1754

تحويل 1-1-1754م الى هجري  (وصلة خارجية)  | تحويل 31-12-1754م الى هجري  (وصلة خارجية)  | ابحث في الموسوعة عن مواضيع متعلقة بسنة 1754

الألفية: الألفية 2
القرون: القرن 17 - القرن 18 - القرن 19
العقود: عقد 1720  عقد 1730  عقد 1740  - عقد 1750 -  عقد 1760  عقد 1770  عقد 1780
السنوات: 1751 1752 1753 - 1754 - 1755 1756 1757
1754 حسب الموضوع:
الفنون والعلوم
الآثارالعمارةالفنالأدب (الشعر) – الموسيقىالعلوم
البلدان
مصر - سوريا
قوائم الزعماء
حكام المستعمراتزعماء الدول
تصنيفا المواليد والوفيات
المواليدالوفيات
تصنيفا التأسيسات والانحلالات
التأسيساتالانحلالات
تصنيف الأعمال
الأعمال
1754 في التقاويم الأخرى
التقويم الگريگوري1754
MDCCLIV
آب أوربه كونديتا2507
التقويم الأرمني1203
ԹՎ ՌՄԳ
التقويم الآشوري6504
التقويم البهائي−90 – −89
التقويم البنغالي1161
التقويم الأمازيغي2704
سنة العهد البريطاني27 Geo. 2 – 28 Geo. 2
التقويم البوذي2298
التقويم البورمي1116
التقويم البيزنطي7262–7263
التقويم الصيني癸酉(الماء الديك)
4450 أو 4390
    — إلى —
甲戌年 (الخشب الكلب)
4451 أو 4391
التقويم القبطي1470–1471
التقويم الديسكوردي2920
التقويم الإثيوپي1746–1747
التقويم العبري5514–5515
التقاويم الهندوسية
 - ڤيكرام سامڤات1810–1811
 - شاكا سامڤات1676–1677
 - كالي يوگا4855–4856
تقويم الهولوسين11754
تقويم الإگبو754–755
التقويم الإيراني1132–1133
التقويم الهجري1167–1168
التقويم اليابانيHōreki 4
(宝暦4年)
تقويم جوچىN/A
التقويم اليوليوسيالگريگوري ناقص 11 يوم
التقويم الكوري4087
تقويم مينگوو158 قبل جمهورية الصين
民前158年
التقويم الشمسي التايلندي2297

سنة 1754 (MDCCLIV) كانت سنة بسيطة تبدأ يوم الثلاثاء (الرابط يعرض التقويم كاملاً) التقويم الگريگوري، السنة 1754 بعد الميلاد (م)، السنة 754 في الألفية 2، السنة 54 في القرن 18، والسنة 5 في عقد 1750 بين 1583 و 1929 ومع فارق 1754 is 11 يوم عن التقويم اليوليوسي، والذين ظلوا مستخدمين حتى التحول الكامل إلى التقويم الگريگوري في 1929.

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أحداث

يناير-مارس

أبريل-يونيو

  • April 30 - Battle of San Felipe and the Cobá Lagoon: Guatemalan Sergeant Mayor Melchor de Mencos y Varón and his troops defeat the British pirates.[3]

