مانشستر سيتي

(تم التحويل من نادي مانشستر سيتي)
مانشستر سيتي
Manchester City
A rounded badge depicting a shield containing a ship, the Lancashire Rose, and the three rivers of Manchester.
الاسم الكاملManchester City Football Club
الكنيةCity, Cityzens,[1] The Citizens, The Sky Blues
الاسم المختصرCity, Man City
تأسس1880; 142 years ago (1880 as St. Mark's (West Gorton)
1887; 135 years ago (1887 as Ardwick Association F.C.
16 أبريل 1894; منذ 128 سنة (1894-04-16 as Manchester City[2]
الملعبCity of Manchester Stadium
السعة53,400[3]
المالكCity Football Group
الرئيسKhaldoon Al Mubarak
المديرPep Guardiola
الدوريPremier League
Premier League, 1st of 20 (champions)
الموقع الإلكترونيClub website
ألوان الفريق ألوان الفريق ألوان الفريق
ألوان الفريق
ألوان الفريق
Home colours
ألوان الفريق ألوان الفريق ألوان الفريق
ألوان الفريق
ألوان الفريق
Away colours
ألوان الفريق ألوان الفريق ألوان الفريق
ألوان الفريق
ألوان الفريق
Third colours
الموسم الحالي
Active departments of
Manchester City F.C.
Football pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg
Men's football Women's football Academy
Simple Game.svg
E-sports

مانشستر سيتي (Manchester City) هو نادي كرة قدم إنجليزي من مدينة مانشستر. يلعب في الدوري الإنجليزي الممتاز. تأسس عام 1880 باسم "" سانت مارك (غرب گجورتون) ""، و تغير اسمه عدة مرات إلى أن سمّي مانشستر سيتي في عام 1894. ملعب النادي هو ملعب الاتحاد في شرق مانشستر، الذي انتقل إليه في عام 2003، بعد أن لعب في ملعب "مين رود" منذ عام 1923. أعتمدت الوان قمصان الفريق لتكون أزرق سماوي في عام 1894، واستخدمها منذ ذلك الحين.[4] شارك مانشستر سيتي بالدوري الإنجليزي لكرة القدم في عام 1892، وفاز بأول لقب له ببطولة كأس الاتحاد الإنجليزي في 1904. وحقق النادي أول فترة كبيرة من النجاح في أواخر الستينيات وأوائل السبعينيات، حيث فاز بالدوري، وكأس الكؤوس الأوروبية، كأس الاتحاد الإنجليزي و كأس الرابطة تحت إدارة جو ميرسر ومالكولم أليسون. بعد خسارة نهائي كأس الاتحاد الإنجليزي لعام 1981، مر النادي بفترة من التراجع بلغت ذروتها في الهبوط إلى دوري الدرجة الثالثة للمرة الوحيدة في تاريخه. عاد النادي وصعد إلى الدرجة الأولى في 2001-2002 وظلوا مشاركاً دائماً بالدوري الممتاز منذ 2002-2003.

قام الشيخ منصور بن زايد آل نهيان، عضو الأسرة الحاكمة في أبو ظبي، بشراء مانشستر سيتي من خلال مجموعة أبوظبي المتحدة في 2008، وتلقى النادي بعد ذلك استثمارات مالية كبيرة في كل من فريق العمل ومرافق النادي، بما في ذلك ملعب الاتحاد.[5] This led to the club winning the FA Cup in 2011 and the League in 2012, both their first since the 1960s. Under the management of Pep Guardiola, the team won the Premier League in 2018, becoming the only Premier League team to attain 100 points in a single season. In 2019, they won four trophies, completing an unprecedented sweep of all domestic trophies in England and becoming the first English men's team to win the domestic treble.[6]

Manchester City's revenue was the fifth-highest of a football club in the world in the 2018–19 season at €568.4 million.[7] In 2019, Forbes estimated the club was the fifth most valuable in the world at $2.69 billion.[8] The club is owned by the City Football Group, a holding company valued at £3.73 (US$4.8) billion in November 2019; the Abu Dhabi United Group holds primary interest in the holding company.[9]

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التاريخ

A group of thirteen men, eleven in association football attire typical of the early twentieth century and two in suits. A trophy sits in front of them
The Manchester City team which won the FA Cup in 1904
A football match in progress featuring a team in blue and a team in yellow. In the background, stands are visible. They are well occupied
Manchester City (blue) in action against Wigan Athletic in the FA Cup, January 2006

تأسس النادي في عام 1880 باسم "سينت ماركس" (St. Marks) ثم غير الاسم إلى "أدرويك" (Ardwick AFC) في عام 1887. أطلق على النادي اسمه الحالي في عام 1894. ربح النادي الدوري الإنجليزي مرتين وكأس إنجلترا أربع مرات وكأس الدوري مرتين وكأس أبطال الكؤوس الأوروبي مرة واحدة. قد تكون الفترة الأفضل بالنسبة للنادي هي الستينات والسبعينيات فقد حصد النادي سبع بطولات عندما درب الفريق الإنجليزي جو مرسر بمساعدة مالكوم أليسون، ومن أبرز لاعبي الفريق في ذلك الوقت كولين بل. لم يربح النادي أية بطولة رئيسية منذ عام 1976.

