صادق لاريجاني

Sadeq Larijani
Sixth International Conference in Support of the Palestinian Intifada, Tehran (15) (crop of Sadeq Larijani).jpg
Sadeq Larijani, 2017
Chief Justice of Iran
الحالي
تولى المنصب
15 August 2009
نائب Ebrahim Raeesi
Gholam-Hossein Mohseni-Eje'i
عيـّنه Ali Khamenei
سبقه Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
Member of the Assembly of Experts
الحالي
تولى المنصب
15 December 1998
الدائرة الانتخابية Mazandaran Province
الأغلبية 682,817
تفاصيل شخصية
وُلِد Sadeq Ardeshir Larijani
(1961-03-12) 12 مارس 1961 (age 58)
Najaf, Iraq
القومية Iranian
الحزب Combatant Clergy Association
الوالدان Mirza Hashem Amoli (father)[1]
الجامعة الأم Qom Seminary
Tarbiat Modares University
الدين Shia Islam

Sadeq Ardeshir Larijani (فارسية: صادق اردشیر لاریجانی; born 12 March 1961 in Najaf, Iraq), more known as Amoli Larijani (فارسية: آملی لاریجانی), is an Iranian cleric, politician and the current and fifth head of the judicial system of Iran after the 1979 revolution.

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Early life and education

He was born in 1339 solar (1961) in Najaf, Iraq to Iranian parents. His father, the late Ayatollah Mirza Hashem Amoli, was an eminent Mujtahid of his time who worked in Najaf after being exiled by Mohammad Reza Shah. The family moved to Iran after the Iranian Revolution in 1979. Larinjani became familiar with both religious sciences and modern sciences as child. He began his primary school in 1345 solar (1966) and finished high school in 1356 solar (1977). Following high school, he began his seminary studies in Qom. He finished his seminary studies in 1368 solar (1989) then began to teach in both seminary and university. He became a member of scientific staffs of Qom University and taught many courses in theology and comparative philosophy.[2] Larijani is a brother of Ali Larijani (Speaker of the Majlis), Mohammad Javad Larijani, Bagher Larijani (Chancellor of Tehran University of Medical Sciences), and Fazel Larijani (Iran's former cultural attachée in Ottawa).[3][4][5]

He is fluent in Persian, Arabic, And does not know any thing about English language .


Career

Larijani served as one of the 12 members of the Guardian Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran for eight years.[6] Described as "relatively junior"[6] or "inexperienced cleric" with "close ties to Iran's military and intelligence agencies",[7] he was appointed head of the judicial system of Iran by supreme leader Ali Khamenei on 15 August 2009.[8]

Controversies

In 2015, he said it is illegal for the Assembly of Experts to supervise Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.[9] In 2016, he warned president Hassan Rouhani against voicing opposition to Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.[10][11][12]

Views

Sadegh Larijani stated that the government does not derive its legitimacy from the votes of the nation.[13] He is a well-known critic of ex-president Mohammad Khatami and his reforms. In March 1998 an article by him attacking Khatami's call for a civil Islamic society and Abdolkarim Soroush's philosophy was published in Sobh newspaper.[14]


العقوبات 2018

العقوبات الجديدة التي أقرتها إدارة ترامب على مؤسسات وشخصيات إيرانية شملت صادق لاريجاني رئيس السلطة القضائية في إيران بسبب انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان. تشكل عائلة لاريجاني ثقلا ملحوظا في توازنات النظام الإيراني؛ وبالتالي تشكل العقوبات عليه وسيلة ضغط معنوية كبيرة على رموز النظام الإيراني. صادق لاريجاني متزوج من ابنة آية الله العظمي وحيد خراساني وهو أحد الأخوة الخمسة لعائلة لاريجاني (علي لاريجاني رئيس البرلمان والمتزوج من ابنة آيه الله مطهري ومحمد جواد لاريجاني مستشار المرشد للعلاقات الدولية وباقر لاريجاني الرئيس السابق لجامعة طهران الطبية وفاضل لاريجاني). غير معروف عن صادق لاريجاني أنه يهوى احتساء القهوة في مانهاتن أو حبه للسفر أو امتلاك ودائع خارج إيران، لذلك تبقى العقوبات عليه في مستوى المعنوي وليس العملي بالضرورة.