يوليو-سبتمبر

  • 3 يوليو - الحرب الفرنسية والهندية - معركة فورت نسستي: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French Capt. Louis Coulon de Villiers.
  • July 10 - The Albany Plan of Union is given official approval by the delegates from New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Rhode Island, New Hampshire and Massachusetts, with Connecticut opposing. The plan approved at the meeting in Albany, New York is based on Benjamin Franklin's suggestions of "a general union of the British colonies on the continent" for a common defense policy. As amended at the assembly, the proposed union calls for the British Parliament to approve the arrangement, which would encompass all of the British North American colonies except for Georgia and Nova Scotia. The plan, to be considered by the individual colonies for ratification, provides for an inter-colonial legislature (the Grand Council) composed of between two and seven representatives for each colony, depending on population. It also provides for a "President General" who can veto Grand Council legislation, a common defense budget with colonies contributing proportionately to their representation, and an inter-colonial army whose officers would be selected by the Grand Council.[4]
  • July 17 - Classes begin at Columbia University، founded on October 31 as King's College by royal charter of King George II of Great Britain.[5] The college is originally located in Lower Manhattan in the Province of New York. Instruction is suspended in 1776، and the school reopens in 1784 as Columbia College. With the college's growth in the 19th Century, it is renamed Columbia University in 1896.
  • August 6 - The British North American Province of Georgia is created. Originally established in 1732 as a place for impoverished English citizens and debt prison parolees to make a new life, is given its first royal government. Administered for 22 years by the Board of Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America، chaired by philanthropist James Oglethorpe، the colony is transferred by the Trustees to the British crown's Board of Trade and Plantations. King George II، for whom the colony was named, follows the Board's recommendation by proclaiming Georgia a royal province, and appointing Royal Navy Captain John Reynolds as the first Royal Governor.[6] Reynolds arrives in Savannah on October 29 to take office.[7]
  • August 17 - Pennsylvania becomes the first of the British colonies to address Benjamin Franklin's Albany Plan for an inter-colonial union. With Franklin absent from Philadelphia، Pennsylvania's House of Representatives votes against to not consider the Plan at all, and to not refer it to the next legislative session for debate.[4]
  • August 19 - Lieutenant Colonel George Washington is forced to confront his first mutiny as 25 members of his Virginia militia refuse to obey orders from their officers. Washington, who is attending church services at the time, quickly suppresses the rebellion and the mutineers are imprisoned before more join.[8]
  • August 30 - New Hampshire settlers Susannah Willard Johnson and her family are taken hostage by the Abenaki Indians during an attack near Charlestown. Nine months pregnant at the time of their capture, Johnson gives birth two days later to a child, whom she names Elizabeth Captive Johnson. For the next two years, the family is held for ransom in Canada before she is released. In 1796, she will recount the story in a popular memoir, A Narrative of the Captivity of Mrs. Johnson.[9]
  • September 2 - A powerful earthquake strikes Constantinople shortly after 9 o'clock in the evening. A Scottish physician, Dr. Mordach Mackenzie, reports in a letter that the tremor damaged or destroyed numerous buildings and comments, "Some say there were 2000 people destroyed by this calamity, in the town and suburbs; some 900; and others reduce them to 60, who, by what I have seen, are nearer the truth."[10]
  • September 11 - Anthony Henday، an English explorer, becomes the first white man to reach the Canadian Rockies، after climbing a ridge above the Red Deer River near what is now Innisfail, Alberta.[11]


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أكتوبر-ديسمبر

  • 14 أكتوبر - In India, the Second Carnatic War between Great Britain and France , which had been going on since 1751, ends with a defeat for the French. القائد الفرنسي، جوزيف فرانسوا دوپليكس، يُؤمر بالعودة إلى فرنسا.
  • October 24 - China's Qianlong Emperor reverses a longstanding policy that barred Chinese subjects from ever returning to China if they remained out of the country for more than three years.[12]
  • October 31 - What will become Columbia University is chartered as "a College in the Province of New York... in the City of New York in America... named King's College", with the charter submitted by New York's colonial governor, James De Lancey.[5]
  • November 28 - Denmark establishes the Renteskirverkontor, an office within the Chamber of Finance, to oversee the colonial affairs of the Danish West Indies (Dansk Vestindien).[13] Peder Mariager, who had been a minor official of the Danish West Indies Company, becomes the first administrator. The colony, consisting of the islands of Saint Thomas, Saint John and Saint Croix later is purchased by the United States from Denmark and is now the U.S. Virgin Islands .
  • November 29 - Karim Khan Zand، the King of Persia (now Iran) recaptures the city of Shiraz from Afghan warlord Azad Khan Afghan، who had taken control of much of central Iran since 1749.[14]
  • December 13 - Osman III succeeds his brother Mahmud I as Ottoman Emperor; he will rule until his death in 1757.
  • December 26 - Massachusetts becomes the third colony (after Pennsylvania and Connecticut) to reject the Albany Plan for an inter-colonial union, voting 48 to 31 to postpone consideration of the union question indefinitely.[4]
  • 26 ديسمبر - Treaty of Sadras signed by Charles Godeheu and Thomas Saunders which prohibits British and French companies from all political activity in India . The activity must be strictly commercial 2 .


