محافظات إيران

هذا المقال جزء من سلسلة عن
سياسة
الجمهورية الإسلامية الإيرانية
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نظام الحكم

تتألف إيران من 31 محافظة. وكل محافظة تتألف من عدة مقاطعات (شهرستان). المحافظات هي:

  1. طهران
  2. قم
  3. مرکزی
  4. قزوین
  5. گیلان
  6. أردبیل
  7. زنجان
  8. أذربيجان الشرقية
  9. أذربيجان الغربية
  10. کردستان
  11. همدان
  12. کرمانشاه
  13. ایلام
  14. محافظة لرستان
  15. خوزستان
  16. چهارمحل و بختياري
  1. کهگيلويه و بوير أحمد
  2. بوشهر
  3. فارس
  4. هرمزگان
  5. سيستان وبلوچستان
  6. کرمان
  7. یزد
  8. اصفهان
  9. سمنان
  10. مازندران
  11. محافظة گلستان
  12. ش. خراسان
  13. خراسان رضوي
  14. ج. خراسان
  15. البرز
خريطة محافظات إيران مرقمة

القائمة

المحافظة العاصمة المساحة[1] التعداد[2] الكثافة
(التعداد/كم²)
Shahrestans (counties) ملاحظات Map
البرز كرج 10 km2 (3.9 sq mi) 1,375,450 10 inhabitants per square kilometre (26/sq mi) 4 حتى 23/06/2010، البرز كانت جزءاً من محافظة طهران. IranTehran.png
أردبيل أردبيل 17,800 km2 (6,900 sq mi) 1,257,624 70.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (183/sq mi) 9 Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azerbaijan province.[3] IranArdabil.png
Azerbaijan, East تبريز 45,650 km2 (17,630 sq mi) 3,620,183 76.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (199/sq mi) 19 IranEastAzerbaijan.png
Azerbaijan, West اورميا 37,437 km2 (14,455 sq mi) 2,949,426 78.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (204/sq mi) 14 During the Pahlavi Dynasty Urmia was known as Rezaiyeh.[4] IranWestAzerbaijan.png
بوشهر بوشهر 22,743 km2 (8,781 sq mi) 887,115 35.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (93/sq mi) 9 Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).[5] IranBushehr.png
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Shahrekord 16,332 km2 (6,306 sq mi) 842,002 51.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (134/sq mi) 6 Until 1973 was part of Isfahan province.[6] IranChaharMahaalBakhtiari.png
فارس شيراز 122,608 km2 (47,339 sq mi) 4,385,869 35.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (93/sq mi) 23 IranFars.png
گيلان رشت 14,042 km2 (5,422 sq mi) 2,410,523 171.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (445/sq mi) 16 IranGilan.png
Golestan Gorgan 20,195 km2 (7,797 sq mi) 1,637,063 81.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (210/sq mi) 11 On the 31 May 1997, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province. Gorgan was called Esteraba or Astarabad until 1937.[5] IranGolestan.png
Hamadan Hamadan 19,368 km2 (7,478 sq mi) 1,790,770 91 inhabitants per square kilometre (240/sq mi) 8 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[5] IranHamadan.png
Hormozgan Bandar Abbas 70,669 km2 (27,285 sq mi) 1,410,667 18.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (48/sq mi) 11 Originally part of Kerman province.[5] Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).[5] IranHormozgan.png
Ilam Ilam 20,133 km2 (7,773 sq mi) 545,093 27.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (70/sq mi) 7 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[5] IranIlam.png
Isfahan Isfahan 107,029 km2 (41,324 sq mi) 4,590,595 41.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (108/sq mi) 21 In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[5] IranEsfahan.png
Kerman Kerman 180,836 km2 (69,821 sq mi) 2,660,927 13.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (35/sq mi) 14 IranKerman.png
Kermanshah Kermanshah 24,998 km2 (9,652 sq mi) 1,938,060 77.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (201/sq mi) 13 Between 1950 and 1979, both Kermanshah province and city were known as Kermanshahan and between 1979 and 1995 were known as Bakhtaran.[5] IranKermanshah.png
Khorasan, North Bojnourd 28,434 km2 (10,978 sq mi) 820,918 27.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (72/sq mi) 6 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[7] IranNorthKhorasan.png
Khorasan, Razavi Mashhad 144,681 km2 (55,862 sq mi) 5,620,770 36.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (93/sq mi) 19 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[7] IranRazaviKhorasan.png
Khorasan, South Birjand 69,555 km2 (26,855 sq mi) 640,218 7.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (19/sq mi) 4 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[7] IranSouthKhorasan.png
Khuzestan Ahvaz 64,055 km2 (24,732 sq mi) 4,345,607 67.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (176/sq mi) 18 IranKhuzestan.png
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Yasuj 15,504 km2 (5,986 sq mi) 695,099 44.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (116/sq mi) 5 Originally part of Khuzestan province. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.[5] IranKohkiluyehBuyerAhmad.png
Kurdistan Sanandaj 29,137 km2 (11,250 sq mi) 1,574,118 54.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (140/sq mi) 9 Originally part of Gilan province.[5] IranKurdistan.png
Lorestan Khorramabad 28,294 km2 (10,924 sq mi) 1,758,628 62.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (161/sq mi) 9 Originally part of Khuzestan province.[5] IranLorestan.png
Markazi Arak 29,130 km2 (11,250 sq mi) 1,361,394 46.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (121/sq mi) 10 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[5] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[5] IranMarkazi.png
Mazandaran Sari 23,701 km2 (9,151 sq mi) 2,940,831 118.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (308/sq mi) 15 IranMazandaran.png
قزوين قزوين 15,549 km2 (6,004 sq mi) 1,166,861 75.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (194/sq mi) 5 On 31 December 1996, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.[5] IranQazvin.png
قم Qom 11,526 km2 (4,450 sq mi) 1,064,456 92.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (239/sq mi) 1 Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.[5] IranQom.png
Semnan Semnan 97,491 km2 (37,641 sq mi) 590,512 6.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (16/sq mi) 4 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[5] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[5] IranSemnan.png
Sistan and Baluchistan Zahedan 181,785 km2 (70,188 sq mi) 2,410,076 12.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (33/sq mi) 8 Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.[5] IranSistanBaluchistan.png
طهران طهران 18,814 km2 (7,264 sq mi) 13,530,742 645.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,673/sq mi) 13 Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province. IranTehran.png
يزد يزد 129,285 km2 (49,917 sq mi) 992,318 7.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (19/sq mi) 10 Originally part of Isfahan province.[6] In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km²) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.[5] IranYazd.png
زنجان زنجان 21,773 km2 (8,407 sq mi) 970,946 44.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (116/sq mi) 7 كانت في الأصل جزءاً من محافظة جيلان. وفي 1986، بعض أجزاء محافظة مركزي حُوِّلت إلى إصفهان، وسمنان وزنجان.[5] IranZanjan.png
إيران (إجمالي) طهران 1,628,554 km2 (628,788 sq mi) 71,767,413 44.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (114/sq mi) 324 IranBlank.png


انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. ""General Characteristics of Ostans according to their administrative divisions at the end of 1383 (2005 CE)"". Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  2. ^ Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. ""Population estimation by urban and rural areas, 2005"". Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  3. ^ Chamber Society, Iranian. ""Ardabil Province"". Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  4. ^ ""Urmia"". Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  5. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح خ د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ""Changes in Iranian subdivision"". Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  6. ^ أ ب Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province, Ostandarie. ""Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province"". Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  7. ^ أ ب ت خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة jazeera

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