أوربينو

Urbino
Comune di Urbino
أوربينو
أوربينو
Flag of Urbino
Flag
Urbino is located in إيطاليا
Urbino
Urbino
Urbino is located in Marche
Urbino
Urbino
موقع Urbino في Italy
الإحداثيات: 43°43′N 12°38′E / 43.717°N 12.633°E / 43.717; 12.633Coordinates: 43°43′N 12°38′E / 43.717°N 12.633°E / 43.717; 12.633
البلدإيطاليا
المنطقةMarche
المقاطعةPesaro and Urbino (PU)
FrazioniCa' Mazzasette, Canavaccio, Castelcavallino, La Torre, Mazzaferro, Pieve di Cagna, San Marino, Schieti, Scotaneto, Trasanni
الحكم
 • العمدةMaurizio Gambini
المساحة
 • الإجمالية226٫50 كم² (87٫45 ميل²)
الارتفاع451 m (1٬480 ft)
التعداد(30-4-2017)
 • الإجمالي14٬786
 • الكثافة65/km2 (170/sq mi)
صفة المواطنUrbinate(i)
منطقة التوقيتCET (التوقيت العالمي المنسق+1)
 • الصيفيCEST (UTC+2)
الرمز البريدي61029
مفتاح الهاتف0722
Patron saintSt. Crescentinus
يوم القديسJune 1
الموقع الإلكترونيOfficial website
Historic Centre of Urbino
موقع تراث عالمي حسب اليونسكو
Chiesa San Bernardino (Urbino).jpg
The church of San Bernardino near Urbino
السماتCultural: ii, iv
مراجع828
التدوين1998 (22nd Session)
المساحة29.23 ha
منطقة عازلة3,608.5 ha

Urbino (UK /əːrˈbn/ ur-BEE-noh,[1] النطق بالإيطالية: [urˈbiːno]) is a walled city in the Marche region of Italy, south-west of Pesaro, a World Heritage Site notable for a remarkable historical legacy of independent Renaissance culture, especially under the patronage of Federico da Montefeltro, duke of Urbino from 1444 to 1482. The town, nestled on a high sloping hillside, retains much of its picturesque medieval aspect. It hosts the University of Urbino, founded in 1506, and is the seat of the Archbishop of Urbino. Its best-known architectural piece is the Palazzo Ducale, rebuilt by Luciano Laurana.

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الجغرافيا

المنظر من أوربينو
منظر الدومو.

The city is located in a predominantly hilly area, at the foothills of the Northern Apennines and the Tuscan-Romagnolo Apennines. The city is in the southern area of Montefeltro, an area classified as medium-high seismic risk. In the database of earthquakes developed by the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, nearly 65 seismic events have affected the town of Urbino between 26 March 1511 and 26 March 1998. They include 24 April 1741, when the shocks were stronger than VIII on the Mercalli intensity scale, with an epicenter in Fabriano (where it reached 6.08 on the moment magnitude scale).[2]


التاريخ

Antique plan of Urbino (1689) by Tommaso Luci.

الأصول والعصور الوسطى=

The modest Roman town of Urbinum Mataurense ("the little city on the river Mataurus") became an important strategic stronghold in the Gothic Wars of the 6th century, captured in 538 from the Ostrogoths by the Byzantine general Belisarius, and frequently mentioned by the historian Procopius.


أشخاص بارزون

انظر أيضاً

المراجع

الهامش


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المصادر

  • Negroni, F. (1993). Il Duomo di Urbino. Urbino.

للاستزادة

  • "Urbino", Italy (2nd ed.), Coblenz: Karl Baedeker, 1870 

وصلات خارجية