المدرب السويدي زفن جوران إريكسون رسميا أمس الجمعة مديرا فنيا جديدا لنادي مانشستر سيتي الإنجليزي لكرة القدم وتعهد بتعزيز حظوظ الفريق الذي تعثر في الموسم الماضي من الدوري الإنجليزي الممتاز.ووقع إريكسون (59 عاما) الذي ترك منصب المدير الفني للمنتخب الإنجليزي عقب كأس العالم 2006 عقدا لمدة ثلاثة أعوام وتبلغ قيمته تسعة ملايين جنيه إسترليني (18 مليون دولار) حسب ما تردد .وقال إريكسون : " إنني سعيد وفخور بكوني مدرب مانشستر سيتي ، إنه تحد مثير " .وأوضح انه يرغب في تقديم فريق يفخر به مشجعو الفريق منوها إلى أنه بدأ بالفعل في الإستعداد للموسم الجديد وأشار إريكسون إلى أنه لم يتحدث مع مسئولي النادي بشأن التفاصيل المتعلقة بالمبالغ المرصودة لشراء لاعبين جدد ولكنه إعترف بأنه ستكون هناك تغييرات في صفوف الفريق .وقال إريكسون : " سيكون هناك وجوه جديدة في الفريق قبل بداية الموسم الجديد للدوري الإنجليزي وليس وجها جديدا فقط ، إنني سعيد للغاية بالتوقيع وأتطلع إلى المهمة

نجح رئيس الوزراء التايلاندي السابق تاكسين شيناواترا في تكبير حصته بنادي مانشستر سيتي الإنجليزي لكرة القدم لتصل إلى 78ر65 بالمئة من إجمالي أسهم النادي عقب حصوله على حصة جديدة قدرها 88ر9 بالمئة يعتقد أنها من شبكة الاذاعة والتليفزيون الشهيرة "سكاي".ويحتاج تاكسين الذي تقدم في وقت سابق من هذا الشهر بعرض لشراء النادي مقابل 6ر81 مليون جنيه إسترليني (163 مليون دولار) عن طريق شركته الخاصة "يونايتد كينجدم سبورتس إنفيستمينتس" لان يمتلك على الاقل 75 بالمئة من أسهم النادي حتى يتمكن من إخراج النادي من البورصة ويصبح هو مالكه الرسمي.ولقي عرض تاكسين مساندة مجلس إدارة مانشستر سيتي.وإن كان بعض الناس يشككون في الجانب الاخلاقي للصفقة حيث يواجه تاكسين اتهامات بالفساد في تايلاند.وكان ممثلو النائب العام في تايلاند قد حرروا مؤخرا اتهامات بالفساد ضد تاكسين وجمدوا أصول ثروته هناك. ولكن تاكسين أكد أن هذا الامر لن يكون له أي تأثير على صفقة شراء النادي الإنجليزي.وأعلن تاكسين أنه يريد تعيين السويدي زفن جوران إريكسون مدرب المنتخب الإنجليزي السابق كمدرب جديد لمانشستر سيتي خلفا لستوارت بيرس الذي أقيل من تدريب الفريق قبل نهاية الموسم الماضي مباشرة.


League history

L1 = Level 1 of the football league system; L2 = Level 2 of the football league system; L3 = Level 3 of the football league system.

Club badge and colours

Manchester City's stadium and shirt have been sponsored by Etihad Airways since 2009

Manchester City's home colours are sky blue and white. Traditional away kit colours have been either maroon or (from the 1960s) red and black; however, in recent years several colours have been used. The origins of the club's home colours are unclear, but there is evidence that the club has worn blue since 1892 or earlier. A booklet entitled Famous Football Clubs – Manchester City published in the 1940s indicates that West Gorton (St. Marks) originally played in scarlet and black, and reports dating from 1884 describe the team wearing black jerseys bearing a white cross, showing the club's origins as a church side.[10] The red and black away colours used infrequently yet recurrently come from former assistant manager Malcolm Allison, who believed that adopting the colours of A.C. Milan would inspire City to glory.[11] Allison's theory worked, with City winning the 1969 FA Cup Final, 1970 League Cup Final and the 1970 European Cup Winners' Cup Final in red and black stripes as opposed to the club's home kit of sky blue.

