قائمة الملوك الفرنسيين

(تم التحويل من List of French monarchs)
Monarchy France
Arms of the Kingdom of France (Moderne).svg
التفاصيل
الأسلوبانظر Style of the French sovereign
أول عاهلكلوڤيس الأول
(as King of the Franks)
آخر عاهلناپليون الثالث
(كإمبراطور)
التشكيل428
الإلغاء24 فبراير 1848
(عاهل ملكي)
4 سبتمبر 1870
(عاهل إمبراطوري)
المعيـِّنHereditary
المُطالبDisputed
Prince Louis
(House of Bourbon)
Prince Henri
(House of Orléans)
Jean Christophe
(House of Bonaparte)

ملوك فرنسا حكموا، في البداية كملوك ولاحقاً كإمبراطورات (البوناپرتيون فقط)، منذ تأسيس مملكة فرنسا في العصور الوسطى حتى 1870. وهناك بعض الاختلاف حول متى برزت فرنسا للوجود. أحد التواريخ المحتملة هو تأسيس المملكة الفرنكية المروڤنجية من قِبل كلوڤيس الأول في 486 مع هزيمة سياگريوس، آخر مسئول روماني في بلاد الغال. حكام تلك المملكة أطيح بهم في القرن الثامن. معاهدة ڤردن أسست مملكة فرنسيا الغربية في 843.

In light of these trends, this article lists all rulers to have held the title "King of France" or "King of the Franks". For other Frankish monarchs, see List of Frankish Kings.

پورتريه الاسم ملك منذ ملك حتى العلاقة بسلفه اللقب
Portrait Roi de france Clodion.jpg Chlodio the Longhair
(Clodion le Chevelu)
428 448  • Son of Theudemeres King of the Salian Franks
(Roi des Francs saliens)
Portrait Roi de france Mérovée.jpg Merovech
(Mérovée)
448 457  • Son of Chlodio King of the Salian Franks
(Roi des Francs saliens)
Seal of Childeric I Tournai tomb.jpg Childeric I
(Childéric Ier)
457 481  • Son of Merovech King of the Salian Franks
(Roi des Francs saliens)
Clovis 1er.jpg Clovis I
(Clovis Ier)
481 511  • Son of Childeric I King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Tiers de sou d'or de Childebert Ier.png Childebert I
(Childebert Ier)
511 23 December 558  • Son of Clovis I King of Paris
(Roi de Paris)
Monnaie d'argent de Clotaire Ier.png Chlothar I the Old
(Clotaire Ier le Vieux)
23 December 558 29 November 561  • Son of Clovis I
 • Younger brother of Childebert I
King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Jean-Joseph Dassy (1796-1865) - Caribert, roi franc de Paris et de l'ouest de Gaule (mort en 567).jpg Charibert I
(Caribert Ier)
29 November 561 567  • Son of Chlothar I King of Paris
(Roi de Paris)
Portrait Roi de france Chilpéric roy de France.jpg Chilperic I
(Chilpéric Ier)
567 584  • Son of Chlothar I
 • Younger brother of Charibert I
King of Paris
(Roi de Paris)

King of Neustria
(Roi de Neustrie)
Clothaire II 584 628.jpg Chlothar II the Great, the Young
(Clotaire II le Grand, le Jeune)
584 18 October 629  • Son of Chilperic I King of Neustria
(Roi de Neustrie)

King of Paris
(Roi de Paris)
(595–629)

King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
(613–629)
Tiers de sou or Dagobert Ier.jpg Dagobert I
(Dagobert Ier)
18 October 629 19 January 639  • Son of Chlothar II King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Tiers de sous d'or de Clovis II.jpg Clovis II the Lazy
(Clovis II le Fainéant)
19 January 639 31 October 657  • Son of Dagobert I King of Neustria and Burgundy
(Roi de Neustrie et de Bourgogne)
Clothar III.jpg Chlothar III
(Clotaire III)
31 October 657 673  • Son of Clovis II King of Neustria and Burgundy
(Roi de Neustrie et de Bourgogne)

King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
(657–663)
Portrait Roi de france Childéric II.jpg Childeric II
(Childéric II)
673 675  • Son of Clovis II
 • Younger brother of Chlothar III
King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Theuderic III.jpg Theuderic III
(Thierry III)
675 691  • Son of Clovis II
 • Younger brother of Childeric II
King of Neustria
(Roi de Neustrie)

