كانگ‌شي الامبراطور

هذا المقال يتضمن أسماءً أعجمية تتطلب حروفاً إضافية (پ چ ژ گ ڤ ڠ).
لمطالعة نسخة مبسطة، بدون حروف إضافية
كانگ‌شي الامبراطور
Portrait of the Kangxi Emperor in Court Dress.jpg
4th Emperor of the Qing dynasty
العهد5 February 1661 – 20 December 1722
سبقهShunzhi Emperor
تبعهYongzheng Emperor
RegentsSonin (1661–1667)
Ebilun (1661–1667)
Suksaha (1661–1667)
Oboi (1661–1669)
وُلِدAisin Gioro Xuanye
(愛新覺羅 玄燁)
(1654-05-05)5 مايو 1654
(順治十一年 三月 十八日)
Jingren Palace, Forbidden City
توفي20 ديسمبر 1722(1722-12-20) (عن عمر 68 عاماً)
(康熙六十一年 十一月 十三日)
Qingxi Shuwu, Garden of Eternal Spring
الدفن
Jing Mausoleum, Eastern Qing tombs
ConsortsEmpress Xiaochengren (ز. 1665; و. 1674)
Empress Xiaozhaoren (ز. 1665; و. 1678)
Empress Xiaoyiren (و. 1689)
Empress Xiaogongren (–1722)
الأنجالYunzhi
Yunreng, Prince Limi of the First Rank
Yunzhi, Prince Chengyin of the Second Rank
Yongzheng Emperor
Yunqi, Prince Hengwen of the First Rank
Yunyou, Prince Chundu of the First Rank
Yunsi
Yuntang
Yun'e
Yuntao, Prince Lüyi of the First Rank
Yinxiang, Prince Yixian of the First Rank
Yunti, Prince Xunqin of the Second Rank
Yunxu, Prince Yuke of the Second Rank
Yunlu, Prince Zhuangke of the First Rank
Yunli, Prince Guoyi of the First Rank
Yunyi
Yunxi, Prince Shenjing of the Second Rank
Yunhu
Yunqi
Yunbi, Prince Xianke of the First Rank
Princess Rongxian of the First Rank
Princess Duanjing of the Second Rank
Princess Kejing of the First Rank
Princess Wenxian of the First Rank
Princess Chunque of the First Rank
Princess Wenke of the Second Rank
Princess Quejing of the Second Rank
Princess Dunke of the Second Rank
الاسم الكامل
Aisin Gioro Xuanye
(愛新覺羅 玄燁)
Manchu: Hiowan yei (ᡥᡳᠣᠸᠠᠨ ᠶᡝᡳ)
العهد والتواريخ
Kangxi
(康熙; 18 February 1662 – 4 February 1723)
Manchu: Elhe taifin (ᡝᠯᡥᡝ ᡨᠠᡳᡶᡳᠨ)
Mongolian: Энх амгалан (ᠡᠩᠬᠡ ᠠᠮᠤᠭᠤᠯᠠᠩ)
الاسم بعد الممات
Emperor Hetian Hongyun Wenwu Ruizhe Gongjian Kuanyu Xiaojing Chengxin Zhonghe Gongde Dacheng Ren
(合天弘運文武睿哲恭儉寬裕孝敬誠信中和功德大成仁皇帝)
Manchu: Gosin hūwangdi (ᡤᠣᠰᡳᠨ
ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡩᡳ
)
اسم المعبد
Shengzu
(聖祖)
Manchu: Šengdzu (ᡧᡝᠩᡯᡠ)
البيتAisin Gioro
الأبShunzhi Emperor
الأمEmpress Xiaokangzhang
كانگ‌شي الامبراطور
اسم صيني
بالصينية 康熙
المعني الحرفي Emperor of the Era of Health and Glory
اسم مانچو
مانچو ᡝᠯᡥᡝ
ᡨᠠᡳᡶᡳᠨ
ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡩᡳ
اسم منغولي
المنغولية ᠡᠩᠭᠡ ᠠᠮᠤᠭᠤᠯᠠᠩ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
Энх амгалан хаан

كانگ‌شي الامبراطور (5 مايو 1654 20 ديسمبر 1722)، الاسم الشخصي Xuanye، كان رابع امبراطور من أسرة تشينگ، وثاني امبراطور من تشينگ يحكم الصين نفسها.