City have previously worn three other badges on their shirts, prior to their current badge which was implemented in 2016. The first, introduced in 1970, was based on designs which had been used on official club documentation since the mid-1960s. It consisted of a circular badge which used the same shield as the current badge, inside a circle bearing the name of the club. In 1972, this was replaced by a variation which replaced the lower half of the shield with the red rose of Lancashire.

On occasions when Manchester City played in a major cup final, the club wore shirts bearing a badge of the arms of the City of Manchester, as a symbol of pride in representing the city at a major event. This practice originated from a time when the players' shirts did not normally bear a badge of any kind.[12] The club has since abandoned the practice; for the 2011 FA Cup Final, its first in the 21st century, City used the usual badge with a special legend, but the Manchester coat of arms was included as a small monochrome logo in the numbers on the back of players' shirts.[13]

A new club badge was adopted in 1997, as a result of the previous badge being ineligible for registration as a trademark. This badge was based on the arms of the city of Manchester, and consisted of a shield in front of a golden eagle. The eagle is an old heraldic symbol of the city of Manchester; a golden eagle was added to the city's badge in 1958 (but has since been removed), representing the growing aviation industry. The shield features a ship on its upper half representing the Manchester Ship Canal, and three diagonal stripes in the lower half symbolise the city's three rivers; they are the Irwell, the Irk, and the Medlock. The bottom of the badge bears the motto Superbia in Proelio, which translates as "Pride in Battle" in Latin. Above the eagle and shield are three stars, which are purely decorative.

On 15 October 2015, following years of criticism from the fans over the design of the 1997 badge,[14] the club announced they intended to carry out a fan consultation on whether to disregard the club badge and institute a new design.[14] After the consultation, the club announced in late November 2015 the current club badge would be replaced in due course by a new version which would be designed in the style of the older, circular variants.[15] A design purporting to be the new badge was unintentionally leaked two days early prior to the official unveiling on 26 December 2015 by the IPO when the design was trademarked on 22 December.[16] The new design was officially unveiled at the club's home match on 26 December against Sunderland.[17]

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors

Period Kit supplier Shirt sponsor (chest) Shirt sponsor (sleeve)
1974–1982 Umbro No sponsor No sponsor
1982–1984 Saab
1984–1987 Philips
1987–1997 Brother
1997–1999 Kappa
1999–2002 Le Coq Sportif Eidos
2002–2003 First Advice
2003–2004 Reebok
2004–2007 Thomas Cook
2007–2009 Le Coq Sportif
2009–2013 Umbro Etihad Airways
2013–2017 Nike
2017–2019 Nexen Tire
2019– Puma

Kit deals

Kit supplier Period Announcement date Intended contract duration Value Notes
Umbro
2009–2013
4 June 2009
2009–2019 (10 years) Around £2.5m per year[18] Umbro contract transferred to parent company Nike in 2013
Nike
2013–2019
4 May 2012
2013–2019 (6 years) Around £20m per year[19]
Puma
2019–2029
28 February 2019
July 2019 – July 2029 (10 years) Around £65m per year[20]


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Players

Manchester City players before a UEFA Champions League match in 2017. Top row, from left to right: Ederson, Walker, De Bruyne, Fernandinho, Stones, Nicolás Otamendi. Bottom row, left to right: Sergio Agüero, Leroy Sané, David Silva, Fabian Delph, Jesus. Otamendi, Agüero, Sané, Silva, and Delph have since left the club.

Current squad

في 17 September 2021[21]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

الرقم المركز اللاعب
2 إنگلترة DF Kyle Walker
3 الپرتغال DF Rúben Dias (3rd-captain)
5 إنگلترة DF John Stones
6 هولندا DF Nathan Aké
7 إنگلترة FW Raheem Sterling
8 ألمانيا MF İlkay Gündoğan (vice-captain)
9 البرازيل FW Gabriel Jesus
10 إنگلترة MF Jack Grealish
11 أوكرانيا DF Oleksandr Zinchenko
13 الولايات المتحدة GK Zack Steffen
14 إسپانيا DF Aymeric Laporte
16 إسپانيا MF Rodri
17 بلجيكا MF Kevin De Bruyne (4th-captain)
الرقم المركز اللاعب
20 الپرتغال MF Bernardo Silva
21 إسپانيا FW Ferran Torres
22 فرنسا DF Benjamin Mendy
25 البرازيل MF Fernandinho (captain)[22]
26 الجزائر FW Riyad Mahrez
27 الپرتغال DF João Cancelo
31 البرازيل GK Ederson
33 إنگلترة GK Scott Carson
37 البرازيل FW Kayky [أ]
47 إنگلترة MF Phil Foden
48 إنگلترة FW Liam Delap [أ]
80 إنگلترة MF Cole Palmer [أ]


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Out on loan

The following players have previously made a league or cup appearance for Manchester City and are currently on loan at other teams:
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

