مطار هونگ كونگ الدولي

مطار هونگ كونگ الدولي
Hong Kong International Airport

香港國際機場
HongKongAirportlogo.svg
A bird's eye view of Hong Kong International Airport.JPG
الملخص
نوع المطار Public
المالك Airport Authority Hong Kong (HKSAR Government)
المشغل Airport Authority Hong Kong
يخدم Hong Kong and Pearl River Delta
الموقع Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong
افتـُتـِح 6 July 1998
محور لـ
مدينة الارتكاز لـ
Elevation AMSL 28 ft / 9 m
الإحداثيات 22°18′32″N 113°54′52″E / 22.30889°N 113.91444°E / 22.30889; 113.91444الإحداثيات: 22°18′32″N 113°54′52″E / 22.30889°N 113.91444°E / 22.30889; 113.91444
الموقع الإلكتروني www.hongkongairport.com
Map
HKG is located in هونگ كونگ
HKG
HKG
HKG is located in الصين
HKG
HKG
HKG is located in آسيا
HKG
HKG
Location in Hong Kong
Runways
Direction الطول السطح
قدم متر
07R/25L 12٬467 3٬800 Asphalt concrete
07L/25R 12٬467 3٬800 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers 74٬700٬000
Movements 427٬725
Cargo (metric tonnes) 5٬100٬000
Source: Hong Kong International Airport[2]
مطار هونگ كونگ الدولي
صينية تقليدية 香港國際機場
صينية مبسطة 香港国际机场
Chek Lap Kok Airport
الصينية التقليدية 機場
الصينية المبسطة 机场

مطار هونگ كونگ الدولي (IATA: HKGICAO: VHHH) is the commercial airport serving Hong Kong, built on reclaimed land on the island of Chek Lap Kok. The airport is also known as Chek Lap Kok Airport (赤鱲角機場) to distinguish it from its predecessor, the former Kai Tak Airport.

Having been in commercial operation since 1998, Chek Lap Kok Airport is an important regional trans-shipment centre, passenger hub and gateway for destinations in Mainland China (with 45 destinations) and the rest of Asia. The airport is the world's busiest cargo gateway and one of the world's busiest passenger airports.[3] It is also home to one of the world's largest passenger terminal buildings (the largest when opened in 1998).

The airport is operated by the Airport Authority Hong Kong 24 hours a day and is the primary hub for Cathay Pacific (the flag carrier of Hong Kong), Cathay Dragon, Hong Kong Airlines, HK Express and Air Hong Kong (cargo carrier). The airport is one of the hubs of Oneworld alliance, and it is also one of the Asia-Pacific cargo hubs for UPS Airlines.[1] It is a focus city for many airlines, including China Airlines and China Eastern Airlines. Singapore Airlines, Ethiopian Airlines and Air India utilise Hong Kong as a stopover point for their flights.

HKIA is an important contributor to Hong Kong's economy, with approximately 65,000 employees. More than 100 airlines operate flights from the airport to over 180 cities across the globe. In 2015, HKIA handled 68.5 million passengers,[3] making it the 8th busiest airport worldwide by passenger traffic.[4] Since 2010, it has also surpassed Memphis International Airport to become the world's busiest airport by cargo traffic.[5]

The airport is managed and operated by the Airport Authority Hong Kong (AA), which was established on 1 December 1995.[6]

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History

View of the airport from the Ngong Ping 360 cable car
Map showing the reclaimed land of Lantau Island, Lam Chau and Chek Lap Kok.
A front view of Hong Kong Airport
The exterior of Hong Kong International Airport at night


Composition

Airport Layout

Statistics

The airport control tower and a taxiing Cathay Pacific Cargo Boeing 747-8F
Operations and Statistics[7][8][9][10]
Year Passenger
movements
Airfreight
movements
(tonnes)
Aircraft
movement
1998 28,631,000 1,628,700 163,200
1999 30,394,000 1,974,300 167,400
2000 33,374,000 2,240,600 181,900
2001 33,065,000 2,074,300 196,800
2002 34,313,000 1,637,797 206,700
2003 27,433,000 2,642,100 187,500
2004 37,142,000 3,093,900 237,300
2005 40,740,000 3,402,000 263,500
2006 44,443,000 3,580,000 280,000
2007 47,783,000 3,742,000 295,580
2008 48,582,000 3,627,000 301,000
2009 45,499,604 3,440,581 273,505
2010 50,410,819 4,112,416 306,535
2011 53,909,000 3,939,000 333,760
2012 56,057,751 4,062,261 352,000
2013 59,913,000 4,122,000 372,040
2014 63,367,000 4,376,000 390,955
2015 68,488,000 4,380,000 406,000
2016 70,502,000 4,521,000 411,530
2017 72,866,000 4,937,000 421,000
2018 74,672,000 5,121,000 428,000
2019 H1 37,835,000 2,294,000 213,000
Capacity
Passenger (current) 70,502,000
Passenger (ultimate) 70,000,000
Cargo (current) 4.5m tons
Cargo (ultimate) 7.4m tons
Apron (current) 96
Number of destinations
Mainland China, Taiwan, and International (air) 154
Mainland China and Macao (water) 6
The view of the airport from the control tower, with an EVA Air Boeing 747 on a nearby taxiway
The interior of the airport control tower

العمليات

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الجوائز

Year Award Category Results Ref
2008 Airport Service Quality Awards
by Airports Council International
Best Airport Worldwide 3rd [11]
2009 [12]
Best Airport in Asia-Pacific
Best Airport by Size (over 40 million passenger) فاز
2010 Best Airport Worldwide 3rd [13]
2011 4th [14]

See also

References

  1. ^ أ ب "UPS Air Operations Facts - UPS Pressroom". Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Provisional Civil International - Air Traffic Statistics at HKIA" (PDF). December 2018. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  3. ^ أ ب "About Hong Kong Airport". Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". ACI. 2016-03-13. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  5. ^ Denslow, Neil (26 January 2011). "Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong Airport Become Biggest for Freight". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 17 April 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  6. ^ 홍콩국제공항 (in الكورية). Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  7. ^ "Facts and Figures, HKIA at a Glance". Hong Kong International Airport (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2019-07-20.
  8. ^ "Facts and Figures". Hong Kong International Airport. Airport Authority Hong Kong. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  9. ^ "Air Traffic Statistics". Hong Kong International Airport. Airport Authority Hong Kong. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  10. ^ "Passenger traffic surges at Hong Kong International Airport in 2013". TheMoodieReport.com. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  11. ^ "ASQ Award for winners for 2008" Airports Council International. Retrieved 13 April 2012
  12. ^ "ACI Airport Service Quality Awards 2009, Asia Pacific airports sweep top places in worldwide awards" Airports Council International. 16 February 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2012
  13. ^ "ASQ Award for winners for 2010" Airports Council International. Retrieved 13 April 2012
  14. ^ "World's best airports announced – Asia dominates" Archived 9 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. CNN Go. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012

External links

قالب:HKIA