate to the county assembly or county prefect, but rather the direct presence of the state (similar to governorates or prefectures in certain countries).


التمويل والمهام

The counties are funded by the central government, as well as from county-owned businesses, county taxes and county fees. County taxes include a five percent inheritance and gift tax, a motor vehicle tax, a vessel tax and an arcade game machine tax.[8][9]

The counties are tasked with performing general public administration services, primary and secondary education, government funded healthcare, social welfare, administration pertaining to agriculture, forestry, hunting, fisheries, mining, industry and construction, and other services to the economy at the county level, as well as road transport infrastructure management and issuing of building and location permits and other document in relation to construction in the county area excluding the area of the big city and the county seat city; the central government and local (city and municipal) governments may also perform each of those tasks at their respective levels according to the law.[7]

The Croatian County Association was set up in 2003 as a framework for inter-county cooperation.[10]

المصطلحات

The Croatian (singular) term županija was originally applied to territory controlled by a župan (official title).[11] Since the 12th century, the counties have also been referred to by the Latin term comitatus.[11]

قوائم المقاطعات

الحالية

مقاطعات كرواتيا كما عـُرِّفت في 2006
المقاطعة المقر المساحة[12] التعداد (2011)[12] ن.م.ا. per capita (2013)[13] الدروع الإحداثيات
Bjelovar-Bilogora Bjelovar 2,640 kم2 (2.84×1010 قدم2) 119,764 06838€6,838 Coat of arms of Bjelovar-Bilogora County 45°54′10″N 16°50′51″E / 45.90278°N 16.84750°E / 45.90278; 16.84750 (Bjelovar-Bilogora County)
Brod-Posavina Slavonski Brod 2,030 kم2 (2.19×1010 قدم2) 158,575 05858€5,858 Coat of arms of Brod-Posavina County 45°09′27″N 18°01′13″E / 45.15750°N 18.02028°E / 45.15750; 18.02028 (Brod-Posavina County)
دوبروڤنيك-نرتڤا دوبروڤنيك 1,781 كم² 122,568 09969€9,969 Coat of arms of Dubrovnik-Neretva County 42°39′13″N 18°05′41″E / 42.65361°N 18.09472°E / 42.65361; 18.09472 (مقاطعة دوبروڤنيك-نرتڤا)
إستريا پازين 2,813 كم² 208,055 12711€12,711 Coat of arms of Istria County 45°14′21″N 13°56′19″E / 45.23917°N 13.93861°E / 45.23917; 13.93861 (مقاطعة إستريا)
كارلوڤاتس كارلوڤاتس 3,626 كم² 128,899 07763€7,763 Coat of arms of Karlovac County 45°29′35″N 15°33′21″E / 45.49306°N 15.55583°E / 45.49306; 15.55583 (مقاطعة كارلوڤاتس)
Koprivnica-Križevci Koprivnica 1,748 kم2 (1.882×1010 قدم2) 115,584 08768€8,768 Coat of arms of Koprivnica-Križevci County 46°10′12″N 16°54′33″E / 46.17000°N 16.90917°E / 46.17000; 16.90917 (Koprivnica-Križevci County)
Krapina-Zagorje Krapina 1,229 kم2 (1.323×1010 قدم2) 132,892 06380€6,380 Coat of arms of Krapina-Zagorje County 46°7′30″N 15°48′25″E / 46.12500°N 15.80694°E / 46.12500; 15.80694 (Krapina-Zagorje County)
Lika-Senj Gospić 5,353 kم2 (5.762×1010 قدم2) 50,927 07841€7,841 Coat of arms of Lika-Senj County 44°42′25″N 15°10′27″E / 44.70694°N 15.17417°E / 44.70694; 15.17417 (Lika-Senj County)
Međimurje CČakovecČakovec 0,730729 kم2 (7.85×109 قدم2) 113,804 08481€8,481 Coat of arms of Međimurje County 46°27′58″N 16°24′50″E / 46.46611°N 16.41389°E / 46.46611; 16.41389 (Međimurje County)
Osijek-Baranja Osijek 4,155 kم2 (4.472×1010 قدم2) 305,032 08121€8,121 Coat of arms of Osijek-Baranja County 45°38′13″N 18°37′5″E / 45.63694°N 18.61806°E / 45.63694; 18.61806 (Osijek-Baranja County)
Požega-Slavonia Požega 1,823 kم2 (1.962×1010 قدم2) 78,034 06102€6,102 Coat of arms of Požega-Slavonia County 45°18′40″N 17°44′24″E / 45.31111°N 17.74000°E / 45.31111; 17.74000 (Požega-Slavonia County)
پريمورييه-گورسكي كوتار رييكا 3,588 كم² 296,195 12930€12,930 Coat of arms of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County 45°27′14″N 14°35′38″E / 45.45389°N 14.59389°E / 45.45389; 14.59389 (Primorje-Gorski Kotar County)
SŠibenikŠibenik-Knin SŠibenikŠibenik 2,984 كم² 109,375 08051€8,051 Coat of arms of Šibenik-Knin County 43°55′44″N 16°3′43″E / 43.92889°N 16.06194°E / 43.92889; 16.06194 (Šibenik-Knin County)
سيساك-موسلاڤينا سيساك 4,468 كم² 172,439 07842€7,842 Coat of arms of Sisak-Moslavina County 45°13′15″N 16°15′5″E / 45.22083°N 16.25139°E / 45.22083; 16.25139 (مقاطعة سيساك-موسلاڤينا)
سپليت-دلماتيا سپليت 4,540 كم² 454,798 07849€7,849 Coat of arms of Split-Dalmatia County 43°10′0″N 16°30′0″E / 43.16667°N 16.50000°E / 43.16667; 16.50000 (مقاطعة سپليت-دلماتيا)
Varaždin Varaždin 1,262 kم2 (1.358×1010 قدم2) 175,951 08415€8,415 Post-1992 coat of arms of Varaždin County 46°19′16″N 16°13′52″E / 46.32111°N 16.23111°E / 46.32111; 16.23111 (Varaždin County)
ڤيروڤيتيتسا-پودراڤينا ڤيروڤيتيتسا 2,024كم² 84,836 06043€6,043 Coat of arms of Virovitica-Podravina County 45°52′23″N 17°30′18″E / 45.87306°N 17.50500°E / 45.87306; 17.50500 (مقاطعة ڤيروڤيتيتسا-پودراڤينا)
ڤوكوڤار-سرييم ڤوكوڤار 2,454 كم² 179,521 06025€6,025 Coat of arms of Vukovar-Srijem County 45°13′43″N 18°55′0″E / 45.22861°N 18.91667°E / 45.22861; 18.91667 (مقاطعة ڤوكوڤار-سرييم)
زادار زادار 3,646 كم² 170,017 08173€8,173 Coat of arms of Zadar County 44°1′5″N 15°53′42″E / 44.01806°N 15.89500°E / 44.01806; 15.89500 (مقاطعة زادار)
مقاطعة زغرب زغرب 3,060 كم² 317,606 07781€7,781 Post-1992 coat of arms of Zagreb County 45°44′56″N 15°34′16″E / 45.74889°N 15.57111°E / 45.74889; 15.57111 (مقاطعة زغرب)
زغرب، المدينةمدينة زغرب[ب] زغرب 0,641641 كم² 790,017 18132€18,132 Coat of arms of the city of Zagreb 45°49′0″N 15°59′0″E / 45.81667°N 15.98333°E / 45.81667; 15.98333 (مدينة زغرب)