الرقم المركز اللاعب
34 هولندا DF Philippe Sandler (at Troyes until 30 June 2022)
35 إنگلترة MF Patrick Roberts (at Troyes until 30 June 2022)
49 كوسوڤو GK Arijanet Muric (at Adana Demirspor until 30 June 2022)
69 إنگلترة MF Tommy Doyle (at Hamburg until 30 June 2022)
الرقم المركز اللاعب
78 إنگلترة DF Taylor Harwood-Bellis (at Anderlecht until 30 June 2022)
81 فرنسا MF Claudio Gomes (at Barnsley until 30 June 2022)
96 إنگلترة FW Ben Knight (at Crewe Alexandra until 30 June 2022)

Other players with first-team appearances

الرقم المركز اللاعب
53 إنگلترة FW Samuel Edozie
56 إنگلترة DF CJ Egan-Riley
79 إنگلترة DF Luke Mbete
87 إنگلترة MF James McAtee
الرقم المركز اللاعب
90 بلجيكا MF Roméo Lavia
94 إنگلترة DF Finley Burns
97 إنگلترة DF Josh Wilson-Esbrand

Retired numbers

Since 2003, Manchester City have not issued the squad number 23. It was retired in memory of Marc-Vivien Foé, who was on loan to the club from Lyon at the time of his death on the field of play while playing for Cameroon in the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup.[24]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

الرقم المركز اللاعب
23 الكاميرون MF Marc-Vivien Foé (2002–03) – posthumous honour)

Player of the Year

Each season since the end of the 1966–67 season, the members of the Manchester City Official Supporters Club have voted by ballot to choose the player on the team they feel is the most worthy of recognition for his performances during that season. The following table lists all of the recipients of this award since 1980.

 
Year Winner
1980–81 إنگلترة Paul Power
1981-82 إنگلترة Tommy Caton
1982–83 إنگلترة Kevin Bond
1983-84 جمهورية أيرلندا Mick McCarthy
1984–85 إنگلترة Paul Power
1985–86 إنگلترة Kenny Clements
1986–87 اسكتلندا Neil McNab
1987–88 إنگلترة Steve Redmond
1988–89 اسكتلندا Neil McNab
1989–90 اسكتلندا Colin Hendry
 
Year Winner
1990–91 جمهورية أيرلندا Niall Quinn
1991–92 إنگلترة Tony Coton
1992–93 إنگلترة Garry Flitcroft
1993–94 إنگلترة Tony Coton
1994–95 ألمانيا Uwe Rösler
1995–96 جورجيا Georgi Kinkladze
1996–97 جورجيا Georgi Kinkladze
1997–98 إنگلترة Michael Brown
1998–99 هولندا Gerard Wiekens
1999–2000 برمودا Shaun Goater
 
Year Winner
2000–01 أستراليا Danny Tiatto
2001–02 الجزائر Ali Benarbia
2002–03 فرنسا Sylvain Distin
2003–04 إنگلترة Shaun Wright-Phillips
2004–05 جمهورية أيرلندا Richard Dunne
2005–06 جمهورية أيرلندا Richard Dunne
2006–07 جمهورية أيرلندا Richard Dunne
2007–08 جمهورية أيرلندا Richard Dunne
2008–09 جمهورية أيرلندا Stephen Ireland
2009–10 الأرجنتين Carlos Tevez
 
Year Winner
2010–11 بلجيكا Vincent Kompany
2011–12 الأرجنتين Sergio Agüero
2012–13 الأرجنتين Pablo Zabaleta
2013–14 ساحل العاج Yaya Touré
2014–15 الأرجنتين Sergio Agüero
2015–16 بلجيكا Kevin De Bruyne
2016–17 إسپانيا David Silva
2017–18 بلجيكا Kevin De Bruyne
2018–19 الپرتغال Bernardo Silva
2019–20 بلجيكا Kevin De Bruyne
 
Year Winner
2020–21 الپرتغال Rúben Dias

Source:[25][26][27][28][29]

Halls of Fame

Manchester City Hall of Fame

The following former Manchester City players and managers are inductees in the Manchester City F.C. Hall of Fame, and are listed according to the year of their induction:

National Football Museum Hall of Fame

The following former Manchester City players and managers are inductees in the English Football Hall of Fame (a.k.a. the National Football Museum Hall of Fame) and are listed according to the year of their induction within the various categories:

Inductees in NFM Hall of Fame
Year of induction Player Position Role at MCFC Years in role at MCFC
Players with Manchester City backgrounds inducted to date
2002 أيرلندا الشمالية Peter Doherty inside left player 1936–1945
اسكتلندا Denis Law, CBE forward & midfielder player 1960–1961
1973–1974
إنگلترة Kevin Keegan, OBE forward manager 2001–2005
2003 الدنمارك Peter Schmeichel, MBE goalkeeper player 2002–2003
إنگلترة Alan Ball, MBE attacking midfielder manager 1995–1996
2005 ألمانيا Bert Trautmann, OBE goalkeeper player 1949–1964
إنگلترة Colin Bell, MBE attacking midfielder player 1966–1979
2007 ويلز Billy Meredith right winger player 1894–1906
1921–1924
إنگلترة Peter Beardsley midfielder player 1998
ويلز Mark Hughes forward manager 2008–2009
2009 إنگلترة Frank Swift goalkeeper player 1933–1949
2010 إنگلترة Francis Lee, CBE forward player 1967–1974
2013 إنگلترة Mike Summerbee forward player 1965–1975
2014 إنگلترة Trevor Francis centre forward player 1981–1982
فرنسا Patrick Vieira holding midfielder player
EDS manager
2010–2011
2011–2015
2015 إنگلترة Stuart Pearce, MBE left back player
coach
manager
2001–2002
2002–2005
2005–2007
الصين Sun Jihai defender player 2002–2008
2016 إنگلترة David Seaman MBE goalkeeper player 2003–2004
2017 إنگلترة Frank Lampard OBE attacking midfielder player 2014–2015
2020 إنگلترة Justin Fashanu centre forward player 1989
Managers with Manchester City backgrounds inducted to date
2002 اسكتلندا Sir Matt Busby, CBE, KCSG inside right
& right half
player 1928–1936
2004 إنگلترة Don Revie, OBE centre forward player 1951–1956
2005 إنگلترة Howard Kendall attacking midfielder manager 1989–1990
2009 إنگلترة Joe Mercer, OBE left half manager 1965–1971
إنگلترة Malcolm Allison centre half assistant mgr.
manager
1965–1971
1971–1973
1979–1980
Manchester City "Football Foundation Community Champions" inducted to date
2007 جمهورية أيرلندا Niall Quinn, (Honorary) MBE forward player 1990–1996
Manchester City teams inducted to date
2009 إنگلترة Manchester City 1967–70 not applicable

Last updated: 21 July 2021.
Source: list of NFM Hall of Fame inductees

Premier League Hall of Fame

The following players have been inducted into the Premier League Hall of Fame, which is the hall of fame for association football players that have played in the Premier League. Inaugurated in 2020 but delayed a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Hall of Fame is intended to recognise and honour players that have achieved great success and made a significant contribution to the league since its founding in 1992.

Inductees in Premier League Hall of Fame
Year of induction Player Position Role at MCFC Years in role at MCFC
Players with Manchester City backgrounds inducted to date
2021 إنگلترة Frank Lampard OBE attacking midfielder player 2014–2015

Last updated: 21 July 2021.
Source: list of PL Hall of Fame inductees

Scottish Football Museum Hall of Fame

The following former Manchester City players and managers are inductees in the Scottish Football Hall of Fame (a.k.a. the Scottish Football Museum Hall of Fame) and are listed according to the year of their induction within the various categories:

Last updated: 30 March 2011.
Source: list of SFM Hall of Fame inductees

Welsh Sports Hall of Fame

The following former Manchester City players are inductees in the Welsh Sports Hall of Fame and are listed according to the year of their induction:

Non-playing staff

Corporate hierarchy

Position Name
Chairman الإمارات العربية المتحدة Khaldoon Al Mubarak
Director الصين Ruigang Li
Chief Executive Officer إسپانيا Ferran Soriano
Global Technical Director of the City Football Group إسپانيا Rodolfo Borrell
Non-executive director الإمارات العربية المتحدة Mohamed Al Mazrouei
Non-executive director إنگلترة Simon Pearce
Non-executive director إنگلترة John Macbeath
Non-executive director الولايات المتحدة Marty Edelman
Non-executive director إيطاليا Alberto Galassi
Managing director of the City Football Academy إنگلترة Brian Marwood

Management hierarchy

Current City manager Pep Guardiola
Position Name
Director of Football إسپانيا Txiki Begiristain
Head Coach إسپانيا Pep Guardiola
Assistant Coach إسپانيا Juan Manuel Lillo
Assistant Coach إسپانيا Rodolfo Borrell
Assistant Coach إسپانيا Carlos Vicens[35]
Head of goalkeeping إسپانيا Xabier Mancisidor
Goalkeeper coach إنگلترة Richard Wright[36]
Head of Academy إنگلترة Jason Wilcox
Under-23 EDS Manager جمهورية أيرلندا Brian Barry-Murphy
Under-23 EDS Assistant Manager إنگلترة Danny Walker
Under-23 GK coach ويلز Andy Mulliner
Under-18 Academy Team Manager إنگلترة Ben Wilkinson[37]
Under-18 Academy Team Assistant Manager اسكتلندا Callum McFarlane
Under-18 GK coach إنگلترة Max Johnson
Chief scout إيطاليا Carlo Cancellieri

