عائلة روكفلر

روكفلر
Rockefeller
المنطقة الحاليةمدينة نيويورك، نيويورك؛ شارلستون، وست ڤرجينيا، سنسناتي، اوهايو؛ هيوستن، تكساس؛ الولايات المتحدة
مكان الأصلالولايات المتحدة
الأعضاءجون ديڤسون روكفلر، الأكبر
وليام أڤري روكفر، الأصغر
جون ديڤسون روكفلر، الأصغر
جون ديڤسون ركفلر الثالث
نلسون أدلريتش روكفلر
ديڤد روكفلر
جون ديڤسون روكفلر الرابع
وينثروپ روكفلر
وينثروپ پول روكفلر
العائلات المرتبطةعائلة مك‌كومريك
عائلة دودلي-وينثروپ

عائلة روكفلر Rockefeller family /ˈrɒkɪfɛlər/، هي عائلة صناعية، وسياسية، ومصرفية أمريكية صنعت واحدة من أضخم ثروات في العالم في أعمال النفط في أواخر القرن 19 وأوائل القرن 20، مع جون د. روكفلر وشقيقه وليام روكفلر بصفة أساسية عن طريق ستاندرد اويل.[1] تشتهر العائلة أيضاً بعلاقتها الطويلة وسيطرتها على بنك تشيس منهاتن.[2] عائلة روكفلر تعتبر واحدة من أكثر العائلات نفوذاً، إن لم تكن الأكثر نفوذاً،[3] في تاريخ الولايات المتحدة.

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خلفية العائلة

العقارات والمؤسسات

30 روكفلر سنتر، مدينة نيويورك، نيويورك.
روكفلر سنتر ومبنى روكفلر، ديسمبر 1933.

كانت العائلة على ارتباط قوي بالعديد من المشروعات الإنشائية العقارية في الولايات المتحدة في القرن العشرين.[4] من بينها:


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الحفاظ

السياسة/المالية/الاقتصد الدولي

The logo of Chase Manhattan Bank (1954-60), a financial institution traditionally controlled by the Rockefeller family.[2]
The logo of the Trilateral Commission, a non-partisan, non-governmental group initiating meetings across three continents.[11]
Kykuit, the landmark family home of the Rockefeller family, located in Sleepy Hollow, New York.


أرشيفات العائلة

ثروة العائلة


مقرات إقامة العائلة

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الذكرى

أعمال البر

أفراد العائلة

الأسلاف

  • Goddard Rockefeller (born Gotthard Rockenfeller) (1590, Neuwied–1684) (m.1622) Magdalena (1592, Neuwied–1656)
    • Johannes Rockefeller (1634–1684) (m.1678) Elizabeth Margaretha Remagen (1634)
      • Johann Peter Rockefeller (1681 German Kingdom of Prussia–1763, Rocktown, NJ) (Arrived in America 1708)
        • Peter Rockefeller (1711–1787) (m. 1740) Mary Bellis (1723–1772) (Had nine children in all)
          • Godfrey Rockefeller (1745–1818)
          • Margaret Rockefeller (1750–1797) (m. late 18th century) George Trumbo (1750–1830)
          • William Rockefeller (1750–1793) (m. 18th century) Christina Rockefeller (1754–1800) (Distant relative) (Had seven children in all)
            • Simon William Rockefeller (1775–1839)
            • Godfrey Lewis Rockefeller (1783/1784–1857) (m. 1806) Lucy Avery (1786–1867) (Had ten children in all)
            • William W. Rockefeller (1788–1851) (m.early 19th century) Eleanor Kisselbrack (1784–1859)

أحفاد جون ديڤسون روكفلر، الأكبر

To the sixth-generation, with 21 still living in the fourth (the Cousins). The total number of blood relative descendants as of 2006 is about 150.

أحفاد وليام أڤري روكفلر، الأكبر

An article in the New York Times in 1937 stated that William Rockefeller had, at that time, exactly 28 great-grandchildren.

الأزواج

  • Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman (1839–1915) - John D. Rockefeller, Sr.
  • Abby Greene Aldrich (1874–1948) - John D. Rockefeller, Jr.
  • Martha Baird Allen (1895–1971) - John D. Rockefeller, Jr.
  • Mary Todhunter Clark "Tod" (1907–1999) - Nelson Rockefeller
  • Margaretta "Happy" Fitler (born 1926) - Nelson Rockefeller
    • Anne Marie Rasmussen - Steven Clark Rockefeller
  • Blanchette Ferry Hooker (1909–1992) - John D. Rockefeller III
    • Sharon Lee Percy - John D. "Jay" Rockefeller IV
  • Mary French (1910–1997) - Laurance Rockefeller
    • Wendy Gordon - Laurance "Larry" Rockefeller, Jr.
  • Jievute "Bobo" Paulekiute (1916–2008) - Winthrop Aldrich Rockefeller
  • Jeannette Edris (1918–1997) - Winthrop Aldrich Rockefeller
    • Deborah Cluett Sage - Winthrop Paul Rockefeller
    • Lisenne Dudderar - Winthrop Paul Rockefeller
  • Margaret "Peggy" McGrath (1915–1996) - David Rockefeller
    • Diana Newell Rowan - David Rockefeller, Jr.
    • Nancy King - Richard Gilder Rockefeller.
  • Sarah Elizabeth "Elsie" Stillman (1872–1935) - William Goodsell Rockefeller
  • Isabel Goodrich Stillman (1876–1935) - Percy Avery Rockefeller

