پورتلاند، مين

Portland, Maine
City
City of Portland, Maine
Clockwise: Portland waterfront, the Portland Observatory on Munjoy Hill, the corner of Middle and Exchange Street in the Old Port, Congress Street, the Civil War Memorial in Monument Square, and winter light sculptures in Congress Square Plaza.
Clockwise: Portland waterfront, the Portland Observatory on Munjoy Hill, the corner of Middle and Exchange Street in the Old Port, Congress Street, the Civil War Memorial in Monument Square, and winter light sculptures in Congress Square Plaza.
Flag of Portland, Maine
Flag
Official seal of Portland, Maine
Seal
الكنية: The Forest City, Portland of the East
الشعار الحادي: Resurgam  (Latin)
"I Will Rise Again"
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Portland, Maine is located in الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية
Portland, Maine
Portland, Maine
Location in the United States
الإحداثيات: خطأ: الوظيفة "الإحداثيات" غير موجودة.
Country  الولايات المتحدة
State  Maine
County Cumberland
Settled 1632
Incorporated July 4, 1786
السَمِيْ Isle of Portland[1]
الحكم
 • النوع City council and city manager
 • City manager Jon Jennings
 • Mayor Ethan Strimling (D)
المساحة[2]
 • City 69٫44 ميل² (179٫85 كم²)
 • البر 21٫31 ميل² (55٫19 كم²)
 • الماء 48٫13 ميل² (124٫66 كم²)
الارتفاع 62 ft (19 m)
التعداد(2010)[3]
 • City 66٬194
 • تقدير (2017)[4] 67٬067
 • الترتيب US: 519th
 • الكثافة 950/sq mi (370/km2)
 • الحضر 243٬537 (US: 177th)
 • العمرانية 513٬102 (US: 104th)
منطقة التوقيت EST (التوقيت العالمي المنسق-5)
 • Summer (التوقيت الصيفي) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 04101, 04102, 04103, 04104, 04108, 04109, 04112, 04116, 04122, 04123, 04124
مفتاح الهاتف 207
FIPS code 23-60545
GNIS feature ID 0573692
الموقع الإلكتروني مدينة پورتلاند

پورتلاند Portland هي most populous city in the U.S. state of Maine, with a population of 67,067 as of 2017.[5] The Greater Portland metropolitan area is home to over half a million people, more than one-third of Maine's total population. Portland's economy is heavily dependent on tourism and the Old Port district is a popular destination. The Port of Portland is the largest tonnage seaport in New England. The city seal depicts a phoenix rising from ashes, which is a reference to the recoveries from four devastating fires.[6] Portland was named after the English Isle of Portland, Dorset. The city of Portland, Oregon was named after Portland, Maine.

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التاريخ

Fort Casco, Portland, Maine, built by Wolfgang William Romer; map by Cyprian Southack
Gun recovered from USS Maine on Munjoy Hill


Portland skyline



الجغرافيا والمناخ

منظر جوي لبورتلاند
ملف:Deering Oaks Park and fountain, Portland, ME IMG 1838.JPG
Deering Oaks Park with fountain and castle pavilion is located at the point where Interstate 295 meets State Street, Park Avenue, and Deering Avenue


Demographics

التعداد التاريخي
التعداد Pop.
1790 2٬240
1800 3٬704 65٫4%
1810 7٬169 93٫5%
1820 8٬581 19٫7%
1830 12٬598 46٫8%
1840 15٬218 20٫8%
1850 20٬815 36٫8%
1860 26٬341 26٫5%
1870 31٬413 19٫3%
1880 33٬810 7٫6%
1890 36٬425 7٫7%
1900 50٬145 37٫7%
1910 58٬571 16٫8%
1920 69٬272 18٫3%
1930 70٬810 2٫2%
1940 73٬643 4�0%
1950 77٬634 5٫4%
1960 72٬566 −6٫5%
1970 65٬116 −10٫3%
1980 61٬572 −5٫4%
1990 64٬358 4٫5%
2000 64٬249 −0٫2%
2010 66٬194 3�0%
تقدير 2016 66٬937 [4] 1٫1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
Raymond H. Fogler Library[8]


Race/ethnicity composition

Race/ethnicity 2010[9] 2000[10] 1990[11] 1960[11]
White 83.6% 91.27% 96% 99.4%
African Americans 7.1% 2.59% 1.1% 0.5%
Asian 3.5% 3.08% 1.7% 0.1%
Two or more races 2.7% 1.86% 0.2% NA
Hispanic or Latino 3.0% 1.52% 0.8% NA
Native American 0.5% 0.47% 0.4% NA

الاقتصاد

ملف:Portland Waterfont 2016.jpg
Municipal ferries on the Portland waterfront
ملف:Farmers market2.jpg
Farmer's market in Monument Square


See also

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ Coolidge, A.J. and J.B. Mansfeld. 1859. A History and Description of New England, General and Local. Boston: Austin J. Coolidge, p. 301.
  2. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Gazetteer files
  3. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة FactFinder
  4. ^ أ ب "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-01. 
  6. ^ "Facts and Links | City of Portland". asp.portlandmaine.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  7. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Minor Civil Division Population Search Results". University of Maine. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved September 18, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)". www.census.gov (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  10. ^ "Portland, Maine Population: Census 2010". www.census.gov (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  11. ^ أ ب "Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 

Further reading

  • Michael C. Connolly. Seated by the Sea: The Maritime History of Portland, Maine, and Its Irish Longshoremen (University Press of Florida; 2010) 280 pages; Focuses on the years 1880 to 1923 in a study of how an influx of Irish immigrant workers transformed the city's waterfront. John F. Bauman. Gateway to Vacationland: The Making of Portland Maine(University of Massachusetts Press: 2012) 285 pages; Explores the socio-economic, political and cultural history of Portland emphasizing the evolution of the city's built environment after the fire of 1866.

External links

خطأ لوا في وحدة:Authority_control على السطر 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).