عهد كانگ‌شي الامبراطور، الذي استمر 61 سنة (من 1661 حتى 1722) makes him the longest-reigning emperor in التاريخ الصيني (although his grandson, the Qianlong Emperor, had the longest period of de facto power) and one of the longest-reigning rulers in the world.[1] However, since he ascended the throne at the age of seven, actual power was held for six years by four regents and his grandmother, the Grand Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang.

The Kangxi Emperor is considered one of China's greatest emperors.[2] وقد أخمد ثورة الإقطاعيين الثلاث، وأجبر Kingdom of Tungning في تايوان وأجبر المتمردين المنغول في الشمال والشمال الغربي على الخضوع لحكم تشينگ، وأوقف روسيا القيصرية على نهر آمور، محتفظاً بـمنغوليا الخارجية وشمال غرب الصين الخارجي.

The Kangxi Emperor's reign brought about long-term stability and relative wealth after years of war and chaos. He initiated the period known as the "Prosperous Era of Kangxi and Qianlong" or "High Qing",[3] which lasted for several generations after his death. كما حقق بلاطه انجازات أدبية مثل جمع قاموس كانگ‌شي.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

العائلة

  • Father: Fulin, the Shunzhi Emperor (世祖 福臨; 15 مارس 1638 – 5 فبراير 1661)
    • Grandfather: Hong Taiji, Taizong (太宗 皇太極; 28 November 1592 – 21 September 1643)
    • Grandmother: Empress Xiaozhuangwen, of the Khorchin Borjigit clan (孝莊文皇后 博爾濟吉特氏; 28 March 1613 – 27 January 1688), personal name Bumbutai (布木布泰)
  • Mother: Empress Xiaokangzhang, of the Tunggiya clan (孝康章皇后 佟佳氏; 1638 – 20 March 1663)
    • Grandfather: Tulai (圖賴; 1606–1658), served as a first rank military official (都統), and held the title of a first class duke (一等公)
    • Grandmother: Lady Gioro

