نيو هيڤن، كنتيكت

نيو هيڤن، كنتيكت

New Haven
علم نيو هيڤن، كنتيكت
Flag
الختم الرسمي لـ نيو هيڤن، كنتيكت
Seal
الكنية: 
The Elm City
نيو هاڤن، كنتيكت
نيو هاڤن، كنتيكت
الإحداثيات: 41°18′36″N 72°55′25″W / 41.31000°N 72.92361°W / 41.31000; -72.92361
بلدالولايات المتحدة
ولايةكنتيكت
NECTAنيو هاڤن
منطقةجنوب المنطقة الوسطى
مستعمرة1638
أدرجت (مدينة)1784
موحدة2010
الحكومة
 • النوعMayor-board of aldermen
 • عمدةJohn DeStefano, Jr. (D)
المساحة
 • مدينة52٫6 كم² (20٫31 ميل²)
 • البر49٫0 كم² (18٫9 ميل²)
 • الماء3٫6 كم² (1٫4 ميل²)
 • الحضر
738٫9 كم² (285٫3 ميل²)
المنسوب
18 m (59 ft)
التعداد
 (2010)[1]
 • مدينة129٬779
 • الكثافة2٬648٫6/km2 (6٬860/sq mi)
 • Urban
569٬000
 • العمرانية
846٬766
 • صفة المواطن
New Havener
 منطقة المترو تشير إلى مقاطعة نيو هاڤن
منطقة التوقيتUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • الصيف (التوقيت الصيفي)UTC-4 (Eastern)
الرمز البريدي
06501-06540
مفتاح الهاتف203
FIPS code09-52000
GNIS feature ID0209231
المطارTweed-New Haven Regional Airport (New Haven, CT) – HVN (County)
الموقع الإلكترونيwww.cityofnewhaven.com

نيو هيڤن، كنتيكت New Haven, Connecticut هي مدينة في ولاية كونتيكت في الولايات المتحدة. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of Long Island Sound in New Haven County, Connecticut, and is part of the New York City metropolitan area. With a population of 134,023 as determined by the 2020 United States Census,[2] New Haven is now the third-largest city in Connecticut after Bridgeport and Stamford. New Haven is the principal municipality of Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 864,835 as of 2020.[3] تشتهر بوجود جامعة يل العريقة فيها.

New Haven was one of the first planned cities in America.[4][5][6] A year after its founding by English Puritans in 1638, eight streets were laid out in a four-by-four grid, creating what is commonly known as the "Nine Square Plan".[7] The central common block is the New Haven Green, a 16-أكر (6 ها) square at the center of Downtown New Haven. The Green is now a National Historic Landmark, and the "Nine Square Plan" is recognized by the American Planning Association as a National Planning Landmark.[8][9]

New Haven is the home of Yale University. As New Haven's biggest taxpayer and employer,[10] Yale serves as an integral part of the city's economy. Health care (hospitals and biotechnology), professional services (legal, architectural, marketing, and engineering), financial services, and retail trade also contribute to the city's economic activity.

The city served as co-capital of Connecticut from 1701 until 1873, when sole governance was transferred to the more centrally located city of Hartford. New Haven has since billed itself as the "Cultural Capital of Connecticut" for its supply of established theaters, museums, and music venues.[11] New Haven had the first public tree planting program in America, producing a canopy of mature trees (including some large elms) that gave the city the nickname "The Elm City".[12]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

التاريخ

قبل الاستعمار والاستعمار

The historic New Haven Green.
اقرأ نصاً ذا علاقة في

Government of New Haven Colony


البلدات التي تم إنشاؤها من مستعمرة نيو هاڤن الأصلية[13]
البلدة الجديدة انفصلت عن أدرجت
Wallingford New Haven 1670
Cheshire Wallingford 1780
Meriden Wallingford 1806
Branford New Haven 1685
North Branford Branford 1831
Woodbridge New Haven and Milford 1784
Bethany Woodbridge 1832
East Haven New Haven 1785
Hamden New Haven 1786
North Haven New Haven 1786
Orange New Haven and Milford 1822
West Haven Orange 1921
Towns in the New Haven area