مراجع مختارة

  • Abels, Jules. The Rockefeller Billions: The Story of the World's Most Stupendous Fortune. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1965.
  • Aldrich, Nelson W. Jr. Old Money: The Mythology of America's Upper Class. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1988.
  • Allen, Gary. The Rockefeller File. Seal Beach, California: 1976 Press, 1976.
  • Boorstin, Daniel J. The Americans: The Democratic Experience. New York: Vintage Books, 1974.
  • Brown, E. Richard. Rockefeller Medicine Men: Medicine and Capitalism in America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979.
  • Caro, Robert A. The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York. New York: Vintage, 1975.
  • Chernow, Ron. Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. London: Warner Books, 1998.
  • Collier, Peter, and David Horowitz. The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1976.
  • Elmer, Isabel Lincoln. Cinderella Rockefeller: A Life of Wealth Beyond All Knowing. New York: Freundlich Books, 1987.
  • Ernst, Joseph W., editor. "Dear Father"/"Dear Son:" Correspondence of John D. Rockefeller and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. New York: Fordham University Press, with the Rockefeller Archive Center, 1994.
  • Flynn, John T. God's Gold: The Story of Rockefeller and His Times. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1932.
  • Fosdick, Raymond B. John D. Rockefeller, Jr.: A Portrait. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1956.
  • Fosdick, Raymond B. The Story of the Rockefeller Foundation. New York: Transaction Publishers, Reprint, 1989.
  • Gates, Frederick Taylor. Chapters in My Life. New York: The Free Press, 1977.
  • Gitelman, Howard M. Legacy of the Ludlow Massacre: A Chapter in American Industrial Relations. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988.
  • Gonzales, Donald J., Chronicled by. The Rockefellers at Williamsburg: Backstage with the Founders, Restorers and World-Renowned Guests. McLean, Virginia: EPM Publications, Inc., 1991.
  • Hanson, Elizabeth. The Rockefeller University Achievements: A Century of Science for the Benefit of Humankind, 1901-2001. New York: The Rockefeller University Press, 2000.
  • Harr, John Ensor, and Peter J. Johnson. The Rockefeller Century: Three Generations of America's Greatest Family. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988.
  • Harr, John Ensor, and Peter J. Johnson. The Rockefeller Conscience: An American Family in Public and in Private. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1991.
  • Hawke, David Freeman. John D.: The Founding Father of the Rockefellers. New York: Harper & Row, 1980.
  • Hidy, Ralph W. and Muriel E. Hidy. Pioneering in Big Business: History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey), 1882-1911. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1955.
  • Jonas, Gerald. The Circuit Riders: Rockefeller Money and the Rise of Modern Science. New York: W.W.Norton and Co., 1989.
  • Josephson, Emanuel M. The Federal Reserve Conspiracy and the Rockefellers: Their Gold Corner. New York: Chedney Press, 1968.
  • Josephson, Matthew. The Robber Barons. London: Harcourt, 1962.
  • Kert, Bernice. Abby Aldrich Rockefeller: The Woman in the Family. New York: Random House, 2003.
  • Klein, Henry H. Dynastic America and Those Who Own It. New York: Kessinger Publishing, [1921] Reprint, 2003.
  • Kutz, Myer. Rockefeller Power: America's Chosen Family. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1974.
  • Lundberg, Ferdinand. America's Sixty Families. New York: Vanguard Press, 1937.
  • Lundberg, Ferdinand. The Rich and the Super-Rich: A Study in the Power of Money Today. New York: Lyle Stuart, 1968.
  • Lundberg, Ferdinand. The Rockefeller Syndrome. Secaucus, New Jersey: Lyle Stuart, Inc., 1975.
  • Manchester, William R. A Rockefeller Family Portrait: From John D. to Nelson. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1959.
  • Moscow, Alvin. The Rockefeller Inheritance. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1977.
  • Nevins, Allan. John D. Rockefeller: The Heroic Age of American Enterprise. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940.
  • Nevins, Allan. Study In Power: John D. Rockefeller, Industrialist and Philanthropist. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1953.
  • Okrent, Daniel. Great Fortune: The Epic of Rockefeller Center. New York: Viking Press, 2003.
  • Reich, Cary. The Life of Nelson A. Rockefeller: Worlds to Conquer 1908-1958. New York: Doubleday, 1996.
  • Roberts, Ann Rockefeller. The Rockefeller Family Home: Kykuit. New York: Abbeville Publishing Group, 1998.
  • Rockefeller, David. Memoirs. New York: Random House, 2002.
  • Rockefeller, Henry Oscar, ed. Rockefeller Genealogy. 4 vols. 1910 - ca.1950.
  • Rockefeller, John D. Random Reminiscences of Men and Events. New York: Doubleday, 1908; London: W. Heinemann. 1909; Sleepy Hollow Press and Rockefeller Archive Center, (Reprint) 1984.
  • Roussel, Christine. The Art of Rockefeller Center. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 2006.
  • Scheiffarth, Engelbert. Der New Yorker Gouverneur Nelson A. Rockefeller und die Rockenfeller im Neuwieder Raum Genealogisches Jahrbuch, Vol 9, 1969, p16-41.
  • Sealander, Judith. Private Wealth and Public Life: Foundation Philanthropy and the Reshaping of American Social Policy, from the Progressive Era to the New Deal. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.
  • Siegmund-Schultze, Reinhard. Rockefeller and the Internationalization of Mathematics Between the Two World Wars: Documents and Studies for the Social History of Mathematics in the 20th Century. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 2001.
  • Stasz, Clarice. The Rockefeller Women: Dynasty of Piety, Privacy, and Service. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.
  • Tarbell, Ida M. The History of the Standard Oil Company. New York: Phillips & Company, 1904.
  • Winks, Robin W. Laurance S. Rockefeller: Catalyst for Conservation, Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1997.
  • Yergin, Daniel. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991.
  • Young, Edgar B. Lincoln Center: The Building of an Institution. New York: New York University Press, 1980.