  • الزوجات والأنجال:
    • Empress Xiaochengren, of the Hešeri clan (孝誠仁皇后 赫舍里氏; 3 February 1654 – 6 June 1674)
      皇后
    • Empress Xiaozhaoren, of the Niohuru clan (孝昭仁皇后 鈕祜祿氏; 1653 – 18 March 1678), second cousin
      皇后
    • Empress Xiaoyiren, of the Tunggiya clan (孝懿仁皇后 佟佳氏; d. 24 August 1689), first cousin
      貴妃→皇貴妃→皇后
      • Eighth daughter (13 July 1683 – 6 August 1683)
      • Miscarriage (August 1689)
    • Empress Xiaogongren, of the Uya clan (孝恭仁皇后 烏雅氏; 28 April 1660 – 25 June 1723)
      德嬪→德妃..仁壽皇太后
      • Yinzhen, the Yongzheng Emperor (世宗 胤禛; 13 December 1678 – 8 October 1735), 11th (fourth) son
      • Yinzuo (胤祚; 5 March 1680 – 15 June 1685), 14th (sixth) son
      • Seventh daughter (5 July 1682 – September 1682)
      • Princess Wenxian of the First Rank (固倫溫憲公主; 10 November 1683 – August/September 1702), ninth daughter
        • Married Shun'anyan (舜安顏; d. 1724) of the Manchu Tunggiya clan in October/November 1700, and had issue (one son)
      • 12th daughter (14 June 1686 – February/March 1697)
      • Yunti, Prince Xunqin of the Second Rank (恂勤郡王 允禵; 10 February 1688 – 16 February 1755), 23rd (14th) son
    • Imperial Noble Consort Quehui, of the Tunggiya clan (愨惠皇貴妃 佟佳氏; September/October 1668 – 24 April 1743), first cousin
      貴妃..皇貴妃→壽祺皇貴妃
    • Imperial Noble Consort Jingmin, of the Janggiya clan (敬敏皇貴妃 章佳氏; d. 20 August 1699)
      • Yinxiang, Prince Yixian of the First Rank (怡賢親王 胤祥; 16 November 1686 – 18 June 1730), 22nd (13th) son
      • Princess Wenke of the Second Rank (和碩溫恪公主; 31 December 1687 – 27 July 1709), 13th daughter
      • Princess Dunke of the Second Rank (和碩敦恪公主; 3 February 1691 – 2 January 1710), 15th daughter
        • Married Dorji (多爾濟; d. 1720) of the Khorchin Borjigit clan in January/February 1709, and had issue (one daughter)
    • Imperial Noble Consort Dunyi, of the Gūwalgiya clan (惇怡皇貴妃 瓜爾佳氏; 3 December 1683 – 30 April 1768)
      和嬪→和妃..貴妃→溫惠皇貴妃
      • 18th daughter (17 November 1701 – November 1701)
    • Noble Consort Wenxi, of the Niohuru clan (溫僖貴妃 鈕祜祿氏; d. 19 December 1694), second cousin
      貴妃
      • Yun'e, Duke of the Second Rank (輔國公 允䄉; 28 November 1683 – 18 October 1741), 18th (tenth) son
      • 11th daughter (24 October 1685 – June/July 1686)
    • Consort Hui, of the Khorchin Borjigit clan (慧妃 博爾濟吉特氏; d. 30 May 1670), first cousin twice removed
    • Consort Rong, of the Magiya clan (榮妃 馬佳氏; d. 26 April 1727)
      榮嬪→榮妃
      • Chengrui (承瑞; 5 November 1667 – 10 July 1670), first son
      • Saiyinchahun (賽音察渾; 24 January 1672 – 6 March 1674), fourth son
      • Princess Rongxian of the First Rank (固倫榮憲公主; 20 June 1673 – 29 May 1728), third daughter
        • Married Örgen (烏爾袞; d. 1721) of the Barin Borjigit clan in June/July 1691
      • Changhua (長華; 11 May 1674), sixth son
      • Changsheng (長生; 10 September 1675 – 27 April 1677), eighth son
      • Yunzhi, Prince Chengyin of the Second Rank (誠隱郡王 允祉; 23 March 1677 – 10 July 1732), tenth (third) son
    • Consort Hui, of the Yehe Nara clan (惠妃 葉赫那拉氏; d. 1 May 1732)
      惠嬪→惠妃
      • Chengqing (承慶; 21 March 1670 – 26 May 1671), third son
      • Yunzhi, Prince of the Fourth Rank (貝子 允禔; 12 March 1672 – 7 January 1735), fifth (first) son
    • Consort Yi, of the Gorolo clan (宜妃 郭絡羅氏; d. 2 October 1733)
      宜嬪→宜妃
      • Yunqi, Prince Hengwen of the First Rank (恆溫親王 允祺; 5 January 1680 – 10 July 1732), 13th (fifth) son
      • Yuntang, Prince of the Fourth Rank (貝子 允禟; 17 October 1683 – 22 September 1726), 17th (ninth) son
      • Yinzi (胤禌; 8 June 1685 – 22 August 1696), 20th (11th) son
    • Consort Ping, of the Hešeri clan (平妃 赫舍里氏; d. 18 July 1696)
