كاسپر واين‌برگر

(تم التحويل من Caspar Weinberger)
كاسپر واين‌برگر
Caspar Weinberger official photo.jpg
رقم 15 وزير الدفاع الأمريكي
في المنصب
January 21, 1981 – November 23, 1987
الرئيس Ronald Reagan
نائب فرانك كارلوتشي (1981–1983)
و. پول ثيـَر (1983–1984)
وليام هاورد تافت الرابع (1984–1987)
سبقه هارولد براون
خلفه فرانك كارلوتشي
10th وزير الصحة والتعليم والضمان الاجتماعي الأمريكي
في المنصب
February 12, 1973 – August 8, 1975
الرئيس ريتشارد نيكسون
Gerald Ford
سبقه إليوت رتشاردسون
خلفه Forrest David Mathews
20th مدير مكتب الادارة والميزانية
في المنصب
12 يونيو 1972 – 1 فبراير 1973
الرئيس ريتشارد نيكسون
سبقه جورج شولتس
خلفه روي آش
42nd Chairman, United States Federal Trade Commission
في المنصب
December 31, 1969 – August 6, 1970
الرئيس ريتشارد نيكسون
سبقه Paul Rand Dixon
خلفه Miles W. Kirkpatrick
تفاصيل شخصية
وُلِد Caspar Willard Weinberger
(1917-08-18)أغسطس 18, 1917
سان فرانسسكو، كاليفورنيا، الولايات المتحدة
توفي مارس 28, 2006(2006-03-28) (عن عمر 88 عاماً)
بانگور، مين، الولايات المتحدة
الحزب جمهوري
الزوج Jane Weinberger
(1942-2006; his death; 2 children)
الجامعة الأم جامعة هارڤرد (B.A, J.D)
المهنة محامي
الدين Episcopalian
الخدمة العسكرية
الخدمة/الفرع الجيش الأمريكي
سنوات الخدمة 1941 - 1945
الرتبة Captain
الوحدة 41st Infantry Division
المعارك/الحروب الحرب العالمية الثانية

Caspar Willard "Cap" Weinberger, GBE (August 18, 1917 – March 28, 2006), was an American politician and businessman. As a prominent Republican,[1] he served in a variety of prominent state and federal positions for three decades, including Chairman of the California Republican Party, 1962-68. Most notably he was appointed Secretary of Defense under Republican President Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1987. [2]

Born in San Francisco, California, Weinberger served in the 41st Infantry Division in the Pacific theater of الحرب العالمية الثانية. His entry into politics was as a California State Assemblyman from 1953 to 1959, and he would go on to serve as Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission and Director of the Office of Management and Budget under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. An accomplished private sector businessman, he later became vice president and general counsel of Bechtel Corporation, and still later Chairman of Forbes.

His tenure as Secretary of Defense is the third longest in U.S. history, and spanned the final years of the Cold War. He is also known for his key role in the administration's Strategic Defense Initiative and later indictments in the Iran–Contra affair. He was awarded both the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1987 and an honorary British knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II.

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النشأة

Weinberger was born in San Francisco, California, the younger of two sons of Herman Weinberger, a Colorado-born lawyer. His mother, the former Cerise Carpenter Hampson, was an accomplished violinist. His father was of Jewish Bohemian descent, while his maternal grandparents were immigrants from England.[3] Weinberger had stated that his mother's Episcopal religion was "an enormous influence and comfort all my life".[4]


وزيراً للدفاع

Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger (left) with Israeli Minister of Defense أرييل شارون، 1982

قضية إيران-كونترا

The Iran–Contra affair concerned the selling of US missiles to Iran. The funds received from Iran were then channeled to guerilla freedom fighters known as Contras, who were fighting the oppressive socialist government of Nicaragua.[5] Such funding had been specifically denied by the democrats in the US Congress.

وفاته

Weinberger's funeral at Arlington National Cemetery

While residing on Mount Desert Island, Maine, Weinberger was treated for and died from complications of pneumonia at Eastern Maine Medical Center in Bangor, Maine, aged 88. He was survived by his wife, the former Rebecca Jane Dalton, their two children and several grandchildren.

He was buried in Section 30, Grave 835-1 at Arlington National Cemetery on April 4, 2006.

الهامش

  1. ^ Caspar Weinberger
  2. ^ politicalgraveyard.com
  3. ^ BBC NEWS Obituary
  4. ^ Stout, David (March 29, 2006). "Caspar W. Weinberger, Who Served 3 Republican Presidents, Is Dead at 88". The New York Times.
  5. ^ Understanding the Iran-Contra Affairs - The Iran-Contra Affairs

وصلات خارجية

مناصب سياسية
سبقه
George P. Schultz
Director of the Office of Management and Budget
خدم في عهد: Richard Nixon

1972–1973
تبعه
Roy Ash
سبقه
Elliot Richardson
United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
February 12, 1973 - August 8, 1975
تبعه
F. David Mathews
سبقه
Harold Brown
Secretary of Defense الولايات المتحدة
خدم في عهد: Ronald Reagan

1981–1987
تبعه
Frank C. Carlucci

قالب:USSecHEW

خطأ لوا في وحدة:Authority_control على السطر 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).