|القرون:||القرن 17 - القرن 18 - القرن 19|
|العقود:||عقد 1740 عقد 1750 عقد 1760 - عقد 1770 - عقد 1780 عقد 1790 عقد 1800|
|السنوات:||1770 1771 1772 - 1773 - 1774 1775 1776|
|1773 حسب الموضوع:|
|الآثار – العمارة – الفن – الأدب (الشعر) – الموسيقى – العلوم|
|مصر - سوريا|
|حكام المستعمرات – زعماء الدول|
|تصنيفا المواليد والوفيات|
|المواليد – الوفيات|
|تصنيفا التأسيسات والانحلالات|
|التأسيسات – الانحلالات|
|آب أوربه كونديتا||2526|
|التقويم البهائي||−71 – −70|
|سنة العهد البريطاني||13 Geo. 3 – 14 Geo. 3|
|التقويم الصيني||壬辰年 (الماء التنين)|
4469 أو 4409
— إلى —
癸巳年 (الماء الثعبان)
4470 أو 4410
|- ڤيكرام سامڤات||1829–1830|
|- شاكا سامڤات||1695–1696|
|- كالي يوگا||4874–4875|
|التقويم الياباني||An'ei 2|
|التقويم اليوليوسي||الگريگوري ناقص 11 يوم|
|تقويم مينگوو||139 قبل جمهورية الصين|
|التقويم الشمسي التايلندي||2316|
سنة 1773 (MDCCLXXIII) كانت سنة بسيطة تبدأ يوم الجمعة (الرابط يعرض التقويم كاملاً) التقويم الگريگوري، السنة 1773rd بعد الميلاد (م)، السنة 773rd في الألفية 2، السنة 73rd في القرن 18، والسنة 4 في عقد 1770 بين 1583 و 1929 ومع فارق 1773 is 11 يوم عن التقويم اليوليوسي، والذين ظلوا مستخدمين حتى التحول الكامل إلى التقويم الگريگوري في 1929.
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- January 17 – Second voyage of James Cook: Captain Cook in إتشإمإس Resolution (1771) becomes the first European explorer to cross the Antarctic Circle.
- January 18 – The first opera performance in the Swedish language, Thetis and Phelée, performed by Carl Stenborg and Elisabeth Olin in Bollhuset in Stockholm, Sweden, marks the establishment of the Royal Swedish Opera.
- Spring – Second voyage of James Cook: Tobias Furneaux in إتشإمإس Adventure (1771) explores the coast of Van Diemen's Land.
- April 27 – The Parliament of Great Britain passes the Tea Act (coming into force on May 10), designed to save the British East India Company by granting it a monopoly on the North American tea trade.
- May – The Parliament of Great Britain passes the Regulating Act, creating the office of governor general, with an advising council, to exercise political authority over the territory under British East India Company rule in India.
- May 8 – In Egypt, Ottoman rebels revolt, killing Ali Bey, Mamluk Sultan of Egypt.
- July 21 – Under pressure from the Bourbon courts, Pope Clement XIV suppresses the Society of Jesus (brief Dominus ac Redemptor). Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, expels the order from his territories.
- July 29 (Feast of St Martha) – Guatemala earthquake: The Santa Marta earthquake hits, with an estimated epicentral magnitude of 7.5 Mi, strikes Guatemala; numerous aftershocks last until December. The city of Antigua Guatemala is virtually destroyed, leading to the decision to move the country's capital to La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción.
- August 11 – Second voyage of James Cook in the Tuamotus: Captain Cook discovers Tekokota, which he names Doubtful Island.
- August 12 – Second voyage of James Cook in the Tuamotus: Captain Cook discovers Marutea Nord, which he names Furneaux Island.
- September 11 – The Public Advertiser publishes a satirical essay titled Rules By Which A Great Empire May Be Reduced To A Small One, written by Benjamin Franklin.
- October 10
- October 12 – America's first insane asylum opens, for Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds, in Williamsburg, Virginia.
- October 13 – French astronomer Charles Messier discovers the Whirlpool Galaxy, an interacting, grand design spiral galaxy located at a distance of approximately 23 million light-years, in the constellation Canes Venatici.
- October 14 – The Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission for the Education of the People), formed in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, is considered to be the world's first ministry of education.
- December 16 – Boston Tea Party: A group of American colonists, dressed as Mohawk Indians, steal aboard ships of the East India Company and dump their cargo of tea into Boston Harbor, in protest against British tax policies.
- Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russian forces fail to take Silistria.
- Emelian Pugachev starts Pugachev's Rebellion in Russia, attacking and occupying Samara.
- John Harrison's wins the Longitude prize, for his invention of the marine chronometer.
- Hilaire Rouelle discovers urea.
