منطقة خليج سان فرانسيسكو

San Francisco Bay Area
SF From Marin Highlands3.jpg
San Francisco
Downtown san jose south market st.jpg
San Jose
OAKLAND, CA, USA - Skyline and Bridge.JPG
Oakland
Nickname(s): 
"The Bay Area"
San Francisco Bay Area within California
San Francisco Bay Area within California
Countryالولايات المتحدة
StateCalifornia
Major cities
المساحة
 • العمران18٬088 كم² (6٬984 ميل²)
أعلى ارتفاع
at Mount Hamilton
1٬330 m (4٬360 ft)
أوطى ارتفاع
at Alviso
−3 m (-10 ft)
التعداد(July 1, 2014)
 • Nine-county region7٫56 million[1]
 • الكثافة411/km2 (1٬065/sq mi)
 • CSA8٫47 million[2]
منطقة التوقيتPacific (التوقيت العالمي المنسق−8)
 • الصيفيPDT (UTC−7)
A view of the San Francisco skyline from the bay.

منطقة خليج سان فرانسيسكو بالإنگليزية: San Francisco Bay Area هي منطقة محيطة بخليج سان فرانسيسكو بولاية كاليفورنيا بالولايات المتحدة الأمريكية.


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المناطق الفرعية

شرق الخليج

شمال الخليج

Napa Valley is most famous for its wine.

شبه الجزيرة

View of Colma, California, looking down from San Bruno Mountain

سان فرانسسكو

پانوراما لسان فرانسسكو من توين پيكس.


جنوب الخليج

A panorama over Downtown San Jose


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الخليج الخارجي

المنطقة العمرانية

The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated seven Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) and one Combined Statistical Area (CSA) for the San Francisco Bay Area and nearby counties.[3] These comprise:

  1. The San Francisco–Oakland–Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area comprising Alameda, Contra Costa, San Francisco, San Mateo, and Marin counties
  2. The San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area comprising Santa Clara and San Benito counties
  3. The Stockton-Lodi, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area comprising San Joaquin County
  4. The Santa Rosa, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area comprising Sonoma County
  5. The Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area comprising Solano County
  6. The Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area comprising Santa Cruz County
  7. The Napa, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area comprising Napa County
  8. The San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area comprising all seven MSAs above and their 12 counties

The United States Census Bureau estimates the population for these areas as of July 1, 2014 as follows:[2][4]

OMB designated statistical areas for the San Francisco Bay Area and outlying counties

Statistical area 2014 Estimate 2010 Census Change
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area !H9971230298084 −5٫63%
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area !H9971761975391 −5٫94%
Stockton-Lodi, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area !H9968377334793 −4٫23%
Santa Rosa, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area !H9965829427012 −3٫28%
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area !H9968120558651 −4٫13%
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area !H9966379661619 −3٫47%
Napa, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area !H9966919048060 −3٫66%
San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area !H9970571154461 −5٫27%

The San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area ranks as the fifth most populous metropolitan area of the United States.[4]

The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the population of the less extensive nine-county Bay Area as of July 1, 2014 as follows:[1]

Nine county San Francisco Bay Area

County 2014 Estimate 2010 Census Change
Santa Clara County !H9971802946789 −5٫96%
Alameda County !H9972270878079 −6٫25%
Contra Costa County !H9971188652460 −5٫61%
San Francisco !H9971069771273 −5٫54%
San Mateo County !H9970606746014 −5٫29%
Sonoma County !H9965829427012 −3٫28%
Solano County !H9968120558651 −4٫13%
Marin County !H9965576210193 −3٫20%
Napa County !H9966919048060 −3٫66%
Total !H9970877735580 −5٫44%

الديمغرافيا

التعداد التاريخي
التعداد Pop.
1860114٬074
1870265٬808133�0%
1880422٬12858٫8%
1890547٬61829٫7%
1900658٬11120٫2%
1910925٬70840٫7%
19201٬182٬91127٫8%
19301٬578٬00933٫4%
19401٬734٬3089٫9%
19502٬681٬32254٫6%
19603٬638٬93935٫7%
19704٬628٬19927٫2%
19805٬179٬78411٫9%
19906٬023٬57716٫3%
20006٬783٬76012٫6%
20107٬150٬7395٫4%
تقدير 20147٬561٬755[1]5٫7%
Note: 9 County Population Totals

According to the 2010 United States Census, the population was 7.15 million in the nine-county Bay Area, with 49.6% male and 50.4% female.[5] In 2010 the racial makeup of the nine-county Bay Area was 52.5% White including white Hispanic, 6.7% non-Hispanic African American, 0.7% Native American, 23.3% Asian (7.9% Chinese, 5.1% Filipino, 3.3% Indian, 2.5% Vietnamese, 1.0% Korean, 0.9% Japanese, 0.2% Pakistani, 0.2% Cambodian, 0.2% Laotian, 0.1% Thai, 0.1% Burmese), 0.6% Pacific Islander (0.1% Tongan, 0.1% Samoan, 0.1% Fijian, >0.1% Guamanian, >0.1% Native Hawaiian), 10.8% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races. The population was 23.5% Hispanic or Latino of any race (17.9% Mexican, 1.3% Salvadoran, 0.6% Guatemalan, 0.6% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Nicaraguan, 0.3% Peruvian, 0.2% Cuban).[6]