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السابقة

Map of counties of Croatia in 1886
مقاطعات مملكة كرواتيا-سلاڤونيا، وموقع المملكة ضمن النمسا-المجر (inset, orange)
مقاطعات مملكة كرواتيا-سلاڤونيا بعد إعادة التنظيم في 1886
المقاطعة المقر Area
(1886–1912)[14]
التعداد (1910)[15] الدروع Geographic coordinates
Bjelovar-Križevci Bjelovar 5,048 kم2 (5.434×1010 قدم2) 331,385 Coat of arms of Bjelovar-Križevci County 45°55′14″N 16°45′54″E / 45.92056°N 16.76500°E / 45.92056; 16.76500 (Bjelovar-Križevci County (historical))
Lika-Krbava Gospić 6,217 kم2 (6.692×1010 قدم2) 203,973 Coat of arms of Lika-Krbava County 44°42′28″N 15°21′12″E / 44.70778°N 15.35333°E / 44.70778; 15.35333 (Lika-Krbava County (historical))
Modruš-Rijeka Ogulin 4,874 kم2 (5.246×1010 قدم2) 231,354 Modrus-Fiume coatofarms.jpg 45°19′30″N 14°58′28″E / 45.32500°N 14.97444°E / 45.32500; 14.97444 (Modruš-Rijeka County (historical))
Požega Požega 4,938 kم2 (5.315×1010 قدم2) 263,690 Coat of arms of Požega County 45°22′45″N 17°31′4″E / 45.37917°N 17.51778°E / 45.37917; 17.51778 (Požega County (historical))
Syrmia Vukovar 6,848 kم2 (7.371×1010 قدم2) 410,007 Coat of arms of Syrmia County 45°4′53″N 19°15′33″E / 45.08139°N 19.25917°E / 45.08139; 19.25917 (Syrmia County (historical))
Varaždin Varaždin 2,521 kم2 (2.714×1010 قدم2) 305,558 Pre-1922 coat of arms of Varaždin County 46°15′7″N 16°11′38″E / 46.25194°N 16.19389°E / 46.25194; 16.19389 (Varaždin County (historical))
Virovitica Osijek 4,852 kم2 (5.223×1010 قدم2) 269,199 Coat of arms of Virovitica County 45°38′27″N 17°51′30″E / 45.64083°N 17.85833°E / 45.64083; 17.85833 (Virovitica County (historical))
زغرب زغرب 7,215 kم2 (7.766×1010 قدم2) 587,378 Pre-1922 coat of arms of Zagreb County 45°38′27″N 16°11′57″E / 45.64083°N 16.19917°E / 45.64083; 16.19917 (Zagreb County (historical))