انظر أيضاً

الهوامش

  1. ^ World's largest private fortune - see Ron Chernow, Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr., London: Warner Books, 1998. (p.370)
  2. ^ أ ب The Political Economy of Third World Intervention: Mines, Money, and U.S. Policy in the Congo Crisis, David N. Gibbs, University of Chicago Press 1991, page 113
  3. ^ The Rockefeller inheritance, Alvin Moscow, Doubleday 1977, page 418
  4. ^ The Edifice Complex: The Architecture of Power, By Deyan Sudjic, Penguin, 7 Apr 2011, page 245-255
  5. ^ "Rockefeller Archive Center "Family, OMR"". Rockarch.org. Retrieved 2013-02-19.
  6. ^ "John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and the Van Tassel Apartments, Rockefeller Archive Newsletter, Fall 1997" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-02-19.
  7. ^ The Morningside Heights housing project - see David Rockefeller, Memoirs, New York: Random House, 2002. (pp.385-87).
  8. ^ "UChicago.edu, "News, Nobel"". News.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2013-02-19.
  9. ^ Funded colleges and Ivy League universities - see Robert Shaplen, Toward the Well-Being of Mankind: Fifty Years of the Rockefeller Foundation, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1964. (passim)
  10. ^ Google Books: Rockefeller and the Internationalization of Mathematics. Books.google.com. 2003-04-01. Retrieved 2013-02-19.
  11. ^ "David Rockefeller". Trilateral Commission. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  12. ^ Comins, Linda (September 15, 2007). "Rockefellers Welcome Their First Grandson". Wheeling News-Register. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  13. ^ Deutsch, Claudia H. (15 January 2006). "AT LUNCH WITH: WENDY GORDON; Living Green, but Allowing for Shades of Gray".
  14. ^ أ ب ت ث ج Berger, Joseph, "A Rockefeller Known Not for Wealth but for His Efforts to Help", New York Times, June 23, 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-24.
  15. ^ أ ب Santora, Marc, "Richard Rockefeller Killed in New York Plane Crash", New York Times, June 13, 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-13.
  16. ^ Fallows, James, "Richard Rockefeller, MD What would you do, if you could do anything? An inspiring answer to that question.", June 14, 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-14.

المصادر

  • Rose, Kenneth W., Select Rockefeller Philanthropies, Booklet (pdf, 23 pages) of the Rockefeller Archive Center, 2004.
  • Origin of Rockenfeld, in German
  • Descendants of Goddard Rockenfeller
  • Listing of University of Chicago Nobel Laureates, News Office, University of Chicago website, undated.
  • Depalma, Anthony, They Saved Land Like Rockefellers, The New York Times Archive, November 15, 2005.
  • Carnegie Corporation of New York, Celebrating 100 years of Andrew Carnegie's Philanthropy - awarding the inaugural Andrew Carnegie Medal of Philanthropy to David and Laurance Rockefeller, 2001.
  • The Rockefeller Archive Center, John D. Rockefeller, Junior, 1874–1960, Overview of his life and philanthropy, 1997.
  • Strom, Stephanie, Manhattan: A Rockefeller Plans a Huge Bequest, The New York Times Archive, November 21, 2006.
  • O'Connell, Dennis, Top 10 Richest Men Of All Time, AskMen.com, undated.

وصلات خارجية