سانتا باربرا، كاليفورنيا

Santa Barbara, California
City of Santa Barbara
Mission Santa Barbara - Flickr - brewbooks (cropped).jpg
Santa Barbara Downtown (may 2012) (2) (cropped).jpg
Aerial-SantaBarbaraCA10-28-08 (cropped).jpg
SB Presidio.jpg
SB courthouse.jpg
Santa-barbara-courthouse-tower-view1 (cropped).jpg
Clockwise: Mission Santa Barbara; California Riviera; Santa Barbara County Courthouse; View of Downtown; Presidio of Santa Barbara; Downtown Santa Barbara.
Flag of Santa Barbara, California
Flag
Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California
Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California
Santa Barbara is located in الولايات المتحدة
Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara
Location in the الولايات المتحدة
الإحداثيات: 34°25′N 119°42′W / 34.417°N 119.700°W / 34.417; -119.700Coordinates: 34°25′N 119°42′W / 34.417°N 119.700°W / 34.417; -119.700
Country  الولايات المتحدة
State  كاليفورنيا
County Flag of Santa Barbara County, California.png Santa Barbara
Incorporated April 9, 1850[1]
السَمِيْ Saint Barbara
الحكم
 • النوع Council/Administrator[2]
 • Mayor Cathy Murillo[3]
 • State Senator Hannah-Beth Jackson (د)[4]
 • CA Assembly Das Williams (د)[4]
 • U.S. Rep. Lois Capps (د)[5]
المساحة[6]
 • الإجمالية 41٫99 ميل² (108٫75 كم²)
 • البر 19٫49 ميل² (50٫48 كم²)
 • الماء 22٫50 ميل² (58٫28 كم²)  53.61%
الارتفاع[7] 49 ft (15 m)
التعداد(2010)[8]
 • الإجمالي 88٬410
 • تقدير (2017)[9] 92٬101
 • الكثافة 4٬725٫55/sq mi (1٬821٫19/km2)
منطقة التوقيت Pacific Time Zone (التوقيت العالمي المنسق−8)
 • الصيفي PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes[10] 93101–93103, 93105–93111, 93116–93118, 93120–93121, 93130, 93140, 93150, 93160, 93190, 93199
Area code 805
FIPS code 06-69070
GNIS feature IDs 1661401, 2411815
Primary Airport Santa Barbara Municipal Airport
U.S. Routes US 101 (CA).svg
State Routes California 1.svg California 154.svg California 192.svg
الموقع الإلكتروني santabarbaraca.gov

سانتا باربارا هي مدينة في مقاطعة سانتا باربارا، كاليفورنيا، وحسب تعداد 2000 يوجد بها ما يقارب 92,325 نسمة. Situated on a south-facing section of coastline, the longest such section on the West Coast of the United States, the city lies between the steeply rising Santa Ynez Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. Santa Barbara's climate is often described as Mediterranean, and the city has been promoted as the "American Riviera".[11] As of 2014, the city had an estimated population of 91,196,[12] up from 88,410 in 2010, making it the second most populous city in the county after Santa Maria.[13] The contiguous urban area, which includes the cities of Goleta and Carpinteria, along with the unincorporated regions of Isla Vista, Montecito, Mission Canyon, Hope Ranch, Summerland, and others, has an approximate population of 220,000. The population of the entire county in 2010 was 423,895.[14]

In addition to being a popular tourist and resort destination, the city economy includes a large service sector, education, technology, health care, finance, agriculture, manufacturing, and local government. In 2004, the service sector accounted for fully 35% of local employment.[15] Education in particular is well represented, with four institutions of higher learning on the south coast (the University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara City College, Westmont College, and Antioch University). The Santa Barbara Airport serves the city, Santa Barbara Aviation provides jet charter aircraft and train service is provided by Amtrak the Pacific Surfliner which runs from San Diego to San Luis Obispo). U.S. Highway 101 connects the Santa Barbara area with Los Angeles to the southeast and San Francisco to the northwest. Behind the city, in and beyond the Santa Ynez Mountains, is the Los Padres National Forest, which contains several remote wilderness areas. Channel Islands National Park and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary are located approximately 20 miles (32 km) offshore.

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التاريخ

الفترة المكسيكية والرانشو

Mural Room (formerly Board of Supervisors' Hearing Room) within the Santa Barbara County Courthouse. Wall murals depict the history of Santa Barbara. The room is used occasionally as a courtroom.

Santa Barbara fell bloodlessly to a battalion of American soldiers under John C. Frémont on December 27, 1846, during the Mexican–American War, and after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 it became part of the expanding United States.


النصف الثاني من القرن 19

State Street in the 1880s looking north from Canon Perdido Street


القرن العشرين

The new Santa Barbara County Courthouse was dedicated on August 14, 1929.


