ڤيدكون كڤيسلنگ

(تم التحويل من Vidkun Quisling)
ڤيدكون كڤيسلنگ
Vidkun Quisling
A black and white photographic portrait of a man aged around thirty, looking slightly to his left. He is dressed in a dark suit and tie; his hair is neatly combed into a parting.
Prime Minister of Norway
في المنصب
1 February 1942 – 9 May 1945
Serving with Reichskommissar Josef Terboven
Minister of Defence of Norway
في المنصب
1931–1933
رئيس الوزراء
سبقه Torgeir Anderssen-Rysst
خلفه Jens Isak de Lange Kobro
تفاصيل شخصية
وُلِد Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling
(1887-07-18)18 يوليو 1887
Fyresdal, Telemark, Norway
توفي 24 أكتوبر 1945(1945-10-24) (عن عمر 58 عاماً)
Akershus Fortress, Oslo, Norway
الحزب
انتماءات سياسية
أخرى
الزوج
الدين Universism
التوقيع

Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling (Norwegian: [ˈvidkʉn ˈkvisliŋ]  ( listen); 18 July 1887 – 24 October 1945) was a Norwegian military officer and politician who nominally headed the government of Norway after the country was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II.

Quisling first came to international prominence as a close collaborator of Fridtjof Nansen, organizing humanitarian relief during the Russian famine of 1921 in Povolzhye. He was posted as a Norwegian diplomat to the Soviet Union, and for some time also managed British diplomatic affairs there. He returned to Norway in 1929, and served as Minister of Defence in the governments of Peder Kolstad (1931–32) and Jens Hundseid (1932–33), representing the Farmers' Party.

In 1933, Quisling left the Farmers' Party and founded the fascist party Nasjonal Samling. Although he achieved some popularity after his attacks on the political left, his party failed to win any seats in the Storting and by 1940 it was still little more than peripheral. On 9 April 1940, with the German invasion of Norway in progress, he attempted to seize power in the world's first radio-broadcast coup d'état, but failed after the Germans refused to support his government.

From 1942 to 1945 he served as Prime Minister of Norway, heading the Norwegian state administration jointly with the German civilian administrator Josef Terboven. His pro-Nazi puppet government, known as the Quisling regime, was dominated by ministers from Nasjonal Samling. The collaborationist government participated in Germany's genocidal Final Solution. Quisling was put on trial during the legal purge in Norway after World War II: he was found guilty of charges including embezzlement, murder and high treason against the Norwegian state, and was sentenced to death. He was executed by firing squad at Akershus Fortress, Oslo, on 24 October 1945. The word "quisling" has since become a byword for "collaborator" or "traitor" in several languages, reflecting the very poor light in which Quisling's actions were seen (both at the time and since his death).

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Footnotes


References

Bibliography

In Norwegian

  • Barth, E. M. (1996). Gud, det er meg: Vidkun Quisling som politisk filosof (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway: Pax Forlag. ISBN 82-530-1803-7. 
  • Borgen, Per Otto (1999). Norges statsministre (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway: Aschehoug. ISBN 82-03-22389-3. 
  • Bratteli, Tone; Myhre, Hans B. (1992). Quislings siste dager (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway: Cappelen. ISBN 82-02-13345-9. 
  • Hartmann, Sverre (1970) [1959]. Fører uten folk. Forsvarsminister Quisling – hans bakgrunn og vei inn i norsk politikk (in Norwegian) (2nd revised ed.). Oslo, Norway: Tiden Norsk Forlag. OCLC 7812651. 
  • Juritzen, Arve (1988). Privatmennesket Quisling og hans to kvinner (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway: Aventura. ISBN 82-588-0500-2. 
  • Ringdal, Nils Johan (1989). Gal mann til rett tid: NS-minister Sverre Riisnæs – en psykobiografi (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway: Aschehoug. ISBN 82-03-16584-2. 
  • Quisling, Maria (1980). Parmann, Øistein, ed. Dagbok og andre efterlatte papirer (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway: Dreyer. ISBN 82-09-01877-9. 

Primary sources

وصلات خارجية

مناصب سياسية
سبقه
Torgeir Anderssen-Rysst
Minister of Defence
1931–33
تبعه
Jens Isak de Lange Kobro
سبقه
Office created
Minister President of Norway
1942–45
تبعه
Office abolished

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