The Bay Area cities of Vallejo, Suisun City, Oakland, San Leandro, Fairfield, and Richmond are among the most ethnically diverse cities in the United States.[7]


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السياسة

المقاطعة
التعداد (2010)[8] نتائج انتخابات 2012[9] Median household income (2011)[10] الدخل للفرد (2011)[10] تسجيل الناخبين (2013)[11]
ديمقراطيون مستقلون جمهوريون
ألاميدا 1,510,271 78.9%–18.2% Obama $67,558 $33,888 461,007 158,958 114,802
كونترا كوستا 1,049,025 66.2%–31.2% Obama $74,353 $36,274 263,258 113,358 131,608
مارين 252,409 74.3%–23.0% Obama $77,168 $49,439 83,853 35,251 28,116
ناپا 136,484 63.0%–34.3% Obama $61,460 $32,170 33,182 15,248 19,142
سان فرانسسكو 805,235 83.5%–13.0% Obama $69,894 $44,905 276,855 154,691 42,922
سان ماتيو 718,451 72.1%–25.5% Obama $81,657 $44,331 185,134 92,158 69,925
Santa Clara 1,781,642 70.1%–27.2% Obama $84,895 $39,365 372,979 237,357 177,268
Solano 413,344 63.5%–34.2% Obama $63,795 $27,785 102,177 46,246 52,633
سونوما 483,878 71.1%–25.3% Obama $61,020 $30,868 134,896 55,666 56,428
المتوسط 72.9%–24.1% Obama $73,562 $37,851
الإجمالي 7,150,739 1,913,341 908,933 692,844
نتائج الانتخابات الرئاسية
Year ديمقراطيون جمهوريون
2012 72.9% 2,105,625 24.1% 696,656
2008 73.8% 2,172,411 24.4% 717,989
2004 69.2% 1,926,726 29.3% 815,225
2000 64.1% 1,607,695 30.0% 751,832
1996 60.5% 1,417,511 28.3% 662,263
1992 56.2% 1,476,971 25.0% 658,202
1988 57.8% 1,338,533 40.8% 945,802
1984 50.8% 1,157,855 47.9% 1,090,115
1980 40.7% 827,309 44.4% 904,100
1976 49.9% 950,055 45.8% 872,920
1972 48.2% 990,560 49.1 1,007,615
1968 50.8% 890,650 41.3% 725,304
1964 65.7% 1,116,215 34.1% 579,528
1960 52.0% 820,860 47.6% 751,719
الدائرة الموقع الممثل Cook PVI[12] 2012 election results[9] Median household income (2011)[13]
2nd Marin County and the North Coast Jared Huffman D+20 69.0%–27.0% Obama $56,576
3rd Fairfield, Vacaville, and the Sacramento Valley John Garamendi D+3 54.3%–43.1% Obama $53,602
5th Santa Rosa, Napa County, Vallejo, and Martinez Mike Thompson D+19 69.7%–27.4% Obama $58,942
9th Antioch and most of San Joaquin County Jerry McNerney D+6 57.8%–40.1% Obama $52,209
11th Most of Contra Costa County Mark DeSaulnier D+17 67.5%–29.9% Obama $69,586
12th Most of San Francisco Nancy Pelosi D+34 84.0%–12.5% Obama $69,046
13th Berkeley, Oakland, and San Leandro Barbara Lee D+37 87.5%–9.0% Obama $56,906
14th Most of San Mateo County Jackie Speier D+23 74.2%–23.6% Obama $79,287
15th Hayward, Union City, and the Tri-Valley Eric Swalwell D+16 68.0%–29.8% Obama $82,179
17th Fremont and northern Silicon Valley Mike Honda D+20 71.9%–25.5% Obama $92,030
18th Menlo Park and western Silicon Valley Anna Eshoo D+18 68.2%–28.9% Obama $97,001
19th San Jose and Morgan Hill Zoe Lofgren D+19 71.2%–26.5% Obama $71,479
المتوسط D+13 67.8%–26.9% Obama $63,904

المناخ

Skyline Boulevard stretches through the Santa Cruz Mountains, here atop Portola Valley, California. During winter and spring, the hills surrounding the San Francisco Bay Area are lush and green.
The same location during the summer months. Because rain is rare in the San Francisco Bay Area during this time, the surrounding hills quickly become dry and golden-hued in grassy areas

High and Low Average Temperatures in Various Cities in the San Francisco Bay Area expressed in Fahrenheit and (Celsius) degrees

