تشيتشستر

(تم التحويل من Chichester)

قالب:Use British English

City of Chichester
Chichester Cathedral epodkopaev.jpg
The Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity, Chichester
Area10.67 kم2 (4.12 ميل2[1]
Population26٬795 [2] 2011 Census
• Density2,225/كم2 (5,760/ميل2)
DemonymCicestrian[3]
OS grid referenceSU860048
• London54 ميلs (87 kم) NNE
Civil parish
  • Chichester
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCHICHESTER
Postcode districtPO19
Dialling code01243
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
WebsiteCity Council
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
50°50′11″N 0°46′45″W / 50.83652°N 0.77918°W / 50.83652; -0.77918Coordinates: 50°50′11″N 0°46′45″W / 50.83652°N 0.77918°W / 50.83652; -0.77918

تشيتشستر (Chichester ؛ /ˈɪstər/) is a cathedral city in West Sussex, in South-East England.[4] It is the only city in West Sussex and is its county town. It has a long history as a settlement from Roman times and was important in Anglo-Saxon times. It is the seat of the Church of England Diocese of Chichester, with a 12th-century cathedral.

The city is a hub of several main road routes, and has a railway station, theatre, hospital and museums. The River Lavant runs through, and partly beneath, the city.

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التاريخ

الفترة الرومانية

مقال رئيسي: Noviomagus Reginorum

المنطقة المحيطة بتشيتشستر يُعتقد أنها لعبت دوراً هاماً أثناء الغزو الروماني في 43م، as confirmed by evidence of military storage structures in the area of the nearby Fishbourne Roman Palace.[5] The city centre stands on the foundations of the Romano-British city of Noviomagus Reginorum, capital of the Civitas Reginorum. The Roman road of Stane Street, connecting the city with London, started at the east gate, while the Chichester to Silchester road started from the north gate. The plan of the city is inherited from the Romans: the North, South, East and West shopping streets radiate from the central market cross dating from medieval times.


الفترة الأنگلو-ساكسونية

AR penny, minted in Chichester under Cnut the Great between 1024-1030 AD.
Moneyer: Leofwine.

According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle it was captured towards the close of the fifth century, by Ælle, and renamed after his son, Cissa. It was the chief city of the Kingdom of Sussex.

الدين

Chichester Cathedral's west front and millennium statue of Saint Richard.

البلدات التوأم

مدينة تشيتشستر متوأمة مع شارتر، فرنسا وراڤـِنا، إيطاليا.[6]

الهامش

  1. ^ "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2009. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics 2011 census - Chichester CP
  3. ^ "BBC - Domesday Reloaded: CHICHESTER-A CICESTRIAN". domesday.
  4. ^ OS Explorer map 120: Chichester, South Harting and Selsey Scale: 1:25 000. Publisher:Ordnance Survey – Southampton B2 edition. Publishing Date:2009. ISBN 978 0319240793
  5. ^ Manley, John (2007). AD43: The Roman Invasion of Britain. Tempus Publishing. pp. 111–128. ISBN 978-0-7524-1959-6.
  6. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.


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ببليوجرافيا

  • Down, Alec (1988). Roman Chichester. Chichester: Phillimore. ISBN 0-85033-435-7.
  • Sharp, Thomas (1949). Georgian City: A plan for the preservation and improvement of Chichester. London: The Architectural Press.

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Chichester قالب:West Sussex