      • Yinji (胤禨; 23 February 1691 – 30 March 1691), 24th son
    • Consort Liang, of the Wei clan (良妃 衛氏; d. 29 December 1711)
      良嬪→良妃
      • Yunsi, Prince Lian of the First Rank (廉親王 允禩; 29 March 1681 – 5 October 1726), 16th (eighth) son
    • Consort Cheng, of the Daigiya clan (成妃 戴佳氏; d. 18 December 1740)
    • Consort Xuan, of the Khorchin Borjigit clan (宣妃 博爾濟吉特氏; d. 12 September 1736), third cousin
    • Consort Ding, of the Wanlioha clan (定妃 萬琉哈氏; January/February 1661 – 24 May 1757)
      定嬪..定妃
    • Consort Shunyimi, of the Wang clan (順懿密妃 王氏; d. 19 November 1744)
      密嬪..密妃→順懿密妃
    • Consort Chunyuqin, of the Chen clan (純裕勤妃 陳氏; d. 12 January 1754)
      勤嬪..勤妃→純裕勤妃
    • Concubine An, of the Li clan (安嬪 李氏)
    • Concubine Jing, of the Wanggiya clan (敬嬪 王佳氏)
    • Concubine Duan, of the Dong clan (端嬪 董氏; d. 1702)
      • Second daughter (17 April 1671 – March/April 1673)
    • Concubine Xi, of the Hešeri clan (僖嬪 赫舍里氏; d. 31 October 1702)
    • Concubine Tong, of the Nara clan (通嬪 那拉氏; d. 1 August 1744)
      貴人..通嬪
      • Princess Chunque of the First Rank (固倫純慤公主; 20 March 1685 – 22 April 1710), tenth daughter
        • Married Ts'ering (策棱; d. 1750) of the Khalkha Borjigit clan in June/July 1706, and had issue (one son)
    • Concubine Xiang, of the Gao clan (襄嬪 高氏; d. 14 August 1746)
      秀貴人..襄嬪
      • Yinji (胤禝; 25 October 1702 – 28 March 1704), 29th (19th) son
      • 19th daughter (30 March 1703 – February/March 1705)
      • Yunyi, Prince Jianjing of the Third Rank (簡靖貝勒 允禕; 1 September 1706 – 30 June 1755), 30th (20th) son
    • Concubine Xi, of the Chen clan (熙嬪 陳氏; April/May 1690 – 1 February 1737)
      倩貴人..熙嬪
    • Concubine Jin, of the Sehetu clan (謹嬪 色赫圖氏; d. 23 April 1739)
      綺貴人..謹嬪
      • Yunhu, Prince Gongqin of the Third Rank (恭勤貝勒 允祜; 10 January 1712 – 12 February 1744), 32nd (22nd) son
    • Concubine Jing, of the Shi clan (靜嬪 石氏; 13 December 1689 – 10 July 1758)
      貴人..靜嬪
      • Yunqi, Prince Cheng of the Third Rank (誠貝勒 允祁; 14 January 1714 – 31 August 1785), 33rd (23rd) son
    • Concubine Mu, of the Chen clan (穆嬪 陳氏; d. 1727)
      貴人
    • Noble Lady Bu, of the Joogiya clan (布貴人 兆佳氏; d. 21 February 1717)
      • Princess Duanjing of the Second Rank (和碩端靜公主; 9 June 1674 – March/April 1710), fifth daughter
        • Married Ga'erzang (噶爾臧; 1675–1722) of the Kharchin Ulanghan (烏梁罕) clan in November/December 1692, and had issue (one daughter)
    • Noble Lady, of the Nara clan (貴人 那拉氏)
      • Wanfu (萬黼; 4 December 1675 – 11 March 1679), ninth son
      • Yinzan (胤禶; 10 April 1679 – 30 April 1680), 12th son
    • Noble Lady, of the Gorolo clan (貴人 郭絡羅氏)
      • Princess Kejing of the First Rank (固倫恪靖公主; 4 July 1679 – March/April 1735), sixth daughter
        • Married Dondob Dorji (敦多布多爾濟; d. 1743) of the Khalkha Borjigit clan in December 1697 or January 1698
      • Yinju (胤䄔; 13 September 1683 – 17 July 1684), 19th son
    • Noble Lady, of the Yuan clan (貴人 袁氏; d. 25 September 1719)
      常在
      • Princess Quejing of the Second Rank (和碩愨靖公主; 16 January 1690 – 1736), 14th daughter
        • Married Sun Chengyun (孫承運; d. 1719) in 1706
    • Noble Lady, of the Chen clan (貴人 陳氏)
      • Yinyuan (胤禐; 2 March 1718), 35th son
    • Mistress, of the Zhang clan (張氏)
      • First daughter (23 December 1668 – November 1671)
      • Fourth daughter (16 March 1674 – January/February 1679)
    • Mistress, of the Wang clan (王氏)
      • 16th daughter (27 November 1695 – October/November 1707)
    • Mistress, of the Liu clan (劉氏)
      • 17th daughter (12 January 1699 – December 1700 or January 1701)
    • Mistress, of the Niohuru clan (鈕祜祿氏)
      • 20th daughter (20 November 1708 – January/February 1709)