المدينة Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Gilroy 60/39
(16/4)
64/42
(18/6)
68/44
(20/7)
73/46
(23/8)
78/50
(26/10)
84/53
(29/12)
88/55
(31/13)
88/55
(31/13)
85/54
(29/12)
79/49
(26/9)
68/43
(20/6)
60/38
(16/3)
Oakland 58/45
(14/7)
62/48
(17/9)
64/49
(18/9)
66/51
(19/11)
69/53
(21/12)
71/56
(22/13)
72/57
(22/14)
73/58
(23/14)
74/58
(23/14)
72/55
(22/13)
64/50
(18/10)
58/45
(14/7)
Richmond 58/44
(14/7)
61/46
(16/8)
64/48
(18/9)
67/49
(19/9)
69/52
(21/11)
72/55
(22/13)
72/56
(22/13)
72/56
(22/13)
74/56
(23/13)
72/54
(22/12)
65/49
(18/9)
58/44
(14/7)
San Francisco 58/46
(14/8)
61/48
(16/9)
63/49
(17/9)
64/50
(18/10)
66/52
(19/11)
68/53
(20/12)
68/55
(20/13)
69/56
(21/13)
71/56
(22/13)
70/54
(21/12)
64/51
(18/11)
58/47
(14/8)
San Rafael 55/42
(13/6)
60/44
(16/7)
64/45
(18/7)
67/47
(19/8)
71/50
(22/10)
77/53
(25/12)
80/55
(27/13)
80/55
(27/13)
79/54
(26/12)
73/51
(23/11)
64/46
(18/8)
55/41
(13/5)
Santa Rosa 58/39
(14/4)
62/42
(17/6)
65/43
(18/6)
69/45
(21/7)
73/49
(23/9)
79/52
(26/11)
81/53
(27/12)
82/53
(28/12)
82/52
(28/11)
76/49
(24/9)
65/43
(18/6)
58/39
(14/4)

البيئة

خليج سان فرانسسكو، حوالي 1770–1820


الجيولوجيا والتضاريس

A portion of the Franciscan Assemblage (former seabed), one of the terrane types

البروز الرأسي

USGS satellite photo of the Bay Area taken in 1999. Gray areas are highly urbanized.
NASA satellite photo

The three major ridge structures (part of the Pacific Coast Range) which are all roughly parallel to the major faultlines:

الطرق المائية الرئيسية

فوالق الزلازل

Map showing some of the major faults in the Bay Area. Numerous minor faults are also capable of generating locally destructive earthquakes.


الأخطار الطبيعية

الزلازل

Probabilities for major earthquakes on Bay Area faults

الفيضانات

العواصف وحرائق الغابات

الانزلاقات الطينية والأرضية

النقل

The Bay Area is served by a variety of rail transit systems, primarily by Bay Area Rapid Transit and Caltrain.

التعليم العالي

العامة

University of California, Berkeley.
San Jose State University

الدينية

الخاصة

Stanford University.
Lone Mountain, University of San Francisco
Santa Clara University

الثقافة

الرياضة

الفريق الرياضة الرابطة المكان
San Jose Earthquakes Soccer Major League Soccer Avaya Stadium
San Francisco 49ers Football National Football LeagueNational Conference Levi's Stadium
Oakland Raiders Football National Football LeagueAmerican Conference O.co Coliseum
San Francisco Giants Baseball Major League BaseballNational League AT&T Park
Oakland Athletics Baseball Major League BaseballAmerican League O.co Coliseum
Golden State Warriors كرة السلة National Basketball Association Oracle Arena
San Jose Sharks Ice hockey National Hockey League SAP Center at San Jose
San Jose SaberCats Football Arena Football League SAP Center at San Jose
San Francisco Nighthawks Soccer Women's Premier Soccer League Kezar Stadium
San Jose Giants Baseball Minor League BaseballCalifornia League San Jose Municipal Stadium
NCAA Division I College Sports

رياضات المحركات

الموسيقى

موسيقى الروك الكلاسيكية

San Francisco proper was headquarters for the hippie counterculture of the 1960s and the music scene that became associated with it. One of the area's most notable acts was The Grateful Dead, formed in 1965, who played regularly at the legendary venue The Fillmore Auditorium.

المقاطعات الإقليمية والمدن والضواحي

A late 19th-century German map

المقاطعات

المدن والبلدات

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ أ ب ت "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". 2014 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
  2. ^ أ ب "Combined Statistical Area Totals Dataset: Population and Estimated Components of Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014" (CSV). 2014 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
  3. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  4. ^ أ ب "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Totals Dataset: Population and Estimated Components of Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014" (CSV). 2014 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
  5. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Bay Area Census
  6. ^ "Census 2010: Table 3A – Total Population by Race (Hispanic exclusive) and Hispanic or Latino: 2010" (Excel). California Department of Finance. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
  7. ^ Willet, Megan (July 8, 2013). "The Most Diverse Cities in United States". Business Insider. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Summary File 1". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  9. ^ أ ب "2012 California Presidential Election Results by County" (PDF). Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  10. ^ أ ب "2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". 2011 American Community Survey. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  11. ^ "Report of Registration". California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
  12. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress" (PDF). Cook Political Report. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  13. ^ "My Congressional District". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.

وصلات خارجية

السفر

Coordinates: 37°45′N 122°17′W / 37.750°N 122.283°W / 37.750; -122.283