كوماك سي‌919

(تم التحويل من Comac C919)
كوماك سي‌919
Comac C919
Comac C-919.jpg
نموذج لطائرة كوماك سي‌919.
الوظيفة طائرة نفاثة
بلد الأصل Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg الصين
المـُصـَنـِّـع كوماك
صممها Comac
أول تحليق 5 May 2017[1]
التقديم مزمع في 2021 مع China Eastern Airlines[2]
الوضع Flight testing
العدد المبني 6 حتى ديسمبر 2019[3][4]
قيمة البرنامج المعلن: 9.5 بليون دولار،
المتوقع: 20+ بليون دولار[5]

كوماك سي‌919 Comac C919، هي طائرة ضيقة البدن ذات 168-190 مقعد تنشئها شركة الطائرات التجارية الصينية (Comac).[6][7][8] The development programme was launched in 2008, production of the prototype began in December 2011, it rolled out on 2 November 2015 and the aircraft's maiden flight was on 5 May 2017. Its first commercial deliveries are expected in 2021 to China Eastern Airlines. The aircraft, primarily constructed with aluminium alloys, is to be powered by either CFM International LEAP or ACAE CJ-1000A turbofan engines, and be able to carry 156 to 168 passengers in a normal operating configuration up to 5,555 km (3000 nmi). It is intended to compete primarily with the Boeing 737 MAX and Airbus A320neo. اعتبارا من 31 أغسطس 2018 (2018-08-31), Comac has 1008 commitments including 305 firm orders, mostly from Chinese leasing companies or airlines, with the exception of GE.

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التصميم

الأنظمة


المحركات


السوق

In 2012 the C919 order book stood at 380 units worth US$26 billion,[9] and averaging $68.4 million. FlightGlobal's Ascend market values in 2013 were $49.2 million for the Airbus A320neo, 51% less than its $100.2 million list price and $51.4 million for the Boeing 737 MAX-8, 49% less than its $100.5 million list price.[10] In June 2015, the China National Radio predicted a $50 million price, cheaper than the B737 or A320 list prices.[11]

The Chinese airlines that have placed orders for the C919 already have either the Boeing 737 or Airbus A320 in their fleets.[12] In 2013, Chinese state-owned newspaper Global Times complained that an Aviation Week editorial about the bleak prospects for the aircraft "maliciously disparaged the future outlook for the C919".[13]

COMAC aims to take a fifth of the global narrowbody market and a third of the Chinese market by 2035.[14] It expects 2,000 sales in the next 20 years.[15] China considers it as a source of national pride.[16] The Financial Times states the C919 is outdated by 10–15 years compared to the latest versions of the A320 and Boeing 737, and will probably cost more to operate.[17] Its range of 2,200–3,000 nmi (4,100–5,600 kم) falls short of the 3,400 and 3,550 nmi (6,300 and 6,570 kم) of the A320neo and 737 Max 8, the C919 payload-range and economics are similar to the current single-aisles, but it will compete with the Neo and Max. FlightGlobal forecasts 1,209 deliveries: 687 standard and 522 stretched variants, for 85% in China.[18]

الموردون

النظام/التجهيز المورد البلد
Fuselage - nose section (cone) Chengdu Aircraft Industrial (Group) Co. Ltd. الصين
Fuselage - forward & aft (barrels) Jiangxi Hongdu Aviation Industry (Group) Corporation Ltd. الصين
Empennage (Tail section) Shenyang Aircraft Corporation الصين
Fuselage mid section, wing boxes, spoilers, ailerons, flaps, and slats Xi'an Aircraft Industrial Corporation. الصين
Turbofan Engines CFM International Inc. (LEAP-X1C engine) الولايات المتحدة/فرنسا
Engine nacelles and thrust reversers Nexcelle الولايات المتحدة/فرنسا
Engine exhaust systems Nexcelle الولايات المتحدة/فرنسا
Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) Honeywell Aerospace (131-9(C9C) APU) الولايات المتحدة
Electric power generation & distribution systems Hamilton Sundstrand Electric Systems الولايات المتحدة
Starter-generators Honeywell Aerospace الولايات المتحدة
Fuel and Inerting systems[19] Parker Aerospace, Electronic System Division الولايات المتحدة
Fuel tank and inerting system Parker Aerospace, Fluid System Division الولايات المتحدة
Complete Hydraulic Systems Parker Aerospace, Hydraulic Systems Division الولايات المتحدة
Fly-by-wire flight control actuation system Parker Aerospace, Control System Division الولايات المتحدة
Horizontal Stabilizer Trim Actuator and control electronics Parker Aerospace, Control System Division الولايات المتحدة
Fuel and Hydraulic Conveyance System[20] Eaton Corporation الولايات المتحدة
Integrated Fire and Protection System Kidde Aerospace & Defense[21] الولايات المتحدة
Integrated Air Management Systems Liebherr Aerospace Toulouse SAS فرنسا
العجلات، الإطارات، الفرامل Honeywell Aerospace الولايات المتحدة
Flight Management System GE Aviation الولايات المتحدة
Data Recorders and Maintenance System GE Aviation الولايات المتحدة