Notable managers

Manchester City managers to have won major honours. Table correct as of matches played 27 October 2021[38][39]
Name From To Games Wins Draws Loss Win % Honours
1902 1906 150 89 22 39 59٫33 1904 FA Cup
1932 1946 352 158 71 123 44٫89 1934 FA Cup 1936–37 First Division
1950 1963 592 220 127 245 37٫16 1956 FA Cup
1965 1971 340 149 94 97 43٫82 1967–68 First Division
1968 FA Charity Shield
1969 FA Cup
1970 European Cup Winners' Cup
1970 League Cup
1973 1980 269 114 75 80 42٫38 1976 League Cup
2009 2013 191 113 38 40 59٫16 2011 FA Cup
2011–12 Premier League
2012 FA Community Shield
2013 2016 167 100 28 39 59٫88 2014 League Cup
2013–14 Premier League
2016 League Cup
2016 Incumbent 309 224 39 46 72٫49 2018 League Cup
2017–18 Premier League
2018 FA Community Shield
2019 League Cup
2018–19 Premier League
2019 FA Cup
2019 FA Community Shield
2020 League Cup
2021 League Cup
2020–21 Premier League

Supporters

Since moving to the City of Manchester Stadium, Manchester City's average attendances have been in the top six in England,[42] usually in excess of 40,000. Even in the late 1990s, when the club were relegated twice in three seasons and playing in the third tier of English football (then Division Two, now Football League One), home attendances were in the region of 30,000, compared to an average for the division of fewer than 8,000.[43] Research carried out by Manchester City in 2005 estimates a fanbase of 886,000 in the United Kingdom and a total in excess of 2 million worldwide, although since the purchase of the club by Sheikh Mansour and the club's recent trophies, that figure has ballooned to many times that size.[44]

Manchester City's officially recognised supporters club is the Manchester City F.C. Supporters Club (1949), formed from a merger of two existing organisations in 2010: the Official Supporters Club (OSC) and the Centenary Supporters Association (CSA).[45] There have been several fanzines published by supporters; the longest running is King of the Kippax and it is the only one still published.[46] The City fans' song of choice is a rendition of "Blue Moon", which despite its melancholic theme is belted out with gusto as though it were a heroic anthem. City supporters tend to believe that unpredictability is an inherent trait of their team, and label unexpected results "typical City".[47][48] Events that fans regard as "typical City" include City's being the only reigning English champions ever to be relegated (in 1938), the only team to score and concede over 100 goals in the same season (1957–58),[49] or the more recent example that City were the only team to beat Chelsea in the 2004–05 Premier League, yet in the same season City were knocked out of the FA Cup by Oldham Athletic, a team two divisions lower.

Manchester City's biggest rivalry is with neighbours Manchester United, against whom they contest the Manchester derby. Before the Second World War, when travel to away games was rare, many Mancunian football fans regularly watched both teams even if considering themselves "supporters" of only one. This practice continued into the early 1960s but as travel became easier, and the cost of entry to matches rose, watching both teams became unusual and the rivalry intensified. A common stereotype is that City fans come from Manchester proper, while United fans come from elsewhere. A 2002 report by a researcher at Manchester Metropolitan University found that while it was true that a higher proportion of City season ticket holders came from Manchester postcode areas (40% compared to United's 29%), there were more United season ticket holders, the lower percentage being due to United's higher overall number of season ticket holders (27,667 compared to City's 16,481). The report noted that since the compiling of data in 2001, the number of both City and United season ticket holders had risen; expansion of United's ground and City's move to the City of Manchester Stadium have caused season ticket sales to increase further.[50]

Over the last few years, Man City has also developed a notable rivalry with Liverpool FC,[51] which is now often considered to be one of the biggest rivalries in association football.[52][53] Under managers Pep Guardiola and Jürgen Klopp, the rivalry obtained its current significance in the 2018-19 season, in which Man City beat Liverpool to the Premier League title by a single point. In a 2019 survey, City fans answered that Liverpool, not Manchester United, are the club's biggest rivals,[54] although compared to the Manchester derby, the rivalry has little to no historical significance. Man City also have local rivalries[55] with Bolton Wanderers, Oldham Athletic, and Stockport County, and with Tottenham Hotspur and Chelsea in the Premier League.[56]

In the late 1980s, City fans started a craze of bringing inflatable objects to matches, primarily oversized bananas. One disputed explanation for the craze is that in a match against West Bromwich Albion chants from fans calling for the introduction of Imre Varadi as a substitute mutated into "Imre Banana". Terraces packed with inflatable-waving supporters became a frequent sight in the 1988–89 season as the craze spread to other clubs (inflatable fish were seen at Grimsby Town), with the phenomenon reaching a peak at City's match at Stoke City on 26 December 1988, a match declared by fanzines as a fancy dress party.[57] In 2010, City supporters adopted an exuberant dance, dubbed The Poznań, from fans of Polish club Lech Poznań.[58]

Ownership and finances

The holding company of Manchester City F.C., Manchester City Limited, is a private limited company, with approximately 54 million shares in issue. The club has been in private hands since 2007, when the major shareholders agreed to sell their holdings to UK Sports Investments Limited (UKSIL), a company controlled by former Thailand prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. UKSIL then made a formal offer to buy the shares held by several thousand small shareholders.