السلف


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

في الثقافة الشعبية

الروايات

  • Kangxi Dadi (康熙大帝; The Great Kangxi Emperor), a historical novel by Er Yuehe which romanticises the Kangxi Emperor's life.
  • The Deer and the Cauldron (鹿鼎記), a wuxia novel by Louis Cha. In the story, by coincidence, the Kangxi Emperor and the protagonist, Wei Xiaobao, become close friends in their childhood. Wei helps the emperor consolidate his rule over the Qing Empire and plays an important role in affecting how significant historical events during the Kangxi era unfold.
  • Qijian Xia Tianshan (七劍下天山; Seven Swords Descend from Mount Heaven), a wuxia novel by Liang Yusheng. In the story, the Kangxi Emperor discovers that his father, the Shunzhi Emperor, has become a monk in a monastery on Mount Wutai. He orders a close aide to kill his father in order to consolidate power, and attempts to erase evidence of the murder later.

الأفلام والتلفزيون

The Kangxi Emperor in film and television
السنة المنطقة اللقب النوع Kangxi Emperor actor ملاحظات
1984 Hong Kong The Deer and the Cauldron Television Andy Lau A Hong Kong television series adapted from The Deer and the Cauldron
1995 Hong Kong The Ching Emperor(天子屠龍) Television Julian Cheung TVB series
1998 Hong Kong The Deer and the Cauldron Television Steven Ma Hong Kong television series adapted from The Deer and the Cauldron
2000 Hong Kong/Taiwan The Duke of Mount Deer (小宝与康熙) Television Patrick Tam Adapted from Louis Cha's novel The Deer and the Cauldron.
2001 Mainland China Kangxi Dynasty Television Chen Daoming Adapted from Er Yuehe's novel The Great Kangxi Emperor
2006 Mainland China Secret History of Kangxi (康熙秘史) Television Xia Yu The fourth instalment in a four-part Chinese television series about the early history of the Qing dynasty
1998–2007 Mainland China Records of Kangxi's Travel Incognito Television Zhang Guoli A five-season Chinese television series about the Kangxi Emperor's inspection tours to southern China. During some of his tours, the emperor disguised himself as a commoner to conceal his identity so that he can blend into society and understand commoners' daily lives better.
2008 Mainland China The Deer and the Cauldron Television Wallace Chung Chinese television series adapted from The Deer and the Cauldron
2011 Mainland China Palace Television Kent Tong Chinese television series set in the Kangxi era of the Qing dynasty. A woman from the 21st century accidentally travels back in time to the 18th century.
Hong Kong The Life and Times of a Sentinel Television Power Chan Hong Kong television series about Fuquan attempting to overthrow the Kangxi Emperor
Mainland China Scarlet Heart Television Damian Lau Chinese television series set in the Kangxi era of the Qing dynasty. A woman from the 21st century accidentally travels back in time to the 18th century.
2013 Mainland China The Palace Film Winston Chao
2014 Mainland China The Deer and the Cauldron Television Wei Qianxiang Chinese television series adapted from The Deer and the Cauldron
2014 Hong Kong Gilded Chopsticks Television Elliot Ngok Hong Kong television series about a chef who befriends Yinzhen (the future Yongzheng Emperor) and aids him in the power struggle for the succession.
2016 Mainland China Chronicle of Life Television Hawick Lau Chinese television series about a romance between the Kangxi Emperor and his childhood love.
2017 Mainland China Legend of Dragon Pearl Television Qin Junjie Chinese television series about Kangxi at the beginning of his reign.
2019 Mainland China Dreaming Back to the Qing Dynasty[4] Television Liu Jun

ألعاب فيديو


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

انظر أيضاً

ملاحظات

الهامش

  1. ^ "Emperor Kangxi - The Emperor Who Reigned for the Longest Period in Chinese History". Cultural China. Archived from the original on 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  2. ^ Magill, editor, Larissa Juliet Taylor ; editor, first edition, Frank N. (2006). Great lives from history. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press. ISBN 978-1-58765-222-6.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Rowe (2009), p. 63.
  4. ^ 网易 (2019-01-23). "《梦回大清》主演阵容新鲜出炉 众主演颜值爆表". ent.163.com. Retrieved 2019-03-01.

ببليوگرافيا واستزادة

وصلات خارجية


كانگ‌شي الامبراطور
وُلِد: 4 May 1654 توفي: 20 December 1722
ألقاب ملكية
سبقه
Shunzhi Emperor
Emperor of the Qing dynasty
Emperor of China

1661–1722
تبعه
Yongzheng Emperor

قالب:Years of the Kangxi Emperor