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الطلبيات

Orders
Customer Firm
orders
Options
LOI/MOU
All Date
الصين Air China (Beijing)[22] 5 15 20 15 Nov 2010
الصين China Eastern Airlines, Shanghai[22] 5 15 20 15 Nov 2010
الصين China Southern Airlines, Guangzhou[22] 5 15 20 15 Nov 2010
الولايات المتحدة GE Capital Aviation Services (GECAS)[22] + 13 Nov 2012[23] 10 10 20 15 Nov 2010
الصين Hainan Airlines, Haikou, under Grand China Air[22] 15 5 20 15 Nov 2010
الصين ICBC Leasing, Beijing[24] 45 19 Oct 2011
الصين Sichuan Airlines[25] 20 21 Oct 2011
الصين BOCOMM Leasing, Shanghai[26] 30 23 Nov 2011
هونگ كونگ China Aircraft Leasing Company (CALC), Hong Kong[27] 20 9 Dec 2011
الصين Bank of ChinaBOC Aviation[28] 20 14 Feb 2012
الصين China Development Bank Leasing Company, Beijing[29] 10 0 10 29 Jun 2012
الصين Agricultural Bank of China Financial Leasing[30] 45 2 Jul 2012
الصين China Construction Bank Financial Leasing[31] 26 24 50 19 Sep 2012
الصين Joy Air, Xi'an[23] 20 13 Nov 2012
الصين Hebei Airlines, Shijiazhuang[23] 20 13 Nov 2012
الصين Industrial Bank Co. Financial Leasing, Fuzhou[32] 20 29 Oct 2013
الصين China Merchants Bank Leasing[33] 0 30 (MOU) 30 12 Nov 2014
الصين Hua Xia Bank Financial Leasing[34] 0 20 (LOI) 20 30 Jan 2015
الصين Ping An Insurance Leasing, Shanghai[35] 0 50 50 17 Jun 2015
الصين Puren Group[أ][35] 0 7 7 17 Jun 2015
تايلند City Airways[ب][38] 10 (MOU) 10 16 Sep 2015
الصين CITIC Group Financial Leasing[39] 18 18 36 1 Nov 2016
الصين Shanghai Pudong Development Bank Financial Leasing Co[39] 5 15 20 1 Nov 2016
الصين China Everbright Group Financial Leasing Co[40] 30 30 13 Jun 2017
الصين China Nuclear E&C Group[41] 20 20 40 19 Sep 2017
الصين Huabao Leasing[41] 15 15 30 19 Sep 2017
الصين AVIC International Leasing[41] 15 15 30 19 Sep 2017
الصين Agricultural Bank of China (ABC) Financial Leasing[41] 20 10 30 19 Sep 2017
الصين ICBC Leasing, Beijing[42] 55 5 Dec 2017
الصين HNA Group[43] 200 2 Jun 2018
Total[18] 305 703 1008


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المواصفات

C919 specifications[44]
Seats 168 (1-class) / 158 (2-class)
Length 38.9 m / 127.6 ft
Wingspan 35.8 m / 117.5 ft
Height 11.95 m / 39.2 ft
MTOW 72,500 kg / 159,835 lb
ER: 77,300 kg / 170,417 lb
Maximum payload 20,400 kg / 45,000 lb
Maximum fuel 19,560 kg / 43,122 lb
Empty weight 42,100 kg / 92,815 lb
Turbofan (2x) CFM International LEAP-1C
Thrust per engine 31,000 رطلق (137.9 kن)[45]
Cruise ماخ 0.785 (450 عقدة; 834 كم/س)
Range 4,075 km / 2,200 nm
ER: 5,555 km / 3,000 nm
Approach speed 135 عقدة (250 كم/س)
Takeoff 2,000 م (6,600 قدم)
ER: 2,200 م (7,200 قدم)
Landing 1,600 م (5,200 قدم)