Prior to the Thaksin takeover, the club was listed on the specialist independent equity market PLUS (formerly OFEX),[59] where it had been listed since 1995. On 6 July 2007, having acquired 75% of the shares, Thaksin de-listed the club and re-registered it as a private company.[60] By August UKSIL had acquired over 90% of the shares, and exercised its rights under the Companies Act to "squeeze out" the remaining shareholders, and acquire the entire shareholding. Thaksin Shinawatra became chairman of the club and two of Thaksin's children, Pintongta and Oak Chinnawat also became directors. Former chairman John Wardle stayed on the board for a year, but resigned in July 2008 following Nike executive Garry Cook's appointment as executive chairman in May.[61] The club made a pre-tax loss of £11m in the year ending 31 May 2007, the final year for which accounts were published as a public company.[62]

Thaksin's purchase prompted a period of transfer spending at the club,[63] spending in around £30 million,[64] whereas over the previous few seasons net spending had been among the lowest in the division. A year later, this investment was itself dwarfed by larger sums. On 1 September 2008, Abu Dhabi-based Abu Dhabi United Group Investment and Development Limited completed a takeover of Manchester City. The deal, worth a reported £200 million, was announced on the morning of 1 September. It sparked various transfer "deadline-day" rumours and bids such as the club's attempt to gazump Manchester United's protracted bid to sign Dimitar Berbatov from Tottenham Hotspur for a fee in excess of £30 million.[65][66] Minutes before the transfer window closed, the club signed Robinho from Real Madrid for a British record transfer fee of £32.5 million.[67] The wealth of the new owners meant that in the summer of 2009, the club was able to finance the purchase of several experienced international players prior to the new season, spending more than any other club in the Premier League.[68]

City Football Group

Created in the 2013–14 season to manage the global footballing interests of Abu Dhabi United Group, the City Football Group (CFG) is an umbrella corporation owning stakes in a network of global clubs for the purposes of resource sharing, academy networking and marketing.

CFG ownership

Through the City Football Group, City owns stakes in a number of clubs:

On 23 January 2014 it was announced that Manchester City had partnered with the Australian rugby league franchise Melbourne Storm, purchasing a majority stake in A-League team Melbourne City FC. On 5 August 2015, CFG bought out the Storm and acquired full ownership of the team.[70]
On 20 May 2014 it was announced that Manchester City had partnered with the Japanese Automotive company Nissan to become a minority shareholder in Yokohama based J-League side, Yokohama F. Marinos.
On 21 May 2013 it was announced that Manchester City had partnered with the American baseball franchise the New York Yankees to introduce the 20th Major League Soccer expansion team, New York City FC as its majority shareholder. The club began play in the 2015 Major League Soccer season.
On 5 April 2017, CFG confirmed the purchase of Uruguayan second division team Montevideo City Torque.
On 23 August 2017 it was announced that the City Football Group had acquired 44.3% of Segunda División side Girona FC. Another 44.3% was held by the Girona Football Group, led by Pere Guardiola, brother of Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola.
On 20 February 2019, it was announced that the City Football Group as well as UBTECH and China Sports Capital had acquired Sichuan Jiuniu F.C.
City Football Group was announced as majority stakeholder of Mumbai City on Thursday 28 November 2019 after acquiring 65% of the club. Mumbai City FC is the professional football club based in Mumbai, competing in the Indian Super League.
City Football Group was announced as majority stakeholder of Lommel SK on Monday 11 May 2020 acquiring the majority (unspecified) of the shares of the club. Lommel S.K. is a professional football club based in Lommel, competing in the Belgian First Division B (second tier).
On 3 September 2020, City Football Group announced that they had purchased the shares of the former owner of Ligue 2 club Troyes AC Daniel Masoni, making them the majority shareholder of the Ligue 2 French club.

Partner clubs

On 12 January 2021 CFG announced Bolivian club Club Bolívar as its first Partner Club.

On 18 February 2021 CFG announced French Championnat National 2 (tier 4) club Vannes OC would be its second Partner Club.