مجهولة التاريخ

  • Civil war in Dzungaria . Amoursana, supported by the Kazakh khan Ablaï, is opposed to Dawadji, khan of Dzungaria . Following a defeat inflicted by Dawadji, Ablaï plundered the Oïrat territory and regained the Russian Empire. Amoursana must flee to China where he is welcomed by Emperor Qianlong who promises him his support to conquer the throne of the Oïrate Khanate 4 .
  • Creation of a national and Muslim Bashkir movement led by the Tatar Adbullah Miagsaldin who wants to "drive out the Russians with the help of God" ... The repression will be terrible to the point that many Bashkirs will decide to become slaves of the Kyrgyz (in the south) for fear of being massacred. The survivors will participate in the revolt of Pugachev 5 .
  • Biton Coulibaly destroys Sunsana, the capital of the Massassi, and captures their leader, Foulakoro who is put to death in Ségou . The Massassi, led by Sébamana (1754-circa 1758), took refuge in the Kaarta , which covered the old circles of Nioro , Nara , Yélimané and Kita , where they established their hegemony (ended in 1854 )

مواليد


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مجهولة التاريخ

وفيات

يناير-يونيو

يوليو-ديسمبر

المراجع

  1. ^ Barbara Anne Ganson, The Guarani Under Spanish Rule in the Rio de la Plata (Stanford University Press, 2005) p104
  2. ^ "Aspectos Históricos del Municipio". Petén: Melchor de Mencos. 2008-05-09. Archived from the original on 2008-05-10. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  3. ^ Roldán Martínez, Ingrid (2004). "De bosques y otros nombres". Revista D. PrensaLibre. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  4. ^ أ ب ت Alan Rogers, Empire and Liberty: American Resistance to British Authority, 1755-1763 (University of California Press, 1974) pp13-19
  5. ^ أ ب Robert McCaughey, Stand, Columbia: A History of Columbia University (Columbia University Press, 2003) p21
  6. ^ Farris W. Cadle, Georgia Land Surveying History and Law (University of Georgia Press, 1991) p29
  7. ^ Edward J. Cashin, Governor Henry Ellis and the Transformation of British North America (University of Georgia Press, 2007) p61
  8. ^ John A. Nagy, George Washington's Secret Spy War: The Making of America's First Spymaster (St. Martin's Press, 2016) p37
  9. ^ "Johnson, Susannah", by Marcia Schmidt Blaine, in An Encyclopedia of American Women at War: From the Home Front to the Battlefields, ed. by Lisa Tendrich Frank (ABC-CLIO, 2013) pp332-333
  10. ^ Charles Hutton, et al., The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, from Their Commencement, in 1665, to the Year 1800, Volume X: From 1750 to 1755 (C. and R. Baldwin, 1809) p549
  11. ^ Andrew Hempstead, Canadian Rockies: Including Banff & Jasper National Parks, Moon Handbooks (Avalon Publishing, 2016)
  12. ^ Philip A. Kuhn, Chinese Among Others: Emigration in Modern Times (Rowman & Littlefield, 2009) p94
  13. ^ Isaac Dookhan, A History of the Virgin Islands of the United States (Caribbean Universities Press, 1974, reprinted by Canoe Press, 1994) p200
  14. ^ Kaveh Farrokh, Iran at War: 1500-1988 (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2011)
  15. ^ Dwyer, Philip (1996). Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand, 1754-1838 : a bibliography (in الإنجليزية). Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. p. 25. ISBN 9780313293542.
  16. ^ Jones, Colin (2013). The Longman companion to the French revolution. Oxfordshire, England New York: Routledge. p. 76. ISBN 9781317870807.
  17. ^ George Crabbe (1954). George Crabbe, 1754-1832, Bi-centenary Celebrations: The Seventh Aldeburgh Festival of Music and the Arts...12-20 June, 1954 : Exhibition of Works and Manuscripts Held at the Moot Hall, Aldeburgh (in الإنجليزية). Festival Committee. p. 3.
  18. ^ Rossel, Sven (1994). Ludvig Holberg--a European writer : a study in influence and reception (in الإنجليزية). Amsterdam Atlanta, GA: Rodopi. p. 38. ISBN 9789051838091.
  19. ^ "POWLETT, Charles II, Marquess of Winchester (1685-1754), of Hackwood, nr. Basingstoke, Hants". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved October 12, 2021.
  20. ^ Chevalier, Tracy (1997). Encyclopedia of the essay (in الإنجليزية). London Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 285. ISBN 9781884964305.

للاستزادة