أوزيات الشكل

أوزيات
Anseriformes
Cygnus cygnus 070416 IOL.jpg
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus), a member of the Anatidae
التصنيف العلمي
مملكة: الحيوانية
Phylum: الحبليات
Class: الطيور
Subclass: الطيور الحديثة
Infraclass: Galloanserae
Order: Anseriformes
Wagler 1831
Families

Anhimidae
Anseranatidae
Anatidae
For fossil families, see text

رتبة الأوزيات وتحتوي على حوالي 150 نوع حي من الطيور في ثلاث عائلات: Anhimidae (the screamers), Anseranatidae (the أوز مگابه) وAnatidae، والتي تحتوي على 140 نوع من الطيور المائية, ومنهم البط، الأوز والبجع.

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التطور

التنظيم

رتبة الأوزيات

Crested Screamer (Chauna torquata)
Magpie Goose (Anseranas semipalmata), sole survivng member of a Mesozoic lineage
Reconstruction of Dromornis stirtoni, a mihirung

The fossil Gastornithidae (diatrymas) are also occasionally included herein as a family.

Some fossil anseriform taxa not assignable with certainty to a family are:

  • Anatalavis (Late Cretaceous/Early Paleocene - Early Eocene) - Anseranatidae or basal. Includes "Telmatornis" rex.
  • Proherodius (London Clay Early Eocene of London, England) - Presbyornithidae?
  • Romainvillia (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene) - Anseranatidae or Anatidae
  • Paranyroca (Rosebud Early Miocene of Bennett County, USA) - Anatidae or own family?
  • Apatornis (Smoky Hill Chalk Late Cretaceous of Twin Butte Creek, USA)
  • Vegavis (Late Cretaceous) - closer to Presbyornithidae and Anatidae than to Anseranatidae
  • "Presbyornithidae" gen. et sp. indet. (Barun Goyot Late Cretaceous of Udan Sayr, Mongolia) - Presbyornithidae?
  • UCMP 117599 (Hell Creek Late Cretaceous of Bug Creek West, USA)
  • Petropluvialis (Late Eocene of England) - may be same as Palaeopapia
  • Agnopterus (Late Eocene - Late Oligocene of Europe) - includes Cygnopterus lambrechti
  • "Headonornis hantoniensis" BMNH PAL 4989 (Hampstead Early Oligocene of Isle of Wight, England) - formerly "Ptenornis"
  • Palaeopapia (Hampstead Early Oligocene of Isle of Wight, England)
  • "Anas" creccoides (Early/Middle Oligocene of Belgium)
  • "Anas" skalicensis (Early Miocene of "Skalitz", Czechia)
  • "Anas" risgoviensis (Late Miocene of Bavaria, Germany)

الهوامش

المصادر

هناك كتاب ، Dichotomous Key، في معرفة الكتب.