Stadium

The City of Manchester Stadium, the home of Manchester City since 2003

The City of Manchester Stadium in east Manchester, known as the Etihad Stadium since 2011 for sponsorship reasons, is on a 200-year lease from Manchester City Council. It has been City's home since the end of the 2002–03 season, when the club moved from Maine Road.[81] Before moving to the stadium, Manchester City spent in excess of £30 million to convert it to football use. The pitch was lowered, adding another tier of seating around it, and a new North Stand built.[82] The inaugural match at the new stadium was a 2–1 win over Barcelona in a friendly match.[83] A 7,000-seat third tier on the South Stand was completed in time for the start of the 2015–16 football season. Current capacity stands at 55,097. A North Stand third tier has planning approval and work on it is expected to begin by 2017, increasing capacity to around 61,000.[84]

After playing home matches at five stadiums between 1880 and 1887, the club settled at Hyde Road Football Stadium, its home for 36 years.[85] A fire destroyed the Main Stand in 1920, and the club moved to the 84,000 capacity Maine Road three years later. Maine Road, nicknamed the "Wembley of the North" by its designers, hosted the largest-ever crowd at an English club ground when 84,569 attended an FA Cup tie against Stoke City on 3 March 1934.[86] Though Maine Road was redeveloped several times over its 80-year lifespan, by 1995 its capacity was restricted to 32,000, prompting the search for a new ground which culminated in the move to the City of Manchester Stadium in 2003. The stadium was renamed the Etihad Stadium in 2011.[87]

Honours

Based on trophy count, Manchester City are one of the most successful teams in England – their twenty-eight major domestic and European honours leave them fifth, above Tottenham Hotspur, on the list of most decorated sides in England.

The club's first major trophy was the 1904 FA Cup,[88] though they had previously won three Manchester Cups before that point.[89] Their first top division league title came in the 1936–37 season,[90] with the first Charity Shield won in the following August.[90] City's first League Cup and European trophy both came at the end of the 1969–70 season, the two trophies also constituting the team's first trophy double.[90] In the 2018–19 season, City became the first team to claim all of the major English trophies available in a single season, winning not just the Premier League, FA Cup, and League Cup, but also the Community Shield.[91]

Their 1970 Cup Winners' Cup victory remains City's only European trophy to date.[92] They also reached the final of the Champions League in 2021.

Manchester City jointly hold the record for most second division titles with Leicester City, both clubs having won the league on seven occasions.[93] Their first victory was in 1898–99, and the most recent in 2001–02.[90]

Domestic

Leagues

Cups

European

Doubles and Trebles

UEFA club coefficient rankings

As of the end of the 2020/21 season[96]

Ranking Club Country 2020–21 Points Total Points National Association Points
1 FC Bayern Munich ألمانيا 27.000 134.000 14.714
2 Real Madrid CF إسپانيا 26.000 127.000 19.571
3 Manchester City إنگلترة 35.000 125.000 20.113
4 FC Barcelona إسپانيا 20.000 122.000 19.571
5 Juventus إيطاليا 21.000 120.000 15.087

Club records

See also

Bibliography

  • Buckley, Andy; Burgess, Richard (2000). Blue Moon Rising: The Fall and Rise of Manchester City. Bury: Milo. ISBN 0-9530847-4-4.
  • Gardner, Peter (1970). The Manchester City Football Book No. 2. London: Stanley Paul. ISBN 0-09-103280-6.
  • Inglis, Simon (1987). The Football Grounds of Great Britain (2nd ed.). London: Collins Willow. ISBN 0-00-218249-1.
  • James, Gary (2002). Manchester: The Greatest City. Polar Publishing. ISBN 1-899538-09-7.
  • James, Gary (2005). The Official Manchester City Hall of Fame. Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-61282-1.
  • James, Gary (2006). Manchester City – The Complete Record. Derby: Breedon. ISBN 1-85983-512-0.
  • James, Gary (2008). Manchester – A Football History. Halifax: James Ward. ISBN 978-0-9558127-0-5.
  • Penney, Ian (2008). Manchester City: The Mercer-Allison Years. Derby: Breedon. ISBN 978-1-85983-608-8.
  • Rowlands, Alan (2005). Trautmann: The Biography. Derby: Breedon. ISBN 1-85983-491-4.
  • Tossell, David (2008). Big Mal: The High Life and Hard Times of Malcolm Allison, Football Legend. Edinburgh: Mainstream. ISBN 978-1-84596-478-8.
  • Wallace, David (2007). Century City – Manchester City Football Club 1957/58. Leigh: King of the Kippax. ISBN 978-0-9557056-0-1.
  • Ward, Andrew (1984). The Manchester City Story. Derby: Breedon. ISBN 0-907969-05-4.

ملاحظات

  1. ^ أ ب ت It has been reported on the City website that Delap, Palmer and Kayky will be part of the first team squad for the current season [23]

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