الجغرافيا

Looking north from a Santa Barbara street toward "the Riviera" and the Santa Ynez Mountains beyond


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المناخ

بيانات مناخ Santa Barbara, California (1981–2010 Normals)
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °ف (°س) 89
(31.7)
89
(31.7)
96
(35.6)
101
(38.3)
101
(38.3)
103
(39.4)
108
(42.2)
99
(37.2)
105
(40.6)
103
(39.4)
97
(36.1)
92
(33.3)
108
(42٫2)
العظمى المتوسطة °ف (°س) 64.7
(18.17)
65.4
(18.56)
66.1
(18.94)
69.0
(20.56)
69.6
(20.89)
71.2
(21.78)
74.7
(23.72)
76.0
(24.44)
75.1
(23.94)
72.8
(22.67)
68.9
(20.5)
64.7
(18.17)
69٫9
(21٫06)
الصغرى المتوسطة °ف (°س) 46.4
(8)
48.1
(8.94)
49.8
(9.89)
51.8
(11)
54.6
(12.56)
57.5
(14.17)
60.4
(15.78)
60.4
(15.78)
59.6
(15.33)
56.2
(13.44)
50.3
(10.17)
46.7
(8.17)
53٫5
(11٫94)
الصغرى القياسية °ف (°س) 20
(-6.7)
27
(-2.8)
30
(-1.1)
30
(-1.1)
36
(2.2)
42
(5.6)
44
(6.7)
46
(7.8)
38
(3.3)
34
(1.1)
28
(-2.2)
25
(-3.9)
20
(-6٫7)
سقوط الأمطار inches (mm) 4.14
(105.2)
4.68
(118.9)
3.59
(91.2)
0.77
(19.6)
0.35
(8.9)
0.09
(2.3)
0.01
(0.3)
0.03
(0.8)
0.29
(7.4)
0.52
(13.2)
1.48
(37.6)
2.63
(66.8)
18٫58
(471٫9)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.5 6.3 6.5 2.9 1.4 0.9 0.4 0.5 1.2 1.7 3.8 4.9 37
Source: Western Regional Climate Center[16]


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الاقتصاد

Aerospace and defense companies form the basis of the city's private employment as Alliant Techsystems, Channel Technologies Group, LogMeIn, FLIR Systems, and Raytheon have major operations in the area. Santa Barbara's tourist attractions have made the hospitality industry into a major player in the regional economy. Motel 6 was started in Santa Barbara in 1962.

اعتبارا من يونيو 2014, the principal employers in the southern Santa Barbara County were:[17]

# Employer # of Employees
1 University of California, Santa Barbara 10,403
2 County of Santa Barbara 4,652
3 Cottage Health System 2,605
4 Santa Barbara City College 2,066
5 Santa Barbara Unified School District 1,988
6 City of Santa Barbara 1,716
7 Raytheon Electronic Systems 1,300
8 Sansum Medical Foundation Clinic 1,040
9 Santa Barbara County Education Office 929
10 United States Postal Service 805

Other major employers include Mission Linen Supply, Jordano's, the Santa Barbara Biltmore and San Ysidro Ranch, Westmont College, Mentor, CJ Affiliate, Fess Parker's Doubletree, Belmond El Encanto and QAD.[18]

المدن الشقيقة

City[19] Country Year relations established
پالما  إسپانيا 1972
دنگل  أيرلندا 2003
Puerto Vallarta  المكسيك 1972
سان هوان  الفلپين 2000
Toba City  اليابان 1966
Weihai  الصين 1993
كوتور  الجبل الأسود 2013
پاترنو  إيطاليا 1978

Notable people

See also

الهامش

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "The City of Santa Barbara Employee Handbook". City of Santa Barbara. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  3. ^ "Cathy Murillo, Mayor". City of Santa Barbara. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  4. ^ أ ب "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  5. ^ قالب:Cite GovTrack
  6. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  7. ^ "Santa Barbara". نظام معلومات الأسماء الجغرافية، المسح الجيولوجي الأمريكي. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  8. ^ "Santa Barbara (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
  9. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة USCensusEst2017
  10. ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  11. ^ Horowitz, Joy. "New York Times article on Santa Barbara". Travel.nytimes.com. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder – Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
  13. ^ "Santa Maria grows 28.6%". Santa Maria Times. March 9, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
  14. ^ United States Census 2010
  15. ^ Santa Barbara economic statistics, 2005 Archived April 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ "SANTA BARBARA, CALIFORNIA - Climate Summary". Wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  17. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report: Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2014". City of Santa Barbara. p. 163. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
  18. ^ Search Results – Santa Barbara, California – ReferenceUSA Current Businesses
  19. ^ Sister cities board - SB, CA

للاستزادة

  • Baker, Gayle. Santa Barbara. Harbor Town Histories, Santa Barbara. 2003. ISBN (print) 0-9710984-1-7 (e-book) 978-0-9879038-1-5
  • Birchard, Robert S. Silent-Era Filmmaking in Santa Barbara. Arcadia Publishing. 2007. ISBN 0-7385-4730-1
  • Graham, Otis L.; Bauman, Robert; Dodd, Douglas W.; Geraci, Victor W.; Murray, Fermina Brel. Stearns Wharf: Surviving Change on the California Coast. Graduate Program in Public Historical Studies, University of California, 1994. ISBN 1-883535-15-8
  • Tompkins, Walker A. Santa Barbara, Past and Present. Tecolote Books, Santa Barbara, CA, 1975.
  • Tompkins, Walker A. It Happened in Old Santa Barbara. Sandollar Press, Santa Barbara, CA, 1976.
  • Tompkins, Walker A. Santa Barbara History Makers. McNally & Loftin, Santa Barbara. 1983. ISBN 0-87461-059-1

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Collier's Poster

قالب:Santa Barbara County, California قالب:California Central Coast