انظر أيضا

طائرات شبيهة

قوائم ذات صلة

المصادر

  1. ^ Greg Waldron (5 May 2017). "Comac C919 lands after uneventful maiden sortie". Flight Global.
  2. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Reuters5feb2018
  3. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Flight1aug2019
  4. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Flight24oct2019
  5. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة AvWeek16dec2013
  6. ^ "China names first jumbo jet C919, to take off in 8 years". Xinhua News Agency. 6 March 2009. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
  7. ^ Lagorce, Aude (December 21, 2009). "Safran, GE win contract for engines to upcoming Chinese jet". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
  8. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة fb
  9. ^ Yu Dawei and Liang Dongmei (18 December 2012). "Comac C919 Airliner Project Flying in the Dark". Caixin Online. China Aviation Daily.
  10. ^ Vincent Lamigeon (13 June 2013). "Le vrai prix des avions d'Airbus et de Boeing" (in الفرنسية). Challenges.fr. Archived from the original on 9 April 2015.
  11. ^ Chloe Lyme (2 November 2015). "Superjet made-in-China: First look inside the C919 passenger plane as the country's home-made airliner makes its worldwide debut". Mail Online.
  12. ^ "COMAC C919, against Airbus and Boeing duopoly". Airlineberg. 19 May 2012. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012.
  13. ^ Joe Anselmo (18 July 2013). "China Newspaper Slams Aviation Week For 'Oppressive Scheme". Aviation Week.
  14. ^ Katie Cantle (5 May 2017). "COMAC launches C919 inaugural flight". Air Transport World. Aviation Week.
  15. ^ "What C919 means to China jet industry and domestic airlines". EJ Insight. 5 May 2017.
  16. ^ "China's challenger to Airbus and Boeing set for skies at last". Financial Times. 29 April 2017..
  17. ^ Ben Bland (17 May 2017). "Chinese aviation finally takes off with help from the west". Financial Times.
  18. ^ أ ب خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Flight26oct2018
  19. ^ Parker Aerospace, COMAC, and AVIC Systems Hold Contract Signing Ceremony for Fuel, Inerting, and Hydraulic Systems on New C919 Aircraft via PRNewswire April 14th, 2010
  20. ^ "Eaton enters China JV to help make C919 aircraft". MarketWatch. 12 July 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  21. ^ COMAC Selects Hamilton Sundstrand's Kidde Unit to Provide C919 Integrated Fire and Protection System
  22. ^ أ ب ت ث ج Bradley Perret (16 November 2010). "Hainan, Gecas To Be Among First Customers For C919". Aviation Week. Archived from the original on 16 November 2010.
  23. ^ أ ب ت "COMAC signs C919 Aircraft Purchase Agreement and MOU with domestic and foreign customers, making total C919 orders hit 380" (Press release). Comac. 13 November 2012.
  24. ^ "ICBC Financial Leasing Co., Ltd. signs the agreement of 45 C919 orders with COMAC" (Press release). 19 October 2011.
  25. ^ Cantle, Katie (21 October 2011). "Sichuan Airlines inks firm order for 20 C919s". Air Transport World. Aviation Week.
  26. ^ Toh, Mavis (23 November 2011). "Bank of Communications' leasing arm orders 30 C919s". Air Transport Intelligence. Flight Global.
  27. ^ Katie Cantle (9 December 2011). "China Aircraft Leasing orders 20 COMAC C919s". Air Transport World. Aviation Week.
  28. ^ "BOC Aviation Signs Launch Customer Agreement with Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China for 20 C919 Aircraft" (Press release). BOC Aviation. 14 February 2012.
  29. ^ Katie Cantle (29 June 2012). "China's ABC bank orders 45 C919s". Air Transport World. Aviation Week.
  30. ^ Hashim, Firdaus (2 July 2012). "China's ABC Leasing orders 45 C919s". Flight Global.
  31. ^ "CCB Financial Leasing orders 50 C919 passenger aircraft". 19 September 2012.
  32. ^ "400 orders for C919 show sky-high confidence". chinadaily.com.cn. 29 October 2013.
  33. ^ Katie Cantle (12 November 2014). "COMAC wins more orders for C919, ARJ21". Air Transport World. Aviation Week.
  34. ^ Toh, Mavis (30 January 2015). "Huaxia Financial Leasing signs LOI for 20 C919s". Flight Global.
  35. ^ أ ب خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة FG150615
  36. ^ "Lübeck, Germany files for insolvency – again". ch-aviation. 6 October 2015.
  37. ^ Mavis Toh (12 June 2017). "Long march ahead for China airliner exports". Flight Global.
  38. ^ Toh, Mavis (16 September 2015). "Thailand's City Airways signs for 10 C919s, 10 ARJ21s". Flight Global.
  39. ^ أ ب Toh, Mavis (1 November 2016). "Comac wins lessors' orders for 23 C919s". Flight Global.
  40. ^ Mavis Toh (13 June 2017). "Everbright Financial Leasing signs for 30 C919s". Flightglobal.
  41. ^ أ ب ت ث خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Reuters19sep2017
  42. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Reuters5dec2017
  43. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Reuters2jun2018
  44. ^ Daniel Tsang (19 April 2011). "COMAC C919 threat overblown". Aspire Aviation.
  45. ^ "Single-aisle commercial jets engines : LEAP-1C". Safran. June 2015.

وصلات خارجية


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