King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
(687–691)
Georges Rouget (1783-1869) - Clovis III roi d'Austrasie en 691 (682-695).jpg Clovis IV
(Clovis IV)
691 695  • Son of Theuderic III King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Childebert III 694 711.jpg Childebert III the Just
(Childebert III le Juste)
695 23 April 711  • Son of Theuderic III
 • Younger brother of Clovis IV
King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Portrait Roi de france Dagobert II (i.e III).jpg Dagobert III 23 April 711 715  • Son of Childebert III King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Portrait Roy de france Chilperic II.jpg Chilperic II
(Chilpéric II)
715 13 February 721  • Probably son of Childeric II King of Neustria and Burgundy
(Roi de Neustrie et de Bourgogne)

King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
(719–721)
Theuderic IV.jpg Theuderic IV
(Thierry IV)
13 February 721 737  • Son of Dagobert III King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)

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Carolingian Interregnum (737–743)

The last Merovingian kings, known as the lazy kings (rois fainéants) did not hold any real political power, while the Mayor of the Palace governed instead. When Theuderic IV died in 737, Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel left the throne vacant and continued to rule until his own death in 741. His son Pepin the Short briefly restored the Merovingian dynasty by raising Childeric III to the throne in 743, only to depose him in 751.


Merovingian Dynasty, Restored (743–752)

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Jean Dassier (1676-1763) - Childéric III roy de France (754).jpg Childeric III
(Childéric III)
743 November 751  • Son of Chilperic II or of Theuderic IV King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)

Carolingian Dynasty (752–987)

Three of the twelve kings during the 147 year Carolingian Dynasty, Odo, his brother Robert I and Robert's son in law Raoul/Rudolph, were not from the Carolingian Dynasty but from the rival Robertian Dynasty, named for Robert the Strong (father of Odo and Robert I). The Robertian Dynasty became the Capetian Dynasty with the ascent to the throne of Hugh Capet (son of Hugh the Great, son of Robert I) in 987. The rise and fall of Carolingian Charles III played out during the ascent of these Robertian kings.

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Pippin the younger.jpg Pepin the Short
(Pépin le Bref)
752 24 September 768  • Son of Charles Martel King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Carloman.jpg Carloman I 24 September 768 December 4, 771  • Son of Pepin the Short King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Charlemagne Allemagne.jpg Charlemagne 24 September 768 28 January 814  • Son of Pepin the Short King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)

Emperor of the Romans
(Imperator Romanorum)
(800–814)
Ludwik I Pobożny.jpg Louis I the Pious, the Debonaire
(Louis Ier le Pieux, le Débonnaire)
28 January 814 20 June 840  • Son of Charlemagne King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)

Emperor of the Romans
(Imperator Romanorum)
CharlesIItheBald.JPG Charles II the Bald
(Charles II le Chauve)
20 June 840 6 October 877  • Son of Louis I King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)

Emperor of the Romans
(Imperator Romanorum)
(875–877)
Louis II of France.JPG Louis II the Stammerer
(Louis II le Bègue)
6 October 877 10 April 879  • Son of Charles II King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
King Louis III.gif Louis III 10 April 879 5 August 882  • Son of Louis II King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Carloman II of France.jpg Carloman II 10 April 879 6 December 884  • Son of Louis II King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Die deutschen Kaiser Karl der Dicke.jpg Charles the Fat
(Charles le Gros)
20 May 885 13 January 888  • Son of Louis the German
 • Cousin of Louis II and Carloman II
 • Grandson of Louis I the Pious
King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)

