شركة تايوان لصناعة أشباه الموصلات

(تم التحويل من TSMC)
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited (TSMC)
الاسم المحلي 台灣積體電路製造股份有限公司
النوع Public
رمز التداول
الصناعة أشباه الموصلات
تأسست Industrial Technology Research Institute، شين‌تشو، تايوان
(1987; 32 years ago (1987))
المؤسس موريس تشانگ
المقر الرئيسي منطقة شين‌تشو للعلوم والصناعة, Taiwan
نطاق الخدمة جميع أنحاء العالم
أشخاص رئيسيون
  • Mark Liu (Chairman)
  • C.C. Wei (الرئيس التنفيذي ونائب رئيس مجلس الادارة)
مُخرج الانتاج
  • 15.67 مليون 8-inch equivalent wafers (2013)
  • 14.04 مليون 8-inch equivalent wafers (2012)
الخدمات صناعة الدوائر المتكاملة والخدمات المتعلقة بها
الدخل
ربح العمليات
  • 377.958 مليار دولار تايواني (11.665 مليار دولار أمريكي) (2016)
الدخل الصافي
  • 331.797 مليار دولار تايواني (10.241 مليار دولار أمريكي) (2016)
إجمالي الأصول
  • 1,886.297 مليار دولار تايواني (58.219 مليار دولار أمريكي) (2016)
إجمالي الأنصبة
  • 1,359.051 مليار دولار تايواني (41.946 مليار دولار أمريكي) (2016)
الموظفون 46,968 (2016)
الأقسام
  • WaferTech
  • TSMC PRC
  • SSMC
الموقع الإلكتروني tsmc.com
Footnotes / references
[1]

شركة تايوان لصناعة أشباه الموصلات، المحدودة (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Limited؛ TSMC؛ الصينية التقليدية: 台灣積體電路製造公司پن‌ين: Táiwān Jī Tǐ Diànlù Zhìzào Gōngsī)، وتُعرف أيضاً بإسم تايوان لأشباه الموصلات Taiwan Semiconductor، هي أكبر مسبك أشباه موصلات مستقل (مـُكرَّس) في العالم، ويقع مقرها الرئيسي ومركز عملياتها في منطقة شين‌تشو للعلوم والصناعة في شين‌تشو، تايوان.

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استعراض

تأسست في تايوان في 1987 على يد موريس تشانگ, TSMC was the world's first dedicated semiconductor foundry and has long been the leading company in its field.[2][3] بالإضافة إلى أشباه الموصلات، فإن الشركة بدأت الاستثمار في الصناعات المتعلقة بالإضاءة والطاقة الشمسية.[2] وهي مدرجة في كلٍ من بورصة تايوان للأوراق المالية وبورصة نيويورك للأوراق المالية. Mark Liu serves as Chairman and C. C. Wei serves as CEO and Vice Chairman.[4]

Most of the leading fabless semiconductor companies such as Qualcomm, Nvidia, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), MediaTek, Marvell and Broadcom Inc. are customers of TSMC, as well as emerging players such as Spectra7, Spreadtrum, AppliedMicro, Allwinner Technology and HiSilicon,[5] and many smaller companies. Leading programmable logic device companies Xilinx and previously Altera also make or made use of TSMC's foundry services.[6] Some integrated device manufacturers that have their own fabrication facilities like Intel, STMicroelectronics and Texas Instruments outsource some of their production to TSMC.[7][8] At least one semiconductor company, LSI, re-sells TSMC wafers through its ASIC design services and design IP-portfolio.

The company has been increasing and upgrading its manufacturing capacity for most of its existence, although influenced by the demand cycles of the semiconductor industry. In 2011, the company planned to increase research and development expenditures by almost 39% to NT$50 billion in an effort to fend off growing competition.[9] The company also planned to expand capacity by 30% in 2011 to meet strong market demand.[10] In May 2014, TSMC's board of directors approved capital appropriations of US$568 million to establish, convert, and upgrade advanced technology capacity[11] after the company forecast higher than expected demand.[12] In August 2014, TSMC's board of directors approved additional capital appropriations of US$3.05 billion.[13]

In 2011, it was reported that TSMC had begun trial production of the A5 SoC and A6 SoCs for Apple's iPad and iPhone devices.[14][15] According to reports,[16] as of May 2014, Apple is sourcing its new A8 and A8X SoCs from TSMC[17][18] and later sourced the A9 SoC with both TSMC and Samsung (to increase volume for iPhone 6s launch) with the A9X being exclusively made by TSMC, thus resolving the issue of sourcing a chip in two different microarchitecture sizes. Apple has become TSMC's most important customer.[18][19]