بعد الاستعمار

الحديثة

إعادة تطوير العمران و الأحداث البارزة

الجغرافية

Aerial view of downtown New Haven, looking toward East Rock

المناخ

بيانات مناخ نيو هيڤن، كنتيكت
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °ف (°س) 65
(18.3)
69
(20.6)
84
(28.9)
93
(33.9)
95
(35)
98
(36.7)
104
(40)
101
(38.3)
98
(36.7)
90
(32.2)
79
(26.1)
71
(21.7)
104
(40)
العظمى المتوسطة °ف (°س) 35
(1.7)
38
(3.3)
48
(8.9)
59
(15)
69
(20.6)
79
(26.1)
84
(28.9)
82
(27.8)
75
(23.9)
63
(17.2)
51
(10.6)
40
(4.4)
60٫3
(15٫69)
الصغرى المتوسطة °ف (°س) 22
(-5.6)
23
(-5)
30
(-1.1)
40
(4.4)
51
(10.6)
59
(15)
67
(19.4)
65
(18.3)
58
(14.4)
42
(5.6)
33
(0.6)
24
(-4.4)
42٫8
(6٫02)
الصغرى القياسية °ف (°س) −17
(-27.2)
−9
(-22.8)
−4
(-20)
17
(-8.3)
29
(-1.7)
39
(3.9)
44
(6.7)
43
(6.1)
30
(-1.1)
16
(-8.9)
1
(-17.2)
−10
(-23.3)
−17
هطول inches (mm) 4.59
(116.6)
3.24
(82.3)
4.65
(118.1)
4.53
(115.1)
4.70
(119.4)
4.44
(112.8)
4.28
(108.7)
4.5
(114)
4.65
(118.1)
4.54
(115.3)
4.47
(113.5)
4.03
(102.4)
52٫62
(1٬336٫5)
Source: [14]


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مساحات الشوارع

صورة جوية من نيو هاڤن


الأحياء السكنية

الاقتصاد والتركيبة السكانية

التعداد تاريخياً
الإحصاء التعداد
17904٬487
18004٬049-9.8%
18105٬77242.6%
18207٬14723.8%
183010٬18042.4%
184012٬96027.3%
185020٬34557.0%
186039٬26793.0%
187050٬84029.5%
188062٬88223.7%
189086٬04536.8%
1900108٬02725.5%
1910133٬60523.7%
1920162٬53721.7%
1930162٬6650.1%
1940160٬605-1.3%
1950164٬4432.4%
1960152٬048-7.5%
1970137٬707-9.4%
1980126٬021-8.5%
1990130٬4743.5%
2000123٬626-5.2%
تقديري 2010129٬7795.0%
Data from City-Data.com[15]

المقر الرئيسي لرجال الأعمال

الحكومة

Statue of Roman orator Cicero at the New Haven County Courthouse

الجرائم

الثقافة السياسية

A portrait of Roger Sherman, signer of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, author of the Connecticut Compromise, and the first mayor of New Haven.

التعليم

الكليات والجامعات

المدارس الابتدائية والثانوية

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الثقافة والسمات البارزة

العمارة

A view of the buildings around Yale University in New Haven, with its distinctive architecture.

أطول خمس مبان في نيو هيڤن، كنتيكت :[16]

  1. Connecticut Financial Center 383 ft (117 m) 26 Floors
  2. 360 State Street 338 ft (103 m) 32 Floors
  3. Knights of Columbus Building 321 ft (98 m) 23 Floors
  4. Kline Biology Tower 250 ft (76 m) 16 Floors
  5. Crown Towers 233 ft (71 m) 22 Floors

المطبخ

المسرحيات والأفلام

The musical Oklahoma! was written in New Haven by Rodgers and Hammerstein and debuted in the city at the Shubert Theatre in 1943.

المتاحف

The historic Peabody Museum of Natural History.