Emperor of the Romans
(Imperator Romanorum)
(881–887)
Odo of France.PNG Odo of Paris
(Eudes de Paris)
29 February 888 1 January 898  • Son of Robert the Strong (Robertians)
 • Elected king against young Charles III.
King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Georges Rouget (1783-1869) - Charles III, dit le simple, roi de France en 896 (879-929).jpg Charles III the Simple
(Charles III le Simple)
28 January 893 30 June 922  • Posthumous son of Louis II
 • Younger half-brother of Louis III and Carloman II
King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Robert Ier roi des Francs.jpg Robert I
(Robert Ier)
30 June 922 15 June 923  • Son of Robert the Strong (Robertians)
 • Younger brother of Odo
King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Rudolph of France.PNG Rudolph
(Raoul de France)
13 July 923 14 January 936  • Son of Richard, Duke of Burgundy (Bosonids)
 • Son-in-law of Robert I
King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Louis IV of France.PNG Louis IV from overseas
(Louis IV d'Outremer)
19 June 936 10 September 954  • Son of Charles III King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Lothaire-Face.jpg Lothair
(Lothaire de France)
12 November 954 2 March 986  • Son of Louis IV King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Amiel - Louis V of France.jpg Louis V the Lazy
(Louis V le Fainéant)
8 June 986 22 May 987  • Son of Lothair King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)


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Capetian Dynasty (987–1792)

The Capetian Dynasty, the male-line descendants of Hugh Capet, ruled France continuously from 987 to 1792 and again from 1814 to 1848. The branches of the dynasty which ruled after 1328, however, are generally given the specific branch names of Valois and Bourbon.

Direct Capetians (987 to 1328)

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
King Hugh Capet.jpg Hugh Capet
(Hugues Capet)
July 3, 987 October 24, 996  • Grandson of Robert I King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
80px Robert II the Pious, the Wise
(Robert II le Pieux, le Sage)
October 24, 996 July 20, 1031  • Son of Hugh Capet King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Henri I.jpg Henry I
(Henri Ier)
July 20, 1031 August 4, 1060  • Son of Robert II King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Philip I of France · HHWXI28.svg Philip I
(Philippe Ier l' Amoureux)
August 4, 1060 July 29, 1108  • Son of Henry I King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Louis VI of France.gif Louis VI the Fat
(Louis VI le Gros)
July 29, 1108 August 1, 1137  • Son of Philip I King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
II Geza es VII Lajos KK.jpg Louis VII the Young
(Louis VII le Jeune)
August 1, 1137 September 18, 1180  • Son of Louis VI King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Louis-Félix Amiel-Philippe II dit Philippe-Auguste Roi de France (1165-1223).jpg Philip II Augustus
(Philippe II Auguste)
September 18, 1180 July 14, 1223  • Son of Louis VII King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
King of France
(Roi de France)
Lehmann - Louis VIII of France.jpg Louis VIII the Lion
(Louis VIII le Lion)
July 14, 1223 November 8, 1226  • Son of Philip II Augustus King of France
(Roi de France)
Louis-ix.jpg Louis IX the Saint
(Saint Louis)
November 8, 1226 August 25, 1270  • Son of Louis VIII King of France
(Roi de France)
Miniature Philippe III Courronement.jpg Philip III the Bold
(Philippe III le Hardi)
August 25, 1270 October 5, 1285  • Son of Louis IX King of France
(Roi de France)
Philippe IV Le Bel.jpg Philip IV the Fair
(Philippe IV le Bel)
October 5, 1285 November 29, 1314  • Son of Philip III King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
80px Louis X the Quarreller
(Louis X le Hutin)
November 29, 1314 June 5, 1316  • Son of Philip IV King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
John I of France.jpg John I the Posthumous
(Jean Ier le Posthume)
November 15, 1316 November 20, 1316  • Son of Louis X King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Philippe V Le Long.JPG Philip V the Tall
(Philippe V le Long)
November 20, 1316 January 3, 1322  • Son of Philip IV
 • Younger brother of Louis X
King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Charles IV Le Bel.jpg Charles IV the Fair
(Charles IV le Bel)
January 3, 1322 February 1, 1328  • Son of Philip IV
 • Younger brother of Philip V
King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)

Not listed above are Hugh Magnus, eldest son of Robert II, and Philip of France, eldest son of Louis VI; both were co-Kings with their fathers (in accordance with the early Capetian practice whereby Kings would crown their heirs in their own lifetimes and share power with the co-king), but predeceased them. Because neither Hugh nor Philip were sole or senior king in their own lifetimes, they are not traditionally listed as Kings of France, and are not given ordinals.