Works

Ayatollah Sadeq Larijani wrote many works in different religious sciences like Principles of Islamic jurisprudence, analytic philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of principles and fiqh. He also translated some works into Persian like translation of Contemporary moral philosophy by Geoffrey Warnock. He also translated an article by Karl Popper in the sphere of philosophy of science. However, he tries to criticise the western point of view from Islamic view.[15] In May 2016, The collection of philosophy of principles was represented by him. This collection amounts to 33 volumes and until now just the first and the fifth volume have been published.[16]

Some of the books written by him are as follows:

  • Critics on theory of theoretical limitation and expansion of shariah
  • Analytical philosophy,designation and necessity
  • Theories of meaning [17]

Public image

According to a poll conducted in March 2016 by Information and Public Opinion Solutions LLC (iPOS) among Iranian citizens, Larijani has 37% approval and 29% disapproval ratings and thus a +8% net popularity; while 23% of responders don't recognize the name.[18]


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Personal life

Larijani is son-in-law of Grand Ayatollah Hossein Vahid Khorasani, who was one of his teachers in Qom.[4]

انظر أيضًا

References

  1. ^ Marsha B. Cohen (May 2013). "The Brothers Larijani: A sphere of power". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  2. ^ Tajgar, Reza. "Tasks of juridicial faculty" (95).
  3. ^ Erdbrink, Thomas (5 February 2013). "High-Level Feud Bares Tensions in Iran". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 March 2017.
  4. ^ أ ب Sahimi, Mohammad (20 August 2009). "Nepotism & the Larijani Dynasty". PBS. Los Angeles. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  5. ^ "Iran's president defies supreme leader to safeguard his future". Al Arabiya. 10 February 2013. Archived from the original on 11 February 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  6. ^ أ ب Will Iran's 'Kennedys' Challenge Ahmadinejad? By Robin Wright Archived 20 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. 17 August 2009
  7. ^ Militarization of the Iranian Judiciary By Mehdi Khalaji, 13 August 2009
  8. ^ "Sadeq Larijani to replace Shahroudi as judiciary chief: sources". Archived from the original on 8 March 2012.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Iran's Rouhani warned against opposing supreme leader - World Bulletin". Archived from the original on 24 June 2016.
  11. ^ https://www.actualite-news.com/en/component/content/article?id=1756:iran-president-warned-against-opposing-supreme-leader Archived 17 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ "Iran President Warned against Opposing Supreme Leader". 10 May 2016. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Iran Briefing September 2006 Issue". caisuk.com. Archived from the original on 30 July 2007.
  14. ^ Sobh newspaper, No 80, Farvardin 1377 (March 1998), p 44.
  15. ^ "Militarization of the Iranian Judiciary". www.washingtoninstitute.org. Archived from the original on 26 March 2017.
  16. ^ "ایرنا - رونمایی از کتاب فلسفه علم اصول اثر آیت الله آملی لاریجانی در قم". www7.irna.ir. Archived from the original on 28 May 2016.
  17. ^ "زندگی نامه رئیس جدید قوه قضاییه به روایت آیت الله صادق لاریجانی". www.hawzah.net.
  18. ^ "ظریف محبوب‌ترین چهره سیاسی ایران". Information and Public Opinion Solutions LLC (in Persian). 24 May 2016. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 24 May 2016.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
مناصب قانونية
سبقه
محمود الهاشمي الشاهرودي
رئيس السلطة القضائية الإيرانية
2009–present
تبعه
الحالي