الموسيقى

The band Kings of Leon performs at Toad's Place

مهرجانات

السهرات

الميديا والصحف

الرياضة وألعاب القوى

Yale Bowl during "The Game" in 2001.

Historic points of interest

The Graves-Dwight mansion on Hillhouse Avenue
The restored Black Rock Fort

متفرقات

المراجع الثقافة الشعبية


أبرز الإختراعات والتشكيلات

The historic New Haven Green is the central square of the city's plan, created in 1638. The Green remains preserved today as the heart of the first planned city in America, and the downtown gracefully wraps around it.
The first phonebook was made in New Haven in 1878.

1638: New Haven (arguably) becomes the first-planned city in America.

1776: Yale Student David Bushnell invents the first American submarine.

1787: John Fitch builds the first steam boat.

1793: Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin.

1836: Samuel Colt invents the automatic revolver in Whitney's factory

1839: Charles Goodyear of New Haven discovers the process of vulcanizing rubber in [[Woburn, Massachusetts] and later perfects it and patents the process in nearby Springfield, Massachusetts. [17]

1860: Philios P. Blake patents the first corkscrew.

1877: New Haven hosted the first Bell PSTN (telephone) switch office.

1878-1880: The District Telephone Company of New Haven created the world's first telephone exchange, the first telephone directory and installed the first public phone. The company expanded and became the Connecticut Telephone Company, then the Southern New England Telephone Company (now part of AT&T).[18]

1882: the Knights of Columbus was founded in New Haven. The city still serves as the world headquarters of the organization, which maintains a museum downtown.[19]

1892: Local confectioner George C. Smith of the Bradley Smith Candy Co. invented the first lollipops.[20]

Late 19th century-early 20th century: The first public tree planting program takes place in New Haven, at the urging of native James Hillhouse.[21]

1900: Louis Lassen, owner of Louis' Lunch, is credited with inventing the hamburger, as well as the steak sandwich.[22]

1911: The Erector Set, the popular and culturally important construction toy, was invented in New Haven by A.C. Gilbert, and was manufactured by the A. C. Gilbert Company at the Erector Square, from 1913 until the company's bankruptcy in 1967.[23]

1920: In competition with competing explanations, the Frisbee is said to have originated on the Yale campus, based on the tin pans of the Frisbie Pie Company which were tossed around by students on the New Haven Green.[24]

1977: The first memorial to victims of the Holocaust on public land in America[25] stands in New Haven's Edgewood Park at the corner of Whalley and West Park Avenues; it was built with funds collected from the community[26] and is maintained by Greater New Haven Holocaust Memory, Inc.[27] The ashes of victims killed and cremated at Auschwitz are buried under the memorial.[25]

The Greater New Haven Convention and Visitors Bureau has a more extensive list of New Haven firsts which can be found here [1].

البنية التحتية

المستشفيات والأدوية

المواصلات

السكك الحديدية

Amtrak railroad service at New Haven
أول خط للسكك الحديدية عالية السرعة في الولايات المتحدة

الحافلات

A New Haven Division bus in Downtown New Haven, near the Green.

الدراجات الهوائية

الطرق الرئيسية

المطار

الموانئ البحرية

Newhaven harbor pan.png

مرافق امدادات الطاقة

مدن شقيقة

Five Mile Point Lighthouse in 1991

New Haven لها seven مدن شقيقة، حسب توصيف المدن الشقيقة الدولية:

شخصيات بارزة

خريجو جامعة يل وأعضاء هيئة التدريس

خريجو مدرسة هوبكينز وأعضاء هيئة التدريس

في الأدب

  • Leonard Bacon, Thirteen Historical Discourses, (New Haven, 1839)
  • C. H. Hoadley (editor), Records of the Colony of New Haven, 1638–1665, (two volumes, Hartford, 1857–58)
  • J. W. Barber, History and Antiquities of New Haven, (third edition, New Haven, 1870)
  • C. H. Levermore, Town and City Government of New Haven, (Baltimore, 1886)
  • C. H. Levermore, Republic of New Haven: A History of Municipal Evolution, (Baltimore, 1886)
  • E. S. Bartlett, Historical Sketches of New Haven, (New Haven, 1897)
  • F. H. Cogswell, "New Haven" in L. P. Powell (editor), Historic Towns of New England, (New York, 1898)
  • H. T. Blake, Chronicles of New Haven Green, (New Haven, 1898)
  • E. E. Atwater, History of the Colony of New Haven, (New edition, New Haven, 1902)
  • Robert A. Dahl, Who Governs? Democracy and Power in An American City (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1961)
  • Douglas W. Rae, City: Urbanism and Its End, (New Haven, 2003)
  • New Haven City Yearbooks
  • Michael Sletcher, New Haven: From Puritanism to the Age of Terrorism, (Charleston, 2004)
  • William Lee Miller, The Fifteenth Ward and the Great Society, (Houghton Mifflin/Riverside, 1966)
  • Preston C. Maynard and Majorey B. Noyes, (editors), "Carriages and Clocks, Corsets and Locks: the Rise and Fall of an Industrial City-New Haven, Connecticut" (University Press of New England, 2005.)

أنظر أيضا

المصادر

  1. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة popest2
  2. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20220211003129/https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/newhavencityconnecticut/POP010220#POP010220. Archived from the original on February 11, 2022. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): New Haven-Milford, CT Metro Area". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 27, 1996. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  4. ^ Mason, Betsy. "Strange, Beautiful, and Unexpected: Planned Cities Seen From Space". WIRED (in الإنجليزية). Archived from the original on January 21, 2018. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  5. ^ Garvan, Anthony (1951). Architecture and Town Planning in Coastal Connecticut. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. p. 41.
  6. ^ Boyle, Molly (2014). "The Failure of America's First City Plan: Why New Haven, the Colonies'First Planned City, Would Have Been Better Left Unplanned". Urban Lawyer. 46: 507. SSRN 2557690.
  7. ^ "New Haven: The Elm City". Towngreens.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  8. ^ "National Planning Landmark Award". planning.org. Archived from the original on 2017-03-05. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  9. ^ "New Haven, CT – News Details". Newhavenct.gov. 2017-07-24. Archived from the original on August 10, 2018. Retrieved 2019-05-16.
  10. ^ "Yale University > Office of New Haven and State Affairs > About Yale and New Haven". Yale.edu. 2003-04-15. Archived from the original on September 7, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  11. ^ "In New Haven, Art Almost Everywhere You Look". The New York Times (in الإنجليزية). 2007-04-06. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 13, 2018. Retrieved 2018-02-12.
  12. ^ "They're Putting The "Elm" Back In "Elm City"". Newhavenindependent.org. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  13. ^ Connecticut Register and Manual[dead link]
  14. ^ "Monthly Averages for New Haven, CT". The Weather Channel. June 2011. Retrieved January 28, 2010.
  15. ^ "New Haven Economy". City-Data.com. Advameg Inc. 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-03.
  16. ^ Buildings of New Haven
  17. ^ http://www.techcorr.com/about/Clients/index.cfm
  18. ^ http://www.nps.gov/history/nhl/DOE_dedesignations/Telephone.htm
  19. ^ Pushing Boundaries – A History of the Knights of Columbus
  20. ^ ConnTact.com Connecticut Business News Journal "Dates of Our Lives"
  21. ^ http://newhavenindependent.org/archives/2009/05/elm_city_to_ree.php
  22. ^ http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/legacies/CT/200002814.html
  23. ^ http://www.eliwhitney.org/new/museum/-gilbert-project/-man/a-c-gilbert-scientific-toymaker-essays-arts-and-sciences-october-6
  24. ^ http://www.yaledailynews.com/news/features/2007/11/05/local-pie-tin-first-frisbee-legend-holds/
  25. ^ أ ب "The Ashes of Memory, Revealed". New Haven Independent. 2007-05-08. Retrieved 2008-03-30.
  26. ^ Shifre Zamkov on the New Haven Holocaust Memorial
  27. ^ Greater New Haven Holocaust Memory, Inc

وصلات خارجية