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بيت ڤالوا (1328–1589)

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Robert-Fleury - Philip VI of France.jpg Philip VI of Valois, the Fortunate
(Philippe VI de Valois, le Fortuné)
April 1, 1328 August 22, 1350  • Son of Charles of Valois, who was son of Philip III King of France
(Roi de France)
JeanIIdFrance.jpg John II the Good
(Jean II le Bon)
August 22, 1350 April 8, 1364  • Son of Philip VI King of France
(Roi de France)
Saint-Èvre - Charles V of France.jpg Charles V the Wise
(Charles V le Sage)
April 8, 1364 September 16, 1380  • Son of John II King of France
(Roi de France)
Couronnement de Charles VI le Bien-Aimé.jpg Charles VI the Beloved, the Mad
(Charles VI le Bienaimé, le Fol)
September 16, 1380 October 21, 1422  • Son of Charles V King of France
(Roi de France)
Charles VII de france.jpg Charles VII the Victorious, the Well-Served
(Charles VII le Victorieux, le Bien-Servi)
October 21, 1422 July 22, 1461  • Son of Charles VI King of France
(Roi de France)
Louis XI of France.jpg Louis XI the Prudent, the Universal Spider
(Louis XI le Prudent, l'Universelle Aragne)
July 22, 1461 August 30, 1483  • Son of Charles VII King of France
(Roi de France)
Charles VIII de france.jpg Charles VIII the Affable
(Charles VIII l'Affable)
August 30, 1483 April 7, 1498  • Son of Louis XI King of France
(Roi de France)

Valois–Orléans Branch (1498–1515)

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Ludvig XII av Frankrike på målning från 1500-talet.jpg Louis XII Father of the People
(Louis XII le Père du Peuple)
April 7, 1498 January 1, 1515  • Great-grandson of Charles V
 • Second cousin, and by first marriage son-in-law of Louis XI
 • By second marriage husband of Anne of Brittany, widow of Charles VIII
King of France
(Roi de France)

Valois–Angoulême Branch (1515–1589)

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Francis1-1.jpg Francis I the Father and Restorer of Letters
(François Ier le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres)
January 1, 1515 March 31, 1547  • Great-great-grandson of Charles V
 • First cousin once removed, and by
first marriage son-in-law of Louis XII
King of France
(Roi de France)
Henry II of France..jpg Henry II
(Henri II)
March 31, 1547 July 10, 1559  • Son of Francis I King of France
(Roi de France)
Francesco II.jpg Francis II
(François II)
July 10, 1559 December 5, 1560  • Son of Henry II King of France and Scotland
(Roi de France et d'Écosse)
Charles IX by Francois Clouet.jpg Charles IX December 5, 1560 May 30, 1574  • Son of Henry II
 • Younger brother of Francis II
King of France
(Roi de France)
Anjou 1570louvre.jpg Henry III
(Henri III)
May 30, 1574 August 2, 1589  • Son of Henry II
 • Younger brother of Charles IX
King of France and Poland
(Roi de France et de Pologne)

House of Bourbon (1589–1792)

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Henry IV of france by pourbous younger.jpg Henry IV, Good King Henry, the Green Gallant
(Henri IV, le Bon Roi Henri, le Vert-Galant)
August 2, 1589 May 14, 1610  • Tenth generation descendant of Louis IX in the male line
 • Grandnephew of Francis I
 • Second cousin, and by first marriage brother-in-law of Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III
King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Louis XIIIval grace.jpg Louis XIII the Just
(Louis XIII le Juste)
May 14, 1610 May 14, 1643  • Son of Henry IV King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Louis XIV of France.jpg Louis XIV the Great, the Sun King
(Louis XIV le Grand, le Roi Soleil)
May 14, 1643 September 1, 1715  • Son of Louis XIII King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
LouisXV-Rigaud1.jpg Louis XV the Beloved
(Louis XV le Bien-Aimé)
September 1, 1715 May 10, 1774  • Great-grandson of Louis XIV King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Louis XVI2.jpg Louis XVI the Last
(Louis XVI le Dernier)
May 10, 1774 September 21, 1792  • Grandson of Louis XV King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
(1774–1789)

King of the French
(Roi des Français)
(1789–1792)

From January 21, 1793 to June 8, 1795, Louis XVI's son Louis-Charles was the titular King of France as Louis XVII; in reality, however, he was imprisoned in the Temple throughout this duration, and power was held by the leaders of the Republic. Upon Louis XVII's death, his uncle (Louis XVI's brother) Louis-Stanislas claimed the throne, as Louis XVIII, but only became de facto King of France in 1814.