القيمة السوقية لـTSMC بلغت 1.9 تريليون دولار تايواني (63.4 مليار دولار أمريكي) في ديسمبر 2010.[20] It was ranked 70th in the FT Global 500 2013 list of the world's most highly valued companies with a capitalization of US$86.7 billion,[21] while reaching US$110 billion in May 2014.[22] In March 2017, TSMC's market capitalisation surpassed that of semiconductor giant Intel for the first time, hitting NT$5.14 trillion (US$168.4 billion), with Intel's at US$165.7 billion.[23]


قدرات الانتاج

On 12-inch wafers TSMC is realizing the following devices:

  • 0.13 μm (options: general-purpose (G), low-power (LP), high-performance low-voltage (LV)),
  • 90 nm (based upon 80GC from Q4/2006),
  • 65 nm (options: general-purpose (GP), low-power (LP), ultra-low-power (ULP), LPG),
  • 55 nm (options: general-purpose (GP), low-power (LP)).

It also offers "design for manufacturing" (DFM) customer services.[24]

For the 40 nm process (still in production at end of 2016) TSMC reports:[25]

The 40 nm logic family includes
  • low-power (LP),
  • general-purpose superb (G),
  • low-power triple gate oxide (LPG)
process options.
All three processes offer multiple-threshold-voltage (Vt) core devices and 1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3.3 V I/O options to meet different product requirements.

المنشآت

The NVIDIA GTX 1070, which uses a 16 nm Pascal chip manufactured by TSMC


المبيعات واتجاهات السوق

الإيراد السنوي بالمليون دولار تايواني NT$[26]
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
43,927 50,422 73,067 166,189 125,881 162,301 202,997 257,213 266,565 317,407
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
322,631 333,158 295,742 419,538 427,081 506,754 597,024 762,806 843,497 947,938
2017
977,477
الدخل الربع سنوي بالمليون دولار تايواني NT$ [27]
السنة Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
2012 105,615 128,186 141,499 131,445
2013 132,755 155,886 162,577 145,806
2014 148,215 183,020 209,050 222,520
2015 222,034 205,440 212,505 203,518
2016 203,495 221,810 260,406 262,227
2017 233,914 213,855 252,107 277,570
2018 248,079 233,276


انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ "Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited". TSMC. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
  2. ^ أ ب "Company Profile". TSMC. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
  3. ^ "D&R Foundry Corner". Design & Reuse. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  4. ^ "Corporate Executives". TSMC. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  5. ^ Abrams, Randy (2013-11-25), Asia Semiconductor Sector (Sector Review), Asia Pacific Equity Research, Credit Suisse, pp. 1, 3 
  6. ^ "Morris Chang on Altera and Intel". SemiWiki. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
  7. ^ "Intel Outsourcing Some Atom Manufacturing to TSMC". The Oregonian. 2009-03-02.
  8. ^ "STMicroelectronics envisage la création de deux usines de puces avec l'aide des Etats français et italien". Ousine Nouvelle. 2017-10-09.
  9. ^ Lisa Wang (2010-12-21). "TSMC plans to increase research spending". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
  10. ^ "TSMC to expand capacity by 30% in 2011". China Knowledge. 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
  11. ^ "TSMC Board of Directors Meeting Resolutions". TSMC. 2014-05-13. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  12. ^ "TSMC forecasts 22 percent Q2 growth". Taipei Times. 2014-04-18. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  13. ^ "TSMC Board of Directors Meeting Resolutions". TSMC. 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2014-08-16.
  14. ^ "TSMC Kicks Off A6 Processor Trial Production with Apple". Chinese Economic News Service. 12 August 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  15. ^ "TSMC Beginning Production Of Apple's New A6 Processor". Techcrunch. 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
  16. ^ "Apple begins receiving shipments of A-series processors from TSMC - report". AppleInsider. 2014-07-10. Retrieved 2014-11-02.
  17. ^ "TSMC to Snatch All of Apple's A8 chip Orders?". TechNews. 2014-02-17. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  18. ^ أ ب "Apple driving move to 64-bit mobile processors, TSMC says". CNET. 2014-04-17. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
  19. ^ "Apple chips to be 20% of TSMC sales". Taipei Times. 2014-04-15. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  20. ^ "Market capitalization of TSMC reaches a historic high: CEO". AsiaOne Business. 2010-12-21. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
  21. ^ "FT 500 2013". Financial Times. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  22. ^ "TSM". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  23. ^ Culpan, Tim (2017-03-22). "Chipzilla Got Toppled". Bloomberg Gadfly. Retrieved 2017-03-22.
  24. ^ "Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited". Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  25. ^ "Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited". Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  26. ^ "TSMC". DigiTimes Finance. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  27. ^ "TSMC Quarterly Results". TSMC.


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