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انظر أيضاً

ملاحظات

  1. ^ Also city mayors and municipality presidents with deputies.
  2. ^ The city of Zagreb acts as both a county and a مدينة، وهي ليست جزءاً من أي مقاطعة أخرى—مقاطعة زغرب هي وحدة ادارية منفصلة تضم الأراضي خارج مدينة زغرب.[4]

الهامش

  1. ^ The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia (consolidated text) - Croatian Parliament.Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  2. ^ "Gospodarski profil Grada Zagreba i Zagrebačke županije" [Economic profile of the City of Zagreb and the Zagreb County] (in Croatian). Croatian Chamber of Economy. Archived from the original on 7 May 2006. Retrieved 6 May 2012. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  3. ^ "Zakon o područjima županija, gradova i općina u Republici Hrvatskoj" [Territories of Counties, Cities and Municipalities of the Republic of Croatia Act]. Narodne novine (in Croatian). 30 January 1997. Retrieved 6 May 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  4. ^ أ ب "Zakon o područjima županija, gradova i općina u Republici Hrvatskoj" [Territories of Counties, Cities and Municipalities of the Republic of Croatia Act]. Narodne novine (in Croatian). 28 July 2006. Retrieved 9 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  5. ^ "Popovača dobila status grada". Poslovni dnevnik (in Croatian). 12 April 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  6. ^ أ ب "Zakon o lokalnim izborima" [Local Elections Act]. Narodne novine (in Croatian) (144/2012). 21 December 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  7. ^ أ ب "Zakon o lokalnoj i područnoj (regionalnoj) samoupravi (pročišćeni tekst)" [Local and Regional Self-Government Act (consolidated text)]. Narodne novine (in Croatian) (19/2013). 18 February 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  8. ^ "The Croatian tax system". Croatian Tax Administration. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved 15 April 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  9. ^ Anto Bajo; Mihaela Bronić (December 2004). "Fiskalna decentralizacija u Hrvatskoj: problemi fiskalnog izravnanja" [Fiscal Decentralisation in Croatia: Problems of Fiscal Equalisation]. Financijska teorija i praksa (in Croatian). Institute of Public Finance. 28 (4): 445–467. Retrieved 21 June 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  10. ^ "Croatian County Association". Retrieved 10 April 2012.[dead link]
  11. ^ أ ب خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Counties-History
  12. ^ أ ب "Counties, surface area, population, towns, municipalities and settlements, 2011 census". Croatian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  13. ^ "Gross domestic product for Republic of Croatia, statistical regions at level 2 and counties, 2011". Croatian Bureau of Statistics. 14 February 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  14. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Dubravica
  15. ^ Mira Kolar-Dimitrijević (October 1991). "Utjecaj Prvog svjetskog rata na kretanje stanovništva i stočarstva na području Hrvatske i Slavonije" [Impact of World War I on population and animal husbandry trends in the area of Croatia and Slavonia]. Radovi Zavoda za hrvatsku povijest (in Croatian). University of Zagreb, Croatian History Institute. 24 (1): 41–56. ISSN 0353-295X. Retrieved 10 April 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)

قالب:Counties of Croatia

المصادر