First Republic (1792–1804)

The First French Republic lasted from 1792 to 1804, when its First Consul, Napoléon Bonaparte, declared himself Emperor of the French.

Bonaparte Dynasty, First Empire (1804–1814)

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Ingres, Napoleon on his Imperial throne.jpg Napoleon I, the Great
(Napoléon Ier, le Grand)
May 18, 1804 April 11, 1814 - Emperor of the French
(Empereur des Français)

Capetian Dynasty, House of Bourbon, Restored (1814–1815)

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Guérin - Louis XVIII of France in Coronation Robes.jpg Louis XVIII April 11, 1814 March 20, 1815  • Younger brother of Louis XVI/ uncle of Louis XVII King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)

أسرة بوناپرت، الامبراطورية الأولى، مستعادة (المائة يوم، 1815)

پورتريه الاسم ملك منذ ملك حتى العلاقة بسلفه اللقب
Ingres, Napoleon on his Imperial throne.jpg ناپليون الأول، الأكبر
(Napoléon Ier, le Grand)
20 مارس 1815 22 يونيو 1815 - امبراطور الفرنسيين
(Empereur des Français)

من 22 يونيو حتى 7 يوليو 1815، اعتبر البوناپرتيون أن ابن ناپليون الأول، ناپليون الثاني، هو الوريث الشرعي للعرش، his father having abdicated in his favor. However, the young child's reign was entirely fictional, as he was residing in Austria with his mother. Louis XVIII was reinstalled as king on July 7.

Capetian Dynasty, House of Bourbon, Restored (1815–1830)

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Guérin - Louis XVIII of France in Coronation Robes.jpg Louis XVIII July 7, 1815 September 16, 1824  • Younger brother of Louis XVI/ uncle of Louis XVII King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Charles X Roi de France et de Navarre.jpg Charles X September 16, 1824 August 2, 1830  • Younger brother of Louis XVIII King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)

The elder son and heir of Charles X, the Dauphin Louis-Antoine, is occasionally considered to have legally been the King of France as Louis XIX in the 20 minutes that passed between Charles X's formal signature of abdication and the Dauphin's own signature.
Henri d'Artois, Charles X's grandson, was considered by monarchists to be the titular King of France, as Henry V from August 2, 1830 to August 9, 1830, but his reign remained largely fictional, as he acceeded in a revolutionary context and hence was never recognized by the French State. He is generally not accounted for in lists of official French monarchs.

الأسرة الكاپتية, بيت اورليانز (ملكية يوليو 1830–1848)

Portrait الاسم ملك منذ King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Louis-Philippe de Bourbon.jpg Louis-Philippe I the Citizen King
(Louis Philippe, le Roi Citoyen)
August 9, 1830 February 24, 1848  • Sixth generation descendant of Louis XIII in the male line
 • Fifth cousin of Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X
King of the French
(Roi des Français)

الجمهورية الثانية (1848–1852)

The Second French Republic lasted from 1848 to 1852, when its president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, was declared Emperor of the French.

Bonaparte Dynasty, الامبراطورية الثانية، مستعادة (1852–1870)

Portrait Name King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Franz Xaver Winterhalter Napoleon III.jpg Napoleon III
(Napoléon III)
December 2, 1852 September 4, 1870  • Nephew of Napoleon I Emperor of the French
(Empereur des Français)

حكومة الدفاع الوطني (كميون باريس 1870–1871)

The transition period between the fall of the Second Empire after the capture of Napoleon III by the Prussians and the assumption of the Third Republic by General Louis Jules Trochu.

رؤوس الدولة بعد 1871

The chronology of Head of State of France continues with the Presidents of the French Republic and short term interim periods by the Chief of State of the French State (1940–1944), the Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946) and the president of the French Senate (1969 and 1974) during the Fifth Republic.

مطالبون لاحقون

Various pretenders descended from the preceding monarchs have claimed to be the legitimate monarch of France, rejecting the claims of the President of France, and of each other. These groups are:

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