- Istanbul Technical University is established (under the name of Royal School of Naval Engineering) as the world's first comprehensive institution of higher learning dedicated to engineering education.
- In China, written work begins on the Siku Quanshu, the largest literary compilation of books in China's history (surpassing the Yongle Encyclopedia of the 15th Century). Upon completion in 1782, the books are bound in 36,381 volumes (册) with more than 79,000 chapters (卷), comprising about 2.3 million pages, and approximately 800 million Chinese characters.
- Scottish judge James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, begins publication of Of the Origin and Progress of Language, a contribution to evolutionary ideas of the Enlightenment.
- Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock publishes the last five cantos of his epic poem Der Messias in Hamburg.
- January 14 – William Amherst, 1st Earl Amherst, British ambassador to China, Governor-General of India (d. 1857)
- January 27 – Prince Augustus of Great Britain, Duke of Sussex (d. 1843)
- January 29 – Friedrich Mohs, German geologist, mineralogist (d. 1839)
- February 9 – William Henry Harrison, American military leader and 9th President of the United States (d. 1841)
- March 14 – John Holmes, American politician (d. 1843)
- March 16 – Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (d. 1836)
- March 26 – Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician (d. 1838)
- April 4 – Étienne Maurice Gérard, Prime Minister and Marshal of France (d. 1852)
- April 9
- April 14 – Jean-Baptiste de Villèle, Prime Minister of France (d. 1854)
- April 24 – Edmund Cartwright, English inventor, Fellow of the Royal Society (d. 1823)
- May 2 – Henrik Steffens, Norwegian philosopher (d. 1845)
- May 3 – Giuseppe Acerbi, Italian explorer (d. 1846)
- May 15 – Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, Austrian statesman (d. 1859)
- May 19 – Arthur Aikin, English chemist and mineralogist (d. 1854)
- May 31 – Ludwig Tieck, German writer (d. 1853)
- June 13 – Thomas Young, English scientist (d. 1829)
- July 23 – Thomas Brisbane, Scottish astronomer, Governor of New South Wales (d. 1860)
- August 12 – Karl Faber, German historian (d. 1853)
- August 22 – Aimé Bonpland, French explorer, botanist (d. 1858)
- September 17 – Jonathan Alder, American settler (d. 1849)
- October 6 – Louis Philippe, King of the French (d. 1850)
- November 6 – Henry Hunt, British politician (d. 1835)
- December 9 – Armand Augustin Louis de Caulaincourt, French general, diplomat (d. 1827)
- December 17 – Sylvain Charles Valée, Marshal of France (d. 1846)
- December 21 – Robert Brown, Scottish botanist (d. 1858)
- December 27 – Sir George Cayley, English aviation pioneer (d. 1857)
- Unknown – Johann Gottfried Arnold, German cellist (d. 1806)
- Unknown – Kyra Frosini, Greek heroine (d. 1800)
- Unknown – Isabel Zendal, Spanish nurse
- الفيزيائي البريطاني توماس يونج
- January 21 – Alexis Piron, French writer (و. 1689)
- January 23 – Manuel Pinto da Fonseca, 68th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (و. 1681)
- February 20 – King Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (و. 1701)
- March 1 – Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect (و. 1700)
- March 24 – Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, English statesman, man of letters (و. 1694)
- May 8 – Ali Bey Al-Kabir, Mamluk Sultan of Egypt (و. 1728)
- May 15 – Alban Butler, English Catholic priest, writer (و. 1710)
- June 27 – Mentewab, dowager Empress of Ethiopia (و. c. 1706)
- July 5 – Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian, philologist (و. 1719)
- July 12 – Johann Joachim Quantz, German flutist, composer (و. 1697)
- July 23 – George Edwards, English naturalist (و. 1693)
- August 3 – Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (و. 1700)
- August 20 – Enrique Florez, Spanish historian (و. 1701)
- September 23 – Johan Ernst Gunnerus, Norwegian bishop and botanist (و. 1718)
- October 14 – Septimanie d'Egmont, French salonist (و. 1740)
- October 30 – Philippe de La Guêpière, French architect (و. 1725)
- November 8 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (و. 1721)
- November 16 – John Hawkesworth, English writer
- November 19 – James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician (و. 1722)
- ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- ^ أ ب ت Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 327–328. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- ^ Rose, William I.; et al., eds. (June 2004). Natural Hazards in El Salvador. Geological Society of America. p. 394. ISBN 978-0-8137-2375-4.
- ^ "Icons, a portrait of England 1750-1800". Archived from the original on August 17, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-25.
- John Blair; J. Willoughby Rosse (1856). "1773". Blair's Chronological Tables. London: H.G. Bohn – via Hathi Trust.